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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1043.

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Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
$2.6 million to build versatile genetic toolkit for studying animal behavior
Sophisticated techniques for testing hypotheses about the brain by activating and silencing genes are currently available for only a handful of model organisms. Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis are working on a simplified toolkit that will allow scientists who study animal behavior to manipulate the genomes of many other animals with the hope of accelerating progress in our understanding of the brain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
Researchers detect exoplanet with glowing water atmosphere
Scientists have found compelling evidence for a stratosphere on an enormous planet outside our solar system. The planet's stratosphere -- a layer of atmosphere where temperature increases with higher altitudes -- is hot enough to boil iron. WASP-121b, located approximately 900 light-years from Earth, is a gas giant exoplanet commonly referred to as a 'hot Jupiter.'
NASA, European Research Council, French National Agency for Research, Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness, National Science Foundation, European Space Agency, Royal Astronomical Society, and others

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
New NSF grants support studies of viruses and efforts to reduce pharmaceutical costs
University of Delaware researchers have won millions in new support for studies of viruses and efforts to reduce pharmaceutical costs. The two projects were announced by the National Science Foundation's Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR). They are among eight projects totaling $41.7 million across the United States that aim to build U.S. research capacity in work that has potential for improved crop yields, better prediction of human disease risk and new drug therapies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Team receives $6 million for research that could lower drug prices
Sarah W. Harcum of Clemson University is leading a team that has received $6 million for research that could help lower the cost of several drugs that run into the thousands of dollars per treatment and fight some of the world's most debilitating ailments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Alongi
palongi@clemson.edu
864-350-7908
Clemson University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
'Perfect liquid' quark-gluon plasma is the most vortical fluid
Particle collisions recreating the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) that filled the early universe reveal that droplets of this primordial soup swirl far faster than any other fluid. The new analysis from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) shows that the 'vorticity' of the QGP surpasses the whirling fluid dynamics of super-cell tornado cores and Jupiter's Great Red Spot, and even beats out the fastest spin record held by nanodroplets of superfluid helium.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
Ancient DNA analysis reveals Minoan and Mycenaean origins
DNA analysis of archaeological remains has revealed that Ancient Minoans and Mycenaens were genetically similar with both peoples descending from early Neolithic farmers. They likely migrated from Anatolia to Greece and Crete thousands of years before the Bronze Age. Modern Greeks are largely descendants of the Mycenaeans, the study found.The Minoan civilization flourished on Crete beginning in the third millennium B.C.E. and was advanced artistically and technologically. The Minoans were also the first literate people of Europe.
Royal Society, Institute for Aegean Prehistory, Irish Research Council, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Max Planck Society, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Lucille P. Markey Charitable Trust

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
ASU geoscientists find explanation for puzzling pockets of rock deep in Earth's mantle
The boundary between Earth's core and mantle is home to isolated pockets of rock which scientists have been unable to explain up until now.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Burnham
robert.burnham@asu.edu
480-458-8207
Arizona State University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Green Chemistry
Catalysts developed at Carnegie Mellon efficiently and rapidly remove BPA from water
Carnegie Mellon University chemist Terrence J. Collins has developed an approach that quickly and cheaply removes more than 99 percent of bisphenol A (BPA) from water. BPA, a ubiquitous and dangerous chemical used in the manufacturing of many plastics, is found in water sources around the world. The CMU team and collaborators at the University of Auckland and Oregon State University also compiled evidence of BPA's presence in a multitude of products and water sources.
Carnegie Mellon University, University of Auckland, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Carnegie Mellon's Steinbrenner Institute for Environmental Education and Research, Heinz Endowments, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Cell Chemical Biology
Aye group discovers avenue for precision cancer treatment
One of the goals of personalized medicine is to be able to determine which treatment would work best by sequencing a patient's genome. New research from the lab of Yimon Aye, assistant professor of chemistry and chemical biology, could help make that approach a reality.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Sloan Fellowship, Beckman Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Environmental Science: Nano
Magnetized viruses attack harmful bacteria
Antibacterial phages combined with magnetic nanoparticle clusters effectively kill infectious bacteria found in water treatment systems. A weak magnetic field draws the clusters into biofilms that protect the bacteria and break them up so the phages can reach them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
41st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB)
Smart underwear proven to prevent back stress with just a tap
Unlike other back-saving devices, this one is mechanized and was tested with motion capture, force plates and electromyography.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Heidi Hall
heidi.hall@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-6614
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Safely releasing genetically modified genes into the wild
So, you've genetically engineered a malaria-resistant mosquito, now what? How many mosquitos would you need to replace the disease-carrying wild type? What is the most effective distribution pattern? How could you stop a premature release of the engineered mosquitoes? Applied mathematicians and physicists from Harvard and Princeton Universities used mathematical modeling to guide the design and distribution of genetically modified genes that can both effectively replace wild mosquitoes and be safely controlled.
National Science Foundation, Harvard Materials Science Research and Engineering Center

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
CU Boulder team studying South African primate responses to challenging environment
CU Boulder Professor Michelle Sauther has received a $245,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to continue research on two of the world's least studied non-human primates: the iconic, big-eyed African bushbabies, also known as galagos.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Sauther
michelle.sauther@colorado.edu
303-492-1712
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Brown to lead 'NeuroNex' center for creating bioluminescent neuroscience tools
In a new collaboration, scientists will advance and freely disseminate a research technology that makes brain cells able to produce, respond to and communicate with light that they make themselves via bioluminescence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
UTA biologist works with internationally recognized museums on the evolution of vision
A biologist at The University of Texas at Arlington has received a national funding for a project which uses frogs as a model to investigate how differences in habitat such as living above or below ground affect the functions and development of the eye. Results from the research will be exhibited in the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and the Natural History Museum in London - the two most-visited natural history museums in the world, with over 13 million combined annual visitors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Chemical Science
Building bridges within the cell -- using light
Each cell in the body is made up of a number of tiny sealed membranous subunits called organelles, and they send things like lipids back and forth to allow the cell to function. A process called membrane tethering is responsible for bridging the gap between organelles, and now, Texas A&M researchers have discovered a way to manipulate this tethering. The study was the cover story in the journal Chemical Science.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, American Cancer Society, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, American Heart Association, National Science Foundation of China, Ministry of Science and Technology of China

Contact: Holly Shive
hshive@tamhsc.edu
979-436-0613
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Neurobiology of Aging
Kent State researchers help find pathologic hallmarks of Alzheimer's in aged chimpanzee brains
Humans are considered uniquely susceptible to Alzheimer's disease, potentially due to genetic differences, changes in brain structure and function during evolution, and an increased lifespan. However, a new study published Aug. 1 in Neurobiology of Aging provides the most extensive evidence of Alzheimer's disease brain pathology in a primate species to date. Researchers found that the brains of aged chimpanzees, our closest living relatives, show pathology similar to the human Alzheimer's disease brain.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Ann Raghanti
mraghant@kent.edu
330-672-9354
Kent State University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
$9 million grant will create neurotech research hub at Cornell
As neuroscientists examine challenging questions about the complexities of the central nervous system, new tools to be developed at Cornell University will provide them with an unprecedented glimpse into the inner workings of the brain thanks to a five-year, $9 million grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Decoding a treasure trove of data from the brain
Research and new technologies have dramatically expanded the amount of data that can be captured from the brain over the past few years. The challenge now is to determine what that data can tell us. A group of researchers, led by Krešimir Josic, a mathematical biologist at the University of Houston, has been awarded a $4.39 million grant from the National Science Foundation to develop new methods to analyze and interpret neural data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Pregnancy loss and the evolution of sex are linked by cellular line dance
In new research published this week (Aug. 1, 2017) in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Levitis and his collaborators report that meiosis takes a heavy toll on the viability of offspring. And not just for humans. Creatures from geckos to garlic and cactuses to cockroaches pay a price to undergo sexual reproduction.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dan Levitis
levitis@wisc.edu
207-440-0062
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Baby fish exercising, a surprising source of adaptive variation in fish jaws
A frustration of evolutionary biologists, says Craig Albertson at UMass Amherst, is that genetics can account for only a small percent of variation in physical traits. He reports new results on how another factor, a behavior in early cichlid fish larvae's developmental environment, influences later variation in their craniofacial bones.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Craig Albertson
albertson@bio.umass.edu
413-545-2902
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 31-Jul-2017
Advanced Functional Materials
Bacterial biofilms, begone
A new material, described in Advanced Functional Materials, could form the basis for a new kind of antibacterial surface that prevents infections and reduces our reliance on antibiotics.
State of Colorado Advanced Industry Grant, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2017
Scientific Reports
Successful prediction of multi-year US droughts and wildfire risk
A new study shows that difference in water temperature between the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans together with global warming impact the risk of drought and wildfire in southwestern North America. A new model proves capable of much longer-term forecasts of mega-drought and active wildfire seasons than those currently available to people in agriculture, water management and forestry.
University of Southern California Center for High-Performance Computing and Communications, National Center for Atmospheric Research's Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Science Foundation

Contact: Yoshimitsu Chikamoto
yoshi.chikamoto@usu.edu
435-797-0832
Utah State University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rusting fool's gold in glaciers a sign of increased carbon
Oxidation of pyrite shows glaciers contribute to the Earth's carbon cycle feedback.
USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ian Chaffee
ichaffee@usc.edu
213-810-8554
University of Southern California

Public Release: 31-Jul-2017
Advanced Materials
Energy storage solution combines polymers and nanosheets
A new, lightweight composite material for energy storage in flexible electronics, electric vehicles and aerospace applications has been experimentally shown to store energy at operating temperatures well above current commercial polymers, according to a team of Penn State scientists. This polymer-based, ultrathin material can be produced using techniques already used in industry.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1043.

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