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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 924.

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Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
Science Translational Medicine
New biomaterial for preventing uncontrolled bleeding
Researchers have developed a rapidly deployable hydrogel that can hold its shape within a blood vessel to prevent bleeding, even in those who cannot form blood clots.
National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Sloan Foundation, Mayo Clinic

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@partners.org
617-525-6383
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Study provides insight into children's race and gender identities
New research from the University of Washington finds that children age 7 to 12 rate gender as more important than race -- but that their perceptions are both are a complex tangle of personal and societal influences.
National Science Foundation, Spencer Foundation/National Academy of Education

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
Applied Physics Letters
New LEDs may offer better way to clean water in remote areas
For the first time, researchers have created light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on lightweight flexible metal foil. Engineers at The Ohio State University are developing the foil based LEDs for portable ultraviolet (UV) lights that soldiers and others can use to purify drinking water and sterilize medical equipment.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
Nature Communications
Virginia Tech researchers explore gigantic volcanic eruptions that led to mass extinctions
A paper confirms a major feature in the formation of large igneous provinces -- massive worldwide volcanic eruptions that created incredibly high volumes of lava and triggered environmental catastrophes and mass extinctions.
National Science Foundation, Petrology and Geochemistry and Tectonics Program

Contact: Michael Stowe
mstowe@vt.edu
540-231-2611
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
AAAI Fall Symposium on Privacy and Language Technologies
Mobile app behavior often appears at odds with privacy policies
How a mobile app says it will collect or share a user's personal information with third parties often appears to be inconsistent with how the app actually behaves, a new automated analysis system developed by Carnegie Mellon University has revealed.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Research Laboratory

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
Molecular Psychiatry
High-fat diet disrupts brain maturation
The latest study by researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich suggests that excessive consumption of fatty foods could severely disrupt the development of the prefrontal cortex in the maturing brains of young people. This could potentially lead to cognitive defects in later adulthood in areas such as learning and memory, personality and impulse control.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Union Seventh Framework Program, Inserm, ETH Zurich, Mineco

Contact: Prof. Dr. Urs Meyer
urs.meyer@vetpharm.uzh.ch
41-446-358-844
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
mSystems
New model reveals adaptations of world's most abundant ocean microbe
Researchers from the University of Hawai'i and Chalmers University of Technology developed a computer model which takes into account hundreds of genes, chemical reactions, and compounds required for the survival of Prochlorococcus, the most abundant photosynthetic microbe on the planet. They found that Prochlorococcus has made extensive alterations to its metabolism as a way to reduce its dependence on phosphorus, an element that is essential and often growth-limiting in the ocean.
National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation, Swedish Research Council, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
Nature Communications
For First Nations people, effects of European contact are recorded in the genome
A study of the genomes of 25 individuals who lived 1,000 to 6,000 years ago on the north coast of present-day British Columbia, and 25 of their descendants who still live in the region today, opens a new window on the catastrophic consequences of European colonization for indigenous peoples in that part of the world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Physical Review Letters
Slow motion waves of jumping genes in the human genome
A new study by two Illinois researchers has demonstrated that dynamic elements within the human genome interact with each other in a way that strongly resembles the patterns seen in populations of predators and prey.
Center for the Physics of Living Cells, National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Institute

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Advanced Materials
2-D material a brittle surprise
Rice scientists discovered that molybdenum diselenide, a two-dimensional material being eyed for flexible electronics and next-generation optical devices, is more brittle than expected.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Welch Foundation, US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences, National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Nature Human Behavior
Princeton-led study finds facial impressions driven by our own experiences
The pseudoscience of physiognomy -- judging people's character from their faces -- has been around for centuries, but a new Princeton University study shows that people make such judgments based on their own experiences.
NWO Rubicon, United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
johncramer@princeton.edu
609-933-2880
Princeton University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Kelp forests globally resilient, but may need local solutions to environmental threats
The first global assessment of marine kelp ecosystems shows that these critically important habitats have exhibited a surprising resilience to environmental impacts over the past 50 years, but they have a wide variability in long-term responses that will call for regional management efforts to help protect their health in the future.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Novak
mark.novak@oregonstate.edu
541-737-3610
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Forest fires in Sierra Nevada driven by past land use
Forest fire activity in California's Sierra Nevada since 1600 has been influenced more by how humans used the land than by climate. For the years 1600 to 2015, the team found four periods, each lasting at least 55 years, where the frequency and extent of forest fires clearly differed from the time period before or after. The fire regimes corresponded to different types of human occupation and use of the land, rather than changes in climate.
The US Forest Service, George H. Deike, Jr. Research Endowment Fund, US Geological Survey, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
mnjensen@email.arizona.edu
520-626-9635
University of Arizona

Public Release: 11-Nov-2016
Water Resources Research
Research finds new approach for quantifying nitrate discharge from groundwater to streams
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new way to determine the rate at which nitrate pollution will make its way from groundwater into streams.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Cosmic whistle packs a surprisingly energetic punch
For the first time, astronomers have discovered that mysterious 'cosmic whistles' known as fast radio bursts have a billion times more explosive power than previously known. The team is the first to detect gamma rays -- the most powerful type of electromagnetic energy -- in these fast radio bursts, which previously had been detected exclusively in radio waves -- the least powerful type of electromagnetic energy
Penn State University, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
BarbaraKennedy@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Study to explore detection of learning disabilities through physical movement
An Indiana University physicist and neuroscientist who studies how physical movement can be used to detect autism in children and adults has received support from the National Science Foundation. The $750,000 NSF grant to IU scientist Jorge V. José and collaborators will be used to apply analytical methods pioneered at IU and Rutgers University toward diagnosing, and possibly treating, a wider range of learning disabilities.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Predators can drive increase in virus populations, new study shows
In what scientists say could be a potential 'game-changer' in the study of virology, a new study shows that a predator's consumption of prey can catalyze the natural rise and fall of chlorovirus populations.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Stanley Medical Research Institute

Contact: David Dunigan
ddunigan2@unl.edu
402-472-5776
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Physical Review B
'Exceptional' nanosensor architecture based on exceptional points
Researchers from the University of California San Diego have developed a novel design for a compact, ultra-sensitive nanosensor that can be used to make portable health-monitoring devices and to detect minute quantities of toxins and explosives for security applications. The nanosensor design combines three-dimensional plasmonic nanoparticles with singularities called exceptional points -- a combination that's being demonstrated for the first time.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative

Contact: Liezel Labios
llabios@ucsd.edu
858-246-1124
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Making the most of clean energy
Recent years have witnessed the rise of an economic revolution -- the so-called sharing economy -- across many facets of business. Could the electricity marketplace be next? Boris Defourny, assistant professor of industrial and systems engineering at Lehigh University, seeks to understand how this could take shape. He's recently won a grant from the NSF to understand how to optimize the integration of renewable energy for usage across the power grid.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Larkin, Lehigh University
engineering@lehigh.edu
Lehigh University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
BMC Genomics
IUPUI maps genome of black blow fly; may benefit human health, advance pest management
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis researchers have sequenced genome of black blow flies, insects that have environmental, medical and forensic uses, functioning as nature's recyclers, as wound cleansers and as forensic timekeepers.
School of Science at Indiana University Purdue University at Indianapolis, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-843-2275
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Science
Red squirrels in the British Isles are infected with leprosy bacteria
Microbiologists at EPFL and the University of Edinburgh have discovered that red squirrels in Britain and Ireland carry the two bacterial species that cause leprosy in humans.
Fondation Raoul Follereau, Swiss National Science Foundation, Thomas O'Hanlon Memorial Award in Veterinary Medicine

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Science
Your birth year predicts your odds if flu pandemic were to strike
We are not blank slates with regard to how susceptible we are to emerging strains of influenza virus, researchers from the University of Arizona and the University of California have discovered. Rather, our birth year allows predictions about whether we may fall seriously ill or die from a future flu pandemic. The mechanisms underlying this acquired immunity could provide relevant information for the development of a universal flu vaccine.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Department of Homeland Security, Fogarty International Center

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 9-Nov-2016
Nature
Study finds major ocean current is widening as climate warms
A new study by University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers found that the Indian Ocean's Agulhas Current is getting wider rather than strengthening. The findings, which have important implications for global climate change, suggest that intensifying winds in the region may be increasing the turbulence of the current, rather than increasing its flow rate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 9-Nov-2016
Advanced Materials
'Bottlebrush' polymers make dielectric elastomers increasingly viable for use in devices
A multi-institutional research team has developed a new electroactive polymer material that can change shape and size when exposed to a relatively small electric field. The advance overcomes two longstanding challenges regarding the use of electroactive polymers to develop new devices, opening the door to a suite of applications ranging from microrobotics to designer haptic, optic, microfluidic and wearable technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 9-Nov-2016
Applied Physics Letters
Nano-scale electronics score laboratory victory
Researchers have pioneered a method for growing an atomic scale electronic material at the highest quality ever reported. The technique for synthesizing large sheets of high-performing monolayer tungsten disulfide is a critical step toward developing next-generation transistors, wearable electronics, and even flexible biomedical devices. Tungsten disulfide holds more promise than graphene for 2D transistors and can strongly absorb and emit light, making it ideal for applications in optoelectronics, sensing, and flexible electronics.
National Science Foundation, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
646-997-3792
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Showing releases 126-150 out of 924.

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