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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 862.

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Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Proceedings of the IEEE
Brain-sensing technology developed by Stanford scientists allows typing at 12 words per minute
Technology for reading signals directly from the brain developed by Stanford Bio-X scientists could provide a way for people with movement disabilities to communicate.
Stanford Medical Scholars Program, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowship, National Science Foundation, Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Foundation, Burroughs Welcome Fund, Defense Advanced Research Project

Contact: Amy Adam
amykadams@stanford.edu
650-796-3695
Stanford University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Nature Microbiology
Revving the microbial engine: Horsepower vs. fuel efficiency in bacterial genomes
Microbes that can reproduce rapidly in times of plenty have an evolutionary stockpile of extra genes that allows them to quickly respond to changing conditions such as oil spills or outbreaks of intestinal diseases.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists expect to calculate amount of fuel inside Earth by 2025
Scientists have developed numerous models to predict how much fuel remains inside Earth to drive its engines -- and estimates vary widely -- but the true amount remains unknown. In a new paper published in Nature Scientific Reports, a team of geologists and neutrino physicists boldly claims it will be able to determine by 2025 how much nuclear fuel and radioactive power remain in the Earth's tank.
National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences

Contact: Abby Robinson
abbyr@umd.edu
301-405-5845
University of Maryland

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Physical Review X
UMD physicists discover 'smoke rings' made of laser light
University of Maryland physicists have discovered that self-focused laser pulses generate violent swirls of optical energy that resemble smoke rings. In these light structures, known as 'spatiotemporal optical vortices,' light energy flows through the inside of the ring and loops back around the outside. The vortices travel with the laser pulse and control energy flow around it. The new optical structures are described in the Sept. 9, 2016, issue of the journal Physical Review X.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: Abby Robinson
abbyr@umd.edu
301-405-5845
University of Maryland

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Royal Society Open Science
How do shark teeth bite? Reciprocating saw, glue provide answers
A recent University of Washington study sought to understand why shark teeth are shaped differently and what biological advantages various shapes have by testing their performance under realistic conditions. The results appeared in August in the journal Royal Society Open Science.
University of Washington, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Ubicomp 2016
Life after Fitbit: Appealing to those who feel guilty vs. free
Is life better or worse after sticking your Fitbit in a drawer? UW researchers surveyed hundreds of people who had abandoned self-tracking tools and found emotions ranged from guilt to indifference to relief that the tracking experience was over.
Intel Science and Technology Center for Pervasive Computing, Nokia Research, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
A more accurate sensor for lead paint
A new molecular gel recipe developed at the University of Michigan is at the core of a prototype for a more accurate lead paint test.
University of Michigan Associate Professor Support Fund, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, and others

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
PeerJ
Researchers name a new species of reptile from 212 million years ago
An extinct reptile related to crocodiles that lived 212 million years ago in present day New Mexico has been named as a new species, Vivaron haydeni, in a paper published this week by Virginia Tech's Department of Geosciences researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Mackay
smackay@vt.edu
540-231-5035
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Journal of Research in Science Teaching
More underrepresented students obtain science degrees & pursue STEM, due to research mentoring
A new study in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching indicates that undergraduates who participate in mentored research not only graduate more often with science degrees, but also attend graduate school and pursue STEM careers at higher rates.
US Department of Education Title V, HSI-STEM and MSEIP, New York State Education Department CSTEP, NSF/PAESMEM

Contact: Shante Booker
Shante.Booker@cuny.edu
The City University of New York

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Science
Forecasting climate change's effects on biodiversity hindered by lack of data
An international group of biologists is calling for data collection on a global scale to improve forecasts of how climate change affects animals and plants.
National Science Foundation, Synthesis Centre of the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research, DIVERSITAS, Canada Research Chair, Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science, University of Florida Foundation, KU Leuven Research Fund, ERA

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
ACM Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Carnegie Mellon algorithm detects online fraudsters
An algorithm developed at Carnegie Mellon University makes it easier to determine if someone has faked an Amazon or Yelp review or if a politician with a suspiciously large number of Twitter followers might have bought and paid for that popularity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Current Biology
How the brain builds panoramic memory
MIT neuroscientists have identified two brain regions that are involved in creating panoramic memories. These brain regions, known as the OPA and RSC, help us to merge fleeting views of our surroundings into a seamless, 360-degree panorama.
NSF/Science and Technology Center for Brains, Minds, and Machines, and Harvard Milton Fund

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Science
Study finds earthquakes can trigger near-instantaneous aftershocks on different faults
According to a new study by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego, a large earthquake on one fault can trigger large aftershocks on separate faults within just a few minutes. These findings have important implications for earthquake hazard prone regions like California where ruptures on complex fault systems may cascade and lead to mega-earthquakes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Science
Critical information needed in fight to save wildlife
An international group of 22 scientists is calling for a coordinated global effort to gather important species information that is urgently needed to improve predictions for the impact of climate change on future biodiversity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark C. Urban
mark.urban@uconn.edu
860-942-2560
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Calculating the role of lakes in global warming
Lakes bury more carbon than all the world's oceans combined. How will they respond to global warming?
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Developmental Psychology
Feeling they are part of a group increased preschoolers' interest, success in STEM
A new study by University of Washington researchers found that preschoolers were more engaged and did better on STEM-related tasks when they felt they were part of a group, versus doing the tasks on their own.
National Science Foundation, Bezos Family Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Antimicrobial chemicals found with antibiotic-resistance genes in indoor dust
University of Oregon researchers have found links between the levels of antimicrobial chemicals and antibiotic-resistance genes in the dust of an aging building used for athletics and academics. One of the antimicrobials seen in the study is triclosan.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
RIT and Rochester Regional Health collaborate to improve breast cancer screening
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology and physicians at Rochester Regional Health are advancing thermal imaging techniques as a potentially safer and less invasive diagnostic tool for the detection of early-stage breast cancer. A National Science Foundation grant of $99,620 is supporting the two-year project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
Team of robots learns to work together, without colliding
When you have too many robots together, they get so focused on not colliding with each other that they eventually just stop moving. Georgia Tech's new algorithms are different: they allow any number of robots to move within inches of each other, without colliding, to complete their task -- swapping locations on his lab floor. The roboticists are the first researchers to create such minimally invasive safety algorithms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-660-2926
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Faculty team awarded $1.25 million to study 'swimming cells'
They are the tiny motors present in many of the human body's most complex systems: cilia and flagella move liquids such as cerebrospinal fluid and mucus past the cell surface, and throughout the body. Both are of vital importance to human health, but how they actually move remains a mystery. A team from Washington University in St. Louis has been awarded a five-year, $1.25 million grant to study the mechanics of these tiny organelles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
Smartphone hacks 3-D printer by measuring 'leaked' energy and acoustic waves
University at Buffalo researchers illustrate how smartphones, due to their ubiquity and sophisticated gadgetry, can easily hack 3-D printers by measuring 'leaked' energy and acoustic waves that emanate from the printers. The work is eye-opening because it shows how anyone with a smartphone -- from a disgruntled employee to an industrial spy -- might steal intellectual property from an unsuspecting business.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans
Study finds increased ocean acidification due to human activities
Oceanographers from MIT and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution report that the northeast Pacific Ocean has absorbed an increasing amount of anthropogenic carbon dioxide over the last decade, at a rate that mirrors the increase of carbon dioxide emissions pumped into the atmosphere.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
International Union of Crystallography Journal
Neutron crystallography aids in drug design
Knowledge of H-bonding networks, water molecule orientations and protonation states, along with details of hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, can prove vital towards a better understanding of many biological processes, such as enzyme mechanisms and can help guide structure-based drug design.
Shull Fellowship, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
ja@iucr.org
44-124-434-2878
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Psychological Science
White racism tied to fatal heart disease for blacks and whites
Living in unabashedly racist communities can shorten the lives of both blacks and whites, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
yanwar@berkeley.edu
510-643-7944
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Nature Scientific Reports
Pushing a parasite from land to sea
Higher levels of rainfall and coastal development increase the risk of disease-causing organisms flowing to the ocean, according to a study from the University of California, Davis. The study advances earlier work by tracking the parasite T. gondii to see how human-driven land-use change and rainfall might be impacting pathogen movement from land to sea.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kat Kerlin
kekerlin@ucdavis.edu
530-752-7704
University of California - Davis

Showing releases 1-25 out of 862.

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