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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1084.

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Public Release: 16-Mar-2018
Nature Communications
Piezomagnetic material changes magnetic properties when stretched
Piezoelectric materials, which generate an electric current when compressed or stretched, are familiar and widely used: lighters that spark when you press a switch, microphones, sensors, motors and all kinds of other devices. Now a group of physicists has found a material with a similar property, but for magnetism. This 'piezomagnetic' material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 16-Mar-2018
Environmental Science & Policy
Long-term monitoring is essential to effective environmental policy
Environmental policy guided by science saves lives, money, and ecosystems. So reports a team of eleven senior researchers in Environmental Science and Policy. Using air pollution in the United States as a case study, they highlight the success of cleanup strategies backed by long-term environmental monitoring.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori M. Quillen
845-677-7600 x161
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 16-Mar-2018
With new 'shuffling' trick, researchers can measure gene activity in single cells
Researchers at the University of Washington and the Allen Institute for Brain Science have developed a new method to classify and track the multitude of cells in a tissue sample. In a paper published March 15 in the journal Science, the team reports that this new approach -- known as SPLiT-seq -- reliably tracks gene activity in a tissue down to the level of single cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Allen Institute for Brain Science

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Advanced Functional Materials
Graphene oxide nanosheets could help bring lithium-metal batteries to market
A nanosheet helps prevent formation of lithium dendrites in lithium-metal batteries.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Garnet reveals source of water to fuel powerful volcanoes and earthquakes
By applying a new spectroscopy technique to garnet containing fragments of quartz, metamorphic petrologist Frank Spear of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute thinks he's found the source of water that fuels earthquakes in volcanoes in subduction zones.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Powerful new device for studying puzzling process
Article describes first plasma marking completion of construction of FLARE for studying magnetic reconnection.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Greenwald
DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Scientists discover evidence of early human innovation, pushing back evolutionary timeline
An international collaboration has discovered that early humans in eastern Africa had -- by about 320,000 years ago -- begun trading with distant groups, using color pigments and manufacturing more sophisticated tools than those of the Early Stone Age. These behavioral innovations may represent a response to the rapid environmental and climactic changes occurring at the time.
Smithsonian Institution, National Science Foundation, George Washington University

Contact: Patti Carpenter
University of Utah

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Scientists map the portal to the cell's nucleus
The gateway to cellular headquarters has 552 components. A new map that shows how all these pieces fit together could help scientists study numerous diseases.
National Science Foundation, Stanford Institutes of Medicine Summer Research Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
UCLA Dark Matter Conference
Physical Review Letters
UH scientists investigating mysterious dark matter
University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter?
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sara Tubbs
University of Houston

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Biophysical Journal
The complex journey of red bloods cells through microvascular networks
While the behavior of blood cells flowing within single, straight vessels is a well-known problem, less is known about the individual cellular-scale events giving rise to blood behavior in microvascular networks. To better understand this, researchers Peter Balogh and Prosenjit Bagchi published a recent study in the Biophysical Journal.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Researchers discover evidence of the technology and behaviors linked to the emergence of human species
An anthropology professor from the George Washington University and a team of international collaborators, including scientists from the Smithsonian's National Museum of National History, have discovered that early humans in East Africa used coloring materials and obtained a range of raw materials from distant sources -- activities which imply the existence of social networks -- about 320,000 years ago, much earlier than previously thought.
Smithsonian, National Science Foundation, George Washington University

Contact: Maralee Csellar
George Washington University

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
The Network and Distributed System Security Symposium
Attacks on 4G LTE networks could send fake emergency alerts
Ten new attacks and nine prior attacks on 4G LTE networks were outlined in a paper.
Intel, Schlumberger Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kayla Zacharias
Purdue University

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Environmental Research Letters
Half a degree more global warming could flood out 5 million more people
A new study finds that by 2150, the seemingly small difference between a global temperature increase of 1.5 and 2.0 degrees Celsius would mean the permanent inundation of lands currently home to about 5 million people, including 60,000 who live on small island nations.
National Science Foundation, Rhodium Group, Climate Impact Lab consortium, NASA

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Startup promises minimally invasive heart repair
A minimally invasive surgical device to be commercialized by a newly launched startup could fundamentally transform the way doctors correct organ defects.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Caroline Perry
Harvard University

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Environmental Entomology
When natural disaster strikes, can insects and other invertebrates recover?
After a 100-year flood struck south central Oklahoma in 2015, a study of the insects, arthropods, and other invertebrates in the area revealed striking declines of most invertebrates in the local ecosystem, a result that researchers say illustrates the hidden impacts of natural disasters.
US Department of Education Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Rominiecki
301-731-4535 x3009
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Scientists discover evidence of early human innovation, pushing back evolutionary timeline
Scientists discovered that early humans in East Africa had -- by about 320,000 years ago -- begun trading with distant groups, using color pigments and manufacturing more sophisticated tools than those of the Early Stone Age, tens of thousands of years earlier than previous evidence has shown in eastern Africa. As earthquakes remodeled the landscape and climate fluctuated between wet and dry conditions, technological and social innovation would have helped early humans survive unpredictable conditions.
Smithsonian Institution, National Science Foundation, George Washington University

Contact: Ryan Lavery

Public Release: 15-Mar-2018
Topsy-turvy currents key to removing nitrate from streams, UCI-led study finds
More than 500 years ago, Leonardo da Vinci sketched what he called 'la turbolenza,' comparing chaotic swirls atop flowing water to curly human hair. It turns out those patterns influence myriad phenomena, from the drag on an airplane's wings and the formation of Jupiter's red spot to the rustling of tree leaves.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Wilson
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
ACS Nano
Nanostructures created at UCLA could make gene therapies safer, faster & more affordable
UCLA scientists have developed a new method that utilizes microscopic splinter-like structures called 'nanospears' for the targeted delivery of biomolecules such as genes straight to patient cells.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Hyundai Hope on Wheels, Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation for Childhood Cancer, the National Science Foundation of China, China Scholarship Council, Royal Thai Government

Contact: Mirabai Vogt-James
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
NSF grant awarded for research that supports anti-cancer therapeutics
Dr. Adam W. Smith, assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry, has won a CAREER award from the National Science Foundation. The title of the award is 'Lipid Regulation of Receptor Tyrosine Kinases' and provides $650,000 of funding for research. The project will use advanced fluorescence methods to measure lipid-protein interactions in biological membranes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
University of Akron

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
Nature Communications
Molecular motor mystery solved: Novel protein rounds out plant cells' machinery
A research team led by an Oregon State University biophysicist and a plant biologist from University of California, Davis has discovered a novel motor protein that significantly expands current understanding of the evolution and design principle of motor proteins.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Weihong Qiu
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
Humans flourished through super volcano 74,000 years ago, study finds
Humans not only survived a massive volcanic eruption 74,000 years ago, they flourished during the resulting climate change that occurred, a new study by UNLV geoscientist Eugene Smith and colleagues found.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Francis McCabe
University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
Nature Sustainability
Cash payments prompt tropical forest users to harvest less
An experiment conducted with 1,200 villagers in five developing countries found that when people are given cash to conserve, they cut down fewer trees both while they are being paid and after payments cease.
National Science Foundation, Center for International Forest Research

Contact: Lisa Ann Marshall
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
Journal of American Chemical Society
Chemists use abundant, low-cost and non-toxic elements to synthesize semiconductors
Javier Vela of Iowa State University and the Ames Laboratory has worked with two of his graduate students to synthesize a new material for semiconductors. The chemists think the material will work well in solar cells, but without the toxicity, scarcity or costs of other semiconductors. They report their discovery in a paper recently published online by the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Javier Vela
Iowa State University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
Researchers create 3-D structure of the nuclear pore complex
For the first time, researchers have produced a nearly complete three-dimensional structure for the yeast Nuclear Pore Complex (NPC). This discovery represents a major step toward identifying the atomic structure of the NPC, which soon may provide researchers with a better understanding of how the central transport channel functions.
National Science Foundation, Stanford Institutes of Medicine Summer Research Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University School of Medicine

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018
Electrochemical Society
Research gets closer to producing revolutionary battery to power renewable energy industry
Trung Van Nguyen has headed research that today verges on development of a commercial hydrogen-bromine flow battery, an advanced industrial-scale battery design engineers have strived to develop since the 1960s.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan Lynch
University of Kansas

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1084.

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