Latest News Releases 13 September
A perspective in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition challenges the “energy balance model,” which says weight gain occurs because individuals consume more energy than they expend. According to the authors, “conceptualizing obesity as a disorder of energy balance restates a principle of physics without considering the biological mechanisms underlying weight gain.” The authors argue for the “carbohydrate insulin model,” which explains obesity as a metabolic disorder driven by what we eat, rather than how much. *Public health messaging exhorting people to eat less and exercise more has failed to stem rising rates of obesity and obesity-related diseases. *The energy balance model, which says weight gain is caused by consuming more energy than we expend, “restates a principle of physics without considering the biological mechanisms driving weight gain.” *The carbohydrate-insulin model makes a bold claim: overeating doesn’t cause obesity; the process of getting fat causes overeating. *The current obesity epidemic is due, in part, to hormonal responses to changes in food quality: in particular, high-glycemic load foods, which fundamentally change metabolism. *Focusing on what we eat rather than how much we eat is a better strategy for weight management.
- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A UNIGE study backed by Synapsy has shown that the basic states of the brain functions of young children with autism spectrum disorder have a signature that is specific to their clinical profile. This discovery marks a step forward in our understanding of the high heterogeneity of this brain development disorder.
- Communications Biology
Chimaeroid fish are a small group of cartilaginous fish in terms of the number of species. In their appearance, there are features of different fish, which was the reason for the first scientific name Chimaera monstrosa (“terrible chimera”), given to one of the species by the great Swedish naturalist of the XVIII century Karl Linnaeus. This name was assigned to the whole group.
- Paleontological Journal
- Russian Foundation for Basic Research
Launching today, the Pandemic Institute is a medical, academic and civic partnership between the University of Liverpool, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool University Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool City Council, Liverpool City Region Combined Authority and Knowledge Quarter (KQ) Liverpool.
Using cellular genomics technology, Garvan researchers have revealed a new method for classifying breast cancers that may better predict which treatments they respond to.
- Nature Genetics
Pre-COVID-19 pandemic, University of Ottawa biology student Megan Reich enjoyed the road trip of a lifetime, crisscrossing the east coast of the United States in search of a specific thrill: Milkweed. Megan’s trip took 74 days, traveling 20,000 kilometres over 22 states to collect samples with the help of teachers, state and federal biologists, city employees, campground owners, and farmers. She has now published a research paper demonstrating how mapping strontium isotopes can greatly improve the ability to track these important insects.
- Methods in Ecology and Evolution
This book presents an introduction to Matlab for students and professionals working in the field of engineering and other scientific and technical sectors, who have an interest or need to apply Matlab as a tool for undertaking simulations and formulating solutions for the problems concerned.
A new Monash University demonstrating the emergence of localised magnetism due to a 2D nanomaterial’s unique, star-like atomic-scale structure has potential for applications in next-generation electronics based on organic nanomaterials, where tuning of electronic interactions can lead to a vast range of new electronic and magnetic phases.
- Advanced Functional Materials
- Australian Research Council
POSTECH-MPK research team lays down the foundation for the expansion of supercritical fluid applications research.
- Nature Communications
Pharmaceutical and biotech companies who form the Open Pharma collaboration, have today announced the ever-pressing need for plain language summaries in peer-reviewed medical journal publications.
- Current Medical Research and Opinion
The announcement of a cancer diagnosis abruptly and durably alters the course of daily life – not just for the person receiving it, but also for their family. New research [to be] presented at the ESMO Congress 2021 suggests that adequate communication and support for children of cancer patients still represents a significant unmet need that parents require help to fulfil.
- Annals of Oncology
- ESMO Congress 2021