Reports and Proceedings
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is conducting research that analyses antibiotic resistance patterns with the aim of finding trends that can help decide which treatment to apply to each type of patient and stop the spread of bacteria. This study, recently published in the scientific journal Nature Communications, has been carried out together with the University of Exeter, the University of Birmingham (both in the United Kingdom) and the Westmead Hospital in Sydney (Australia).
“LeviPrint” is a system that uses acoustic manipulation for assembling objects without physical contact. We generate acoustic fields that trap small particles, glue droplets and, most importantly, elongated stick-like elements that can be manipulated and reoriented as we levitate them. In short, it is a fully functional system for manufacturing 3D structures using contactless manipulation.” This is how it was explained by researchers from the UPNA/NUP-Public University of Navarre Asier Marzo and Iñigo Ezcurdia, who together with Rafael Morales (Ultraleap Ltd, UK) and Marco Andrade (University of São Paulo, Brazil) are authors of the paper "LeviPrint: Contactless Fabrication using Full Acoustic Trapping of Elongated Parts".
A team of researchers from the Institute for Software Research (ISR) in Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science recently collaborated with colleagues at Wesleyan University to take a first pass at understanding toxicity on open-source platforms like GitHub. Only about half the toxic posts the team identified contained obscenities. Others were from demanding users of the software. Some came from users who post a lot of issues on GitHub but contribute little else. Comments that started about a software's code turned personal. None of the posts helped make the open-source software or the community better. "Toxicity is different in open-source communities," said Courtney Miller, a Ph.D. student in the ISR and lead author on the paper. "It is more contextual, entitled, subtle and passive-aggressive."
- International Conference on Software Engineering
FuseBot is a new MIT robotic system that fuses visual information and radio-frequency signals to efficiently find hidden items buried under a pile of objects, whether or not the targeted item has an RFID tag.
- National Science Foundation, Sloan Research Fellowship, NTT DATA, Toppan, Toppan Forms, MIT Media Lab
The addition of procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy to Radiation Therapy (RT) was shown to lengthen both disease control and survival relative to RT alone as first-line therapy following surgery on the NRG/Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9402 and European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 26951 clinical trials.
- Journal of Clinical Oncology
Among older people, vertebral compression fractures are very common, and those with such fractures are at high risk of incurring new ones. Findings in a new thesis from the University of Gothenburg indicate that a simple X-ray method should be introduced as a routine procedure in Swedish health care. More elderly patients can then be diagnosed and given the most efficacious drugs.
The researchers are combining techniques from digital content forensics analysis, watermarking and artificial intelligence
Results from the NRG Oncology phase III clinical trial NRG GOG-0212 indicated that treating women who received complete clinical response (CCR) after first-line platinum-taxane therapy for advanced ovarian, peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer with single-agent taxane maintenance therapy only slightly improved progression-free survival (PFS) but did not improve overall survival (OS) and lead to significant gastrointestinal and neurologic adverse events (AEs) for this population.
- Journal of Clinical Oncology
Researchers at IMDEA Networks Institute have carried out a new study, with mobile traffic data collected throughout France, to improve our understanding of how information technology utilization can be a factor of social inequality
Computer scientists develop a method that allows humans to help complex robots build efficient solutions to “see” their environments and carry out tasks.
- National Science Foundation
- International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)
One of the James Webb Space Telescope’s four primary scientific instruments, known as the Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph instrument (NIRISS) has concluded its postlaunch preparations and is now ready for science.