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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 126-150 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
American Economic Review
Can mammogram screening be more effective?
MIT economists have identified an important challenge in designing age-related guidelines for when to start breast cancer screenings: Women who start getting mammograms at age 40 may be healthier than the population of 40-year-old women as a whole, with a lower incidence of breast cancer at that age.
Support for the research was provided, in part, by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation, the National Institute on Aging, and the National Science Foundation.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Physical Review X
Physicists quantum simulate a system in which fermions with multiple flavors behave like bosons
Quantum simulations show that boson-like behaviours, so-called bosonization, emerge from an ensemble of fermions in three-dimensional systems, despite that bosons and fermions are governed by distinct quantum statistics
The Croucher Foundation, the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong and the U.S. National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindy Wong
lindywong@ust.hk
852-235-86306
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Sedimentology
University of Oregon researchers solve a Colorado River mystery
University of Oregon researchers have published two papers that provide new evidence that today's desert landscape of the Colorado River's lower valley was submerged roughly 5 million to 6 million years ago under shallow seas with strong, fluctuating tidal currents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
mSphere
TGen identifies gene that could explain disparity in COVID-19 effects
TGen identified a genetic target that could help explain the tremendous variation in how sick those infected with COVID-19 become. Led by Nicholas Schork, Ph.D., Director of TGen's Quantitative Medicine and Systems Biology Division, researchers identified miR1307 by comparing the genetic elements of SARS-Cov-2 with seven other human coronaviruses, and the genomes of coronavirus strains known to infect bats, pigs, pangolins, ferrets, civets and chickens.
National Science Foundation, Dell Technologies

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
syozwiak@tgen.org
602-620-4749
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Astronomers detect possible radio emission from exoplanet
By monitoring the cosmos with a radio telescope array, a Cornell University-led international team of scientists has detected radio bursts emanating from the constellation Bo÷tes. The signal could be the first radio emission collected from a planet beyond our solar system.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Tyson
jeff.tyson@cornell.edu
607-793-5769
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Graduate student's BADASS code has astronomical benefits
An astro-statistics course UC Riverside graduate student Remington Sexton took three years ago taught him techniques that led him to develop free, open-source code benefiting astronomers everywhere. Called BADASS, the code is unique in that it provides a way for astronomers to fit the stellar motions of stars simultaneously with many other components, is written in a popular programming language, and is versatile enough to fit not just active galactic nuclei but also normal galaxies.
National Science Foundation, NASA MIRO program.

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Science Advances
The DNA regions in our brain that contribute to make us human
With only 1% difference, the human and chimpanzee protein-coding genomes are remarkably similar. Understanding the biological features that make us human is part of a fascinating and intensely debated line of research. Researchers at the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and the University of Lausanne have developed a new approach to pinpoint, for the first time, adaptive human-specific changes in the way genes are regulated in the brain.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Maia Berman
maia.berman@sib.swiss
41-216-924-054
Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Nature
New type of atomic clock keeps time even more precisely
An MIT-designed atomic clock uses entangled atoms to keep time even more precisely than its state-of-the-art counterparts. The design could help scientists detect dark matter and study gravity's effect on time.
DARPA, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Science Advances
New study redefines understanding of where icebergs put meltwater into the Southern Ocean
A new study by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW) has provided the first-of-its-kind model for how large, tabular icebergs decay as they drift around the frozen continent.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chase Martin
ccm003@ucsd.edu
678-983-5837
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Nature
Quantum insulators create multilane highways for electrons
A team of researchers from Penn State has experimentally realized a quantum phenomenon in a multilayered insulator, essentially producing a multilane highway for the transport of electrons that could increase the speed and efficiency of information transfer without energy loss.
Department of Energy, U.S. Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Betty Moore Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Kaufman Foundation

Contact: Gail McCormick
GailMcCormick@psu.edu
814-863-0901
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Nature
JILA's bigger and better 'tweezer clock' is super stable
JILA physicists have boosted the signal power of their atomic 'tweezer clock' and measured its performance in part for the first time, demonstrating high stability close to the best of the latest generation of atomic clocks.
Army Research Office, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Standards and Technology

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Cell
RNA molecules are masters of their own destiny
A new paper suggests that RNA molecules are responsible for regulating their own formation through a feedback loop. Too few RNA molecules, and the cell initiates transcription to create more. Then, at a certain threshold, too many RNA molecules cause transcription to draw to a halt.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Gruss-Lipper Postdoctoral Fellowship, Rothschild Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Lisa Girard
lgirard@wi.mit.edu
617-945-6191
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 16-Dec-2020
Child Development
African American youth who receive positive messages about their racial group may perform better in school
Youth of color represent over half of the school-aged population (kindergarten through twelfth grade) in public schools in the United States. This creates a need for evidence-driven approaches that address the pervasive Black-White achievement gap. A new longitudinal study shows that African American youth who receive positive messages about their racial group in school achieved better school grades one to two years later.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jessica Efstathiou
jefstathiou@srcd.org
202-800-3255
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
National Science Review
Reversible superoxide-peroxide conversion drives high-capacity potassium-metal batte
Boosting the energy density is a universal topic for energy storage devices, especially for the low-price potassium-ion battery (KIB) technology, in which the limited specific capacities of cathode seriously hinder its development. Regarded as an attractive capacity-boosting strategy, triggering the O-related anionic redox activity has not been realized within sealed KIB system. Herein, the reversible superoxide/peroxide (KO2/K2O2) inter-conversion on a KOČ2-based cathode has been achieved in high-energy-density KIBs.
National Basic Research Program of China, NSF of China

Contact: Haoshen Zhou
hszhou@nju.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
AGU's fall meeting
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Urban land and aerosols amplify hazardous weather, steer storms toward cities
Urban landscapes and human-made aerosols have the potential to not only make gusts stronger and hail larger; they can also start storms sooner and even pull them toward cities, according to new research exploring the impact of urban development on hazardous weather.
DOE's Office of Science and the National Science Foundation, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, a DOE Office of Science user facility

Contact: Brendan Bane
brendan.bane@pnnl.gov
951-318-5969
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Nature Machine Intelligence
Accurate neural network computer vision without the 'black box'
New research by a team at Duke University offers clues to what goes on inside the minds of machines as they learn to see. Instead of attempting to account for a neural network's decision-making on a post hoc basis, their method shows how the network learns along the way, by revealing how much the network calls to mind different concepts to help decipher what it sees as the image travels through successive layers.
MIT-Lincoln Laboratory, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cynthia Rudin
cynthia@cs.duke.edu
919-660-6555
Duke University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Journal of Physical Oceanography
Oceanographers have an explanation for the Arctic's puzzling ocean turbulence
MIT oceanographers have an explanation for the Arctic's puzzling ocean turbulence: Their study suggests waters will become more turbulent as Arctic loses summertime ice.
This research is supported, in part, by the National Science Foundation.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Environmental Science & Technology
'Peecycling' payoff: Urine diversion shows multiple environmental benefits when used at city scale
Diverting urine away from municipal wastewater treatment plants and recycling the nutrient-rich liquid to make crop fertilizer would result in multiple environmental benefits when used at city scale, according to a new University of Michigan-led study.
National Science Foundation and the Water Research Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
eLife
To the brain, reading computer code is not the same as reading language
MIT neuroscientists have found reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain involved in language processing. Instead, it activates the "multiple demand network," which is also recruited for complex cognitive tasks such as solving math problems or crossword puzzles.
National Science Foundation, the Department of the Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT, and the McGovern Institute for Brain Research

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-460-9583
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Nano Letters
Weak force has strong impact on nanosheets
Rice University scientists find the ubiquitous, "weak" van der Waals force is sufficient to indent rigid nanosheets, hinting at applications in nanoscale optics or catalytic systems.
Robert A. Welch Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (ACM MobiCom)
Earable computing: A new research area in the making
Research Group (SyNRG) at UIUC is defining a new sub-area of mobile technology that they call "earable computing." The team believes that earphones will be the next significant milestone in wearable devices, and that new hardware, software, and apps will all run on this platform.
NSF, NIH, Nokia, Google

Contact: Allie Arp
aarp@illinois.edu
University of Illinois Grainger College of Engineering

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
The phantom chorus: birdsong boosts human well-being in protected areas
Although many studies have found that humans benefit from spending time in nature, few studies have explored why. Researchers hid speakers that played recorded songs from a diverse group of birds on two sections of trails in Colorado. Hikers who heard the bird songs reported a greater sense of well-being than those who didn't. The survey results showed that both the sounds themselves and people's perception of biodiversity can increase humans' feelings of well-being.
National Science Foundation Grant 1414171, Boulder Open Space and Mountain Parks Research Program, National Park Service Natural Sounds and Night Skies Division, Cal Poly William and Linda Frost Fund in the College of Science and Mathematics

Contact: Clinton Francis
cdfranci@calpoly.edu
49-815-793-2351
California Polytechnic State University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Royal Society Biology Letters
My, what sharp teeth
A new analysis shows dinosaurs and gorgonopsians developed the same specific cutting tooth. The study shows gorgonopsians, a lineage more related to humans than dinosaurs, actually did it first.
National Science Foundation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada the National Geographic Society, the Field Museum of Natural History, and the IDP Foundation, Inc

Contact: Juan Siliezar
juan_siliezar@harvard.edu
401-280-3061
Harvard University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Purdue researchers uncover blind spots at the intersection of AI and neuroscience
Is it possible to read a person's mind by analyzing the electric signals from the brain? The answer may be much more complex than most people think. Purdue University researchers - working at the intersection of artificial intelligence and neuroscience - say a prominent dataset used to try to answer this question is confounded, and therefore many eye-popping findings that were based on this dataset and received high-profile recognition are false after all.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Adam
cladam@prf.org
Purdue University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2020
Journal of Adolescent Health
Nearly half of young drivers are resuming driving just weeks after sustaining a concussion
Researchers found that nearly half of adolescents who sought specialty care for a concussion were back to driving when asked approximately two weeks after the injury, even though few had returned to exercise and sports.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Leach
leachb@chop.edu
609-634-7906
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1140.

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