The 'Chinoike Jigoku' onsen in Beppu city (IMAGE) Kyushu University Caption The 'Chinoike Jigoku' located in Beppu city. It is one of the oldest known onsen in Japan, dating back to at least the Nara period (710-794 AD). Its distinct color comes from the hot red mud composed of iron and magnesium oxides that erupts from underground and pools in the pond. At 78 ℃, it is designated for viewing and not for bathing. Credit Satoshi Yamasaki Usage Restrictions Only for media and non-commercial use License Original content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.