The most dramatic divergence between humans and other primates can be found in the brain, the primary organ that gives our species its identity. However, all regions of the human brain have molecular signatures very similar to those of our primate relatives, yet some regions contain distinctly human patterns of gene activity that mark the brain's evolution and may contribute to our cognitive abilities, a new Yale-led study has found.
People with both HIV and risk factors for heart disease and stroke were less likely to be treated with cholesterol-lowering statin drugs and aspirin than patients without HIV.
The value of the products we encounter influences how much we'll subsequently pay for other items, new neuroscience research has found. The results point to a previously undetected factor that affects consumer behavior.
New research provides fresh insight into how the brain processes reward and punishment, opening new avenues for developing treatment of conditions ranging from anxiety to addictive behaviors such as drug abuse.
New research suggests the potential utility of BPN14770, a selective PDE4D inhibitor, in the treatment of Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and possibly other autism spectrum disorders. Daily BPN14770 dosing in a mouse Fragile X model showed reduce hyperarousal, improved social interactions and natural behaviors, as well as changes in neuronal dendrite structure. BPM14770 is currently in clinical testing by Tetra Discovery Partners as a prospective treatment for memory and cognitive problems associated with Alzheimer's disease.
A new study is the first to reveal how sleep deprivation disrupts brain cells' ability to communicate with each other, leading to mental lapses that affect memory and visual perception.
Nearly one-third of women with breast cancer went against their doctor's advice and chose not to begin or complete the recommended adjuvant anti-cancer therapy to kill residual tumor cells following surgery, according to a study led by a Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researcher.
Female medical interns are more likely to suffer from symptoms of depression than their male counterparts, and the conflict between work and family responsibilities is a factor in that gender difference about a third of the time. That's a key finding of a study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association - Internal Medicine.
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a pathway in the brain that seems to connect exposure to adverse experiences during early childhood with depression and problems with physical health in teens and preteens.
Researchers have developed an innovative and promising approach to identify suicidal individuals by analyzing the alterations in how their brains represent certain concepts, such as death, cruelty and trouble. Published in Nature Human Behaviour, the study offers a new approach to assessing psychiatric disorders.