National Science Foundation
Search NSF News:
NSF Main
NSF News
NSF Funded Research News
 
News by Research Area
Arctic & Antarctic
Astronomy & Space
Biology
Chemistry & Materials
Computing
Earth & Environment
Education
Engineering
Mathematics
Nanoscience
People & Society
Physics
 
At nsf.gov
Contacts Page
Multimedia Gallery
Media Advisories
Publications
Special Reports
Awards Search
Science & Engineering Stats
NSF & Congress
About NSF
RSS Feed RSS Feed
Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 912.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 ]

Public Release: 2-Dec-2016
Nature Communications
Physicists decipher electronic properties of materials in work that may change transistors
University of Texas at Dallas physicists have published new findings examining the electrical properties of materials that could be harnessed for next-generation transistors and electronics. Dr. Fan Zhang, assistant professor of physics, and senior physics student Armin Khamoshi recently published their research on transition metal dichalcogenides, or TMDs, in the journal Nature Communications.
National Science Foundation, University of Texas at Dallas

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Science
For the first time, scientists catch water molecules passing the proton baton
Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades. But in a paper published in the Dec. 2 in issue of the journal Science, an international team of researchers has finally caught water in the act -- showing how water molecules pass along excess charges and, in the process, conduct electricity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Freshwater Science
Researchers document large-scale changes in insect species inhabiting streams and rivers
Scientists from Utah State University and the US Environmental Protection Agency have shown that the frequencies of occurrence of hundreds of freshwater insect species have changed relative to historical conditions. Nearly all of the historically most common insect species examined have declined, whereas less common species varied in their responses. These declines are of concern because insects represent a large fraction of the biodiversity in freshwater ecosystems, they support fish populations, and they help maintain high water quality.
National Center for Environmental Assessment, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Chuck Hawkins
chuck.hawkins@usu.edu
01-435-753-1547
Utah State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Climate cycles may explain how running water carved Mars' surface features
Dramatic climate cycles on early Mars, triggered by buildup of greenhouse gases, may be the key to understanding how liquid water left its mark on the planet's surface, according to a team of planetary scientists.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Heredity
'Bickering' flies make evolutionary point
A Rice University scientist manipulates fruit fly populations to show that individual flies are not merely subject to their social environments, but choose and create them through their interactions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, John S. Dunn Foundation

Contact: Mike Williams
mikewilliams@rice.edu
713-348-6728
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
New findings boost promise of molybdenum sulfide for hydrogen catalysis
Researchers from North Carolina State University, Duke University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that molybdenum sulfide (MoS2) holds more promise than previously thought as a catalyst for producing hydrogen to use as a clean energy source. Specifically, the researchers found that the entire surface of MoS2 can be used as a catalyst, not just the edges of the material.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Nature Chemistry
IUPUI chemists develop new technique that could speed drug development
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis chemists have devised new molecular binding technique to substantially speed up the process of synthesizing new compounds for use as human or animal drugs.
School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-843-2275
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Test for early diagnosis of life-threatening preemie disease advances
The National Science Foundation has chosen an LSU Health New Orleans team that developed a test for the early detection of a potentially life-threatening gastrointestinal disease affecting pre-term, low birthweight babies to receive expert guidance to move the technology forward. NSF awarded LSU Health New Orleans a $50,000 grant so the researchers can participate in the national NSF Innovation Corps (I-Corps) Program in January 2017.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4806
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Science
A watershed moment in understanding how H2O conducts electricity
Scientists have taken spectroscopic snapshots of nature's most mysterious relay race: the passage of extra protons from one water molecule to another during conductivity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Ohio Supercomputing Center, Collaborative Research Center of the German Research Foundation DFG

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Science
Increasing tornado outbreaks -- is climate change responsible?
In a new study, Columbia Engineering researchers looked at increasing trends in the severity of tornado outbreaks where they measured severity by the number of tornadoes per outbreak. They found that these trends are increasing fastest for the most extreme outbreaks. While they saw changes in meteorological quantities that are consistent with these upward trends, the meteorological trends were not the ones expected under climate change.
Columbia University Research Initiatives for Science and Engineering, Office of Naval Research, NOAA, Willis Research Network, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Science
Embryonic cluster galaxy immersed in giant cloud of cold gas
Unlike the situation in the current Universe, a giant galaxy in a cluster of protogalaxies is growing by feeding on surprisingly-dense surrounding gas, rather than by cannibalizing neighbors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
People matter
An interdisciplinary study released this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America combines social and physical science in new ways, seeking to understand how changes in Arctic resource-sharing behaviors could affect highly cooperative communities and the households within.
National Science Foundation, US Department of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Office of Management and Budget Control, European Commission, Generalitat de Catalunya

Contact: Aaron Pugh
Aaron.Pugh@asu.edu
480-727-6577
Arizona State University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Nature
Loss of soil carbon due to climate change will be 'huge'
55 trillion kilograms: that's how much carbon could be released into the atmosphere from the soil by mid-century if climate change isn't stopped. And all in the form of greenhouse gases such as CO2 and methane. Tom Crowther (NIOO-KNAW) and his team are publishing the results of a worldwide study into the effects of climate change on the soil in the issue of Nature that comes out on Dec. 1.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Froukje Rienks
f.rienks@nioo.knaw.nl
31-610-487-481
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
XROMM, an influential 3-D, X-ray technology for biomechanics, gains new capabilities
Two recent papers describe the latest ways that XROMM technology, which has spread to dozens of similar research facilities worldwide, enables studies of human and animal motion in previously unseen detail.
National Science Foundation, W.M. Keck Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
The Astronomical Journal
It's a bird... It's a plane... It's the tiniest asteroid!
A team led by UA astronomer Vishnu Reddy has characterized the smallest known asteroid using Earth-based telescopes. Measuring just six feet across, asteroid 2015 TC25 also is one of the brightest, according to the study.
NASA, Canada Foundation for Innovation, National Science Foundation, Manitoba Research Innovation Fund, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canadian Space Agency, University of Winnipeg

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Molecular Ecology
Corals much older than previously thought, study finds
Coral genotypes can survive for thousands of years, possibly making them the longest-lived animals in the world, according to researchers at Penn State, the National Marine Fisheries Service and Dial Cordy & Associates.
National Science Foundation,National Marine Fisheries Service

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Nature
Losses of soil carbon under global warming might equal US emissions
A new global assessment led by Yale researchers finds that warming will drive the loss of at least 55 trillion kilograms of carbon from the soil by mid-century, or about 17% more than the projected emissions due to human-related activities during that period. Carbon losses will be greatest in places that had largely been missing from previous research.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished PostdoctoralFellowship programme

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Quantum obstacle course changes material from superconductor to insulator
Researchers from Brown University have shown a way to break superconductivity by disrupting the coherence of superconducting Cooper pairs. Such a phase change from superconducting to insulating had been predicted by theory, but hadn't been demonstrated experimentally. The research could help scientists better understand how defects can affect the quantum behavior of materials.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
PLOS ONE
Human ancestor 'Lucy' was a tree climber, new evidence suggests
Since the discovery of the fossil dubbed Lucy 42 years ago this month, paleontologists have debated whether the 3-million-year-old human ancestor spent all of her time walking on the ground or instead combined walking with frequent tree climbing.
Paleoanthropology Lab Fund, University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts, Houston Museum of Natural Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Genomics technique could accelerate detection of foodborne bacterial outbreaks
A new testing methodology based on metagenomics could accelerate the diagnosis of foodborne bacterial outbreaks, allowing public health officials to identify the microbial culprits in less than a day. The methodology could also identify co-infections with secondary microbes, determine the specific variant of the pathogen, and help alert health officials to the presence of new or unusual pathogens.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
ACS Central Science
Deep insights from surface reactions
Using the Stampede supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center, researchers have developed biosensors that can speed up drug development, designed improved materials for desalinization, and explored new ways of generating energy from bacteria. These findings, reported in ACS Central Science, the Journal of Physical Chemistry B and the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, are helping to elucidate the atomic and quantum behavior of nano- and bio-materials.
National Science Foundation, National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
ACS Chemical Biology
Researchers tweak enzyme 'assembly line' to improve antibiotics
Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a way to make pinpoint changes to an enzyme-driven 'assembly line' that will enable scientists to improve or change the properties of existing antibiotics as well as create designer compounds.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Telescopic walls could rise on demand to stop flood waters
An University at Buffalo Ph.D. student received a $225,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a system of telescoping concrete boxes to be used as 'rise on demand' flood walls. The walls can be installed below ground level, so as not to block any water views, and can be raised when the threat of flooding occurs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Grove Potter
mpotter3@buffalo.edu
716-645-2130
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Study explains evolution phenomenon that puzzled Darwin
Why do some animals have extravagant, showy ornaments -- think deer antlers, peacock feathers and horns on beetles -- that can be a liability to survival? Northwestern University researchers have a possible explanation for this puzzling phenomenon of evolution. Their new mathematical model reveals that in animals with ornamentation, males will evolve out of the tension between natural selection and sexual selection into two distinct subspecies, one with flashy, 'costly' ornaments for attracting mates and one with subdued, 'low-cost' ornaments.
James S. McDonnell Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
UH team wins $50,000 to learn how to start innovative food safety business
Moving out of their comfort zone as accomplished researchers to become novice entrepreneurs, a team from the University of Houston just won $50,000 to learn how to start a business. Now they're working to bring innovative smartphone/tablet based food safety training tools to full commercialization.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Stipes
cdstipes@uh.edu
713-743-8186
University of Houston

Showing releases 1-25 out of 912.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 ]

  Highlights
Science360 Science360 News Service
Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Science360 News is an up-to-date view of breaking science news from around the world. We gather news from wherever science is happening, including directly from scientists, college and university press offices, popular and peer-reviewed journals, dozens of National Science Foundation science and engineering centers, and funding sources that include government agencies, not-for-profit organizations and private industry.
Science360 Science for Everyone
The Science360 Video Library immerses visitors in the latest wonders of science, engineering, technology and math. Each video is embeddable for use on your website, blog or social media page.
NAGC Winner - Jellyfish NSF Exclusive Special Reports
From "Understanding the Brain" to "Engineering Agriculture's Future", these in-depth, Web-based reports explore the frontiers of science and engineering.