Reports and Proceedings
In a new report published today, researchers are calling on policy makers to support the use of data-driven learning health systems to deliver a step change in the NHS's ability to improve patient care.
Two of NASA’s Great Observatories, the James Webb Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope, have captured views of a unique NASA experiment designed to intentionally smash a spacecraft into a small asteroid in the world’s first-ever in-space test for planetary defense. These observations of NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) impact mark the first time that Webb and Hubble simultaneously observed the same celestial target.
The share of women managers in finance has significantly increased in Finland, but their earnings have not caught up with those of men, shows a new study from the University of Vaasa, Finland. The earnings of female managers in finance are on average 15 percent lower than male managers. Women are working as managers of marketing teams, whereas men are more often managers of investments teams, where the wages are significantly higher than in marketing.
- Evald ja Hilda Nissin Säätiö, Finnish Cultural Foundation, OP Group Research Foundation
The first probable impact crater in Spain has been identified in the southern province of Almeria. The discovery was presented last week at the Europlanet Science Congress (EPSC) 2022 by Juan Antonio Sánchez Garrido of the University of Almeria.
- Europlanet Science Congress (EPSC) 2022
Gardens in Tokyo should work together to disperse visitors and avoid the negative effects of overtourism, suggests a new study at the University of Tokyo. This research focused on a group of six suburban gardens which had recently joined the Japan Garden Tourism scheme. It found they were unaware of some of the risks associated with becoming a popular tourist destination and that there were a number of barriers to successful collaboration between them and with urban gardens. The study recommended that overvisited and undervisited sites find ways to work together, to learn from each other’s experiences and put reciprocal plans in place to spread visitor distribution and create positive tourism experiences for the gardens and visitors.
- Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research / KAKENHI awarded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
A new report highlights how recognising Indigenous Peoples’ and local communities’ knowledge systems could do more to address climate change than many current approaches. It also argues for ensuring the full and equitable inclusion of Indigenous Peoples and local communities within policy processes.
- UK Research and Innovation
A device known as a bionic pancreas, which uses next-generation technology to automatically deliver insulin, was more effective at maintaining blood glucose (sugar) levels within normal range than standard-of-care management among people with type 1 diabetes, a new multicenter clinical trial has found. The trial was primarily funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health, and published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
New educational materials to help the sickle cell disease community learn about gene therapies for the disease are now available from researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health.
- NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute
COVID-19 has left thousands with a distorted or lost sense of smell, but some of those who have been affected are helping researchers get a better handle on the phenomenon. This understanding and growing awareness of olfactory disorders could help people facing smell loss from COVID-19 or other causes, according to a cover story in Chemical & Engineering News, an independent news outlet of the American Chemical Society.
- Chemical & Engineering News
Over twenty years ago, ‘Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics’ (ACP) was launched as the first of now 19 open access journals with transparent peer review by the European Geosciences Union (EGU). Since then, more than 40,000 peer-reviewed papers and 48,000 preprints or discussion papers were published in the journals and their interactive discussion forums. The scientific articles received nearly 180,000 public comments by editors, reviewers and other members of the scientific community. Mid-September, ACP editors, the EGU Publications Committee and representatives of their publisher Copernicus met to celebrate the outstanding achievements of their publications. The approximately 50 participants had traveled to the Max Planck Institute in Mainz from as far away as Brazil, USA, Mexico, and China to discuss new ideas for greater visibility and accessibility of open access publications including free speech, critical discussion and transparency.
About 42,000 women die of breast cancer each year, and while strides are being made in medical treatments, the best tool for preventing cancer deaths continues to be screening and early detection. But a new national survey by Orlando Health finds far too many women are skipping lifesaving mammograms. Knowing your risks and when to begin screenings is critical to early detection, something that is especially important for those who are disproportionately affected by the disease such as Black women, who are more likely to be diagnosed at a younger age and are 40 percent more likely to die of breast cancer than white women.