Latest News Releases 14 January
In a week when the UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has admitted to breaking Covid-19 lockdown rules, a new study has found that impartial, transparent and truthful government communications are fundamental for achieving and maintaining government trust during public health emergencies.
- British Journal of Management
Advancing Equity in Utility Regulation, a new report published by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), makes a unifying case that utilities, regulators, and stakeholders need to prioritize energy equity in the deployment of clean energy technologies and resources.
A mathematical model revealed that the optimal time to initiate immune-modulating therapy in COVID-19 differed according to patients’ medical history and risk factors. Different patients also required different types of immunomodulation for optimal therapy.
- Marie Skłodowska Curie Actions Individual Fellowship, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute, , Jane's Trust, , Harvard Ludwig Cancer Center
Researchers reveal that the recycling of a disease-promoting molecule through a specific ion channel is impaired in patients with the lung disease COPD.
- Nature Communications
Concussion can be hard to diagnose and track. It doesn’t show up on routine brain scans, and there is no definitive diagnostic test. New research from Boston Children's Hospital could lead to urine “biomarkers” that could be used to diagnose concussion and monitor recovery. Using proteomics, researchers compared urine samples from college athletes with and without concussion. Two proteins thought to be involved in brain injury repair emerged as reliable concussion predictors.
- Eastern Athletic Trainers Association Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, MINDSOURCE Brain Injury Network
The crisis sociology research group of the University of Tartu Institute of Social Studies and European researchers studied how the care organisations of nine European countries coped during the coronavirus crisis, showing their resilience in providing support to people who had fallen into economic difficulties during the crisis or were already in a vulnerable situation.
Exercise causes the body to release hundreds of different signals that improve our health in many different ways. Now scientists have mapped these intrinsic signals and how they are released by different organs in mice following exercise at different times of the day. Their ‘Atlas of Exercise Metabolism’ is a major step toward developing more effective exercise therapies that are timed to the body clock.
- Cell Metabolism
Researchers from King’s College London have for the first time revealed the impact of obesity on the heart’s anatomy for young children, specifically how the heart adapts to obesity and the extra demand it generates independently from other factors such as our natural growth and development. The results have the potential to aid the detection of individual future risks during adulthood.
- European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging
Researchers at ETH Zurich have demonstrated in the lab how well a mineral common at the boundary between the Earth’s core and mantle conducts heat. This leads them to suspect that the Earth’s heat may dissipate sooner than previously thought.
- Earth and Planetary Science Letters
With more than 5.6 million electric vehicles and climbing worldwide, including one million on the roads in the U.S., the need for electric vehicle (EV) charging stations and the Internet-based managing systems within those stations grows. However, these managing systems face their own issues: cybersecurity attacks. Elias Bou-Harb, director of The University of Texas at San Antonio Cyber Center for Security and Analytics, and his colleagues—Claud Fachkha of the University of Dubai and Tony Nasr, Sadegh Torabi and Chadi Assi of Concordia University in Montreal—are shedding light on the vulnerabilities of these cyber systems. The researchers are also recommending measures that would protect them from harm.
The RIKEN Center for Brain Science (CBS) in Japan, along with colleagues, has shown that the free-energy principle can explain how neural networks are optimized for efficiency. This finding will be useful for analyzing impaired brain function in thought disorders as well as for generating optimized neural networks for artificial intelligences.
- Communications Biology