Latest News Releases 22 September
Cleveland Clinic received a $7.9 million five-year grant from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health to form one of three national centers as part of the newly established Radiation Oncology-Biology Integration Network (ROBIN).
Developing life-saving medicines can take billions of dollars and decades of time, but University of Central Florida researchers are aiming to speed up this process with a new artificial intelligence-based drug screening process they’ve developed. Using a method that models drug and target protein interactions using natural language processing techniques, the researchers achieved up to 97% accuracy in identifying promising drug candidates. The results were published recently in the journal Briefings in Bioinformatics.
- Briefings in Bioinformatics
Researchers at Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a gene marker that may lead to a more effective, precision treatment for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The researcher’s findings are published in Nature Cancer.
- Nature Cancer
An SBIR grant from the National Cancer Institute will allow Monon Bioventures, Purdue University researcher Sandro Matosevic, and Genezen to demonstrate the feasibility of manufacturing a glioblastoma therapeutic.
- National Cancer Institute
Efforts to improve the yields of staple cereal crops like maize and rice at scale in Africa remain seriously hampered by the effects of poor soil fertility. The lack of adequate information to base an effective fertilizer recommendation upon often results in inefficient nutrient use by crops and low crop yields. A root cause of poor crop response to applied nutrients is generalized fertilizer recommendations that fail to account for variability in factors such as the climate, soil properties, and water availability. As we improve our understanding of the range of underlying issues that interact to create variability, better solutions can be created for farmers, and confidence in fertilizer use will grow.
- Agronomy for Sustainable Development
An international collaboration of scientists has published results of their studies into the makeup and history of asteroid 163173 Ryugu. These results tell us more about the formation of our solar system and the history of this nearby neighbor.
Rice University bioscientists turn bacteria into self-assembling building blocks. The macroscale engineered living materials they form could be used to soak up targeted contaminants from the environment or as custom catalysts, among many possible applications.
- Nature Communications
- Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Office of Naval Research, DOE/US Department of Energy
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are one of the most pressing health challenges of the 21st century. The European Commission holds annual forums gathering stakeholders to address this issue. Experts connected to the European Society of Endocrinology intervened about the importance of the thyroid pathway for EDCs and the impact of bisphenols as a group on children.
In a new publication, a team of biologists share their process for crafting a manual for field research that prioritizes safety for researchers from marginalized groups.
- Methods in Ecology and Evolution
- National Science Foundation, NSF GRFP, NSF DEB
Scientists who drilled deeper into an undersea earthquake fault than ever before have found that the tectonic stress in Japan’s Nankai subduction zone is less than expected, according to a study from researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and University of Washington. The findings are a puzzle but will help scientists home in on the link between tectonic forces and the earthquake cycle and potentially lead to better earthquake forecasts, both at Nankai and other megathrust faults such as Cascadia in the Pacific Northwest. The drilling reached over two miles into the Nankai subduction zone and was conducted in 2018 with the IODP scientific drilling vessel Chikyu.
Vaccine boosters and breakthrough infections following vaccination both provide a substantial and potentially pandemic-breaking immunity against COVID-19, according to new laboratory research from Oregon Health & Science University.
- M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust, NIH/National Institutes of Health