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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 1101-1125 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 22-Jul-2020
Georgia State faculty get COVID-19 funding to develop coronavirus test tools
Georgia State University researchers have received a one-year, $200,000 rapid response grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a tool to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing the COVID-19 pandemic. Technology being developed by chemistry professor Gangli Wang in collaboration with assistant biology professor Mukesh Kumar is anticipated to provide several benefits, including fast turnaround time and greatly decreased false negative outcomes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Rainey Marquez
jmarquez@gsu.edu
Georgia State University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2020
Cornell project to investigate digital ag's impacts on rural America
As technology begins to transform farming, a team of Cornell University researchers is exploring how digital agriculture could affect small and midsized farms, as well as its likely effect on the environment, to inform the design of these developing technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsey Hadlock
lmh267@cornell.edu
607-269-6911
Cornell University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2020
Social Psychology and Personality Science
Perceived "whiteness" of Middle Eastern Americans correlates with discrimination
The perceived "whiteness" of Americans of Middle Eastern and North African descent is indirectly tied to discrimination against them, and may feed a "negative cycle" in which public awareness of discrimination leads to more discrimination, according to a Rutgers-led study.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Megan Schumann
megan.schumann@rutgers.edu
848-445-1907
Rutgers University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2020
Nature
Genomic basis of bat superpowers revealed: Like how they survive deadly viruses
The genetic material that codes for bat adaptations and superpowers - such as the ability to fly, to use sound to move effortlessly in complete darkness, to tolerate and survive potentially deadly viruses, and to resist aging and cancer - has been revealed and published in Nature.
Max Planck Society, the European Research Council, the Irish Research Council, the Human Frontiers of Science Program, and the National Science Foundation (Grant number 1838273)

Contact: Greg Filiano
gregory.filiano@stonybrookmedicine.edu
631-444-9343
Stony Brook University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2020
Nature
Chemists make tough plastics recyclable
MIT chemists have developed a way to modify thermoset plastics with a chemical linker that makes it much easier to recycle them, but still allows them to retain their mechanical strength.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-460-9583
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Jul-2020
Nature
New study shows retreat of East Antarctic ice sheet during previous warm periods
Questions about the stability of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet are a major source of uncertainty in estimates of how much sea level will rise as the Earth continues to warm. For decades, scientists thought the East Antarctic Ice Sheet had remained stable for millions of years, but recent studies have begun to cast doubt on this idea. Now, researchers report new evidence of substantial ice loss from East Antarctica during an interglacial warm period about 400,000 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
New $25-million center to advance quantum science and engineering
The National Science Foundation announced this week that the University of Colorado Boulder will receive a $25 million award to launch a new quantum science and engineering research center. The Quantum Systems through Entangled Science and Engineering (Q-SEnSE) center is a partnership with 11 other research organizations in the United States and abroad.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Poppen
julie.poppen@colorado.edu
303-492-4007
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
Analyst
Silver-plated gold nanostars detect early cancer biomarkers
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have engineered a method for simultaneously detecting the presence of multiple specific microRNAs in RNA extracted from tissue samples without the need for labeling or target amplification. The technique could be used to identify early biomarkers of cancer and other diseases without the need for the elaborate, time-consuming, expensive processes and special laboratory equipment required by current technologies.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
UMaine, UMass Amherst team bioengineering a membrane to capture COVID-19 airborne droplets
Spread of COVID-19 via aerosolized droplets by talking, coughing and sneezing is a major concern. UMaine and UMass Amherst researchers are developing novel technology to facilitate the efficient collection of viruses from bioaerosols. Their model is the Nepenthes pitcher plant, which has a slippery rim and inner walls to trap insects. The interdisciplinary team will engineer a composite material with a liquid layer on the surface of a membrane to capture pathogenic particles for analysis.
National Science Foundation EAGER

Contact: Margaret Nagle
nagle@maine.edu
207-581-3745
University of Maine

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
Nature
Smile: Atomic imaging finds root of tooth decay
A collaboration between researchers from Cornell University, Northwestern University and University of Virginia combined complementary imaging techniques to explore the atomic structure of human enamel, exposing tiny chemical flaws in the fundamental building blocks of our teeth. The findings could help scientists prevent or possibly reverse tooth decay.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Science Foundation, University of Virginia

Contact: Jeff Tyson
jeff.tyson@cornell.edu
607-793-5769
Cornell University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
Astronomy & Astrophysics
New cosmic magnetic field structures discovered in galaxy NGC 4217
Spiral galaxies such as our Milky Way can have sprawling magnetic fields. There are various theories about their formation, but so far the process is not well understood. An international research team has now analysed the magnetic field of the Milky Way-like galaxy NGC 4217 in detail on the basis of radio astronomical observations and has discovered as yet unknown magnetic field structures. The data suggest that star formation and star explosions, so-called supernovae, are responsible for the visible structures.
Hans Böckler Foundation, German Research Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, NASA

Contact: Yelena Stein
yelena.stein@astro.unistra.fr
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Magnetic field of a spiral galaxy
A new image from the VLA dramatically reveals the extended magnetic field of a spiral galaxy seen edge-on from Earth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
Dalton Transactions
Working on the frontier of nanoparticle research
The Computer-Aided Nano and Energy Lab (CANELa) at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering is advancing the field of nanoparticle research, modeling metal nanoclusters that are atomically precise in structure. An article highlighting their work and its influence on the field of nanoparticles is featured on the cover of the latest issue of Dalton Transactions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Maggie Pavlick
maggiepavlick@pitt.edu
412-383-0449
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 21-Jul-2020
Physical Review Letters
Physicists find ways to control gamma radiation
Researchers from Kazan Federal University, Texas A&M University and Institute of Applied Physics (Russian Academy of Sciences) found ways to direct high frequency gamma radiation by means of acoustics.
Russian Foundation for Basic Research, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, Robert A. Welch Foundation, Government of the Russian Federation

Contact: Yury Nurmeev
jrnurmeev@kpfu.ru
Kazan Federal University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
New research reveals how hurricane Lane brought fire and rain to Hawaiian islands
A recently published study, led by University of Hawai'i at Mānoa researchers, details the compounding hazards -- fire and rain -- produced by Hurricane Lane in August 2018.
National Science Foundation EPSCoR project, 'Ike Wai

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Nature Human Behaviour
Insight into toddlers' awareness of their own uncertainty
Toddlers may not be able to describe their feelings of uncertainty, but a new study from the Center for Mind and Brain at UC Davis provides evidence that toddlers may experience and deal with uncertainty in decision making in the same way as older children and adults.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Water Research
Better wastewater treatment? It's a wrap
A shield of graphene helps particles destroy antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the free-floating genes in wastewater treatment plants.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key R&D Program of China

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Nature Communications
Advancing knowledge on archaea
An open-source data platform for researchers studying archaea is paving the way for new insights and educational opportunities.
German Research Foundation, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Agency for the Promotion of Science and Technology

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Landscape and Urban Planning
If it's big enough and leafy enough the birds will come
A new study from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology highlights specific features of urban green spaces that support the greatest diversity of bird species. The findings were published today in the journal Landscape and Urban Planning. The study focuses specifically on parks in New York City. It uses observations submitted to the eBird citizen-science database from 2002 through 2019 to estimate the variety of species found on an annual and seasonal basis.
Wolf Creek Charitable Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pat Leonard
pel27@cornell.edu
607-254-2137
Cornell University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Columbia data scientist designs better e-commerce systems
Columbia Professor receives NSF Career Award to design more efficient e-commerce and service systems that embrace consumer flexibility.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Florida
rsf8@columbia.edu
201-725-6435
Data Science Institute at Columbia

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Nature Chemistry
Physicists take stop-action images of light-driven molecular reaction
Kansas State University physicists have taken extremely fast snapshots of light-induced molecular ring-opening reactions -- similar to those that help a human body produce vitamin D from sunlight.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Rolles
rolles@phys.ksu.edu
Kansas State University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
UCI receives record $529 million in research funding for fiscal 2019-20
From cutting-edge research and clinical trials focused on cancer care to creating a new center devoted to protecting personal data privacy, University of California, Irvine scholars, scientists and physicians are blazing new paths to help change the world. And their impact keeps growing. In fiscal 2019-20, which ended June 30, UCI researchers received the most funding in campus history: $529 million in grants and contracts.
National Institutes of Health; National Institute on Aging for its Alzheimer's Disease Research Center; National Science Foundation; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; Arnold Ventures

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-285-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Photos may improve understanding of volcanic processes
The shape of volcanoes and their craters provide critical information on their formation and eruptive history. Techniques applied to photographs -- photogrammetry -- show promise and utility in correlating shape change to volcanic background and eruption activity.
National Science Foundation, NASA PA Space Grant WISER program

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Nature Physics
Ultracold mystery: Solved
Last December, Harvard researchers designed technology that could achieve the lowest temperature chemical reactions and then broke and formed the coldest bonds in the history of molecular coupling. Now, though reactions are considered too fast to measure, they determined the exact lifespan of their intermediate--the space between reactants and products--and solved the mystery of why some ultracold molecules simply disappear.
Department of Energy, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Dutch Research Council (NWO), National Science Foundation, Department of Defense, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

Contact: Caitlin McDermott-Murphy
cmcdermottmurphy@fas.harvard.edu
857-205-5289
Harvard University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2020
Science China: Earth Sciences
Tidal variation of total suspended solids over the Yangtze bank
The movement and distribution of suspended sediment directly affects the hydrodynamic and ecological environment of the coastal ocean. A recent study revealed the high resolution spatial distribution and tidal variation of suspended sediment over the Yangtze Bank. And the relevant article was reported in Science China: Earth Sciences.
National Key Technology R&D Program, China, NSFC-Zhejiang Joint Fund for the Integration of Industrialization and Informatization, Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Yan Bei
yanbei@scichina.org
Science China Press

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