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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 840.

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Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Global forecast assesses countries' invasive species risk, response capacity
A global forecast of how invasive species could travel and spread in the 21st century shows that areas in most critical need of proactive management strategies are those with high poverty levels, rich biodiversity and low historical levels of invasion.
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, National Science Foundation, University of California, Santa Barbara, and the State of California

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
Purdue University

Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Study reveals surprising role of haze in the warming of Chinese cities
A new Yale-led study suggests that regional variations may cause the phenomenon known as the urban heat island effect, and that the impacts of haze pollution in the US and China vary significantly.
National Science Foundation of China, Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, Ministry of Education of China, and others

Contact: Timothy Brown
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
Cybersecurity researchers design a chip that checks for sabotage
With the outsourcing of microchip design and fabrication worldwide, bad actors along the supply chain have many opportunities to install malicious circuitry in chips. These 'Trojan horses' look harmless but can allow attackers to sabotage health-care devices, public infrastructure, and electronics. Siddharth Garg and fellow researchers are developing a unique solution: a chip with both an embedded module that proves that its calculations are correct and an external module that validates the first module's proofs.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Rsearch, Microsoft Faculty Fellowship, Google Faculty Research Award

Contact: Karl Greenberg
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Coral conservation efforts aided by computer simulations
Contrary to a prevailing theory, coral larvae could not survive the five-thousand-kilometer trip across the Pacific Ocean to replenish endangered corals in the eastern Pacific, according to new research. The results provide important information to aid conservation efforts for the economically and environmentally important coral reefs in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
National Environmental Research Council, National Science Foundation, NOAA, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, University of Bristol Alumni Foundation, Worldwide Universities Network

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Biological invasions threaten developing countries
Invasions from alien species such as Japanese knotweed and grey squirrels threaten the economies and livelihoods of residents of some of the world's poorest nations, new University of Exeter research shows.
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Kerra Maddern
University of Exeter

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
UA biomedical engineer sheds light on the mysteries of vision
University of Arizona biomedical engineer Erika Eggers examines how eyes adapt to light and retinal signaling pathways that may lead to blindness in people with diabetes, with $2.8 million from the National Science Foundation and National Eye Institute.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Jill Goetz
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
'Cyclops' beetles hint at solution to 'chicken-and-egg' problem in novel trait evolution
Beetles with cyclops eyes have given Indiana University scientists insight into how new traits may evolve through the recruitment of existing genes -- even if these genes are already carrying out critical functions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Hot Chips Symposium on High Performance Chips
New microchip demonstrates efficiency and scalable design
The Piton chip's architecture is scalable; designs can be built which go from a dozen processing units (called cores) to several thousand.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: John Sullivan
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Syracuse, Cal State Fullerton awarded grant to enhance diversity in astrophysics
The five-year project is called 'Catching a New Wave: The CSUF-Syracuse Partnership for Inclusion of Underrepresented Groups in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy.' Sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the project aims to increase the representation of Hispanic and Latino/a students, populations traditionally underrepresented in the study and teaching of astronomy and physics. Starting this fall, 'Catching a New Wave' will fund multiple three-year fellowships, enabling qualified CSUF students to transfer into Syracuse's Ph.D. program in physics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rob Enslin
Syracuse University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Nature Physics
Light and matter merge in quantum coupling
Rice University physicists probe the boundaries of light-matter interactions as they bridge traditional condensed matter physics and cavity-based quantum optics.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Lockheed Martin Corp. and W.M. Keck Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Infants develop early understanding of social nature of food
A new study conducted at the University of Chicago finds infants develop expectations about what people prefer to eat, providing early evidence of the social nature through which humans understand food.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Peters
University of Chicago

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Dartmouth-led research on how attention works in the brain receives NSF award
A collaborative research project on the neural basis of attention, to be led by Peter Ulric Tse, professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth, has been awarded $6 million by the National Science Foundation (NSF).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy D. Olson
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Louisiana Tech University professor receives NSF grant to advance brain research
The National Science Foundation has awarded a team led by Dr. Leonidas Iasemidis, the Rhodes Eminent Scholar Chair and professor of biomedical engineering at Louisiana Tech University, a $6 million grant over four years to investigate the origins and impacts of brain seizures associated with epilepsy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Guerin
Louisiana Tech University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
New theory could lead to new generation of energy friendly optoelectronics
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast and ETH Zurich, Switzerland, have created a new theoretical framework which could help physicists and device engineers design better optoelectronics, leading to less heat generation and power consumption in electronic devices which source, detect, and control light.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment, National Science Foundation, The Queen's Fellow Award

Contact: Anne-Marie Clarke
Queen's University Belfast

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Chimpanzees choose cooperation over competition
Tasks that require chimpanzees to work together preferred five-fold, despite opportunities for competition, aggression and freeloading.
NIH/Office of Research Infrastructure Programs, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
American Journal of Physiology
Proton pump found to regulate blood pH in stingrays
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have discovered the same enzyme used by 'boneworms' to dissolve whale carcasses, and that helps promote photosynthesis in corals, also regulates blood pH in stingrays. The study could help scientists better understand the enzyme's function in human kidneys to regulate blood and urine functions.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, American Physiological Society

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
2014 Napa earthquake continued to creep, weeks after main shock
The 2014 Napa earthquake continued to creep, weeks after the main shock.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
Research team wins $2 million NSF EFRI grant to explore non-reciprocal elastic wave propagation
A University of Washington mechanical engineering professor will explore non-reciprocal elastic wave propagation in solid-state media through a new four-year, $2 million Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
CBE--Life Sciences Education
Young, gifted, first-generation minority science students motivated by prosocial values
There are as many motives as there are undergraduates taking introductory science courses, but if you look closely at groups of freshmen science students such as those from underrepresented minority (URM) backgrounds, you can see striking motivational differences across and within these groups. That's a major finding in a new survey of 249 freshmen by psychology researchers in California.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Thea Clarke
American Society for Cell Biology

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
Turning textbook highlighting into time well-spent
College students love highlighting textbook passages while they study, and a team of researchers in three states will apply the latest techniques from machine learning and cognitive science to help turn that habit into time well-spent.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
CU Researchers win National Science Foundation grant to study brain
Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and the University of Colorado Boulder have won a $800,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to try and reconnect neural communication between parts of the brain where it has been severed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Kelly
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Mussel flexing: Bivalve save drought-stricken marshes, research finds
As coastal ecosystems feel the heat of climate change worldwide, new research shows the humble mussel and marsh grass form an intimate interaction known as mutualism that benefits both partner species and may be critical to helping these ecosystems bounce back from extreme climatic events such as drought.
National Science Foundation's Division of Ocean Sciences and Division of Environmental Biology

Contact: Christine Angelini
University of Florida

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
NSF awards Pitt engineering professor with grant to study decline of pollinating insects
Research will investigate the economic impact of declining insect-mediated pollination in the United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach, Director of Marketing and Communications
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Most island vertebrate extinctions could be averted, concludes new study
Eight of every ten species extinctions has occurred on islands, and invasive mammals are the leading reason for those losses. Currently, 40 percent of species at risk of global extinction are island inhabitants. In the most thorough study of its kind, scientists have now analyzed global patterns of island vertebrate extinctions and developed predictive models to help identify places where conservation interventions will provide the greatest benefits to threatened island biodiversity.
National Science Foundation, Switzer Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Interscatter enables first implanted devices, contact lenses, credit cards to 'talk' WiFi
University of Washington engineers have introduced a new way of communicating that allows power-constrained devices such as brain implants, contact lenses, credit cards and smaller wearable electronics to talk to everyday devices such as smartphones and watches.
National Science Foundation, Google Faculty Research Awards

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Showing releases 101-125 out of 840.

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