Most people who smoke e-cigarettes want to quit and many have tried to reduce their use, according to Rutgers researchers. The study, published in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research, is the first to examine e-cigarette users' past attempts and current intentions to quit e-cigarettes in a representative sample of adult e-cigarette users in the United States.
Many women military veterans turn to the Veterans Administration (VA) for health care and social services only as a 'last resort' or 'safety net,' typically for an emergency or catastrophic health event, or when private health insurance is unaffordable.
A new study links the benefits of comprehensive oral care to the physical and emotional recovery of patients seeking treatment for substance use disorder.
The National Academy of Medicine has called for physicians to document social isolation in the electronic health record (EHR), because it can affect health outcomes. However, social isolation cannot be entered as coded data in current EHRs but only mentioned in clinical notes, which have historically been unintelligible to computers. Medical University of South Carolina investigators have trained natural language processing software to search clinical notes and identify socially isolated patients with 90% accuracy.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded $86 million to a consortium of researchers and implementers convened by Columbia University's School of Social Work to address the epidemic of opioid overdose deaths in New York State. The CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy is a key partner of the New York consortium which will focus on reducing opioid overdose mortality across 16 communities in New York State by 40 percent in the next four years.
The opioid antidote naloxone can reverse the effects of an overdoes if given to a person promptly and many states have approved rules to make the drug more widely available. A new study finds that allowing pharmacists to directly dispense the drug without a physician's prescription can sharply reduce fatal opioid-related overdoses, while less-robust strategies had little effect on deaths.
A study in mice shows that selectively removing cells that are no longer dividing from the brains of mice with a form of Alzheimer's disease can reduce brain damage and inflammation, and slow the pace of cognitive decline. These findings, say researchers, add to evidence that such senescent cells contribute to the damage caused by Alzheimer's disease in people.
Patients prescribed opioid pain medications whose doses varied over time were three times more likely to experience an overdose than patients prescribed stable opioid doses, according to an observational study from Kaiser Permanente published today in JAMA Network Open. The study also showed that patients who discontinued long-term opioid therapy for three or more months had half the risk of opioid overdose.
Substance use disorders continue to rise at alarming rates among adolescents, with opioid abuse contributing to this significant public health problem. A Penn State researcher and his team will receive over $1.8 million over three years from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to investigate how opioid use is treated in adolescence.
Little is known about the potential health effects of JUUL e-cigarette products that have recently risen in popularity, especially among adolescents. The FDA has a growing concern about this uptick in their use because these electronic cigarettes deliver nicotine. A research team led by UC Riverside and Portland State University has now found that nicotine concentrations are higher in JUUL electronic cigarettes than in any of the many other electronic cigarette products the team analyzed.