It’s no secret that jet lag and night-shift work can wreak havoc on the way our body’s internal clock syncs up our daily wake-sleep cycle, known as circadian rhythm, but now researchers say they are a step closer to understanding how the brain creates behavioral rhythms optimized for diurnal, rather than nocturnal, life.
- , U.S. Army Materiel Command, , , ,
An international consortium of scientists dissects the shared genetic architecture of suicide attempts, psychiatric disorders, and non-psychiatric risk factors
- Biological Psychiatry
Using the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (ESO’s VLT), astronomers have revealed the closest pair of supermassive black holes to Earth ever observed. The two objects also have a much smaller separation than any other previously spotted pair of supermassive black holes and will eventually merge into one giant black hole.
New Oregon State University research shows that warm-water habitats can be critically important for the survival of cold-water fish such as trout and salmon.
- Conservation Biology
A new study from the University of Chicago finds that a common methodology may obscure the true picture of which species and lineages are destroyed during mass extinctions—and which survive and evolve.
- Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences
- NASA Headquarters,
Which diet is better: moderately reduce meat consumption and eat more fruit, vegetables and wholegrain products, as recommended by the German Nutrition Society? Follow our southern neighbors' example and eat more fish and seafood? Or even switch completely to a vegan diet? A new study by the University of Bonn (Germany) shows that the answer to these questions is not as clear-cut as one might think - depending on which impacts one closely looks. The results are published in the journal Science of The Total Environment.
- Science of The Total Environment
- The study was funded by the Ministry of Culture and Science of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany).
New research shows that assistance dogs trained to support deaf people, and those living with hearing loss, have positive and wide-ranging impacts on people’s lives.
From May 23 to August 13, 2021, the Institut Pasteur, in partnership with the French National Health Insurance Fund (CNAM), Santé publique France and the Ipsos institute, conducted the fourth part of the ComCor epidemiological study on circumstances and places of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus in France. The aim of the study was to identify the socio-demographic factors, places visited and behaviors associated with a higher risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2. The study was also used to carry out a real-world analysis of the effect of previous infection with COVID-19 and the efficacy of messenger RNA vaccines against symptomatic infection with the Delta variant. The findings were published in The Lancet Regional Health Europe on November 26, 2021.
- The Institut Pasteur, Reacting, the ANRS and the Fondation de France.
Damage from adding electrical contacts to sensitive semiconductors can be mitigated using a buffer layer and optimized deposition.
The breaking apart of rapeseed pods during mechanized harvests, a phenomenon called pod-shatter, causes massive yield losses to rapeseed farmers. But now, Chinese scientists have studied a highly pod-shatter resistant rapeseed variety called OR88, and identified the reasons behind its mysterious durability. The research promises to provide breakthroughs in the development of high-yield, pod-shatter resistant rapeseed in the future.
- The Crop Journal
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a new photocatalyst made from an aerogel that could enable more efficient hydrogen production. The key is sophisticated pretreatment of the material.