Learning to Live With Forest Fire (2 of 4) (image) American Association for the Advancement of Science Share Print E-Mail Caption The Cost of Fire Suppression: NASA Modis image (July 2, 2008) of multiple lightning ignitions in Northern California burning at low to moderate severity under mild weather conditions providing ecological benefits. Purple shaded areas are wilderness, roadless and National Park (remote) boundaries with few structures or immediate human threats. Fire locations are indicated by red or blue shading, with blue showing fires burning with-in these remote areas (51 percent of all ignitions). Regardless of location or threat, all fires were extinguished at a cost of $101 million (2015) and 11 firefighter fatalities. This material relates to a paper that appeared in the Sept. 18, 2015 issue of Science, published by AAAS. The paper, by M.P. North at USDA Forest Service - Pacific Southwest Research Station in Davis, CA, and colleagues was titled, 'Reform forest fire management.' Credit Jens Stevens, U.C. Davis Usage Restrictions Please cite the owner of the material when publishing. This material may be freely used by reporters as part of news coverage, with proper attribution. Non-reporters must contact Science for permission. Share Print E-Mail Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.