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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1051-1075 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 31-Jul-2020
Mason researchers to receive funding for acquisition of adaptive computing infrastructure
Elise Miller-Hooks, Professor, Bill and Eleanor Hazel Chair, Infrastructure Engineering, Civil, Environmental and Infrastructure Engineering, Maria Emelianenko, Professor, Mathematical Sciences, Yue Cheng, Associate Professor, Computer Science, Jayshree Sarma, Director, Office of Research Computing, Research and Innovation Initiatives, and Shobita Satyapal, Professor, Physics and Astronomy, will receive funding next month from the National Science Foundation to acquire a reconfigurable and agile computing system.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
egrisham@gmu.edu
703-409-1690
George Mason University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2020
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Pandemic leads to higher depression, anxiety and fear, studies show
Using an internet survey distributed in the last week of March that sampled 10,368 adults from across the country, researchers found increased levels of depression, anxiety, suicidal tendencies and psychological trauma among American adults.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bob Whitby
whitby@uark.edu
479-575-4737
University of Arkansas

Public Release: 31-Jul-2020
Technology brings collaborative STEM learning to pandemic-isolated students
A Purdue University startup is turning gameplay into serious learning for elementary students away from classrooms during the COVID-19 pandemic. Explore Interactive markets an augmented reality platform to help students learn about science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Elevate Ventures, Homewood Science Center, Museum of Science, Boston

Contact: Chris Adam
cladam@prf.org
Purdue University

Public Release: 30-Jul-2020
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
National Academies publishes guide to help public officials make sense of COVID-19 data
The National Academies has published a guide to help officials across the country interpret and understand different COVID-19 statistics and data sources as they make decisions about opening and closing schools, businesses and community facilities.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Jul-2020
World Development
One-size does not fit all for post-disaster recovery, PSU study finds
A new Portland State University study that followed 400 households after the 2015 Nepal earthquakes provides insight into better understanding the factors that contribute to resilience and change in short-term rural natural disaster recovery.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeremy Spoon
jspoon@pdx.edu
Portland State University

Public Release: 30-Jul-2020
Training algorithms to identify COVID-19 in CT scans
The University of Pittsburgh's Jingtong Hu received NSF funding to develop deep neural networks that can identify pneumonia caused by COVID-19 on CT scans. This approach has the potential to drastically speed up the screening process and reduce the burden on radiologists, who are challenged to accurately screen the volume of incoming images. The ultimate goal of this work is to develop a mobile scanning device.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Russell
leah.russell@pitt.edu
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 30-Jul-2020
Applied Optics
New method lets scientists peer deeper into ocean
Researchers have advanced a new way to see into the ocean's depths, establishing an approach to detect algae and measure key properties using light. A paper published in Applied Optics reports using a laser-based tool, lidar, to collect these measurements far deeper than has been typically possible using satellites.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation, Virginia SpaceGrant Consortium

Contact: Steven Profaizer
sprofaizer@bigelow.org
207-315-2567 x103
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 30-Jul-2020
Current Biology
First gene knockout in a cephalopod is achieved at Marine Biological Laboratory
A team at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) has achieved the first gene knockout in a cephalopod using the squid Doryteuthis pealeii, an exceptionally important research organism in biology for nearly a century. The milestone study is reported in the July 30 issue of Current Biology. The team used CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing to knock out a pigmentation gene in squid embryos, which eliminated pigmentation in the eye and in skin cells (chromatophores) with high efficiency.
National Science Foundation, The Binational Science Foundation, The Grass Foundation, The Marine Biological Laboratory Whitman Fellowship Program, St. Mary's College of Maryland, Office of the National Institutes of Health Director, John Harvard Distingui

Contact: Diana Kenney
comm@mbl.edu
508-685-3525
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Science Advances
Research brief: 'Fool's gold' may be valuable after all
In a breakthrough new study, scientists and engineers at the University of Minnesota have electrically transformed the abundant and low-cost non-magnetic material iron sulfide, also known as 'fool's gold' or pyrite, into a magnetic material.
Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the University of Minnesota, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Physical Review Letters
Cosmic tango between the very small and the very large
A new study using the theory of quantum loop cosmology accounts for two major mysteries about the large-scale structure of our universe.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Penn State Eberly College of Science, Inter-University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics

Contact: Gail McCormick
GailMcCormick@psu.edu
814-863-0901
Penn State

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Structural Dynamics
How a crystalline sponge sheds water molecules
How does water leave a sponge? In a new study, scientists answer this question in detail for a porous, crystalline material made from metal and organic building blocks -- specifically, cobalt(II) sulfate heptahydrate, 5-aminoisophthalic acid and 4,4'-bipyridine. Using advanced techniques, researchers studied how this crystalline sponge changed shape as it went from a hydrated state to a dehydrated state.
National Science Foundation (NSF), NSF's ChemMatCARS facility, US Department of Energy

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
ACS Nano
New insights into wound healing
Research from a multidisciplinary team led by Washington University may provide new insights into wound healing, scarring and how cancer spreads
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center for Engineering Mechanobiology, National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: Brandie Jefferson
brandie.jefferson@wustl.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Molecular Ecology
Butterfly genomics: Monarchs migrate and fly differently, but meet up and mate
A new study confirms that while the eastern and western butterflies fly differently, they are genetically the same. The journal Molecular Ecology published the findings, led by evolutionary biologists at Emory University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Emory University

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Uncovering the nitty-gritty details of surface tension and flow behavior
Sachin Velankar, professor of chemical and petroleum engineering at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, received $291,968 from the National Science Foundation for his collaborative research that seeks to better understand how surface tension affects flow behavior.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Maggie Pavlick
maggiepavlick@pitt.edu
412-383-0449
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Nature Communications
Tailored light inspired by nature
An international research team with Prof. Cornelia Denz from the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Münster (Germany) develop for the first time light fields using caustics that do not change during propagation. With the new method, the physicists cleverly exploit light structures that can be seen in rainbows or when light is transmitted through drinking glasses.
National Science Foundation, Excellence Initiative of the University of Aix-Marseille, Universities of Bristol, Birmingham, Münster

Contact: Cornelia Denz
denz@uni-muenster.de
0049-251-833-3517
University of Münster

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Nature Physics
Phillips group exactly solves experimental puzzle in high temperature superconductivity
A team of theoretical physicists at the Institute for Condensed Matter Theory (ICMT) in the Department of Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, led by Illinois Physics Professor Philip Phillips, has for the first time exactly solved a representative model of the cuprate problem, the 1992 Hatsugai-Kohmoto (HK) model of a doped Mott insulator. The team has published its findings online in the journal Nature Physics on July 27, 2020.
National Science Foundation's Division of Materials Research, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation's Emergent Phenomena in Quantum Systems (EPiQS) Initiative

Contact: Siv Schwink
sschwink@illinois.edu
217-300-2201
University of Illinois Grainger College of Engineering

Public Release: 29-Jul-2020
Nature
New fabrication method brings single-crystal perovskite devices closer to viability
Nanoengineers at UC San Diego developed a new method to fabricate perovskites as single-crystal thin films, which are more efficient for use in solar cells and optical devices than the current state-of-the-art polycrystalline forms of the material. Their fabrication method--which uses standard semiconductor fabrication processes--results in flexible single-crystal perovskite films with controlled area, thickness, and composition.
University of California San Diego, California Energy Commission, National Science Foundation,

Contact: Katherine Connor
khconnor@eng.ucsd.edu
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Jul-2020
iScience
Using artificial intelligence to smell the roses
A pair of researchers at the University of California, Riverside, has used machine learning to understand what a chemical smells like -- a research breakthrough with potential applications in the food flavor and fragrance industries.
UC Riverside, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 28-Jul-2020
NSF supports project to demystify communication in plants
The National Science Foundation recently awarded Margaret Frank, assistant professor of plant biology at Cornell University, a $1.3 million Faculty Early Career Development Program grant for her study of mRNA communication in plants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsey Hadlock
lmh267@cornell.edu
607-269-6911
Cornell University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2020
Avian Conservation and Ecology
For rufous hummingbirds, migration looks different depending on age and sex
Plucky, beautiful and declining in numbers at about a 2% annual rate, the rufous hummingbird makes its long annual migration in different timing and route patterns based the birds' age and sex, new research by Oregon State University shows.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, the National Science Foundation, the Western Hummingbird Partnership, the United States Forest Service

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@oregonstate.edu
541-737-0787
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2020
ACS Applied Nano Materials
Discovery will allow more sophisticated work at nanoscale
The movement of fluids through small capillaries and channels is crucial for processes ranging from blood flow through the brain to power generation and electronic cooling systems, but that movement often stops when the channel is smaller than 10 nanometers. Researchers led by a University of Houston engineer have reported a new way to stimulate the fluid flow by using a small increase in temperature or voltage.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research,National Science Foundation, US Department of Education

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 28-Jul-2020
Nature Communications
Deep sea microbes dormant for 100 million years are hungry and ready to multiply
In a new study published in Nature Communications, researchers reveal that given the right food in the right laboratory conditions, microbes collected from subseafloor sediment as old as 100 million years can revive and multiply, even after laying dormant since large dinosaurs prowled the planet.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Hanlon
peterhanlon@uri.edu
University of Rhode Island

Public Release: 27-Jul-2020
Materials Today
Study: Mapping crystal shapes could fast-track 2D materials
Materials scientists at Rice University and the University of Pennsylvania are calling for a collective, global effort to fast-track the mass production of 2D materials like graphene and molybdenum disulfide.
Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-302-2447
Rice University

Public Release: 27-Jul-2020
Current Biology
Study reveals how different mosquitoes respond to light and ti
In a new study, researchers found that night- versus day-biting species of mosquitoes are behaviorally attracted and repelled by different colors of light at different times of day. Mosquitoes are among major disease vectors impacting humans and animals around the world and the findings have important implications for using light to control them.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, ARCS Foundation

Contact: Anne Warde
awarde@hs.uci.edu
714-276-3552
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 27-Jul-2020
IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
Randomness theory could hold key to internet security
In a new paper, Cornell Tech researchers identified a problem that holds the key to whether all encryption can be broken -- as well as a surprising connection to a mathematical concept that aims to define and measure randomness.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Contact: Jeff Tyson
jeff.tyson@cornell.edu
607-793-5769
Cornell University

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