Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (IMAGE) New York University Caption An artist’s rendition of big bang nucleosynthesis, the early universe period in which protons "p" and neutrons "n" combine to form light elements. The presence of dark matter "χ" changes how much of each element will form. Credit Image courtesy of Cara Giovanetti/New York University Usage Restrictions Use with this study only. License Original content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.