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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1131.

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Public Release: 26-Feb-2021
Science
Meteorites remember conditions of stellar explosions
A team of international researchers went back to the formation of the solar system 4.6 billion years ago to gain new insights into the cosmic origin of the heaviest elements on the periodic table.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Benoit Côté
benoit.cote@csfk.mta.hu
Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams

Public Release: 26-Feb-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Quantum quirk yields giant magnetic effect, where none should exist
In a twist befitting the strange nature of quantum mechanics, physicists have discovered the Hall effect -- a characteristic change in the way electricity is conducted in the presence of a magnetic field -- in a nonmagnetic quantum material to which no magnetic field was applied.
Austrian Science Fund, European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, Los Alamos National Laboratory's Center for Nonlinear Studies' Ulam Scholarship

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 26-Feb-2021
The Review of Economics and Statistics
How housing discrimination affects environmental inequality
Economists and urban planners generally agree that local pollution sources disproportionally impact racial minorities in the U.S. The reasons for this are largely unclear, but a University of Illinois study provides new insights into the issue.
Russell Sage Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Center for Supercomputing Applications

Contact: MARIANNE STEIN
mfstein@illinois.edu
217-244-2313
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 26-Feb-2021
Nature Communications
URI researchers: Microbes deep beneath seafloor survive on byproducts of radioactive process
Research conducted by scientists at the University of Rhode Island published today in Nature Communications found that microbes living in ancient sediment below the seafloor are sustained primarily by chemicals created by the natural irradiation of water molecules. Results of this research may have implications for life on Mars.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Todd McLeish
tmcleish@uri.edu
401-874-2116
University of Rhode Island

Public Release: 26-Feb-2021
Nature Communications
New catalyst makes styrene manufacturing cheaper, greener
Chemical engineering researchers have developed a new catalyst that significantly increases yield in styrene manufacturing, while simultaneously reducing energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.
U.S. Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Communications Biology
Scientists use Doppler to peer inside cells
Doppler radar improves lives by peeking inside air masses to predict the weather. A Purdue University team is using similar technology to look inside living cells, introducing a method to detect pathogens and treat infections in ways that scientists never have before.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brittany Steff
bsteff@purdue.edu
765-494-7833
Purdue University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Journal of Rural Health
Urban Americans more likely to follow covid-19 prevention behaviors than rural Americans
Timothy Callaghan, PhD, and Alva Ferdinand, DrPH, JD, from the Southwest Rural Health Research Center at Texas A&M University School of Public Health, joined colleagues in the first national study of how often people in urban and rural areas in the United States follow COVID-19 guidelines. These include public health best practices like wearing masks in public, sanitizing homes and work areas, maintaining physical distancing, working from home and avoiding dining in restaurants or bars.
Texas A&M Triads for Transformation grant program

Contact: Dee Dee Grays
grays@tamu.edu
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Nature Communications
Social dilemma follows 2018 eruption of Kilauea volcano
The unprecedented cost of the 2018 Kilauea eruption in Hawai'i reflects the intersection of distinct physical and social phenomena: infrequent, highly destructive eruptions, and atypically high population growth, according to a new study led by University of Hawai'i at Mānoa researchers.
National Science Foundation, National Disaster Preparedness Training Center at University of Hawai'i at Mānoa

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Biophysical Journal
First complete coronavirus model shows cooperation
Multiscale coarse-grained model of complete SARS-CoV-2 virion developed for first time using supercomputers. Cooperative motion of coronavirus spike protein simulations likely informative of how virus explores and detects ACE2 receptors of potential host cell. Frontera supercomputer at TACC generated all-atom simulations of coronavirus spike protein system that fed into coarse-grained model. Whole coronavirus model provides iterative platform useful for design of safer, better medicines to treat and prevent COVID-19.
National Science Foundation, XSEDE, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, UC San Diego Moore's Cancer Center, D. E. Shaw Research

Contact: Jorge Salazar
jorge@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-3980
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Nature Communications
OU study highlights need for improving methane emission database
A University of Oklahoma-led study published in 2020 revealed that both area and plant growth of paddy rice is significantly related to the spatial-temporal dynamics of atmospheric methane concentration in monsoon Asia, where 87% of the world's paddy rice fields are situated. Now, the same international research team has identified the limits and insufficiency of the major greenhouse emission database (EDGAR) in estimating paddy rice methane emissions.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation

Contact: Xiangming Xiao
xiangming.xiao@ou.edu
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Nature Microbiology
Johns Hopkins develops drive-thru type test to detect viral infections in bacteria
The pandemic has made clear the threat that some viruses pose to people. But viruses can also infect life-sustaining bacteria and a Johns Hopkins University-led team has developed a test to determine if bacteria are sick, similar to the one used to test humans for COVID-19.
National Science Foundation, Gordon E. and Betty I. Moore Foundation

Contact: Lisa Ercolano
JHUNews@jhu.edu
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
ACS Sensors
Chip simplifies COVID-19 testing, delivers results on a phone
Programmed magnetic nanobeads paired with an off-the-shelf cellphone and plug-in diagnostic tool can diagnose COVID-19 in 55 minutes or less.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Williams
mikewilliams@rice.edu
713-348-6728
Rice University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Physical Review Letters
Scientists induce artificial 'magnetic texture' in graphene
Graphene is not magnetic -- a shortcoming that has stunted its usefulness in spintronics, an emerging field that could rewrite the rules of electronics, leading to more powerful semiconductors and computers. University at Buffalo researchers report an advancement to overcome this obstacle. In a study published today in Physical Review Letters, researchers describe pairing a magnet with graphene, and inducing what they call "artificial magnetic texture" in the nonmagnetic wonder material.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, nCORE, Semiconductor Research Corporation, Swedish Research Council, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Avian Conservation and Ecology
Population of critically endangered Bahama Oriole is much larger than previously thought
New studies suggest there are at least 10 times as many Bahama Orioles as previously believed. The new data may influence the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to down-list the Bahama Oriole from critically endangered to endangered, freeing up resources to support other threatened species. The new work also showed that Bahama Orioles live and nest in a wider range of habitats than previously understood, which could inform future conservation efforts.
American Bird Conservancy, Birds Caribbean, Mohammed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund, National Science Foundation - International Research Experience for Students Grant

Contact: Sarah Hansen
hansen.sarah@umbc.edu
University of Maryland Baltimore County

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Science Advances
Graphene filter makes carbon capture more efficient and cheaper
Chemical engineers at EPFL have developed a graphene filter for carbon capture that surpasses the efficiency of commercial capture technologies, and can reduce the cost carbon capture down to $30 per ton of carbon dioxide.
GAZNAT, Swiss National Science Foundation-AP Energy Grant, European Research Council-Starting Grant, Swiss Competence Center of Energy Research-Efficiency of Industrial Processes, Swiss National Supercomputing Center

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
The Cryosphere
Extreme melt on Antarctica's George VI ice shelf
Antarctica's northern George VI Ice Shelf experienced record melting during the 2019-2020 summer season compared to 31 previous summers of dramatically lower melt, a University of Colorado Boulder-led study found. Using satellite observations that detect meltwater on top of the ice and within near-surface snow, the researchers found the most widespread melt of any season. Surface meltwater ponding is potentially dangerous to ice shelves because when these lakes drain, the ice fractures and may trigger ice-shelf break-up.
National Science Foundation, University of Colorado Boulder, NASA, Natural Environment Research Council , European Space Agency

Contact: Kelsey Simpkins
kelsey.simpkins@colorado.edu
720-204-2920
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Science Translational Medicine
Novel pooled testing strategies can significantly better identify COVID-19 infections
Novel approach to pooled testing could help identify up to 20 times more COVID-19 infections per day than individual testing. Simple pooled designs could be implemented with minimal changes to current testing infrastructures in clinical and public health laboratories.
Broad Institute, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Wharton School, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Rura
nrura@hsph.harvard.edu
617-221-4241
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Nature Physics
Light unbound: Data limits could vanish with new optical antennas
Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have found a new way to harness properties of light waves that can radically increase the amount of data they carry. The new work throws wide open the amount of information that can be multiplexed, or simultaneously transmitted, by a coherent light source.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Berkeley Lab's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Epidemiology and Infection
Mortality rises among public when health workers get sick in an outbreak, model suggests
When healthcare workers become ill during a disease outbreak, overall case counts and mortality rates may significantly increase, according to a new model created by researchers at Penn State. The findings may help to improve interventions that aim to mitigate the effects of outbreaks such as COVID-19.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sara LaJeunesse
sdl13@psu.edu
814-777-3833
Penn State

Public Release: 25-Feb-2021
Current Biology
Male superb lyrebirds imitate alarm calls of a "mobbing flock" while mating
When birds see a predator in their midst, one strategy is to call out loudly, attracting other birds to do the same. Sometimes individuals within this "mobbing flock" will fly over the predator or attack it directly. Now, researchers reporting in the journal Current Biology on February 25 have found that male superb lyrebirds do something rather unexpected: they imitate a mobbing flock in courtship and even in the act of mating with a female.
Australian National University, National Science Foundation, the Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, BirdLife Australia's Stuart Leslie Award program, Australian Geographic Society.

Contact: Carly Britton
press@cell.com
617-417-7053
Cell Press

Public Release: 24-Feb-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Among Ecuador's Shuar, Oregon researchers find how disgust evolved as a human emotion
When the pungent smell of rotting food sends a person running, that disgusted feeling is an evolved response that helps avoid exposure to pathogens, say University of Oregon anthropologists. In a project that blended anthropology, biology and psychology, researchers explored disgust behaviors among Ecuador's indigenous Shuar people.
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Ryoichi Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund, Boettcher Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 24-Feb-2021
Science Advances
How wildfires may have larger effects on cloud formation than previously thought
As the frequency and size of wildfires continues to increase worldwide, new research from Carnegie Mellon University scientists shows how the chemical aging of the particles emitted by these fires can lead to more extensive cloud formation and intense storm development in the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Panko
bpanko@cmu.edu
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2021
Scientific Reports
UM scientists achieve breakthrough in culturing corals and sea anemones cells
Researchers have perfected the recipe for keeping sea anemone and coral cells alive in a petri dish for up to 12 days. The new study, led by scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, has important applications to study everything from evolutionary biology to human health.
National Science Foundation, Revive and Restore Catalyst Science Fund, University of Miami Linda Farmer Award

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
786-256-4446
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2021
Journal of the Royal Society Interface
New discoveries on the containment of COVID-19 finds travel bans are of limited value
new research aimed at providing a decision support system to Italian policy makers, recently published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, suggests that reducing individual activity (i.e., social distancing, closure of non-essential business, etc.) is far superior in controlling the dissemination of Sars-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
The National Science Foundation, Compagnia di San Paolo, MAECI, the European Research Council, The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

Contact: Karl Philip Greenberg
karl.greenberg@nyu.edu
646-519-1996
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 24-Feb-2021
Rediscovered journal brings unique perspective on Atlantic slave trade
Many different people were involved in the machinery of the Atlantic slave trade. Among them was a German barber-surgeon who inspected African captives, tried to keep them healthy through the Middle Passage, and kept a journal. Two historians, working separately, discovered his account in a Berlin archive, joined forces to translate it into English and wrote a book that sets it in the context of its time.
Swiss National Science Foundation, US National Endowment for the Humanities

Contact: Craig Chamberlain
cdchambe@illinois.edu
217-333-2894
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1131.

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