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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 1026-1050 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
USU launches NSF-funded engineering research center for electrified transportation
The National Science Foundation grant establishes an Engineering Research Center focused on developing new infrastructure that facilitates widespread adoption of electric vehicles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Regan Zane
Utah State University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
University of Arizona awarded $26M to architect the quantum internet
The University of Arizona will lead a new National Science Foundation Engineering Research Center, called the Center for Quantum Networks, with core partners Harvard, MIT and Yale.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
UVA leads nationwide project to protect health data for COVID-19 research
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Virginia a $1.2 million expansion of a grant to develop a secure, high-performance computing system for research, with the new funds supporting nationwide use of the system for COVID-19 research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Audra Book
University of Virginia School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
University of Minnesota and academic collaborators receive $26 million for NSF engineering research center
Engineering Research Center for Advanced Technologies for the Preservation of Biological Systems to be established at the University of Minnesota.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katrinna Dodge
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
UC Riverside joins new NSF center for the preservation of biological systems
UC Riverside is one of four universities collaborating on a $26 million NSF Engineering Research Center grant. The center, led by the University of Minnesota and Massachusetts General Hospital, is called Advanced Technologies for the Preservation of Biological Systems, or ATP-Bio. It will contribute to the development of technology to bring biological systems back from suspended animation. The grant is UC Riverside's first successful bid for an Engineering Research Center.
National Science Foundation EEC Div Of Engineering Education and Centers

Contact: Holly Ober
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
AI may offer a better way to ID drug-resistant superbugs
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have shown that different strains of the same bacterial pathogen can be distinguished by a machine learning analysis of their growth dynamics alone, which can then also accurately predict other traits such as resistance to antibiotics. The demonstration could point to methods for identifying diseases and predicting their behaviors that are faster, simpler, less expensive and more accurate than current standard techniques.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
Nature Chemistry
Researchers create artificial organelles to control cellular behavior
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have demonstrated a method for controlling the phase separation of an emerging class of proteins to create artificial membrane-less organelles within human cells. The advance, similar to controlling how vinegar forms droplets within oil, creates opportunities for engineering synthetic structures to modulate existing cell functions or create entirely new behaviors within cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
Astronomical Journal
VLBA finds planet orbiting small, cool star
Precision measurements made with the VLBA have revealed that a small, cool star 35 light-years from Earth is orbited by a Saturn-sized planet once every 221 days.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
Astronomical Journal
Surprisingly dense exoplanet challenges planet formation theories
New detailed observations with NSF's NOIRLab facilities reveal a young exoplanet, orbiting a young star in the Hyades cluster, that is unusually dense for its size and age. Weighing in at 25 Earth-masses, and slightly smaller than Neptune, this exoplanet's existence is at odds with the predictions of leading planet formation theories.
National Science Foundation, WIYN Consortium

Contact: Amanda Kocz
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
More carbon in the ocean can lead to smaller fish
As humans continue to send large quantities of carbon into the atmosphere, much of that carbon is absorbed by the ocean, and UConn researchers have found high CO2 concentrations in water can make fish grow smaller.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elaina Hancock
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
Scientific Reports
Tracking and forecasting outbreak risk of dengue, Zika and other Aedes-transmitted diseases
New system infuses 'R0' models with climate information to help public health agencies forecast places and times when environmental conditions might enhance transmission of dengue, Zika and other Aedes-borne diseases
Columbia World Projects, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, NASA, Department of Energy, Swedish Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Francesco Fiondella
Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
CUNY ASRC researchers to help launch NSF Center for the Mechanical Control of Chemistry
Researchers from the Advanced Science Research Center at The Graduate Center, CUNY (CUNY ASRC) are part of a multi-institution team of scientists that has been awarded one of three newly announced $1.8 million, phase 1 grants from the Centers for Chemical Innovation (CCI) -- part of the National Science Foundation Division of Chemistry. The grant will fund the team's work to help establish the NSF Center for the Mechanical Control of Chemistry (CMCC).
National Science Foundation Division of Chemistry

Contact: Shawn Rhea
Advanced Science Research Center, GC/CUNY

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
NAU partners in $26 million NSF initiative to establish new Center for Quantum Networks
Northern Arizona University is a partner institution in a major new initiative, funded through an initial $26 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), to establish and lead the Center for Quantum Networks, or CQN. The five-year project--which represents NAU's first participation in an NSF-designated Engineering Research Center (ERC)--will begin in October 2020, and the grant includes an additional five-year $24.6 million renewal option.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diane Rechel
Northern Arizona University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2020
Nature Communications
Blood-thinner with no bleeding side-effects is here
In a study led by EPFL, scientists have developed a synthetic blood-thinner that, unlike all others, doesn't cause bleeding side-effects. The highly potent, highly selective, and highly stable molecule can suppress thrombosis while letting blood clot normally following injury.
Swiss National Science Foundation, NCCR Chemical Biology, Marie Sklodowska-Curie individual fellowship

Contact: Prof. Christian Heinis
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 3-Aug-2020
Plant size and habitat traits influence cycad susceptibility to invasive species
A long-term study on cycads in Guam has revealed how rapidly invasive species devastated the native Cycas micronesica species and the key factors that have influenced the plant's mortality. The research -- conducted by the Western Pacific Tropical Research Center at the University of Guam and the College of Micronesia-FSM -- is published in the May 2020 issue of Diversity, a peer-reviewed journal published by MDPI.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, US Forest Service, US Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Cooperative Agreement, College of Micronesia land grant program

Contact: Olympia Terral
University of Guam

Public Release: 3-Aug-2020
Science Advances
For solar boom, scrap silicon for this promising mineral
Cornell University engineers have found that photovoltaic wafers in solar panels with all-perovskite structures outperform photovoltaic cells made from state-of-the-art crystalline silicon, as well as perovskite-silicon tandem cells, which are stacked pancake-style cells that absorb light better.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Tyson
Cornell University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2020
Composites Science and Technology
Analyzing pros and cons of two composite manufacturing methods
Airplane wings and wind turbine blades are typically created using bulk polymerization in composite manufacturing facilities. They are heated and cured in enormous autoclaves and heated molds as big as the finished part. Frontal polymerization is a new out-of-autoclave method that doesn't require a large facility investment. Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign conducted a study pitting one process against the other to discover the pros and cons of each.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Debra Levey Larson
University of Illinois Grainger College of Engineering

Public Release: 3-Aug-2020
Nature Human Behavior
Language may undermine women in science and tech
Researchers examined gender stereotypes baked into 25 languages to explore why fewer women enter science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Stacy Kish
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2020
Environmental Research Letters
Exploring the sustainability of the Indian sugar industry
Researchers analyzed the interconnected food, water and energy challenges that arise from the sugar industry in India - the second-largest producer of sugar worldwide - and how the political economy drives those challenges.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Danielle T. Tucker
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 3-Aug-2020
Physical Review A
Can a quantum strategy help bring down the house?
Now researchers at MIT and Caltech have shown that the weird, quantum effects of entanglement could theoretically give blackjack players even more of an edge, albeit a small one, when playing against the house.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, US Department of Energy, MIT Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Aug-2020
Biological Conservation
New studies show how to save parasites and why it's important
An international group of scientists published a paper, Aug. 1, 2020, in a special edition of the journal Biological Conservation that lays out an ambitious global conservation plan for parasites. A separate paper also found that the responses of parasites to environmental change are likely to be complex, and that a changing world probably will see both outbreaks of some parasites and a total loss of other parasite species.
Michigan Society of Fellows, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the University of Washington, the University of Colorado, the National Institutes of Health,the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 31-Jul-2020
Chemistry of Materials
Scientists discover new class of semiconducting entropy-stabilized materials
The design of novel materials with superior characteristics by entropy stabilization is a very dynamic emerging research area in materials science. However, despite recent advances in entropy-stabilized metals and insulating ceramics targeted for structural applications, there is still a dearth of high-entropy semiconductors, which poses a major obstacle for the adoption of high-entropy materials in semiconducting functional applications. Our study aims to realize a novel class of the semiconducting entropy-stabilized chalcogenide alloys.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center

Contact: Emmanouil (Manos) Kioupakis
University of Michigan College of Engineering

Public Release: 31-Jul-2020
To distinguish contexts, animals think probabilistically, study suggests
A new statistical model may help scientists understand how animals make inferences about whether their surroundings are novel or haven't changed enough to be regarded a new context.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Picower Institute at MIT

Public Release: 31-Jul-2020
Nature Photonics
Physicists find misaligned carbon sheets yield unparalleled properties
A material composed of two one-atom-thick layers of carbon has grabbed the attention of physicists worldwide for its intriguing -- and potentially exploitable -- conductive properties. University of Texas at Dallas physicists are studying how the ability of twisted bilayer graphene to conduct electrical current changes in response to mid-infrared light.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 31-Jul-2020
Psychologist to study how motor development changes infants' learning experiences
John Franchak has long been interested in how learning a new motor skill, such as sitting or walking, changes how infants interact with their surroundings. He has now been awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation to pursue this research question. The grant will help Franchak, an assistant professor of psychology at UC Riverside, explore what aspects of learning to sit or walk help infants learn other skills by changing their day-to-day life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Showing releases 1026-1050 out of 1151.

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