Archaeological Chili Peppers from Guila Naquitz Cave (image) Smithsonian Share Print E-Mail Caption These chili peppers from the Guila Naquitz cave in Oaxaca Mexico date to between A.D. 490 and 780, and represent two cultivars or cultivated types. A Smithsonian scientist analyzed the chili pepper remains and determined that Pre-Columbian inhabitants of the region hundreds of years ago enjoyed a spicy fare similar to Mexican cuisine today. Credit Linda Perry, Smithsonian Institution Usage Restrictions Please include photo credit when using: Linda Perry, Smithsonian Institution Share Print E-Mail Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.