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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1080.

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Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Geophysical Research Letters
Hurricane Nicole sheds light on how storms impact deep ocean
2016's Hurricane Nicole had a significant effect on the ocean's carbon cycle and deep sea ecosystems, reports a team from the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, and the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-685-3525
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Physical Review Letters
Appreciating the classical elegance of time crystals
Structures known as 'time crystals' -- which repeat in time as conventional crystals repeat in space -- have recently captured the interest and imagination of researchers across disciplines. The concept has emerged from the context of quantum many-body systems, but ETH physicists have now developed a versatile framework that clarifies connections to classical works dating back nearly two centuries, thus providing a unifying platform to explore seemingly dissimilar phenomena.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Andreas Trabesinger
trabi@ethz.ch
41-791-289-860
ETH Zurich Department of Physics

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Environmental Research Communications
In media coverage of climate change, where are the facts?
The New York Times stands out for its coverage of the environment and climate change. Yet, says a UC Berkeley study, its articles on climate change seldom mention key facts behind the scientific consensus that global warming is real - facts that could sway skeptics or clear up confusion, even among climate activists. Such facts - for example, that climate change, once it happens, is permanent -- can easily be slipped into stories to inform the public.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
UTSA professor awarded $350K NSF grant to study students' STEM social capital
Guan Saw a researcher at The University of Texas at San Antonio, an urban serving university, is contributing to the advancement of knowledge for improving Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education and workforce preparation, especially among historically underserved and underrepresented students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Soria
kara.soria@utsa.edu
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
U-M program aims to transform criminal justice research nationwide
Researchers are working to collect individual-level data across all parts of the criminal justice system and link it with social and economic data to examine research questions that were previously unanswerable.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Allen-West
clawest@umich.edu
734-647-9069
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Nature Plants
Biologists untangle growth and defense in maize, define key antibiotic pathways
Studying the complex layers of immunity in maize, a staple for diets around the world, scientists have identified key genes that enable surprisingly diverse antibiotic cocktails that can be produced as defensive blends against numerous disease agents. UC San Diego biologists describe how they combined an array of scientific approaches to clearly define 6 genes that encode enzymes responsible for the production of key maize antibiotics known to control disease resistance.
National Science Foundation Plant-Biotic Interactions Program, Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute Community Science Program, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program, UC San Diego-NIH training grant

Contact: Mario Aguilera
maguilera@ucsd.edu
858-822-5148
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
PLOS ONE
Disrupting key protein alters biological rhythms in water flea
The E75 protein is a key regulator of some biological rhythms through interactions with nitric oxide. Suppression of E75 results in longer molt cycles and reduced numbers of offspring in the water flea, Daphnia magna. The work also raises questions about the ability of nitric oxide from environmental sources to disrupt biological rhythms that are critical to population sustainability.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Advanced Materials
Nano bulb lights novel path
Rice University engineers have created what may be viewed as the world's smallest incandescent lightbulbs, collections of near-nanoscale materials called 'selective thermal emitters' that absorb heat and emit light. Their research, reported this week in Advanced Materials, could have applications in sensing, photonics and perhaps in computing platforms beyond the limitations of silicon.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
JCI Insight
Antibody 'road block' enables fine-tuning for cardiac recovery
A new study published by Vanderbilt mechanobiology researchers details a possible solution for fine-tuning inflammation and cellular activity in cardiac recovery -- thanks to an antibody initially developed for rheumatoid arthritis. 
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Heart Association, Leducq Foundation

Contact: Spencer Turney
spencer.turney@vanderbilt.edu
901-596-9136
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Wayne State leading efforts to alleviate fatbergs
Worldwide, the occurrence of large-scale sewer blockages caused by the massive buildup of discarded fats, oils and greases (FOGs) is on the rise. The problem is getting more severe as solid waste products are flushed into sewers. The combination of FOGs with the waste paper products can be dangerous and environmentally caustic. Researchers at Wayne State are leading efforts to alleviate these blockages known as fatbergs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Science
Grains in the rain
Of the major food crops, only rice is currently able to survive flooding. Thanks to new research, that could soon change -- good news for a world in which rains are increasing in both frequency and intensity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jules Bernstein
Jules.Bernstein@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
The Anatomical Record
Did a common childhood illness take down the Neanderthals?
A new study suggests that the extinction of Neanderthals may be tied to persistent, life-long ear infections due to the structure of their Eustachian tubes, which are similar to those of human infants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Gillespie
john.gillespie@downstate.edu
718-270-2262
SUNY Downstate Health Science University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2019
Science
New study finds US and Canada have lost more than 1 in 4 birds in the past 50 years
Data show that since 1970, the US and Canada have lost nearly 3 billion birds, a massive reduction in abundance involving hundreds of species, from beloved backyard songbirds to long-distance migrants.
National Science Foundation, Amazon Web Services

Contact: Pat Leonard
PEL27@cornell.edu
607-254-2137
Cornell University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Nature Communications Physics
Sound of the future: A new analog to quantum computing
In a paper published in Nature Research's journal, Communications Physics, researchers in the University of Arizona Department of Materials Science and Engineering have demonstrated the possibility for acoustic waves in a classical environment to do the work of quantum information processing without the time limitations and fragility.
W.M. Keck Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Dieckman
edieckman@email.arizona.edu
520-621-1992
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Shedding light on dark matter
An interdisciplinary research team has received a $1 million, two-year grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) under the 'Harnessing the Data Revolution' initiative, to develop computational methods to accelerate data-intensive discovery in astroparticle physics -- an important step toward understanding dark matter.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Kerwin
pgkerwin@udel.edu
302-831-8749
University of Delaware

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
UW receives $15.8 million NSF grant for instrumentation for new King Air research aircraft
The University of Wyoming received a $15.8 million National Science Foundation grant that will provide weather instrumentation and other equipment for a new King Air research aircraft the university plans to purchase.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bart Geerts
geerts@uwyo.edu
307-766-2261
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Science Advances
Study explores how rock expands near soil surface in Southern Sierra Nevada
Weathering of subsurface rock in the Southern Sierra Nevada Mountains of California occurs due more to rocks expanding than from chemical decomposition.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cliff Riebe
criebe@uwyo.edu
307-223-2321
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Advanced Functional Materials
Platinum-graphene fuel cell catalysts show superior stability over bulk platinum
Films of platinum only two atoms thick supported by graphene could enable fuel cell catalysts with unprecedented catalytic activity and longevity, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Josh Brown
josh.brown@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-0500
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Optica
Stevens team closes in on 'holy grail' of room temperature quantum computing chips
To process information, photons must interact. However, these tiny packets of light want nothing to do with each other, each passing by without altering the other. Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have coaxed photons into interacting with one another with unprecedented efficiency -- a key advance toward realizing long-awaited quantum optics technologies for computing, communication and remote sensing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Thania Benios
thania.benios@stevens.edu
917-930-5988
Stevens Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Studying the impacts of autonomous vehicles on the workforce
A multidisciplinary research team from Michigan State University will use a $2.49 million grant from the National Science Foundation to conduct a four-year study examining the impacts of autonomous vehicles on the future workforce.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristen Parker
klparker@msu.edu
517-353-8942
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Astrophysical Journal
UMD-led study captures six galaxies undergoing sudden, dramatic transitions
A team of astronomers observed six mild-mannered LINER galaxies suddenly and surprisingly transforming into ravenous quasars -- home to the brightest of all active galactic nuclei. The team's observations could help demystify the nature of both LINERs and quasars while answering some burning questions about galactic evolution. Based on their analysis, the researchers suggest they have discovered an entirely new type of black hole activity at the centers of these six LINER galaxies.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Lowell Observatory, John and Ginger Giovale, W. M. Keck Foundation, Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), National Research Council of Canada, CONICYT (Chile)

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study points to new drug target in fight against cancer
Rice University researchers are members of an international team that's discovered how a cancer-linked version of the protein mitoNEET can close voltage-dependent anion channels (VDAC), primary gateways in the outer surface of mitochondria. In a study available online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers detail how mitoNEET regulates VDAC, and they show that the interactions between the two proteins could be disrupted by a drug that targets VDAC.
NASA,NOAA, National Science Foundation, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation, CPRIT, University of Missouri, Israel Cancer Research Fund, Keck Center for Interdisciplinary Bioscience Training of the Gulf Coast Consortia, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Deep dive for dark matter may aid all of data science
Rice University astroparticle physicist Christopher Tunnell and colleagues are booting their search for dark matter into a study they hope will enhance all of data science. A $1 million NSF grant is allowing the team to reimagine data science techniques and help push data-intensive physical sciences past the tipping point to discovery.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Science Advances
Geophysicists challenge conventional view of the cause of porosity in weathered rock
New geophysics research challenges the conventional view of how a vital and life-sustaining feature of weathered rock is created.
National Science Foundation, Wyoming Center for Environmental Hydrology and Geophysics, Southern Sierra Critical Zone Observatory

Contact: Craig Layne
laynec@dickinson.edu
717-254-8706
Dickinson College

Public Release: 18-Sep-2019
Science Advances
Modeling a model nanoparticle
New research from the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering introduces the first universal adsorption model that accounts for detailed nanoparticle structural characteristics, metal composition and different adsorbates, making it possible to not only predict adsorption behavior on any metal nanoparticles but screen their stability, as well.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Maggie Pavlick
maggiepavlick@pitt.edu
University of Pittsburgh

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1080.

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