Anosmia and COVID (IMAGE) Johns Hopkins Medicine Caption Graphic showing how SARS-CoV-2 infection in the nasal passages leads to inflammation, which in turn, damages nerve cells and reduces the number of axons (impulse transmitters) available to send odor signals to the olfactory bulb (which helps the brain process them). This often results in weakening or complete loss of smell in patients with COVID-19. Credit Credit: Cheng-Ying Ho, Johns Hopkins Medicine Usage Restrictions -- License Original content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.