The gut microbiome, the community of bugs that reside in our intestines, plays a critical role in
regulating the body's metabolism and immune defenses. A pair of new studies offers a window
into infants' gut microbiome, including how antibiotic treatment, birth mode, and diet may alter
its development. This material relates to a paper that appeared in the June 15, 2016, issue of Science Translational Medicine, published by AAAS. The paper, by M. Yassour at Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., and colleagues was titled, "Natural history of the infant gut microbiome and impact of antibiotic treatment on bacterial strain diversity and stability."
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