A study of patient electronic medical records and genome sequences from adults with age-related hearing impairment by researchers at UC San Francisco and Kaiser Permanente Northern California, identified two genetic variations linked to the hearing disorder.
UCSF researchers have found in autopsy tissue samples of patients treated with antiretrovirals that the virus evolved and migrated among tissues similar to the way it did in patients who had never received antiretroviral treatment, despite the fact that the treated patients had undetectable levels of virus in their blood.
Two motivations -- your policy positions and your social identity -- compete to shape which candidate you choose and whether you will vote, according to a new set of predictions by Duke University scientists. Policy positions are a rational way to decide: pick a president whose policies align more closely with your own. Social identity is what your vote means for your own self-image and how others see you.
New research led by UC San Francisco scientists has revealed that mutations in a gene linked with brain development may dispose people to multiple forms of psychiatric disease by changing the way brain cells communicate.
A $1.4 million, three-year grant from the National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health has been awarded to Dr. Ryohei Yasuda, Scientific Director at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience and collaborator, Dr. Wenbiao Gan, Professor in the Department of Neuroscience and Physiology at the NYU Langone Medical Center, to develop new optogenetic tools analyze protein activity in neurons during synaptic and behavioral plasticity -- a key process in understanding learning and memory in the brain.
A new University of Colorado Boulder study shows preschoolers consume more calories than normal when they don't get enough sleep, findings that have implications for childhood obesity risk.
Growing up in a warm family environment in childhood is associated with feeling more secure in romantic relationships in one's 80s, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings show that men who grew up in caring homes were more adept at managing stressful emotions when assessed as middle-aged adults, which helps to explain why they had more secure marriages late in life.
PTSD experts agree that the condition has its roots in very real, physical processes within the brain -- and not some sort of psychological 'weakness.' But no clear consensus has emerged about what exactly has gone 'wrong' in the brain. A new theory that integrates decades of research focuses on a key function called context processing.
A new therapeutic target for the treatment of compulsive binge eating has been identified by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM).
Only four in 10 gay and bisexual men in Baltimore without HIV are aware that pre-exposure prophylaxis medication (PrEP) may significantly reduce their risk of contracting the virus, even those who had recently visited a doctor or been tested for a sexually transmitted disease, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.