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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1023.

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Public Release: 16-Jun-2019
European Society of Human Genetics annual conference, Gothenburg, Sweden
Genetic study of the causes of excess liver iron may lead to better treatment
Researchers have shown that genes regulating iron metabolism in the body are responsible for excess liver iron. High levels of iron in the liver are linked to a number of serious health conditions including cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure and cardiovascular as well as liver disease. But measuring liver iron is difficult and until recently could only be done through an invasive biopsy.
Wellcome Trust, Diabetes UK, Innovate UK Knowlege Transfer Partnership, Innovative Medicines Initiative

Contact: Mary Rice
mary.rice@riceconseil.eu
European Society of Human Genetics

Public Release: 14-Jun-2019
Geophysical Research Letters
No direct link between north Atlantic currents, sea level along New England coast
A new study by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) clarifies what influence major currents in the North Atlantic have on sea level along the northeastern United States. The study, published June 13, 2019 in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, examined both the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) -- a conveyor belt of currents that move warmer waters north and cooler waters south in the Atlantic -- and historical records of sea level in coastal New England.
National Science Foundation awards; NASA; J. Lamar Worzel Assistant Scientist Fund, Penzance Endowed Fund in Support of Assistant Scientists, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 14-Jun-2019
Current Biology
Virus genes help determine if pea aphids get their wings
Researchers from the University of Rochester shed light on the important role that microbial genes, like those from viruses, can play in insect and animal evolution.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Lindsey Valich
lvalich@ur.rochester.edu
585-276-6264
University of Rochester

Public Release: 14-Jun-2019
Science Advances
Electron (or 'hole') pairs may survive effort to kill superconductivity
Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in 'stripe-ordered' cuprates -- copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism -- discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. They found that under the conditions of their experiment, even after the material loses its ability to carry electrical current with no energy loss, it retains some conductivity -- and possibly the electron (or hole) pairs required for its superconducting superpower.
DOE Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Astronomical Journal
The formative years: Giant planets vs. brown dwarfs
Based on preliminary results from a new Gemini Observatory survey of 531 stars with the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI), it appears more and more likely that large planets and brown dwarfs have very different roots.
National Science Foundation, Canadian National Research Council, Chilean Comisión Nacional de Investigación Cientifica y Tecnológica, Brazilian Ministério da Ciência, Argentinean Ministerio de Ciencia

Contact: Peter Michaud
pmichaud@gemini.edu
808-974-2510
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Early-season hurricanes result in greater transmission of mosquito-borne infectious disease
The timing of a hurricane is one of the primary factors influencing its impact on the spread of mosquito-borne infectious diseases such as West Nile Virus, dengue, chikungunya and Zika, according to a study led by Georgia State University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Rainey Marquez
jmarquez@gsu.edu
404-413-4007
Georgia State University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Phytobiomes Journal
BTI researchers discover interactions between plant and insect-infecting viruses
Aphids and the plant viruses they transmit cause billions of dollars in crop damage every year. Researchers at Boyce Thompson Institute and USDA-ARS are examining this relationship at the molecular level, which could lead to new methods for controlling the pests. As described in the May 22 issue of Phytobiomes, the researchers uncovered what may be the first example of cooperation between a plant virus and an insect virus to increase their likelihood to spread.
United States Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: AJ Bouchie
ab22@cornell.edu
607-288-2578
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Stem Cell Reports
Polycomb protein EED plays a starring role in hippocampal development
A team led by Professor Liu Changmei from the State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has shown that the PcG protein EED is essential for the proper formation of the DG.
Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: LIU Changmei
liuchm@ioz.ac.cn
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Science
Mysterious Majorana quasiparticle is now closer to being controlled for quantum computing
Using a new approach, Princeton University researchers detected the elusive Majorana quasiparticle, notable for being its own antiparticle and for its potential as the basis for a robust quantum computing system, in a device built from a superconductor, small magnetic elements, and a topological insulator.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, US Office of Naval Research, US Department of Energy the National Science Foundation, Princeton Center for Complex Materials, US Army Research Office, and others

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Geophysical Research Letters
Warming waters in western tropical Pacific may affect West Antarctic Ice Sheet
Warming waters in the western tropical Pacific Ocean have significantly increased thunderstorms and rainfall, which may affect the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet and global sea-level rise, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick study.
Rutgers Institute of Earth Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Developmental Cell
Oxygen shapes arms and legs: Origins of a new developmental mechanism called 'interdigital cell death'
Scientists at Tokyo Tech, Yamagata University and Harvard University have discovered that environmental oxygen plays an important role shaping the hands and feet during development. They found that removal of the interdigital membrane by cell death depends on the production of reactive oxygen species, which only occurs in embryos exposed to a high oxygen concentration. This work gives an interesting example of how novel strategies to shape the body parts may appear during development.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Takeda Science Foundation, Fujiwara Natural History Foundation, Suzuken Memorial Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kazuhide Hasegawa
media@jim.titech.ac.jp
81-357-342-975
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Jun-2019
Science
Researchers identify hidden brain signals behind working memory
Making a specific type of brain pattern last longer improves short-term memory in rats, a new study finds.
Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowship, EMBO Postdoctoral Fellowship, FAPESP, São Paulo Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Williams
gregory.williams@nyulangone.org
212-453-4500
NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
The Astronomical Journal
Jupiter-like exoplanets found in sweet spot in most planetary systems
A survey of 300 stars in search of exoplanets finds that massive, Jupiter-like gas giants are found just about where Jupiter is in our own solar system. Most such massive planets occur around stars weighing 1.5 solar masses, with few around sun-like stars. Though the Gemini Planet Imager Exoplanet Survey found just six planets and three brown dwarfs around these 300 stars, the survey provides much-needed statistics on large planet masses and orbits.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
Astronomical Journal
Gemini Planet Imager analyzes 300 stars
Analysis from halfway through the Gemini Planet Imager's planetary survey hints that our solar system may have rare qualities which could possibly be related to the habitability of Earth.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Research Council of Canada, Fonds de Recherche du Québec

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
Nature Communications
UMBC research decodes plant defense system, with an eye on improving farming and medicine
The plant circadian clock determines when certain defense responses are activated (often timed with peak activity of pests), and compounds used in defense affect the clock. New findings show how the clock regulates stomata opening/closure for defense, and how the defensive compound jasmonic acid influences the clock. This could lead to plants that are better at defending themselves, reducing the need for pesticides, and potentially influencing timing for human medical treatment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Hansen
hansen.sarah@umbc.edu
University of Maryland Baltimore County

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
Robotics: Science and Systems conference
Algorithm tells robots where nearby humans are headed
A new tool for predicting a person's movement trajectory may help humans and robots work together in close proximity.
NASA Space Technology Research Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
234th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society
ApJ Letters
New evidence shows crash with Antlia 2 gave the Milky Way the ripples in its outer disc
The newly-discovered dark dwarf galaxy Antlia 2's collision with the Milky Way may be responsible for our galaxy's characteristic ripples in its outer disc, according to a study led by Rochester Institute of Technology Assistant Professor Sukanya Chakrabarti.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Luke Auburn
lraits@rit.edu
585-475-4335
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
eLife
Ants maintain essential interactions despite environmental flux
Ants adjust their social interactions to accommodate changes in population density, according to researchers at Penn State and Georgetown University. The findings suggest that ant colonies are capable of maintaining their sophisticated social organization despite potentially drastic changes in their environments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sara LaJeunesse
sdl13@psu.edu
814-863-6910
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
Joule
Carnegie Mellon researchers develop semi-liquid metal anode for next-generation batteries
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University's Mellon College of Science and College of Engineering have developed a semiliquid lithium metal-based anode that represents a new paradigm in battery design. Lithium batteries made using this new electrode type could have a higher capacity and be much safer than typical lithium metal-based batteries that use lithium foil as anode. The interdisciplinary research team published their findings in the current issue of Joule.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
2019 Organization for Human Brain Mapping Annual Meeting
Scientific Data
New web-based tool accelerates research on conditions such as dementia, sports concussion
A new new cloud-computing web platform created by scientists in the United States, Europe and South America will allow researchers to track data and analyses on the brain, potentially reducing delays in discovery.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Microsoft, Google

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
Nature Methods
New tool can pinpoint origins of the gut's bacteria
A UCLA-led research team has developed a faster and more accurate way to determine where the many bacteria that live in, and on, humans come from. Broadly, the tool can deduce the origins of any microbiome, a localized and diverse community of microscopic organisms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Akmal
aakmal@support.ucla.edu
310-429-8689
UCLA Samueli School of Engineering

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
Nature
Organic carbon hides in sediments, keeping oxygen in atmosphere
A new study from researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and Harvard University may help settle a long-standing question--how small amounts of organic carbon become locked away in rock and sediments, preventing it from decomposing. Knowing exactly how that process occurs could help explain why the mixture of gases in the atmosphere has remained stable for so long.
NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program, NASA Astrobiology, National Science Foundation, NSF-IGERT in Cross Scale Biogeochemistry

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 12-Jun-2019
234th meeting of the American Astronomical Society
Astrophysicist announces her discovery that could rewrite story of how galaxies die
Allison Kirkpatrick of the University of Kansas will announce a breakthrough finding that overturns assumptions about the maturation of galaxies and may represent a phase of every galaxy's life cycle that was unknown until now.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 11-Jun-2019
Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Behind the magic: Making moving photos a reality
UW researchers have figured out how to take a person from a 2D photo or a work of art and make them run, walk or jump out of the frame. The system also allows users to view the animation in three dimensions using augmented reality tools.
National Science Foundation, UW Animation Research, UW Reality Lab, Facebook, Huawei, Google

Contact: Sarah McQuate
smcquate@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 11-Jun-2019
Nature Communications
Penn engineers design nanostructured diamond metalens for compact quantum technologies
By finding a certain kind of defect inside a block of diamond and fashioning a pattern of nanoscale pillars on the surface above it, Penn Engineering researchers can now control the shape of individual photons emitted by the defect. Because those photons carry information about the spin state of an electron, such a system could be used as the basis for compact quantum technologies. 
National Science Foundation, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@seas.upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1023.

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