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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 880.

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Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Physics
Argonne ahead of the 'curve' in magnetic study
In a new study by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, scientists noticed that magnetic skyrmions -- small electrically uncharged circular structures with a spiraling magnetic pattern -- do get deflected by an applied current, much like a curveball gets deflected by airflow.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jared Sagoff
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New microscope developed at MBL reveals nanoscale structural dynamics in live cells
Scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory and colleagues have unveiled a new microscope that can track the position and orientation of individual molecules in living cells -- nanoscale measurements that until now have posed a significant challenge.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Japan Science and Technology Agency PRESTO Program, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
UTSA astronomer receives grant to study the nature of distant galaxies
Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $387,214 grant from the National Science Foundation to support his efforts to better understand the formation and nature of the center of nearby galaxies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna E. Carver
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
CHARA Array awarded $3.9 million to provide telescope access to scientists across the nation
Scientists at Georgia State University's Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA) have been awarded a $3.9 million grant from the National Science Foundation to provide scientists greater access to the CHARA Array telescopes at the Mount Wilson Observatory in California.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Geologic imaging technique measures strength of Earth's outer shell
An advanced imaging technique used to map Earth's outer shell also can provide a measure of strength, finding weak spots and magma upwellings that could point to volcanic or earthquake activity, according to a new study by geologists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Adelaide in Australia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Plants
Ancestor rice of Suriname Maroons traced back to its African origin
A team of researchers shows that Suriname black rice is similar to a specific type of black rice that derived from the fields of Mande-speaking farmers in Western Ivory Coast.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Cement and Concrete Research
Rice University lab explores cement's crystalline nature to boost concrete performance
Rice University scientists analyze the crystalline structure of calcium silicates used in cement to maximize the ability to fine-tune the material. The work could help conserve energy and cut carbon emissions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
2016 Computation+Journalism Symposium
Proceedings of the 2016 Computation+Journalism Symposium
Fact-checking Senate campaign ads just got easier
If you live in one of the battleground states in this year's races for US Senate, you have probably been inundated with political ads, many of which talk about a candidate's willingness to toe the party line or vote across the aisle. Now, analyzing such claims for accuracy is about to get easier, thanks to a new website that lets visitors fact-check claims about congressional voting records against the data behind them.
National Science Foundation, Google

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Environmental change drove diversity in Lake Malawi cichlids
Researchers show that periods of deep, clear water in Lake Malawi over the past 800,000 years coincide with bursts of species diversification.
National Science Foundation, International Continental Scientific Drilling Program, American Chemical Society, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2016
Startup earns commercialization grant for new technology
GuidaBot, a joint venture between the University of Houston and Fannin Innovation Studio, has received a one-year, $225,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop and commercialize a robotic manipulator designed to work within the powerful magnetic field of an MRI machine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Proceedings of the IEEE
Brain-sensing technology developed by Stanford scientists allows typing at 12 words per minute
Technology for reading signals directly from the brain developed by Stanford Bio-X scientists could provide a way for people with movement disabilities to communicate.
Stanford Medical Scholars Program, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowship, National Science Foundation, Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Foundation, Burroughs Welcome Fund, Defense Advanced Research Project

Contact: Amy Adam
Stanford University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Nature Microbiology
Revving the microbial engine: Horsepower vs. fuel efficiency in bacterial genomes
Microbes that can reproduce rapidly in times of plenty have an evolutionary stockpile of extra genes that allows them to quickly respond to changing conditions such as oil spills or outbreaks of intestinal diseases.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Nature Communications
UCLA-Caltech study identifies brain cells that help us learn by watching others
From infancy, we learn by watching other people, then use those memories to help us predict outcomes and make decisions in the future. Now a UCLA-Caltech study has pinpointed the individual neurons in the brain that support observational learning.
Swiss National Science Foundation, G. Harold & Leila Y. Mathers Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists expect to calculate amount of fuel inside Earth by 2025
Scientists have developed numerous models to predict how much fuel remains inside Earth to drive its engines -- and estimates vary widely -- but the true amount remains unknown. In a new paper published in Nature Scientific Reports, a team of geologists and neutrino physicists boldly claims it will be able to determine by 2025 how much nuclear fuel and radioactive power remain in the Earth's tank.
National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Physical Review X
UMD physicists discover 'smoke rings' made of laser light
University of Maryland physicists have discovered that self-focused laser pulses generate violent swirls of optical energy that resemble smoke rings. In these light structures, known as 'spatiotemporal optical vortices,' light energy flows through the inside of the ring and loops back around the outside. The vortices travel with the laser pulse and control energy flow around it. The new optical structures are described in the Sept. 9, 2016, issue of the journal Physical Review X.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Information Security Conference
Setting up a decoy network may help deflect a hacker's hits
Computer networks may never float like a butterfly, but Penn State information scientists suggest that creating nimble networks that can sense jabs from hackers could help deflect the stinging blows of those attacks.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Royal Society Open Science
How do shark teeth bite? Reciprocating saw, glue provide answers
A recent University of Washington study sought to understand why shark teeth are shaped differently and what biological advantages various shapes have by testing their performance under realistic conditions. The results appeared in August in the journal Royal Society Open Science.
University of Washington, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Ubicomp 2016
Life after Fitbit: Appealing to those who feel guilty vs. free
Is life better or worse after sticking your Fitbit in a drawer? UW researchers surveyed hundreds of people who had abandoned self-tracking tools and found emotions ranged from guilt to indifference to relief that the tracking experience was over.
Intel Science and Technology Center for Pervasive Computing, Nokia Research, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
A more accurate sensor for lead paint
A new molecular gel recipe developed at the University of Michigan is at the core of a prototype for a more accurate lead paint test.
University of Michigan Associate Professor Support Fund, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, and others

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
University of Michigan

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Researchers name a new species of reptile from 212 million years ago
An extinct reptile related to crocodiles that lived 212 million years ago in present day New Mexico has been named as a new species, Vivaron haydeni, in a paper published this week by Virginia Tech's Department of Geosciences researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Mackay
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Journal of Research in Science Teaching
More underrepresented students obtain science degrees & pursue STEM, due to research mentoring
A new study in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching indicates that undergraduates who participate in mentored research not only graduate more often with science degrees, but also attend graduate school and pursue STEM careers at higher rates.
US Department of Education Title V, HSI-STEM and MSEIP, New York State Education Department CSTEP, NSF/PAESMEM

Contact: Shante Booker
The City University of New York

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Forecasting climate change's effects on biodiversity hindered by lack of data
An international group of biologists is calling for data collection on a global scale to improve forecasts of how climate change affects animals and plants.
National Science Foundation, Synthesis Centre of the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research, DIVERSITAS, Canada Research Chair, Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science, University of Florida Foundation, KU Leuven Research Fund, ERA

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
Purdue University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
ACM Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Carnegie Mellon algorithm detects online fraudsters
An algorithm developed at Carnegie Mellon University makes it easier to determine if someone has faked an Amazon or Yelp review or if a politician with a suspiciously large number of Twitter followers might have bought and paid for that popularity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Current Biology
How the brain builds panoramic memory
MIT neuroscientists have identified two brain regions that are involved in creating panoramic memories. These brain regions, known as the OPA and RSC, help us to merge fleeting views of our surroundings into a seamless, 360-degree panorama.
NSF/Science and Technology Center for Brains, Minds, and Machines, and Harvard Milton Fund

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Study finds earthquakes can trigger near-instantaneous aftershocks on different faults
According to a new study by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego, a large earthquake on one fault can trigger large aftershocks on separate faults within just a few minutes. These findings have important implications for earthquake hazard prone regions like California where ruptures on complex fault systems may cascade and lead to mega-earthquakes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 151-175 out of 880.

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