Graphic showing the three materials combined to form the new material. Al is aluminium - the superconductor, EuS is the new addition, europium sulfide - the ferromagnet, and InAs is indium arsenide - the semiconductor. In combination they allow for the existence of the desired Majorana zero modes, enabling the quantum wire device to be an integral component in a topological quantum computer. Illustration b: Electron micrograph showing the wire (blue/grey), blacked between gate electrodes (yellow). The gate is necessary for controlling the density of the electrons, and electrons tunnel through the wire from the source (bias). The greatest advantage to this system is the fact that a large magnetic field has been made superfluous, as a magnetic field could have potential negative effects on other components close by. In other words, this result has made actual application much more likely. The length of the wire in the illustration is 2 micrometers = 0.002 millimeters and thickness 100 nanometers = 0.0001 millimeter.