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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 882.

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Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Nature Chemistry
Discovery: A new form of light
Scientists have discovered a new method to create fluorescent light that may have promising applications from LEDs to medical imaging.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Nature Geoscience
Case of the missing continental crust solved: It sank
University of Chicago scientists and a colleague at Miami University of Ohio have concluded that half the original mass of Eurasia and India disappeared into the Earth's interior before the two continents began their slow-motion collision approximately 60 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Physical Review Fluids
MIT engineers design beaver-inspired wetsuit material
Beavers and sea otters lack the thick layer of blubber that insulates walruses and whales. And yet these small, semiaquatic mammals can keep warm and even dry while diving, by trapping warm pockets of air in dense layers of fur. Inspired by these fuzzy swimmers, MIT engineers have now fabricated fur-like, rubbery pelts and used them to identify a mechanism by which air is trapped between individual hairs when the pelts are plunged into liquid.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Watching stem cells change provides clues to fighting osteoporosis in older women
For years, scientists have studied how stem cells might be used to treat many diseases, including osteoporosis. One consistent challenge has been observing and monitoring the process through which stem cells transform. Now, using an established scientific method, University of Missouri researchers are able to watch how human fat cells transform into bone tissue cells; in the process the research team has uncovered information about osteoporosis in older women.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
PLOS Biology
Clean water-treatment option targets sporadic outbreaks
Environmental and biomedical engineer David Wendell, an associate professor in the University of Cincinnati's College of Engineering and Applied Science, developed a protein-based photocatalyst that uses light to generate hydrogen peroxide to eliminate E. coli, Listeria, and potentially protozoa like giardia and cryptosporidium from drinking water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Bach
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Biological Conservation
Online software helps citizen scientists solve real-world problems
With proper training and recently launched online software and web-portal, citizen scientists can follow scientific-based practices to improve environmental decision-making and even secure funding to help solve environmental problems, says a new study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Reservoirs are a major source of greenhouse gases
Dammed rivers are often considered environmentally friendly, carbon-neutral energy sources, but the reservoirs they create release large amounts of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Chinese Academy of Sciences, European Research Counci, US Army Corps of Engineers Climate Preparedness and Resilience Programs

Contact: Eric Sorensen
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Plant Physiology
New discoveries offer critical information for improving crop yield
Danforth Center research is addressing environmental issues related to production agriculture.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Melanie Bernds
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Urban warming slows tree growth, photosynthesis
New research finds that urban warming reduces growth and photosynthesis in city trees. The researchers found that insect pests are part of the problem, but that heat itself plays a more significant role.
US Department of the Interior, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Smartphone microscope creates interactive tool for microbiology
An easily assembled smartphone microscope provides new ways of interacting with and learning about common microbes. The open-source device could be used by teachers or in other educational settings.
National Science Foundation, Stanford Graduate Fellowship

Contact: Amy Adams
Stanford University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Embedded Systems Week
Wireless 'data center on a chip' aims to cut energy use
A Washington State University research team has designed a tiny, wireless data center that someday could be as small as a hand-held device and dramatically reduce the energy needed to run such centers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Partha Pratim Pande
Washington State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Brain study reveals how teens learn differently than adults
Scientists have uncovered a unique feature of the adolescent brain that enriches teens' ability to learn and form memories: the coordinated activity of two distinct brain regions. This observation, which stands in contrast to the adult brain, may be related to teens' oft-derided affinity for reward-seeking behavior. These findings suggest that such behavior is not necessarily detrimental, but instead may be a critical feature of adolescence and the maturing brain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
The Zuckerman Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Biophysical Journal
When push comes to shove: Size matters for particles in our bloodstream
Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs.
National Science Foundation Early-concept Grant for Exploratory Research

Contact: Anson Ma
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Ocean conditions contributed to unprecedented 2015 toxic algal bloom
A new study is the first publication to connect the unprecedented West Coast toxic algal bloom of 2015 to the unusually warm ocean conditions -- nicknamed 'the blob' -- earlier that year.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Professor awarded NSF grant to identify best practices for K-12 computing education
Researchers from Rochester Institute of Technology and Bradley University are finding the best ways to get diverse pre-college students interested in computing as a career. Adrienne Decker, an assistant professor of interactive games and media at RIT, and Monica McGill, an associate professor of game design at Bradley University, have received a $1.19 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study the long-term impact of computing activities students have engaged in prior to college.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Bureau
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
TSRI scientists receive two new grants to explore 'click chemistry' applications
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have received a grant of nearly $1.9 million from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of General Medical Sciences and a grant of $640,000 from the National Science Foundation for two new projects that take advantage of "click chemistry."
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Understanding chromatin's cancer connection
New live-cell imaging technique allows Northwestern University researchers to study chromatin's dynamic processes, including its role in cancer and disease.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Chicago Biomedical Consortium

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Scientists triple known types of viruses in world's oceans
The world's oceans teem with scientific mystery, unknowns that could prove to be tools that will one day protect the planet from global warming. Researchers report they've tripled the known types of viruses living in waters around the globe, and now have a better idea what role they play in nature.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Simon Roux
Ohio State University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society
Detonating white dwarfs as supernovae
A new mathematical model created by astrophysicists at the American Museum of Natural History details a way that dead stars called white dwarfs could detonate, producing a type of explosion that is instrumental to measuring the extreme distances in our universe. The mechanism, described in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, could improve our understanding of how Type Ia supernovae form.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
New fault discovered in earthquake-prone Southern California region
A swarm of nearly 200 small earthquakes that shook Southern California residents in the Salton Sea area last week raised concerns they might trigger a larger earthquake on the southern San Andreas Fault. At the same time, scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the Nevada Seismological Laboratory at the University of Nevada, Reno published their recent discovery of a potentially significant fault that lies along the eastern edge of the Salton Sea.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
National Science Foundation supports Stony Creek Colors and Danforth Center collaboration
From seed to closet, transforming the fashion industry through plant science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melanie Bernds
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
'Connectosomes' create gateway for improved chemo delivery, fewer side effects
Engineering researchers have developed a new method that delivers chemotherapy directly and efficiently to individual cells. The approach provides a faster means of targeting and killing cancer cells with significantly lower doses of chemo than conventional drug delivery methods, which could decrease side effects for patients.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Texas 4000 for Cancer

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters
Study solves 50-year-old puzzle tied to enigmatic, lone wolf waves
Solitary waves called solitons are one of nature's great curiosities: unlike other waves, these lone wolf waves keep their energy and shape as they travel, instead of dissipating or dispersing as most other waves do. In a new paper in Physics Review Letters, a team of mathematicians, physicists and engineers tackles a famous, 50-year-old problem tied to these enigmatic entities.
Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Burgundy Region

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Penn scientists receive $24 million for mechanobiology center
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Pennsylvania a $24 million, five-year grant to establish a Science and Technology Center focused on engineering mechanobiology, or the way cells exert and are influenced by the physical forces in their environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Omnidirectional mobile robot has just 2 moving parts
More than a decade ago, Carnegie Mellon University's Ralph Hollis invented the ballbot, an elegantly simple robot whose tall, thin body glides atop a sphere slightly smaller than a bowling ball. The latest version, called SIMbot, has an equally elegant motor with just one moving part: the ball. The spherical induction motor (SIM) eliminates the mechanical drive systems of previous ballbots.
National Science Foundation, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI) of Japan

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 882.

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