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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1123.

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Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Nature Communications
Novel chip-based gene expression tool analyzes RNA quickly and accurately
A University of Illinois and Mayo collaboration has demonstrated a novel gene expression analysis technique that can accurately measure levels of RNA quickly and directly from a cancerous tissue sample while preserving the spatial information across the tissue -- something that conventional methods cannot do.
Qualcomm, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, University of Illinois at Chicago Cancer Center

Contact: Rashid Bashir
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Scientific Reports
Nearly imperceptible fluctuations in movement correspond to autism diagnoses
A new study led by researchers at Indiana University and Rutgers University provides the strongest evidence yet that nearly imperceptible changes in how people move can be used to diagnose neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism.
National Science Foundation, Nancy Lurie Marks Family Foundation, New Jersey Governor's Council for Medical Research, Treatment of Autism

Contact: Kevin Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Science Advances
Release of ancient methane due to changing climate kept in check by ocean waters
Ocean sediments are a massive storehouse for the potent greenhouse gas methane. But methane only acts as a greenhouse gas if and when it reaches the atmosphere. Environmental scientists at the University of Rochester and their collaborators recently set out to discover whether or not this ancient-sourced methane, which is released due to warming ocean waters, survives the journey from the seafloor and reaches the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, University of Minnesota

Contact: Lindsey Valich
University of Rochester

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis
Uncovering decades of questionable investments
Researchers used the Wrangler supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to uncover the root cause of the 'beta anomaly' -- a discrepancy between the expected return on high-risk assets and their actual return. The team found that investors who are attracted to the lottery-like characteristics of these stocks push their prices higher than theory would predict, thereby lowering their future returns.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Advanced Biosystems
Bioengineered soft microfibers improve T-cell production
Columbia Engineering researchers have developed a new method for improving T cell manufacture by focusing on the materials involved in this process. Their study uses a polymer mesh to activate the T cells, a critical step for their production. This approach simplifies processing compared to systems in use today. In addition, making the fibers out of a mechanically soft material improved T cell growth, outperforming the current gold standard on several fronts. (Advanced Biosystems)
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Columbia-Coulter Translational Research Partnership, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, American Cancer Society, Melton Family Fund for CLL Research, Susan and Gary Rosenbach Fund for Lymphoma R

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
New details emerge on temperature, mobility of Earth's lower crust in Rocky Mountains
A research team led by Colorado State University has mapped the temperature and viscosity of Earth's lower crust for the first time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Guiden
Colorado State University

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Mantis shrimp size each other up before ceding a fight
To a mantis shrimp, walking away from a fight doesn't mean being a wimp. It means recognizing who they're up against and knowing when to bail rather than drag out a doomed battle, Duke University researchers say. Mantis shrimp use sparring matches to decide when to fight and when to fold, finds a study published Jan. 17 in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Duke University, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
ACS Nano Letters
Ultra-thin memory storage device paves way for more powerful computing
A team of electrical engineers at The University of Texas at Austin, in collaboration with Peking University scientists, has developed the thinnest memory storage device with dense memory capacity, paving the way for faster, smaller and smarter computer chips for everything from consumer electronics to big data to brain-inspired computing.
National Science Foundation, Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers

Contact: Adrienne Lee
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Nature Human Behaviour
Recording a thought's fleeting trip through the brain
Recording brain activity via electrodes placed directly on the cortical surface (ECoG) provides much clearer views of thinking activity and how the prefrontal cortex coordinates the brain's response to a perception. With the help of 16 epilepsy patients, UC Berkeley neuroscientists tracked the brain's activity as it detects, interprets, settles on a response and activates motor areas to respond. The brain prepares to respond very early, even before we know how we will respond.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Global Change Biology
Coping with climate stress in Antarctica
Some Antarctic fish living in the planet's coldest waters are able to cope with the stress of rising carbon dioxide levels the ocean. They can even tolerate slightly warmer waters. But they can't deal with both climate change stressors at the same time, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.
National Science Foundation, University of California Agricultural Experiment Station

Contact: Kat Kerlin
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Light-splitting greenhouse film could improve photosynthetic efficiency
University of Colorado Boulder engineers have received a $2.45 million grant from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to develop a scalable, cost-effective greenhouse material that splits sunlight into photosynthetically efficient light and repurposes inefficient infrared light to aid in water purification.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Trent Knoss
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Michigan's sugar maples will struggle in a warmer, drier future despite help from nitrogen pollution
Though Michigan's sugar maples benefit from the growth-promoting effects of nitrogen compounds in the environment, those gains will not fully offset the added stresses of growing under a drier climate in the future, according to a new University of Michigan-led study.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Designing the next generation of hair dyes
A public database of more than 300 substances used to dye hair will help accelerate research and development work on more sustainable hair color. North Carolina State University researchers say computer modeling can save years of lab work and millions of dollars.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: D'Lyn Ford
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
Scientific Reports
Drones confirm importance of Costa Rican waters for sea turtles
A new drone-enabled population survey -- the first ever on sea turtles -- shows that larger-than-anticipated numbers of turtles aggregate in waters off Costa Rica's Ostional National Wildlife Refuge. Scientists from Duke and UNC-Chapel Hill estimate turtle densities may reach up to 2,086 animals per square kilometer. The study underscores the importance of the Ostional habitat; it also confirms that drones are a reliable tool for surveying sea turtle abundance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
Developmental Science
A 'touching sight': How babies' brains process touch builds foundations for learning
A new study from the University of Washington Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences provides one of the first looks inside the infant's brain to show where the sense of touch is processed -- not just when a baby feels a touch to the hand or foot, but when the baby sees an adult's hand or foot being touched, as well. Researchers say these connections help lay the groundwork for the developmental and cognitive skills of imitation and empathy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Eckart
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
New catalyst for hydrogen production is a step toward clean fuel
A nanostructured composite material developed at UC Santa Cruz has shown impressive performance as a catalyst for the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen. An efficient, low-cost catalyst is essential for realizing the promise of hydrogen as a clean, environmentally friendly fuel.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
New defenses sought against GPS spoofing attacks
Cyberattacks with the potential to expose sensitive information and cripple basic services could start with what would seem to be the most harmless of computer functions. Timekeeping.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Alongi
Clemson University

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
Nature Communications
Bile acids fire up fat burning
EPFL scientists have discovered a novel role for bile acids: converting energy-storing white fat depots into energy-expending beige fat. The study is published in Nature Communications.
Swiss National Science Foundation, EPFL, CONACYT, Foundation for Health and Education Dr. Salvador Zubirán A.C., KNOW Consortium, Foundation for Polish Science, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology

Contact: Nikolaos Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
'Heart-on-a-chip' process aims to speed up drug testing
Testing new clinical drugs' effect on heart tissue could become quicker and more straightforward, thanks to new research from Harvard University. The study, published today in the journal Biofabrication, sets out a new, faster method for manufacturing a 'heart-on-a-chip,' which can be used to test the reaction of heart tissue to external stimuli.
United States Army, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Simon Davies
IOP Publishing

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
Nature Communications
Tiny dinosaur may have dazzled mates with rainbow ruff and a bony crest
Ancient dinosaurs were adorned in some amazing ways, from the horns of the triceratops to the plates and spikes of the stegosaurus. A newly discovered, bird-like dinosaur fossil from China contains evidence that could add a new accessory to the list: a shaggy ruff of rainbow feathers.
National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
Advanced Materials
How mantis shrimp pack the meanest punch
In research published today in Advanced Materials, a group of researchers led by UC Riverside's David Kisailus has identified a unique structure that wraps around the mantis shrimp's club to protect it from self-inflicted damage as it crushes hard-shelled prey. The finding will help Kisailus' team develop ultra-strong materials for the aerospace and sports industries.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 15-Jan-2018
Researchers propose new gas-solid reaction for high-speed perovskite photodetector
The gas-solid reaction method provides a full coverage of the perovskite film and avoids the damage from the organic solvent, which is beneficial for the light capture and electrons transportation, resulting in a faster response time and stability for the perovskite photodetector.
Science and Technology Plan Project of Shandong Higher Education Institutions, NSFC, Open Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power Laser Technology of China

Contact: Judy Yeo
World Scientific

Public Release: 15-Jan-2018
Scientific Reports
New application for acoustics helps estimate marine life populations
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego were part of an international team that for the first time used hydroacoustics as a method for comparing the abundance of fishes within and outside marine protected areas (MPAs).
National Science Foundation, Baja Coastal Institute, International Community Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Helmsley Charitable Trust

Contact: Rob Monroe
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Jan-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers develop a remote-controlled cancer immunotherapy system
A team of researchers has developed an ultrasound-based system that can non-invasively and remotely control genetic processes in live immune T cells so that they recognize and kill cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Beckman Laser Institute Foundation

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Jan-2018
Nature Chemistry
Biomaterials with 'logic gates' release therapeutics in response to environmental triggers
Scientists at the University of Washington announced that they have built and tested a new biomaterial-based delivery system -- known as a hydrogel -- that will encase a desired cargo and dissolve to release its freight only when specific physiological conditions are met.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1123.

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