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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 101-125 out of 1106.

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Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
New Princeton-CUNY program to bring together physicists and biologists
The NSF has awarded $13 million to create the Center for the Physics of Biological Function, a joint endeavor between Princeton University and the City University of New York that will tackle a deceptively simple question: What does modern physics reveal about life itself? The funding is targeted to people, not equipment, from undergraduates to postdoctoral fellows who will be free to work with any or all of the six theorists and eight experimentalists involved.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Fuller-Wright
Princeton University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Kinesins ignore weak forces as they carry heavy loads
Simulations detail the mechanisms of kinesins that carry cargo inside cells. Rice scientists determined the motor proteins respond best to strong forces and hardly at all to weak ones, even those applied by motors attached to the same cargo.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
World's most advanced shipborne radar ready to set sail
Colorado State University atmospheric scientist Steven Rutledge will lead a five-week research voyage to test an advanced shipborne weather radar called SEA-POL.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Anne Manning
Colorado State University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Blast off!
The National Science Foundation (NSF) Center for Space, High-performance, and Resilient Computing (SHREC) celebrated its grand opening on Sept. 18 with a ribbon cutting and tours of the facility at the Schenley Place building on the University of Pittsburgh Oakland campus.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach, Director of Marketing and Communications
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters
A sea of spinning electrons
Picture two schools of fish swimming in clockwise and counterclockwise circles. It's enough to make your head spin, and now scientists at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and the University of Florida have discovered the 'chiral spin mode' -- a sea of electrons spinning in opposing circles.
National Science Foundation, King Faisal University, ICAM, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, European Regional Development Fund

Contact: Todd Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Nature Materials
Mini-kidneys grown in lab reveal renal disease secrets
By creating and manipulating mini-kidney organoids that contain a realistic micro-anatomy, UW Medicine researchers can now track the early stages of polycystic kidney disease. The organoids are grown from human stem cells.
National Institutes of Health, Polycystic Kidney Disease Foundation, American Society of Nephrology Foundation for Kidney Research, National Science Foundation, Northwest Kidney Centers, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Nature Medicine
New system finds and targets vulnerabilities in lung cancer cells
Genetic changes that help lung cancer thrive also make it vulnerable to a promising experimental drug.
Koch Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation, European Commission, Marie Curie Actions, American Cancer Society, Hope Funds for Cancer Research, Swedish Medical Research Council, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Greg Williams
NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tropical diversity takes root in relationships between fungi and seeds
A team led by Smithsonian scientists in Panama exposed a key to understanding tropical tree diversity by studying how fungi interact with seeds that linger in the ground. Despite a smorgasbord of species available to choose from, tropical fungi and seeds are picky about associating with one another. Early pairings with a particular fungus may influence whether a seed survives and also may help explain how tropical forests remain so diverse.
National Science Foundation, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona, Simons Foundation, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Contact: Beth King
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
If your child is bilingual, learning additional languages later might be easier
It is often claimed that people who are bilingual are better than monolinguals at learning languages. Now, the first study to examine bilingual and monolingual brains as they learn an additional language offers new evidence that supports this hypothesis, researchers say.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Our muscles measure the time of day
Biological clocks are ticking everywhere throughout our body, and a 'master clock' in the brain synchronizes all the subsidiary ones in various organs. An international team of researchers led by the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and supported by the SNSF, has found that such a circadian clock is at work in our muscles. Their research shows that perturbations of this machinery might be important for type 2 diabetes development.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Howard Riezman
Université de Genève

Public Release: 29-Sep-2017
Physics Review Letters
Open-access collider data confirm subatomic particle patterns
In a paper published today in Physical Review Letters, Jesse Thaler, an associate professor of physics at MIT, and his colleagues used the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) data to reveal, for the first time, a universal feature within jets of subatomic particles, which are produced when high-energy protons collide. Their effort represents the first independent, published analysis of the CMS open data.
MIT Charles E. Reed Faculty Initiatives Fund, MIT Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Sep-2017
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Confronted with bacteria, infected cells die so others can live, Penn study finds
In a new study, a team of researchers led by Igor E. Brodsky of the University of Pennsylvania, identified a 'back-up alarm' system in host cells that responds to a pathogen's attempt to subvert the immune system.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Training Program in Rheumatic Diseases and National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 29-Sep-2017
Plant Direct
Bioreactors on a chip renew promises for algal biofuels
Researchers from BTI and Texas A&M University report in Plant Direct exciting new technology that may revolutionize the search for the perfect algal strain: algal droplet bioreactors on a chip the size of a quarter.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alexa Schmitz
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 29-Sep-2017
Ultracold atoms point toward an intriguing magnetic behavior
Researchers at Princeton University and collaborators studied the quantum behavior of ultracold atoms and discovered an intriguing magnetic behavior that could help explain how high-temperature superconductivity works.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2017
Ecology Letters
Climate's effects on flowers critical for bumble bees
In a study that shows the importance of climate change on critical pollinators, North Carolina State University researchers found that earlier and longer flowering seasons can have poor effects on the bumble bees that rely on these flowers to live and thrive.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rebecca Irwin
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2017
Ecology Letters
A stinging report: FSU research shows climate change a major threat to bumble bees
New research from a team of Florida State University scientists and their collaborators is helping to explain the link between a changing global climate and a dramatic decline in bumble bee populations worldwide.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Zachary Boehm
Florida State University

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
Hunt is over for one of the 'top 50 most-wanted fungi'
Scientists from several institutions including Los Alamos National Laboratory have characterized a sample of 'mystery' fungus collected in North Carolina and found its home in the fungal tree of life.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Michigan State University AgBioResearch, Western Illinois University, and others

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
Artificial muscles, tendons would make prosthetic limbs more lifelike
An engineer from the University of Houston has received a $500,000 CAREER award from the National Science Foundation to develop artificial muscle and tendons for prostheses that are more comfortable and work more efficiently than current models.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
A social media hub for hydrological data
Hydrologists at USU will lead a $4 million NSF-funded project to improve an online system that helps scientists share water research data. The system, known as HydroShare, functions like a social media hub where researchers can share their latest scientific data and models. USU's Dr. David Tarboton will lead the effort involving collaborators at nine other universities and institutions across the US.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Tarboton
Utah State University

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
Nature Communications
Smart molecules trigger white blood cells to become better cancer-eating machines
A team of researchers has engineered smart protein molecules that can reprogram white blood cells to ignore a self-defense signaling mechanism that cancer cells use to survive and spread in the body. Researchers say the advance could lead to a new method of re-engineering immune cells to fight cancer and infectious diseases. The team successfully tested this method in a live cell culture system.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, University of California San Diego, Beckman Laser Institute, Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
Quaternary Science Reviews
Did rapid sea-level rise drown fossil coral reefs around Hawaii?
Investigations to predict changes in sea levels and their impacts on coastal systems are a step closer, as a result of international collaboration between the University of Sydney and researchers from Japan, Spain, and the United States.
Australian Research Council, the NSF-OCE and JSPS KAKENHI

Contact: Vivienne Reiner
University of Sydney

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
Tsunami enabled hundreds of aquatic species to raft across Pacific
The 2011 Japanese tsunami set the stage for something unprecedented. For the first time in recorded history, scientists have detected entire communities of coastal species crossing the ocean by floating on makeshift rafts. Nearly 300 species have appeared on the shores of Hawaii and the US West Coast attached to tsunami debris, marine biologists from the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Williams College and other institutions reported in the journal Science on Thursday.
Ministry of the Environment of Japan, National Science Foundation, Oregon Sea Grant, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: Kristen Minogue

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
Non-native species from Japanese tsunami aided by unlikely partner: Plastics
A new study appearing this week in Science reports the discovery of a startling new role of plastic marine debris -- the transport of non-native species in the world's oceans.
Ministry of the Environment of Japan through the North Pacific Marine Science Organization, National Science Foundation, Oregon Sea Grant

Contact: Sean Nealon
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Sep-2017
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Central America 'kissing bug' carries two main subtypes of Chagas disease parasite
Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite that causes Chagas disease, is divided into six strains, each of which differs in where they are found and in how important they are in human infections. Now, researchers have found that most T. cruzi parasites in Central America belong to just two of those strains. The results are detailed this week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation

Contact: PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Public Release: 27-Sep-2017
Physical Review Letters
New gravitational wave hits Earth -- For the first time, 3 detectors zoom in on location
For the first time, three detectors have tracked the gravitational waves emitted by a merger of two black holes -- a critical new capability that allows scientists to more closely locate a gravitational wave's birthplace in space. It is the fourth announced detection of a binary black-hole system by the LIGO detectors and the first significant gravitational-wave signal recorded by the Virgo detector.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Showing releases 101-125 out of 1106.

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