Thick black and magenta lines show northern boundaries of India and Arabia and southern boundary of
Eurasian craton. Dashed light-green line marks outer margin of Pangeides active margin. Dashed yellow line shows approximate boundary
between active margin and arc of thick lithosphere. Dashed dark-green line outlines area underlain by thinner lithosphere that now underlies
North Africa, Arabia, and western Europe. Inset shows same reconstruction without any lithospheric thickness contours. NA--North
America;, Eu--Eurasia; SA--South America; Af--Africa; An--Antarctica; Au--Australia. Oblique Mercator projection with axis 30°N, 80°E.