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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 950.

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Public Release: 2-May-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Biology's need for speed tolerates a few mistakes
In balancing speed and accuracy to duplicate DNA and produce proteins, Rice University researchers find evolution determined that speed is favored much more.
Center for Theoretical Biological Physics, National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 2-May-2017
Putting students closer to explosive solar events
Assistant Professor of Physics Bin Chen, who joined the NJIT faculty in 2016, was recently awarded a five-year CAREER grant totaling more than $700,000 by the National Science Foundation (NSF).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tanya Klein
klein@njit.edu
973-596-3433
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-May-2017
CHI 2017
Period tracking apps failing users in basic ways, study finds
A new University of Washington study finds that smartphone apps to track menstrual cycles often disappoint users with a lack of accuracy, assumptions about sexual identity or partners, and an emphasis on pink and flowery form over function and customization.
Intel Science and Technology Center for Pervasive Computing, University of Washington, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 2-May-2017
American Naturalist
Fierce mating battle between wild cuttlefish is captured on video for first time
A male cuttlefish fights fiercely to protect his mate after a rival steals her away, using all his cunning and strength to win her back. A videotape of this encounter, the first time this behavior has been filmed in the wild, is analyzed this week in American Naturalist by biologists from the Marine Biological Laboratory, Brown University, and colleagues.
National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Research Fellowship, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 2-May-2017
Global Change Biology
Ecology team finds leaf litter has slower decomposition rate in warm temperatures than previously estimated
Research, published in Global Change Biology with help from Kansas State University ecologists, found that leaf litter is not as sensitive to increases in temperature as ecologists once thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Walter Dodds
wkdodds@k-state.edu
785-532-6998
Kansas State University

Public Release: 2-May-2017
WFU chemistry professor receives NSF CAREER Award for $500,000
Wake Forest chemistry professor Michael Gross has been named a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program Award winner.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim McGrath
mcgratka@wfu.edu
336-758-3209
Wake Forest University

Public Release: 2-May-2017
Journal of Clinical Investigation
New study makes strides towards generating lung tissue
Using Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), researchers have for the first time profiled the complete genetic programs of early lung progenitors identifying genes that control lung formation and have created mini-lung organoids (artificially grown cells that resemble those of an organ) that can be used to model human lungs.
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
ginad@bu.edu
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-May-2017
eLife
For a green alga, spotted salamanders are stressful hosts
New research shows how two drastically different organisms -- a green alga and the spotted salamander -- get along as cellular roommates. Scientists at the American Museum of Natural History and Gettysburg College found that this symbiosis, the only known example that includes a vertebrate species, puts stress on algal cells, changing the way they make energy, but does not seem to negatively impact salamander cells.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 2-May-2017
JAMA
Prescribing patterns change following direct marketing restrictions
A study of how policies restricting pharmaceutical promotion to physicians affect medication prescribing found that physicians in academic medical centers (AMCs) prescribed fewer of the promoted drugs, and more non-promoted drugs in the same drug classes, following policy changes to restrict marketing activities at those medical centers. The analysis encompassed 16.1 million prescriptions; while the decline observed was modest in terms of percentage, proportionally small changes can represent thousands of prescriptions.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim McElroy
NIMHpress@nih.gov
301-443-4536
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Geology
How life (barely) survived the greatest extinction?
A new research highlights an assemblage including microbial mats, trace fossils, bivalves, and echinoids that represent a refuge in a moderately deep-water setting. A refuge describes an ecosystem that acts as a sanctuary for organisms during and immediately following times of environmental stress.
National Science Foundation of China, Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery Grant

Contact: SHEN Shuzhong
szshen@nigpas.ac.cn
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 1-May-2017
UH researcher seeks better understanding of China's air pollution
Yuxuan Wang, assistant professor in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Houston, has received a three-year, $52,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to research the severe air pollution problem in Beijing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sara Tubbs
sstubbs2@uh.edu
713-743-4248
University of Houston

Public Release: 1-May-2017
2D Materials
Stenciling with atoms in 2-dimensional materials possible
The possibilities for the new field of two-dimensional, one-atomic-layer-thick materials, including but not limited to graphene, appear almost limitless. In new research, Penn State material scientists report two discoveries that will provide a simple and effective way to 'stencil' high-quality 2-D materials in precise locations and overcome a barrier to their use in next-generation electronics.
Center for Low Energy Systems Technology, Semiconductor Research STARnet Centers of the Semiconductor Research Corporation; Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Nature
Earthquakes can make thrust faults open violently and snap shut
Engineers and scientists experimentally observe surface twisting in thrust faults that can momentarily rip open the earth's surface.
The National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
rperkins@caltech.edu
626-395-1862
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Supercomputers assist in search for new, better cancer drugs
Finding new drugs that can more effectively kill cancer cells or disrupt the growth of tumors is one way to improve survival rates for ailing patients. Researchers are using supercomputers at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to find new chemotherapy drugs and to test known compounds to determine if they can fight different types of cancer. Recent efforts have yielded promising drug candidates, potential plant-derived compounds and insights into how to design more effective drugs.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas, University Cancer Foundation, University of California Cancer Research Coordinating Committee, King Abdulaziz University

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Zapping bacteria with sanitizers made of paper
Imagine wearing clothes with layers of paper that protect you from dangerous bacteria. A Rutgers University-led team has invented an inexpensive, effective way to kill bacteria and sanitize surfaces with devices made of paper.
National Science Foundation, John E. and Christina C. Craighead Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Rock samples indicate water is key ingredient for crust formation
By examining the cooling rate of rocks that formed more than 10 miles beneath the Earth's surface, scientists led by The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences have found that water probably penetrates deep into the crust and upper mantle at mid-ocean spreading zones, the places where new crust is made.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, International Continental Drilling Program

Contact: Monica Kortsha
mkortsha@jsg.utexas.edu
512-471-2241
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 1-May-2017
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
SimRadar: A polarimetric radar time-series simulator for tornadic debris studies
A University of Oklahoma research team with the Advanced Radar Research Center has developed the first numerical polarimetric radar simulator to study and characterize scattering mechanisms of debris particles in tornadoes. Characterizing the debris field of a tornado is vital given flying debris cause most tornado fatalities. Tornado debris characteristics are poorly understood even though the upgrade of the nation's radar network to dual polarimetric radar offers potentially valuable capabilities for improving tornado warnings and nowcasting.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Graphics Interface 2017
Device allows users to manipulate 3-D virtual objects more quickly
Researchers have developed a user-friendly, inexpensive controller for manipulating virtual objects in a computer program in three dimensions. The device allows users to manipulate objects more quickly -- with less lag time -- than existing technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Nature Genetics
The gene that starts it all
EPFL scientists have discovered the protein that kick-starts gene expression in developing embryos.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Gebert-Rüf Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 1-May-2017
PeerJ Computer Science
Study finds gender bias in open-source programming
A study comparing acceptance rates of contributions from men and women in an open-source software community finds that, overall, women's contributions tend to be accepted more often than men's -- but when a woman's gender is identifiable, they are rejected more often.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-May-2017
PLOS ONE
Galápagos study identifies keystone predator in a complex food web
Years of experiments and careful observation along the shores of the Galápagos Islands have untangled a complex food web of sea lions, fish, urchins and algae, revealing who eats (or doesn't eat) whom and what impact they have on each other.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 1-May-2017
New chip under development at UTSA extends battery life of electronics
Ruyan Guo, Robert E. Clark Endowed Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $50,000 I-Corps grant from the National Science Foundation to commercialize a chip that can make lower power electronics, like cell phones, work more efficiently.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna E Carver
joanna.carver@utsa.edu
210-243-4557
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 28-Apr-2017
Science
Ultracold atom waves may shed light on rogue ocean killers
By precisely controlling the quantum behavior of an ultracold atomic gas, Rice University physicists have created a model system for studying the wave phenomenon that may bring about rogue waves in Earth's oceans.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, Army Research Office Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2017
Ecology Letters
Long-term fate of tropical forests may not be as dire as believed, says CU Boulder study
Conventional wisdom has held that tropical forest growth will dramatically slow with high levels of rainfall. But University of Colorado Boulder researchers this month turned that assumption on its head with an unprecedented review of data from 150 forests that concluded just the opposite.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Philip Taylor
philip.taylor@colorado.edu
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 28-Apr-2017
Science Advances
PowerPoint & LED projector enable new technique for self-folding origami
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Peking University have found a new use for the ubiquitous PowerPoint slide: Producing self-folding three-dimensional origami structures from photocurable liquid polymers.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Showing releases 126-150 out of 950.

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