Participant characteristics in different blood pressure groups. Continuous variables are presented as mean (standard deviation). For continuous variables, we used Student's t-test to examine sex differences; for categorical variables, we used a chi-squared test to examine sex differences. Hypertensive subjects were defined as participants with SBP > 140 mmHg, DBP > 90 mmHg, or the use of antihypertensive medication. Abbreviations: AA, arachidonic acid; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DGLA, dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid; DPA, docosapentaenoic acid; EA, eicosadienoic acid; GLA, gamma-linolenic acid; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; LA, linoleic acid; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; and SFA, saturated fatty acid.