Note. The p values that represent the r to z transformation (Preacher, 2002) are two-tailed. Ns for 1983 M-W comparisons are 105 for gender roles, occupations, and physical characteristics and 85 for
agentic and communal traits. Ns for 2014 M-W comparisons are 121. M-W ¼ man-woman.
*p < .05, two tailed. **p < .01, two tailed.