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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 101-125 out of 1023.

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Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Investigating folding stability and dynamics of proteins
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois recently used Fast Relaxation Imaging (FReI) to investigate the folding stability and dynamics of proteins within polyacrylamide hydrogels.
National Science Foundation, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Maeve Reilly
mjreilly@illinois.edu
217-244-7316
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Greener molecular intermediates may aid drug design
Rice University scientists simplify their method to make molecular precursors for biologically active compounds, making it more environmentally friendly in the process. The new technique could be a boon to researchers who synthesize new drugs and other fine chemicals.
Rice University, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Science Advances
Reconciling predictions of climate change
Harvard researchers have resolved a major conflict in estimates of how much the Earth will warm in response to a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere -- finding that the lower range of estimates offered by historical observations does not take into account long-term patterns of warming. The research finds a range of 1.5 to 4.5 degrees Celsius, even up to 6 degrees, may also be possible due to a doubling of CO2.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Science
International team develops new way to produce pure hydrogen efficiently
An international team of researchers, including Lehigh University's Christopher J. Kiely, have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO). Their discovery is described in a paper published recently in Science.
Natural Science Foundation of China, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, DOE/Office of Science, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Scientific Reports
Recreating interstellar ions with lasers
Trihydrogen, or H3+, has been called the molecule that made the universe, where it plays a greater role in astrochemistry than any other molecule. While H3+ is astronomically abundant, no scientist understood the mechanisms that form it from organic molecules.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
'Smart' transformers could make reliable smart grid a reality
A new study using complex computational models finds that smart solid-state transformers could be used to make a stable, reliable 'smart grid' -- allowing the power distribution system to route renewable energy from homes and businesses into the power grid.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
The Plant Cell
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
Researchers at the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute, in collaboration with the Joint Genome Institute, are reporting the first whole-genome sequence of a mutant population of Kitaake, a model variety of rice. Their high-density, high-resolution catalog of mutations facilitates the discovery of novel genes and functional elements that control diverse biological pathways.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@lbl.gov
510-486-4575
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Neuron
Neuroscientists call for more comprehensive view of how brain forms memories
Neuroscientists from the University of Chicago argue that research on how memories form in the brain should consider activity of groups of brain cells working together, not just the connections between them.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Molecular electronics scientists shatter 'impossible' record
Researchers have far surpassed a theoretical limit on the rectification rate in the field of molecular electronics -- an accomplishment that was thought to be impossible.
Singapore Ministry of Education, Science Foundation Ireland, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Schlueb
mark.schlueb@ucf.edu
407-823-0221
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
UTA's Kyle O'Connell receives prestigious NSF doctoral dissertation grant
Kyle O'Connell, a fifth-year Ph.D. student in biology, was selected to receive funds from the National Science Foundation's Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grants program, which typically awards funding to between 100 and 200 projects nationwide each year. O'Connell's faculty advisor is Matt Fujita, assistant professor of biology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Extinction event that wiped out dinosaurs cleared way for frogs
The mass extinction that obliterated three-fourths of life on Earth, including non-avian dinosaurs, set the stage for the swift rise of frogs, a new study shows.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Youth Talent Support Program, National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars of China

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoose@flmnh.ufl.edu
352-273-1922
Florida Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
National Astronomy Meeting 2017
Astrophysical Journal Letters
'Little Cub' gives astronomers rare chance to see galaxy demise
A primitive galaxy that could provide clues about the early universe has been spotted by astronomers as it begins to be consumed by a gigantic neighboring galaxy.
WM Keck Foundation, Google, Royal Society, NASA, Science and Technology Facilities Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leighton Kitson
leighton.kitson@dur.ac.uk
44-191-334-6074
Durham University

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Dinosaurs' loss was frogs' gain: The upside of a mass extinction
Based on earlier studies, biologists believed that the vast majority of today's frogs originated in a blossoming of new species 100 million years ago. New and more complete genetic data pinpoints this radiation much earlier: 66 million years ago at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary, precisely when much of life on Earth was wiped out by a comet or asteroid. Frogs took advantage of flourishing angiosperms to escape to the treetops into many more ecological niches.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Utah is home to earliest use of a wild potato in North America
Researchers have discovered potato starch residues in the crevices of a 10,900-year-old stone tool in Escalante, Utah -- the earliest evidence of wild potato use in North America. This is the first archaeological study to identify Solanum jamesii, a wild species native to the southwestern United States, as an important part of ancient human diets. The long history could mean that the species was transported, cultivated or even domesticated.
National Science Foundation, Vice President for Research Funding Incentive Seed Grant Program

Contact: Lisa Potter
lisa.potter@utah.edu
949-533-7899
University of Utah

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Frogs illustrate the creative destruction of mass extinctions
Using the largest set of frog genetic data ever evaluated for evolutionary relationships, researchers discover not one but three explosions of new frog species, all concentrated in the aftermath of the mass die-off of most dinosaurs and many other species about 66 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Youth Talent Support Program, National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars of China

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 3-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
What's in a name? Big Data reveals distinctive patterns in higher education systems
Using lists of names collected from publicly available websites, two University of Chicago researchers have revealed distinctive patterns in higher education systems, ranging from ethnic representation, to gender imbalance in the sciences, to nepotism in Italian universities.
National Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: John Easton
john.easton@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5225
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Jul-2017
Science Bulletin
Physicists demonstrate topological superconductivity on palladium dibismuthides
By combining state-of-the-art molecular beam epitaxy technique and cryogenic scanning tunneling microscopy, topological superconductivity and possible Majorana zero modes have been demonstrated on epitaxial β-Bi2Pd films.
National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Education of China, the National Thousand-Young-Talents Program and the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program

Contact: Can-Li Song
clsong07@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Behavioral Ecology
To buzz or to scrabble? To foraging bees, that's the question
A team of UA biologists has discovered that for a hard-working bumblebee, foraging for pollen versus nectar is very different -- and tougher than you might think.
National Science Foundation, Graduate & Professional Student Council

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Ecology Letters
Dragonflies reveal how biodiversity changes in time and space
In one of the first studies of its kind, Rice University ecologists monitored East Texas dragonfly communities for years to show that simple mechanisms could be used to predict how biodiversity varies across time and space.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Journal of Medical Entomology
In urban Baltimore, poor neighborhoods have more mosquitoes
A new study published in the Journal of Medical Entomology reports that in Baltimore, Maryland, neighborhoods with high levels of residential abandonment are hotspots for tiger mosquitoes (Aedes albopictus). This environmental injustice may leave low-income urban residents more vulnerable to mosquito-borne disease.
National Science Foundation, Parks & People Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lori M Quillen
quillenl@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x233
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Tiny 'motors' are driven by light
MIT researchers have simulated the first system in which particles can be manipulated by a beam of ordinary light. The advance brings us closer to real-world interactions between light and matter at atomic scales.
US Army Research Office, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies, National Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Black carbon varies, but stubbornly persists, in snow and ice around the world
A new University of Colorado Boulder study comparing dissolved black carbon deposition on ice and snow in ecosystems around the world (including Antarctica, the Arctic, and alpine regions of the Himalayas, Rockies, Andes, and Alps) shows that while concentrations vary widely, significant amounts can persist in both pristine and non-pristine areas of snow.
National Science Foundation, US Agency for International Development, Dark Snow Project, Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research Program

Contact: Alia Khan
khanal@colorado.edu
919-622-5180
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Astronomical Journal
Bizarro comet challenging researchers  
Scientists pursue research through observation, experimentation and modeling. They strive for all of these pieces to fit together, but sometimes finding the unexpected is even more exciting.  That's what happened to University of Central Florida's astrophysicist Gal Sarid, who studies comets, asteroids and planetary formation and earlier this year was part of a team that published a study focused on the comet 174P/Echeclus. It didn't behave the way the team was expecting. 
National Science Foundation

Contact: Zenaida Gonzalez Kotala
zenaida.kotala@ucf.edu
407-823-6120
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Nature Energy
Self-powered system makes smart windows smarter
Researchers developed a new type of smart window: a self-powered version that promises to be inexpensive and easy to apply to existing windows, with potential to save heating and cooling costs. The window powers itself with a transparent solar cell that harvests near-ultraviolet light.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Schultz
sschultz@princeton.edu
609-258-3617
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 30-Jun-2017
Nature Microbiology
New clues found to common respiratory virus
Scientists have solved the structure of a protein that helps a common respiratory virus evade the immune system. The team, led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, have identified critical parts of the protein that could be targeted with drugs or vaccines, opening up the possibility of preventing or treating an infection that sickens thousands of babies and elderly people every year.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency of the Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, Children's Discovery Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Showing releases 101-125 out of 1023.

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