Latest News Releases 15 September
Hot-band absorption based anti-Stokes fluorescence (ASF) of Indocyanine Green (ICG), much brighter than luminescence from rare-earth ion doped nanoparticles, was observed and studied by scientists in China and U.S. recently. They found that the ASF of ICG can be used for tomography and blood flow velocity measurement of cerebral vessels, reflecting the change of temperature, and achieving multi-organ simultaneous imaging, and has considerable application prospects in biological imaging, sensing and even clinical translation.
- Light Science & Applications
- National Natural Science Foundation of China, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China, the Office of Vice President for Research and Economic Development at the university at Buffalo
Human-Computer Interaction and Beyond: Advances Towards Smart and Interconnected Environments is a 2-part book set that presents discoveries, innovative ideas, concepts, practical solutions, and novel applications of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and related disciplines such as Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Mining, Computer Vision, and Natural Language Processing for the future of Smart and Interconnected Environments. This 2-part book presents a unique and diverse collection of the global advancements in HCI in the above-mentioned application domains. These two books contain chapters authored by experts in these fields from 15 different countries - Albania, China, Chile, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Spain, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The book Psychological Assessment and Interventions for Individuals Linked to Radicalization and Lone Wolf Terrorism aims to cover a gap in understanding psychiatric aspects of radicalization and the lone-wolf phenomenon. Since recently, literature and research have treated the topic under the social assumption that a radicalized individual is only guided by personal, social, and ethnic reasons to commit a radicalized act. We took a different route to analyze the phenomenon, prompted by our clinical experience of mental health professionals working in the territory, being in contact with radicalized people living in our towns and problematic suburbs or prisons. The book is written in a comprehensible language. It is addressed to those working to prevent radicalization and terrorism in their territory and needing a practical tool for understanding and preventing the phenomena.
A 900-year-old cosmic mystery surrounding the origins of a famous supernova first spotted over China in 1181AD has finally been solved, according to an international team of astronomers. New research published today (September 15, 2021) says that a faint, fast expanding cloud (or nebula), called Pa30, surrounding one of the hottest stars in the Milky Way, known as Parker’s Star, fits the profile, location and age of the historic supernova.
- The Astrophysical Journal
Researchers from Osaka University, in collaboration with Nippo Precision Co., Ltd., developed a high-precision terahertz (THz) time-domain ellipsometry system that is effective in the noninvasive characterization of high carrier concentrations up to about 10<sup>20</sup>–10<sup>21</sup> cm<sup>-3</sup> useful in the evaluation of GaN and other semiconductors such as SiC and Ga<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>
- Scientific Reports
- METI Monozukuri R&D Support Grant Program for SMEs
New research at the University of Alaska Fairbanks shows that the fluctuations of major wind and ocean circulation systems can temporarily accelerate or reverse the rate of ocean acidification in the Gulf of Alaska.
- National Science Foundation, Climate Program Office
The most comprehensive and exact dating to date of the Cova del Gegant (Sitges, Barcelona) has been published. This is the site with most Neanderthal remains in Catalonia and a unique place to study the Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition, when the first populations of anatomically modern humans appeared and the Neanderthals disappeared. The new study states that the Neanderthals occupied the Cova del Gegant, and the Catalan littoral, during a period of time which goes beyond what was though so far: researchers believed Neanderthals had lived there 50,000 years ago, but now the period goes up from 94,000 to 59,000 years ago. The study, published in Quaternary Science Reviews, explains the role of the cave within the route of the Mediterranean littoral, which during the coldest periods of the Palaeolithic became a natural corridor for animals and human beings to avoid the mountains of the Pyrenees.
- Quaternary Science Reviews
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), which is expressed by the body’s immune cells, “senses” foreign unmethylated CpG-rich DNA (CpG DNA) to trigger innate immune responses that are the first line of defense against pathogens including inflammation and cytokine release. For CpG DNA to be detected in this way, it must first be internalized by the cell; this is because TLR9 resides within intracellular compartments called endosomes and lysosomes. However, the internalization processes remain obscure.
- The Journal of Immunology
A study published in the journal Cell Reports describes a new pathway related to the activity of receptors that are associated with several metabolic or cardiovascular diseases such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension. According to the conclusions, many antidiabetic effects of the activators of the PPARβ/δ receptors ─potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of type 2 diabetes─ are regulated by cytokine GDF15, a protein expressed under conditions of physiological stress.
- Cell Reports
What is the role of biodiversity and how has the perception of biodiversity changed in the course of the last 30 years? In his evening lecture “Biodiversity – Impact and Change”, the biologist Prof. Dr. Christian Wirth will provide answers to these and other questions. This lecture will take place as part of the Leopoldina’s Annual Assembly on Friday, 24 September, 8:15pm to 9:15pm in Halle (Saale)/Germany and will be streamed live.
Roads have a negative impact on chimpanzee populations that can extend for more than 17 km, new research shows .
- Conservation Letters