Latest News Releases 23 June
Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) have designed and patented a new device for carrying out knee rehabilitation and strengthening exercises.
Babies can help unlock the next generation of artificial intelligence (AI), according to Trinity College neuroscientists and colleagues who have just published new guiding principles for improving AI. The research, published in the journal ‘Nature Machine Intelligence’, examines the neuroscience and psychology of infant learning and distils three principles to guide the next generation of AI, which will help overcome the most pressing limitations of machine learning.
- Nature Machine Intelligence
With electric signals from human brains as the only input, new software can perform computerized image editing. This marks a new paradigm in artificial intelligence.
Summertime beachgoers are all too familiar with the painful reality of a jellyfish sting. But how do the stinging cells of jellyfish and their coral and sea anemone cousins actually work? New research from the Stowers Institute for Medical Research unveils a precise operational model for the stinging organelle of the starlet sea anemone, Nematostella vectensis. The study, published online in Nature Communications on June 17, 2022, involved the application of cutting-edge microscopic imaging technologies along with the development of a biophysical model to enable a comprehensive understanding of a mechanism that has remained elusive for over a century. Insights from the work could lead to beneficial applications in medicine, including the development of microscopic therapeutic delivery devices for humans.
- Nature Communications
A recent study out of the Complexity Science Hub Vienna found that companies with female board members tend to perform better. The analysis, published in the journal Empirical Economics, examined the relationship between female board appointments and corporations’ financial performance, based on data from about 4.000 Japanese firms collected between 2004 and 2013. This is one of the largest samples ever analyzed for developed economies.
- International Review of Financial Analysis
There are only 18 days to go until the European Conference of Science Journalism 2022, the largest gathering of science reporters and editors in Europe. The full programme is complete and live on the designated website. Registrations end soon on June 26, 23:59 CET!
The molecular tool CRISPR-Cas9 can be used to treat inherited blood disorders, but this may cause unintended genetic alterations. A team led by MDC researchers Klaus Rajewsky and Van Trung Chu has now presented an approach in “Science Advances” that minimizes such adverse consequences.
- Science Advances
Microplastic pollution is known to negatively impact seed germination and seedling growth. Although some studies have demonstrated the effects of microplastics on seed germination, the impact of microplastics on the internal biological activity of seeds remained unknown. Now, a group of researchers has used biospeckle optical coherence tomography to reveal that microplastics significantly hinder the internal activity in lentil seeds during germination and can lead to stunted growth at later stages.
- Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) struggled with their mental health during the COVID-19-induced lockdowns and subsequent restraints on community services, according to a new study published today in Psychiatric Services.
- Psychiatric Services
New research in mice from Thomas Jefferson University has paved the way for a Phase I clinical trial and has the potential to transform vaccines against HIV and malaria.
- npj Vaccines
Alexandria, VA, USA, June 17, 2022 – A review of the factors influencing the implementation of oral health policy in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) will be presented at the 100th General Session and Exhibition of the IADR, to be held in conjunction with the 5th Meeting of the IADR Asia Pacific Region.