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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1139.

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Public Release: 17-Nov-2017
Nature Materials
Breakthrough could launch organic electronics beyond cell phone screens
A discovery by an international team of researchers from Princeton University, the Georgia Institute of Technology and Humboldt University in Berlin points the way to more widespread use of an advanced technology generally known as organic electronics.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: john sullivan
js29@princeton.edu
609-258-4597
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 17-Nov-2017
Nature Communications
Mathematician's study of 'swarmalators' could direct future science
How does the Japanese tree frog figure into the latest work of noted mathematician Steven Strogatz? As it turns out, quite prominently. Cornell researchers used the curious mating ritual of male Japanese tree frogs as inspiration for their exploration of 'swarmalators' -- their term for systems in which both synchronization and swarming occur together.
National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation of Korea

Contact: Daryl Ann Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2017
Science Advances
Heavy nitrogen molecules reveal planetary-scale tug-of-war
Researchers from Rice University, UCLA, Michigan State and the University of New Mexico have discovered a planetary-scale tug-of-war between life, deep Earth and the upper atmosphere that is expressed in atmospheric nitrogen. The research appears this week in Science Advances.
National Science Foundation, Deep Carbon Observatory, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2017
Nature Physics
Carefully crafted light pulses control neuron activity
Specially tailored, ultrafast pulses of light can trigger neurons to fire and could one day help patients with light-sensitive circadian or mood problems, according to a new study in mice at the University of Illinois. This study is the first demonstration of using coherent control to regulate function in a living cell.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 17-Nov-2017
Cerebral Cortex
Brain activity buffers against worsening anxiety
Boosting activity in brain areas related to thinking and problem-solving may also protect against worsening anxiety, suggests a new study by Duke University scientists. Using noninvasive brain imaging, the researchers found that at-risk people were less likely to develop anxiety if they had higher activity in a region of the brain responsible for complex mental operations. The results may be a step towards tailoring psychological therapies to the specific brain functioning of individual patients.
National Institutes of Health, Duke University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Manke
kara.manke@duke.edu
919-681-8064
Duke University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2017
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Scientists capture colliding organic nanoparticles on video for first time
A Northwestern University research team is the first to capture on video organic nanoparticles colliding and fusing together. This unprecedented view of 'chemistry in motion' will aid Northwestern nanoscientists developing new drug delivery methods as well as demonstrate to researchers around the globe how an emerging imaging technique opens a new window on a very tiny world.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Army Research Office

Contact: Kristin Samuelson
kristin.samuelson@northwestern.edu
847-491-4888
Northwestern University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Statistical Modelling
Want safe travels? Find freeways with these features
A solid median, wide shoulders, minimal hills -- and a high speed limit? Brigham Young University researchers explore freeway features that minimize crash risk.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrea Christensen
andrea_christensen@byu.edu
801-368-4194
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Science Advances
New imaging technique peers inside living cells
Called Ultrasound Bioprobe, the non-invasive approach developed at Northwestern University allows researchers to view sub-cellular structures and their mechanical behavior at nanoscale resolution.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Emily Ayshford
e-ayshford@northwestern.edu
847-467-1194
Northwestern University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Materials & Design
New motion sensors a major step toward low-cost, high-performance wearable technology
Researchers from the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering have developed a class of breakthrough motion sensors that could herald a near future of ubiquitous, fully integrated and affordable wearable technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Zachary Boehm
zboehm@fsu.edu
850-645-1504
Florida State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Science
Nearby pulsars shed light on the antimatter puzzle
There are too many high-energy positrons in the cosmic rays reaching the Earth. These positrons (particles that are antimatter equivalents of electrons) could be being produced by pulsars in our vicinity. The most recent measurements from the HAWC Observatory in Mexico have practically excluded this possibility, strengthening the competing and much more exotic hypothesis concerning the origin of the excess positrons.
National Science Foundation, DOE/High Energy Physics, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory, CONACYT México, Laboratorio Nacional HAWC de rayos gamma México, L'Oreal FWIS 2014, Red HAWC México, DGAPA-UNAM México, VIEP-BUAP México, PIFI 2012, 2013 México

Contact: Dr. Francisco Salesa Greus
francisco.salesa@ifj.edu.pl
48-126-628-268
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Psychological Science
Spanking linked to increase in children's behavior problems
Children who have been spanked by their parents by age 5 show an increase in behavior problems at age 6 and age 8 relative to children who have never been spanked, according to new findings in Psychological Science. The study, which uses a statistical technique to approximate random assignment, indicates that this increase in behavior problems cannot be attributed to various characteristics of the child, the parents, or the home environment - rather, it seems to be the specific result of spanking.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation, Institute of Education Sciences

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Groundwater recharge in the American west under climate change
Groundwater recharge in the Western US will change as the climate warms -- the dry southern regions will have less and the northern regions will have more, according to new research. The new study covers the entire US West, from the High Plains states to the Pacific coast, and provides the first detailed look at how groundwater recharge may change as the climate changes. Groundwater is an important source of freshwater, particularly in the West.
US Geological Survey's John Wesley Powell Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
mnjensen@email.arizona.edu
520-626-9635
University of Arizona

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Development
Researchers find diffusion plays unusual signaling role in drosophila embryos
Researchers have found that diffusion plays an unexpected role in cell differentiation during the early stages of development in the embryos of Drosophila, or fruit flies. Instead of spreading a molecular signal out, it was found that diffusion, facilitated through a carrier molecule, actually concentrates the signal in one place.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Education

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
New research could predict La Niña drought years in advance
Two new studies from The University of Texas at Austin have significantly improved scientists' ability to predict the strength and duration of droughts caused by La Niña - a recurrent cooling pattern in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Their findings, which predict that the current La Niña is likely to stretch into a second year, could help scientists know years in advance how a particular La Niña event is expected to evolve.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Nature Communications
Genomic study explores evolution of gentle 'killer bees' in Puerto Rico
A study of Puerto Rico's Africanized honey bees -- which are more docile than other so-called 'killer bees' -- shows they retain most of the genetic traits of their African honey bee ancestors, but that a few regions of their DNA have become more like those of European honey bees. These changes likely contributed to the bees' rapid evolution toward gentleness in Puerto Rico, a change that occurred within 30 years, and could spell hope for beekeeping in North America.
National Science Foundation, Beijing Genomics Institute, US Department of Agriculture, University of Illinois

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Science
High-altitude observatory sheds light on origin of excess anti-matter
Researchers working with the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory have made the first detailed measurements of two pulsars suspected as the source of a mysterious positron accumulation near Earth. Despite being the right age and the right distance from Earth, the pulsars lie within an extended murky cloud that prevents most positrons from escaping. The results suggest there must be an alternate explanation for the positron excess -- perhaps one involving dark matter.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología of Mexico

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Science
On the origins of star stuff: HAWC collaboration sheds light on origin of anti-matter
Michigan Tech team and others use a high-altitude observatory in Mexico to better understand where gamma rays come from.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología

Contact: Kelley Christensen
kelleyc@mtu.edu
906-487-3510
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
Advanced Materials
Kevlar-based artificial cartilage mimics the magic of the real thing
The unparalleled liquid strength of cartilage, which is about 80 percent water, withstands some of the toughest forces on our bodies.
National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
kmca@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
Geology
Study reveals structure and origins of glacial polish on Yosemite's rocks
The glaciers that carved Yosemite Valley left highly polished surfaces on many of the region's rock formations. These smooth, shiny surfaces, known as glacial polish, are common in the Sierra Nevada and other glaciated landscapes. Geologists at UC Santa Cruz have now taken a close look at the structure and chemistry of glacial polish and found that it consists of a thin coating smeared onto the rock as the glacier moved over it.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
Nature
Genome of wheat ancestor sequenced
Sequencing the bread wheat genome has long been considered an almost insurmountable task, due to its enormous size and complexity. Now, an international team of scientists led by researchers at the University of California, Davis, has come a step closer to solving the puzzle by sequencing the genome of a wild ancestor of bread wheat known as Aegilops tauschii, a type of goatgrass.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jan Dvorak
jdvorak@ucdavis.edu
530-752-6549
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
Sedimentary Geology
Colorado River's connection with the ocean was a punctuated affair
The Colorado River's initial trip to the ocean didn't come easy, but its story has emerged from layers of sediment preserved within tectonically active stretches of the waterway's lower reaches. University of Oregon researchers theorize that the river's route off the Colorado Plateau was influenced by tectonic deformation and changing sea levels that produced a series of stops and starts between roughly 6.3 and 4.8 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, Society for Sedimentary Geology, Geological Society of America

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
WPI research detects when online reviews and news are a paid-for pack of lies
A researcher at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) is using computer science to help fight the growing problem of crowdturfing -- a troublesome phenomenon in which masses of online workers are paid to post phony reviews, circulate malicious tweets, and even spread fake news. Assistant professor Kyumin Lee has developed algorithms that have proven highly accurate in detecting fake 'likes' and followers across various platforms like Amazon, Facebook, and Twitter.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Colleen Wamback
cbwamback@wpi.edu
508-831-6775
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Floating droplets
How to levitate your coffee creamer: An MIT study explains how droplets can 'float' on liquid surfaces.
National Science Foundation, MIT Energy Initiative through the Energy Fellowship Program

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
GMU researchers discover new use for ultrasound technology to help amputees
There's hope for a better life for people who've lost an arm or leg, thanks to new research funded by the National Science Foundation and the Department of Defense. George Mason University researchers are developing cutting-edge ultrasound technology to help people get greater control of prosthetics for their arms, hands, and legs.
National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Nanci Hellmich
nhellmic@gmu.edu
703-217-4917
George Mason University

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
NUS researchers identify potential mediator for social memory formation
The ability to form long-term social memories is essential for remembering faces and developing social bonds. Scientists at NUS Medicine have now discovered that the tiny CA2 region in the hippocampus is involved in the linking up of memory fragments (consolidation) to form long-term memories, and that a neuropeptide, substance P, is involved in this process. Since CA2 is responsible for social memory, this finding has significant implications for how long-term social memories are formed.
National Medical Research Council, National University of Singapore, National Science Foundation

Contact: Simin WANG
wangsimin@nus.edu.sg
National University of Singapore, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1139.

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