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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1110.

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Public Release: 27-Jan-2020
Scientific Reports
New portable tool analyzes microbes in the environment
Imagine a device that could swiftly analyze microbes in oceans and other aquatic environments, revealing the health of these organisms - too tiny to be seen by the naked eye - and their response to threats to their ecosystems. Rutgers researchers have created just such a tool, a portable device that could be used to assess microbes, screen for antibiotic-resistant bacteria and analyze algae that live in coral reefs. Their work is published in the journal Scientific Reports.
National Science Foundation.

Contact: Todd Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2020
Nature Communications
Seismic biomarkers in Japan Trench fault zone reveal history of large earthquakes
Researchers used a novel technique to study the faults in the Japan Trench, the subduction zone where the magnitude 9.1 Tohoku-Oki earthquake struck in 2011. Their findings reveal a long history of large earthquakes in this fault zone, where they found multiple faults with evidence of more than 10 meters of slip during large earthquakes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 27-Jan-2020
Circulation
Revving up the engine
Research using heart cells from squirrels, mice and people identifies an evolutionary mechanism critical for heart muscle function.
Wellcome Trust, Sarnoff Cardiovascular Research Foundation, National Science Foundation, MyoKardia, Italian Ministry of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
ekaterina_pesheva@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 24-Jan-2020
Science Advances
The skin of the earth is home to pac-man-like protists
The most common groups of soil protists behave exactly like Pac-Man: moving through the soil matrix, gobbling up bacteria according to a new article in Science Advances.
Simons Foundation, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, US National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, a Graduate Fellowship from the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder

Contact: Elisabeth B King
kingb@si.edu
202-633-4700 x28216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Jan-2020
Physical Review X
Discovery sheds new light on how cells move
Through experiments, UW-Madison researchers found that the force each cell applies to the surface beneath it -- in other words, traction -- is the dominant physical factor that controls cell shape and motion as cells travel as a group.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jacob Notbohm
jacob.notbohm@wisc.edu
608-890-0030
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Jan-2020
PeerJ
New species of Allosaurus discovered in Utah
A remarkable new species of meat-eating dinosaur, Allosaurus jimmadseni, was unveiled at the Natural History Museum of Utah. The huge carnivore inhabited the flood plains of western North America during the Late Jurassic Period, between 157-152 million years ago, making it the geologically oldest species of Allosaurus, predating the more well-known state fossil of Utah, Allosaurus fragilis.
Dinosaur National Monument, US National Parks Service, Natural History Museum of Utah, University of Utah, Paleontological Society, Jurassic Foundation, Bureau of Land Management, National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Mitchell
bmitchell@nhmu.utah.edu
801-581-4433
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Can I mix those chemicals? There's an app for that!
Improperly mixed chemicals cause a shocking number of fires, explosions, and injuries in laboratories, businesses, and homes each year. A new open source computer program called ChemStor developed by engineers at the University of California, Riverside, can prevent these dangerous situations by telling users if it is unsafe to mix certain chemicals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Ober
holly.ober@ucr.edu
951-827-5893
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
Science Advances
Engineered capillaries model traffic in tiny blood vessels
3D microvessels have been created to observe how red blood cells transit ultra-small blood vessels. They squeeze single-file through microvessels to bring oxygen and nutrients. Red cells burdened with malaria stall, blocking the blood vessel. The platform is expected to have other uses in studies of how microvascular damage occurs in diabetes and sickle cell anemia. They might be further developed to supply blood circulation to organ repair patches or to 3D printed transplants.
National Institute of Health, National Science Foundation, American Heart Association

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
Science Advances
Researchers expand microchip capability with new 3D inductor technology
Smaller is better when it comes to microchips, researchers said, and by using 3D components on a standardized 2D microchip manufacturing platform, developers can use up to 100 times less chip space. A team of engineers has boosted the performance of its previously developed 3D inductor technology by adding as much as three orders of magnitudes more induction to meet the performance demands of modern electronic devices.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Taking aim at gastric cancer
A novel drug, named 'FerriIridium,' can simultaneously help diagnose and treat gastric cancer. The initially weakly active precursor (prodrug), based on an iridium-containing compound, is selectively activated only after reaching the interior of a tumor cell. This is possible because of the higher amount of iron present there, report scientists in the journal Angewandte Chemie. Selective activation reduces undesired side effects.
National Science Foundation of China, 973 Program of China, Ministry of Education of China, Pearl River S&T Nova Program of Guangzhou

Contact: Mario Mueller
angewandte@wiley-vch.de
Wiley

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
Science Advances
New understanding of condensation could lead to better power plant condenser, de-icing materials
For decades, it's been understood that water repellency is needed for surfaces to shed condensation buildup - like the droplets of water that form in power plant condensers to reduce pressure. New research shows that the necessity of water repellency is unclear and that the slipperiness between the droplets and solid surface appears to be more critical to the clearing of condensation. This development has implications for the costs associated with power generation and technologies like de-icing surfaces for power lines and aircraft.
Office of Naval Research, International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Wannier90 program becomes community code in major new release
Wannier90--a computer program for generating maximally-localized Wannier functions and using them in the computation of advanced electronic properties of materials--has become a community code with a wide base of contributors over the last few years. This has resulted in a major new release with novel features described in the paper Wannier90 as a community code: new features and applications, published in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.
NCCR MARVEL of the Swiss National Science Foundation, European Union's Centre of Excellence E-CAM, Thomas Young Centre for Theory and Simulation of Materials

Contact: Carey Sargent
carey.sargent@epfl.ch
National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) MARVEL

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
eLife
Scientists discover how a curvy, stomach cancer-causing bacterium maintains its shape
A new study published in eLife shows how a common stomach bacterium is able to keep its corkscrew-like shape as it grows. Disrupting the shape could point the way for future, more-specialized antibiotics that prevent the bacterium from being harmful.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Molly McElroy
mwmcelro@fredhutch.org
206-667-6651
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 23-Jan-2020
Science
A megalibrary of nanoparticles
Using straightforward chemistry and a mix-and-match, modular strategy, researchers have developed a simple approach that could produce over 65,000 different types of complex nanoparticles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sam Sholtis
samsholtis@psu.edu
814-865-1390
Penn State

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Environmental Science & Technology
Keeping lead out of drinking water when switching disinfectants
Researchers at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis found that the hazards of switching disinfectants in water systems -- increased lead levels -- can be mitigated if the change is done correctly.
Water Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brandie Jefferson
brandie.jefferson@wustl.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene
FSU Research: Despite less ozone pollution, not all plants benefit
Policies and new technologies have reduced emissions of precursor gases that lead to ozone air pollution, but despite those improvements, the amount of ozone that plants are taking in has not followed the same trend, according to Florida State University researchers.
Florida State University, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Bill Wellock
wwellock@fsu.edu
850-645-1504
Florida State University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Science
Surprise discovery shakes up our understanding of gene expression
A group of scientists has uncovered a previously unknown way that our genes are made into reality. Rather than directions going one-way from DNA to RNA to proteins, the latest study shows that RNA itself modulates how DNA is transcribed--using a chemical process that is increasingly apparent to be vital to biology. The discovery has significant implications for our understanding of human disease and drug design.
US National Institutes of Health, National Key R&D Program of China, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Louise Lerner
louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Journal of American Chemical Society
Life's Frankenstein beginnings
When the Earth was born, it was a mess. Meteors and lightning storms likely bombarded the planet's surface where nothing except lifeless chemicals could survive. How life formed in this chemical mayhem is a mystery billions of years old. Now, a new study offers evidence that the first building blocks may have matched their environment, starting out messier than previously thought.
Simons Foundation, National Science Foundation, Fonds de recherche du Quebec - Nature et technologies, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Caitlin McDermott-Murphy
cmcdermottmurphy@fas.harvard.edu
617-496-2618
Harvard University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Journal of Biogeography
Fungal diversity and its relationship to the future of forests
Stanford researchers predict that climate change will reduce the diversity of symbiotic fungi that help trees grow.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Current Biology
Scientists identify gene that puts brakes on tissue growth
The planarian flatworm is a simple animal with a mighty ability: it can regenerate itself from nearly every imaginable injury, including decapitation. Scientists have studied these worms for decades to better understand fundamental principles of natural regeneration and repair. One mechanism that is yet unknown is how organisms like these control the proportional scaling of tissue during regeneration. Now, Northwestern University molecular biologists have identified the beginnings of a genetic signaling pathway that puts the brakes on the animal's tissue growth.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation Center for Quantitative Biology at Northwestern University

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
PLOS ONE
Tiny price gaps cost investors billions
New research shows that, millions of times each day, investors in the US stock market see different prices at the same moment -- and that these differing prices cost investors at least $2 billion dollars each year.
US Department of Defense, US Department of Homeland Security, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua E. Brown
joshua.brown@uvm.edu
802-557-7677
University of Vermont

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Matter
Researchers brew a formula for consistent espresso and industry savings
Espresso delivers a desired jolt of caffeine but getting a consistent good-taste is difficult. New research is offering a roadmap to reproducibility and a potential savings of $3.1 million a day for coffee shops across the United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 22-Jan-2020
Environmental Science & Technology
Urine fertilizer: 'Aging' effectively protects against transfer of antibiotic resistance
Recycled and aged human urine can be used as a fertilizer with low risks of transferring antibiotic resistant DNA to the environment, according to new research from the University of Michigan.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 21-Jan-2020
Physical Review X
Kirigami designs hold thousands of times their own weight
Researchers find a new set of geometric motifs that can create self-locking, lightweight, durable structures out of soft materials. The kirigami-inspired designs can support 14,000 times their weight and, because they don't require adhesives or fasteners, can easily be flattened and re-folded.
National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Erica K Brockmeier
ekbrock@upenn.edu
215-898-8562
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 21-Jan-2020
$2M NSF grant fuels Lehigh U research partnership with Michelin North America, Cornell
With nearly $2 million in new support from the NSF, Lehigh University engineering professor Anand Jagota and collaborators from Cornell University and tire manufacturer Michelin North America seek to develop 2 novel mechanisms to improve friction of soft materials based on bio-inspired design of near-surface structures. In January, the team's first paper on research partially funded by the new grant was accepted for publication in the journal Soft Matter.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katie Kackenmeister
kbk318@lehigh.edu
Lehigh University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1110.

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