News Release

NASA measures altitudes of Hawaii's rain, snow

Peer-Reviewed Publication

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

GPM Measurements of Precipitation near Hawaii

image: GPM flew over the Hawaiian Islands on Dec. 2, 2016, at 9:51 p.m. HST and measured rain falling at greater than 9.3 inches (about 237 mm) per hour in intense storms southeast of the islands. Storm tops there were above 41,000 feet (12.5 km). view more 

Credit: NASA/JAXA, Hal Pierce

NASA recently calculated the rate in which snow fell in Hawaii's peaks and analyzed the freezing level.

The mountains of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa in the Hawaiian Islands have recently received heavy snowfall. Hawaii's balmy temperatures normally reach above 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 Celsius) at sea level on beaches such as Oahu's Waikiki but temperatures fall below freezing at the altitudes of tall mountain peaks on the Big Island. At 13,802 feet (4.2 kilometers) Mauna Kea is Hawaii's tallest mountain. Snowfall is frequently seen on the Mauna Kea's peak.

The nature of precipitation in the Hawaiian Islands was recently examined using data collected by the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core observatory satellite. GPM flew over the Hawaiian Islands on Dec. 2 at 9:51 p.m. HST (Dec. 3 at 0751 UTC). GPM is a joint mission between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

Precipitation rates were calculated from data collected by GPM's Microwave Imager (GMI) and Dual-Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) instruments. DPR's radar (Ku Band) measured rain falling at the extreme rate of greater than 9.3 inches (about 237 mm) per hour in intense storms southeast of the islands. Storm tops in that area were shown by GPM to reach altitudes above 41,000 feet (12.5 km).

The height where freezing precipitation (snow and ice) fell was also determined by GPM's Dual-Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR). The average freezing level in the area was found by GPM's DPR to be 14,127 feet (4.3 km) but sloped down to as low as 12,795 feet (3.9 km) just north of the Hawaiian Islands.


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