An international research team led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of California at Los Angeles -- along with their facilitating partner the Tourette Association of America -- has identified rare mutations in two genes that markedly increase the risk for Tourette syndrome (TS), a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by chronic involuntary motor and vocal tics.
The HPTN 065 study, conducted by the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN), showed that financial incentives can motivate some people living with HIV (PLWH) to take their HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication regularly and maintain viral load suppression. This finding could have implications for improving health outcomes and decreasing the risk of transmitting the virus to others. Study findings were published today in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Mount Sinai study establishes mechanism by which an early window of exposure defines the response to stress in adulthood.
Boston Medical Center, in partnership with Action for Boston Community Development's Head Start program, has helped mothers experience a 40 percent reduction in the emergence of clinically significant depressive symptom episodes.
University of Alaska Fairbanks researchers have received a $4.25 million federal grant to help Alaska Native communities use the most effective ways of preventing suicides. The UAF Institute of Arctic Biology, Center for Alaska Native Health Research and College of Rural and Community Development received the five-year grant. It was one of three awarded nationwide by the National Institutes of Health.
Suzy Scherf, associate professor of psychology and neuroscience, is heading up a five-year project being funded by a $3.5 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. Scherf and her research team will investigate adolescent-specific changes in face processing before, during and after pubertal development.
The artificial intelligence that can blow human pilots out of the sky in air-to-air combat accurately predicted treatment outcomes for bipolar disorder, according to a new medical study by the University of Cincinnati. The findings open a world of possibility for using AI, or machine learning, to treat disease, researchers said.
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examines how illness plays a role in suicide risk. Researchers found that 17 physical health conditions, ailments such as back pain, diabetes, and heart disease, were associated with an increased risk of suicide. Two of the conditions -- sleep disorders and HIV/AIDS -- represented a greater than twofold increase, while traumatic brain injury made individuals nine times more likely to die by suicide.
In two papers, both published online June 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology, researchers quantified the number of pills that are typically prescribed following cesarean delivery and tested a shared decision making tool, in which patients select the amount of medication they are prescribed.
In two previous studies, University of North Carolina researchers and colleagues linked infant brain anatomy differences to autism diagnoses at age two. Now they show differences in functional connections between brain regions at 6 months to predict autism at age two.