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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1144.

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Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
eLife
Tracking mosquitoes with your cellphone
A simple recording of a mosquito's buzz on a cellphone could contribute to a global-scale mosquito tracking map of unprecedented detail.
Stanford University, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NWO Rubicon, National Science Foundation, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, PEW Foundation, MacArth

Contact: Taylor Kubota, Stanford News Service
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
Journal of Human Evolution
Humans don't use as much brainpower as we like to think
When it comes to brainpower, humans aren't as exceptional as we like to think. For years, scientists assumed that humans devote a larger share of calories to their brains than other animals. Although the human brain makes up only 2 percent of body weight, it consumes more than 25 percent of the body's energy budget. But a comparison of the relative brain costs of 22 species found that other animals have hungry brains too.
National Science Foundation, Leakey Foundation Research

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-225-6208
Duke University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
Association for Computing Machinery's User Interface Software and Technology Symposium
How to store information in your clothes invisibly, without electronics
University of Washington computer scientists have created fabrics and fashion accessories that can store data -- from security codes to identification tags -- without needing any on-board electronics or sensors.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Google

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-430-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Chromosome organization emerges from 1-D patterns
Researchers at Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have developed a method to predict how a human chromosome folds based solely on the epigenetic marks that decorate chromatin inside cells.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, NVIDIA Research Center, IBM University Challenge, Google Research, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, and others

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
Scientific Reports
Orphaned elephants' social lives substantially altered by poaching
Colorado State University researchers found that orphaned elephants have less access to mature, dominant individuals than non-orphaned elephants, whose dominant social partners are their mothers and aunts.
National Science Foundation, Save the Elephants, Warner College of Natural Resources, Graduate Degree Program in Ecology at Colorado State University, WorldWomenWork

Contact: Mary Guiden
mary.guiden@colostate.edu
970-491-6892
Colorado State University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
Developmental Science
Bilingual preschoolers show stronger inhibitory control
For students in preschool, speaking two languages may be better than one, especially for developing inhibitory control. That idea isn't new, but a University of Oregon study took a longitudinal approach to examine the bilingual advantage hypothesis, which suggests that the demands associated with managing two languages confer cognitive advantages that extend beyond the language domain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
NSF RAPID grant boosts CCNY's Caribbean storm study
Even before Hurricanes Irma and Maria ravaged the Caribbean recently, experts at the City College of New York were gaining insight into how storms develop and intensify in the region. A $174,895 grant from the National Science Foundation promises to boost this research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jay Mwamba
jmwamba@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-7580
City College of New York

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
Nature Materials
Novel technique reveals the intricate beauty of a cracked glass
Typical crack speeds in glass easily surpass a kilometer per second, and broken surface features may be well smaller than a millimeter, so the processes that generate these patterns have been largely a mystery. Now, by replacing hard glass with soft but brittle gels, researchers have slowed down the cracks that precipitate fracture to mere meters per second, and unraveled the complex physical processes that take place during fracture in microscopic detail and in real time.
Israel Science Foundation, US-Israel Bi-national Science Foundation

Contact: Dov Smith
dovs@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82844
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
Nature Communications
Future volcanic eruptions could cause more climate disruption
Major volcanic eruptions in the future have the potential to affect global temperatures and precipitation more dramatically than in the past because of climate change, according to a new study led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, NASA

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Biological Conservation
Native trees, shrubs provide more food for birds
Plant native trees and shrubs in your yard, and you can really help songbirds. In a study of the Carolina chickadee in the metropolitan DC area, researchers from the University of Delaware and the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center found that native trees and shrubs support much more 'bird food' -- caterpillars -- than non-natives do.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Preparing for the power outages and water shortages of the next disaster
A team from the University of Delaware's Disaster Research Center has received a major grant from the National Science Foundation to study critical infrastructure and how people adapt to power outages and water shortages after disasters so that policymakers, businesses and individuals can adequately prepare for the future.
National Science Foundation CRISP program: Critical Resilient Interdependent Infrastructure Systems and Processes

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters
Voltage-driven liquid metal fractals
Researchers from North Carolina State University have found that gallium indium (EGaIn), a liquid metal with one of the highest surface tensions, can be induced to spread and form patterns called fractals with the application of low voltage. The work has implications for controlling the shape of liquid metals.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Research Lab

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
ACS Synthetic Biology
Nanoscale platform aims to control protein levels
A nanoscale antibody first found in camels combined with a protein-degrading molecule is an effective new platform to control protein levels in cells, according to Rice University scientists.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, Kleberg Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
ACM Computer and Communications Security Conference
Good vibrations: Smart access to homes and cars using fingers
"Good, good, good, good vibrations" goes the catchy Beach Boys song, a big hit in 1966 and beyond. Now Rutgers engineers have created VibWrite, a smart access system that senses finger vibrations to verify users. The low-cost security system could eventually be used to gain access to homes, apartment buildings, cars, appliances - anything with a solid surface.
National Science Foundation.

Contact: Todd B. Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Environmental Research Letters
Political views have limited impact on how we perceive climate anomalies, study finds
Individual perceptions of climate anomalies are largely immune to political bias, especially when people observe large and persistent departures from average conditions. That is the finding of a new study by researchers at the University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University, published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Simon Davies
simon.davies@iop.org
44-011-793-01110
IOP Publishing

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Nature Communications
Microscopic defects make batteries better
Defects in a common cathode material for lithium-ion batteries can potentially improve performance over "perfect" electrodes, according to a new study led by Rice University researchers.
Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Science, National Science Foundation, University of Wisconsin-Madison WEI Seed Grant, Vilas Research Travel Awards

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Nature Communications
Sight unseen
Research led by scientists from Harvard Medical School reveals "hidden" variability in how tumor cells are affected by anticancer drugs, offering new insights on why patients with the same form of cancer can have different responses to a drug.
NIH LINCS grants, Swiss National Science Foundation fellowship

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
ekaterina_pesheva@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Nature
Researchers show how nanoscale patterning can decrease metal fatigue
Fatigue due to repetitive strain is the leading cause of failure in metal components and structures, but new research shows how crystalline structures called nanotwins can slow the accumulation of fatigue-related damage.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Smart artificial beta cells could lead to new diabetes treatment
Treating type 1 diabetes and some cases of type 2 diabetes has long required painful and frequent insulin injections or a mechanical insulin pump for insulin infusion. But researchers from the University of North Carolina and NC State have now developed what could be a much more patient-friendly option: artificial cells that automatically release insulin into the bloodstream when glucose levels rise.
American Diabetes Association, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unchealth.unc.edu
984-974-1915
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 30-Oct-2017
Nature Climate Change
Study suggests the US' power supply has capacity to adapt to climate change
A new paper written by City University of New York (CUNY) scientists -- 'Climate and Water Resource Change Impacts and Adaptation Potential for U.S. Power Supply,' published in Nature Climate Change -- has found that climate change ultimately will have a negative effect on the reliability of electricity generation in the United States, but today's infrastructure may be more adaptable to future climate conditions than previously thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul McQuiston
paul.mcquiston@asrc.cuny.edu
212-413-3307
Advanced Science Research Center, GC/CUNY

Public Release: 29-Oct-2017
Molecular Plant
Pumpkin genomes sequenced, revealing uncommon evolutionary history
For some, pumpkins conjure carved Halloween decorations, but for many people around the world, these gourds provide nutrition. Scientists at Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) and the National Engineering Research Center for Vegetables in Beijing have sequenced the genomes of two important pumpkin species, Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita moschata.
Beijing Scholar Program, Beijing Excellent Talents Program, Ministry of Agriculture of China, Beijing Natural Science Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Keith Hannon
kch95@cornell.edu
607-254-4253
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 28-Oct-2017
2017 ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
'Instant replay' for computer systems shows cyber attack details
Until now, assessing the extent and impact of network or computer system attacks has been largely a time-consuming manual process. A new software system being developed by cybersecurity researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology will largely automate that process, allowing investigators to quickly and accurately pinpoint how intruders entered the network, what data they took and which computer systems were compromised.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, DARPA

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Oct-2017
2017 ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
'Combosquatting' attack hides in plain sight to trick computer users
To guard against unknowingly visiting malicious websites, computer users have been taught to double-check website URLs before they click on a link. But attackers are now taking advantage of that practice to trick users into visiting website domains that contain familiar trademarks -- but with additional words that change the destination to an attack site.
U.S. Department of Commerce, National Science Foundation, Air Force Research Laboratory/Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Office of Naval Research

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Oct-2017
Brain
Advanced artificial limbs mapped in the brain
EPFL scientists from the Center for Neuroprosthetics have used functional MRI to show how the brain re-maps motor and sensory pathways following targeted motor and sensory reinnervation (TMSR), a neuroprosthetic approach where residual limb nerves are rerouted towards intact muscles and skin regions to control a robotic limb.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Bertarelli Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 27-Oct-2017
Frontiers in Marine Science
Habitat restoration can maximize the benefits of marine protected areas
US researchers find that Marine Protected Areas can potentially subsidize harvested oyster populations via larval spillover -- however, these benefits can only be realized if harvested areas contain suitable habitat for larval settlement and survival. The study is one of the first to document the contribution of different habitat restoration strategies to an overall marine population.
North Carolina Sea Grant, National Science Foundation, North Carolina Fisheries Resource Grant Program, National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship, Department of Defense, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Emma Duncan
press@frontiersin.org
Frontiers

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1144.

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