Barring ovarian cancer surgery at low-volume hospitals could limit access to care for many rural and underserved patients, a new study has found.
Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have discovered how toxoplasma gondii, a single-celled parasite, maintains a steady supply of nutrients while replicating inside of its host cell: it calls for delivery.
A new type of treatment for osteoarthritis, currently in canine clinical trials, shows promise for eventual use in humans. The treatment, developed by Cornell University biomedical engineers, is a synthetic version of a naturally occurring joint lubricant that binds to the surface of cartilage in joints and acts as a cushion during high-impact activities, such as running.
Researchers have developed a way to measure the impact of living with multiple chronic illnesses - a situation called multimorbidity. Among their first findings: those with higher multimorbidity scores experience faster decline in their thinking and memory, and have a higher risk of dying by suicide.
About a million times a year, Americans with a torn meniscus in their knee undergo surgery in hopes of a repair. Certain tears can't be fixed or won't heal well, and many patients later suffer osteoarthritis. To improve meniscus healing, Duke scientists have developed a scaffold derived from a pig's meniscus, which performed better in lab tests than healing without a scaffold.
In this first federally funded US cohort to study millennials, scientists will capture baseline lung health measurements of 4,000 healthy adults between the ages of 25 to 35 to identify an ideal picture of respiratory health and understand the key risk factors and biomarkers that are associated with impaired lung health.
The University of Illinois at Chicago will work with TB Alliance to produce two new clinical-stage drug candidates for treating tuberculosis, which is becoming increasingly resistant to available antibiotics.
Many of Sierra Leone's former child soldiers have gradually earned greater acceptance from families and communities, according to a sweeping new study of their adult lives. Former child soldiers experience mental health problems as a result of their experiences, but acceptance by family and community are central to their reintegration into society, according to the study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
A new finding from University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers, published in the June issue of the journal Endocrinology, could have important implications for developing novel treatments to prevent placental abnormalities.
A new study suggests it may be possible to disarm the emotional memories of trauma that drive PTSD symptoms.