Latest News Releases 12 October
A novel post-translational protein modification called lysine lactylation has recently been discovered in macrophages. Researchers in Japan now report this phenomenon in neurons in the brain. In mice, in the prefrontal cortex of the brain, lysine lactylation was enhanced after increases in lactate levels, neural activation, and stress caused by exposure to aggression. The stress particularly enhanced lysine lactylation of histone H1, a DNA-binding protein, which might represent a novel mechanism in behavioral regulation.
- Cell Reports
Not seeing a doctor face-to-face brings its own challenges, such as an increased likelihood of missing a symptom of an illness which can lead to a misdiagnosis, or finding ways to perform tests, such as a blood pressure check, remotely. That’s why University of Central Florida researchers are working on a new U.S. National Science Foundation-funded project to improve patient outcomes in telehealth medicine by using artificial intelligence to improve healthcare training and diagnostic reasoning, so signs and symptoms are not missed during remote doctor visits.
- National Science Foundation
USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center launches global clinical trial testing potential therapy for aggressive type of breast cancer
A novel camera system using active lighting devised by Penn State researchers may be a crucial step in developing machine vision systems that allow robotic devices to more clearly "see" the agricultural targets with which they will react.
- Computers and Electronics in Agriculture
- U.S. Department of Agriculture, State Horticultural Association of Pennsylvania
The landscape at Lava Beds National Monument in northern California is typically home to sage and junipers, with unique lava caves twisting underneath the surface. But in the summers of 2020 and 2021, wildfires tore through the region, burning thousands of acres and leaving the surface charred.
- GSA Connects 2021
Enhanced on-chip photonic sensing and routing is playing an increasingly significant role in modern society. Realized as interference between different modes in high-index nanoparticles, radiationless states called anapoles are here one promising concept that combines reduced scattering with enhanced concentration of energy. Researchers from Spain and the Netherlands now showed that when driven via integrated waveguides, these two striking properties decouple spectrally. The findings provide a crucial step towards their use in photonic integrated circuitry.
- Light Science & Applications
- the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Investigator, the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, Generalitat Valenciana
The more water is dissolved in the magma, the greater the risk that a volcano will explode. A new ETH study now shows that this simple rule is only partially true. Paradoxically, high water content significantly reduces the risk of explosion.
- Nature Geoscience
People with elevated blood pressure that falls within the normal recommended range are at risk of accelerated brain ageing, according to new research from The Australian National University (ANU). The research also found optimal blood pressure helps our brains stay at least six months younger than our actual age.
- Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Optical microscopes are central tools in biology, but the amount of light involved is often toxic for the sample under investigation. A new intelligent microscope has been developed, which automatically computes where it should send light to image structures of interest lying on curved surfaces. By using as little as 1% of the light used by conventional confocal microscopes, the technique will foster a better understanding of fragile objects such as embryos and organoids.
- Light Science & Applications
- the Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Excellence Initiative of Aix-Marseille University - A*Midex (capostromex), a French Investissements d’Avenir programme, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Mission pour l’Interdisciplinarite, he French National Research Agency
New technical advances now make it possible for parents to have their embryos screened for genetic risk factors for diseases such as cancers, diabetes, heart disease, or psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. Can screening actually reduce the probability that an embryo will develop one of these diseases?
- National Human Genome Research Institute
New York University will host a first-of-its-kind event in the U.S., A BETTER TECH: The 2021 NYU Public Interest Technology (PIT) Convention and Career Fair, on October 14 and 15, 2021, featuring a keynote conversation between NYU Alumna Alondra Nelson (Ph.D., American Studies, 2003), Deputy Director for Science and Society for the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and Harold F. Linder Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study, and Charlton McIlwain, Vice Provost, Professor of Media, Culture, and Communication at NYU , and the author of Black Software: The Internet & Racial Justice, From the Afronet to Black Lives Matter.