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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1129.

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Public Release: 21-Sep-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study of protein 'trafficker' provides insight into autism and other brain disorders
Researchers have discovered that the protein ASTN2 shuttles receptors away from the surface of neurons, a process that facilitates efficient brain activity.
Eugene W. Chinery 2012 Trust, Renate Hans and Maria Hofmann Trust, NSF Predoctoral Fellowship, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2018
Psychological Review
Brown researchers teach computers to see optical illusions
By making a neural-network computer model that can be fooled by optical illusions like humans, the researchers advanced knowledge of the human visual system and may help improve artificial vision.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Mollie Rappe
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2018
Carnegie Mellon biologist receives NSF 'Understanding Rules of Life' grant
The Department of Biological Sciences' Dannie Durand is one of 29 recipients of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) 'Understanding the Rules of Life' grants. The grants are part of a $15 million investment by the NSF to address some of the greatest challenges to understanding the living world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2018
Science Avances
Spray-on antennas could unlock potential of smart, connected technology
In research recently published in Science Advances, a group of Drexel University engineering researchers reports a method for spraying invisibly thin antennas, made from a type of two-dimensional, metallic material called MXene, that perform as well as those being used in mobile devices, wireless routers and portable transducers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Britt
Drexel University

Public Release: 20-Sep-2018
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Synthetic organelle shows how tiny puddle-organs in our cells work
Imagine your liver being just a big puddle. Some organelles in your cells are exactly that including prominent ones like the nucleolus. Now a synthetic organelle engineered in a lab at Georgia Tech shows how such puddle organs can carry out complex life-sustaining reaction chains.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Sep-2018
Nature Biomedical Engineering
TINY cancer detection device proves effective in Uganda testing
Its name is an acronym used to convey its size, but researchers at Cornell Engineering and Weill Cornell Medicine are hoping their hand-held cancer detection device's impact in the developing world is anything but small.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship program

Contact: Jeff Tyson
Cornell University

Public Release: 20-Sep-2018
Cancer immunotherapy might benefit from previously overlooked immune players
Using a bioinformatics approach, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers found that CD4+ T cell's binding partner, a molecule called MHC-II, may have even more influence on emerging tumors than MHC-I, the better known partner of CD8+ T cells. The finding, published September 20 in Cell, may help researchers improve cancer immunotherapies and predict which patients will respond best.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Fred Luddy Family Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 20-Sep-2018
Evolutionary Applications
Few hatchery brook trout genes present in Pennsylvania watershed wild fish
Despite many decades of annual brook trout stocking in one northcentral Pennsylvania watershed, the wild brook trout populations show few genes from hatchery fish, according to researchers who genotyped about 2,000 brook trout in Loyalsock Creek watershed, a 500-square-mile drainage in Lycoming and Sullivan counties celebrated by anglers for its trout fishing.
R.K. Mellon Freshwater Research Initiative, National Science Foundation, US Fish & Wildlife Service

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Sep-2018
Nature Biomedical Engineering
Can a common heart condition cause sudden death?
About one person out of 500 has a heart condition known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This condition causes thickening of the heart muscle and results in defects in the heart's electrical system. Under conditions of environmental stress such as exercise, HCM can result in sudden death. In other cases, patients may go undiagnosed, with their heart function declining gradually over decades.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Heart Association postdoctoral fellowship

Contact: Megan McDevitt
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 20-Sep-2018
When mammal ancestors evolved flexible shoulders, their backbones changed too
Dolphins swim, horses gallop, and humans walk on two legs -- mammals are able to move in lots of different ways. That's because we have unique backbones. And scientists exploring how mammals' backbones evolved have discovered that the key to our complex spines lies in mammals' flexible shoulders.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kate Golembiewski
Field Museum

Public Release: 20-Sep-2018
Simulations enable 'choose-your-own-adventure' stereochemistry
"We used our data-driven tools to derive significant insight into how the process works that allows us to design the correct additives to get the desired outcomes," Sigman said. The results allow chemists to control which stereochemical product comes out of the reaction, simply by selecting the right ligand. It's more than just a laboratory convenience, though. The study also reveals much more about how this important chemical process works.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Leopoldina Fellowship Programme, German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
A material without limits
Lehigh's Siddha Pimputkar and Kai Landskron have recently won support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to find a cheaper, greener way of producing boron nitride. The project, which formally kicked off on September 1, 2018, brings more than $450,000 in research support to the interdisciplinary Lehigh faculty team, both of whom are affiliated with Lehigh's Institute for Functional Materials and Devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marc Rosenberg
Lehigh University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Unprecedented ice loss in Russian ice cap
In the last few years, the Vavilov Ice Cap in the Russian High Arctic has dramatically accelerated, sliding as much as 82 feet a day in 2015, according to a new multi-national, multi-institute study led by CIRES Fellow Mike Willis, an assistant professor of Geology at CU Boulder. That dwarfs the ice's previous average speed of about 2 inches per day and has challenged scientists' assumptions about the stability of the cold ice caps dotting Earth's high latitudes.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ministry of Education in Taiwan, Polar Geospatial Center at the University of Minnesota, National Science Foundation, United Kingdom National Environment Research Council

Contact: Mike Willis
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
Beyond archeology: NCALM pursues new technology, new projects
The National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping is best-known for its headline-grabbing work in archeology, including the 2016 discovery of previously unknown ruins of a complex Maya settlement in the Guatemalan jungles. But researchers say its work mapping earthquakes, landslides, wildfires and other changing terrains has also yielded important scientific findings.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
NSF awards contract to group led by WHOI to continue OOI
The National Science Foundation (NSF) announced that it has awarded a coalition of academic and oceanographic research organizations a five-year, $220 million contract to operate and maintain the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI). The coalition, led by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), with direction from the NSF and guidance from the OOI Facilities Board, will include the University of Washington (UW), Oregon State University (OSU), and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Relations
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Researchers develop microbubble scrubber to destroy dangerous biofilms
Stiff microbial films often coat medical devices, household items and infrastructure such as the inside of water supply pipes, and can lead to dangerous infections. Researchers have developed a system that harnesses the power of bubbles to propel tiny particles through the surfaces of these tough films and deliver an antiseptic deathblow to the microbes living inside.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
New study examines changing soil structures and influence on water resources in US
A University of Kansas professor is leading work under a $738,562 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop new mathematical models to analyze causes of these observed alterations in soil structure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
Science Advances
UT engineers develop first method for controlling nanomotors
Engineers at UT Austin develop world's first method for controlling the motion of nanomotors with simple visible light as the stimulus.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: John Holden
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
What your cell phone camera tells you about your brain
Your brain is structured to make the best possible decision given its limited resources, according to new research that unites cognitive science and information theory -- the branch of mathematics that underlies modern communications technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
Science Advances
From crystals to climate: 'Gold standard' timeline links flood basalts to climate change
Princeton geologists used tiny zircon crystals found in volcanic ash to rewrite the timeline for the eruptions of the Columbia River flood basalts, a series of massive lava flows that coincided with an ancient global warming period 16 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, the Princeton Environmental Institute Walbridge Fund, the Princeton University Department of Geosciences Scott Vertebrate Fund

Contact: Liz Fuller-Wright
Princeton University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
New nanoparticle superstructures made from pyramid-shaped building blocks
In research that may help bridge the divide between the nano and the macro, Brown University chemists have used pyramid-shaped nanoparticles to create what might be the most complex macroscale superstructure ever assembled.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
Diverse forests are stronger against drought
In a paper published in Nature, researchers including University of Utah biologist William Anderegg report that forests with trees that employ a high diversity of traits related to water use suffer less of an impact from drought. The results, which expand on previous work that looked at individual tree species' resilience based on hydraulic traits, lead to new research directions on forest resilience and inform forest managers working to rebuild forests after logging or wildfire.
University of Utah Global Change and Sustainability Center, National Science Foundation, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Agricultural and Food Research Initiative Competitive Programme, Ecosystem Services and Agro-ecosystem Management

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
Science Advances
When refugees are barred from working, long-term integration suffers
Many European countries prevent asylum seekers from working for a certain waiting period after arrival. These policies can considerably slow their integration years later. Five years after Germany introduced a shorter waiting period in 2000, employment rates were 20 percent lower for refugees who, under the previous policy, had to wait an additional 7 months before entering the labor market. It took this group 10 years to close the gap in employment rates.
Swiss Network for International Studies, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation, Ford Foundation, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Leverhulme Trust

Contact: Noelle Daly
Stanford University - Immigration Policy Lab

Public Release: 18-Sep-2018
Nature Astronomy
Looking back in time to watch for a different kind of black hole
A simulation done by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology has suggested what astronomers should look for if they search the skies for a direct collapse black hole in its early stages.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Sep-2018
Creativity Research Journal
Use of electrical brain stimulation to foster creativity has sweeping implications
In an article published in Creativity Research Journal, Georgetown researchers address neuro-ethical concerns associated with the increasing use of transcranial electrical stimulation (tES).
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, National Institutes of Health, AEHS Foundation, Project Neuro-HOPE, Halo Neurosciences, Austin and Ann O'Malley Distinguished Visiting

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1129.

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