Poecilocharax callipterus (IMAGE) Smithsonian Caption The recently described Poecilocharax callipterus. Average fish size ~3 centimeters. Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History researcher Murilo Pastana and his colleagues have discovered and described two new species of Amazonian fish—one with striking red-orange fins and the other so small it is technically considered a miniature fish species—in a paper published today, May 16, in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Both species inhabit waters located at the bleeding edge of human encroachment into the Amazon rainforest roughly 25 miles north of the Brazilian city of Apuí. Credit Murilo N.L. Pastana & Willian M. Ohara Usage Restrictions News media use of these photos in relation to this study is permitted with attribution. License Original content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.