The long-held belief that native people used fire to create a diverse landscape of woodlands, grasslands, heathlands, and shrublands in New England has led to a widespread use of prescribed fire as a conservation tool. Research by Oswald and colleagues indicates that these openlands actually arose following European contact, deforestation, and agricultural expansion. These landscapes and their critical habitats and species are best maintained through agricultural practices like grazing, as seen here on a hillside in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, MA.
You are free to share the material for any purpose, provided you give appropriate credit to David Foster, Harvard University, and indicate if any substantive changes were made. You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.