Membrane transforming (IMAGE) Japan Science and Technology Agency Caption Figure 1. Membrane transforming activity of lipidated Atg8?(a) Upon lipidation, prolate membranes are constricted at the hollow region and transformed into a pear-like shape. DIC, differential interference contrast. Scale bars, 10 μm. (b) The area difference between the outer and inner layers of the membrane, Δa, is increased due to the interaction of the aromatic amino acids in lipidated Atg8 with the outer layer, leading to membrane deformation. PC, phosphatidylcholine. PE, phosphatidylethanolamine. Credit © Nobuo N. Noda Usage Restrictions None License Licensed content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.