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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 942.

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Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Child Development
Study of transgender preschoolers assesses preferences and identity
Gender may be the earliest identity and social category to emerge in development, research suggests, and acquiring knowledge about one's gender is considered a critical part of early childhood development. In one of the first examinations of early gender development among transgender preschoolers, a new study has found that these children were just as likely as nontransgender children to have preferences associated with their gender, and to have as strong and clear a sense of their gender identity.
National Science Foundation, Arcus Foundation

Contact: Caitlin Kizielewicz
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Nature Communications
Facial expressions: How brains process emotion
New research from Caltech clarifies the once-mysterious role of the amygdala.
Autism Science Foundation, Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health Conte Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Dajose
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Developmental Cell
Penn team identifies genetic target for growing hardier plants under stress
In a new investigation, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania identified two proteins that regulate whether a cell in plant roots forms a hair cell, which increases surface area for absorption, or a non-hair cell. Plants that overexpressed one of these regulators thrived despite being deprived of a key nutrient, phosphorous.
National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New strategy produces stronger polymers
MIT researchers have found a way to reduce the number of loops in polymer networks such as gels, plastics, and rubber. The findings could offer an easy way for manufacturers to strengthen their materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Lyme disease researchers seek consensus as number of cases grows
Scientists have built a large body of knowledge about Lyme disease over the past 40 years, yet controversies remain and the number of cases continues to rise. In the United States, reported cases of Lyme disease, which is transmitted from wild animals to humans by tick bites, have tripled in the past 20 years. A multitude of interacting factors are driving the increase in Lyme disease cases, but their relative importance remains unclear.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
West Virginia groundwater not affected by fracking, but surface water is
Three years of fracking has not contaminated groundwater in northwestern West Virginia, but accidental spills of wastewater from fracked wells may pose a threat to surface water, according to a study led by scientists at Duke University. The scientists used a broad suite of geochemical and isotopic tracers to sample for contaminants in 112 water wells near shale gas sites, including 20 wells that were sampled both before and after fracking began.
National Science Foundation, Natural Resources Defense Council

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Journal of Neuroscience
The placebo effect can mend a broken heart too, CU Boulder study shows
Feeling heartbroken from a recent breakup? Just believing you're doing something to help yourself get over your ex can influence brain regions associated with emotional regulation and lessen the perception of pain. That's the takeaway from a new University of Colorado Boulder study that measured the neurological and behavioral impacts the placebo effect had on a group of recently broken-hearted volunteers.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Tor Wager
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Next-generation microscopy
A novel microscopy method allows unprecedented insights into the spatial organization and direct interactions of immune cells within blood and liquid multi-lineage tissues. The assay, called 'Pharmacoscopy,' is able to determine the immunomodulatory properties of drugs within large libraries on immune cells in high resolution and high throughput. Introduced in Nature Chemical Biology, Pharmacoscopy enables new possibilities for drug discovery, particularly in cancer immunotherapy, personalized medicine, and research on signaling pathways of the immune system.
European Research Council, Austrian Science Fund, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Molecular Biological Organization, Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, The National Foundation for Research, Technology and Development

Contact: Wolfgang Däuble
CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Discovery offers new hope to repair spinal cord injuries
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes created a special type of neuron from human stem cells that could potentially repair spinal cord injuries. These cells, called V2a interneurons, transmit signals in the spinal cord to help control movement. When the researchers transplanted the cells into mouse spinal cords, the interneurons sprouted and integrated with existing cells.
California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, National Science Foundation, UCSF Alvera Kan Endowed Chair, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Julie Langelier
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Nano Letters
Freezing lithium batteries may make them safer and bendable
Columbia Engineering Professor Yuan Yang has developed a new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life, and are bendable, providing new possibilities such as flexible smartphones. His new technique uses ice-templating to control the structure of the solid electrolyte for lithium batteries that are used in portable electronics, electric vehicles, and grid-level energy storage. The study is published online April 24 in Nano Letters.
National Science Foundation, Center for Precision Assembly of Superstratic and Superatomic Solids

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 21-Apr-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Research sheds new light on forces that threaten sensitive coastlines
Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to research published by scientists at Indiana University and North Carolina State University. The study found that 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion, much of it caused by waves that eroded away the edges of the pond.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Apr-2017
Applied Physics Letters
Stanford scientist's new approach may accelerate design of high-power batteries
New Stanford study describes a model for designing novel materials used in electrical storage devices, such as car batteries and capacitors. This approach may dramatically accelerate discovery of new materials that provide cheap and efficient ways to store energy.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Danielle T. Tucker
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Super-resolution microscopy of hydrogels
Chaitanya Ullal, assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will use an NSF CAREER award to study the structure of hydrogels -- jelly-like materials that have some of the properties of solids, but are largely composed of water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Journal of Neurolinguistics
Recognizing foreign accents helps brains process accented speech
Our brains process foreign-accented speech with better real-time accuracy if we can identify the accent we hear, according to a team of neurolinguists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Environmental Science & Technology
Rising water temperatures endanger health of coastal ecosystems, study finds
Marine biologists James Hollibaugh and Sylvia Schaefer found that rising water temperatures could disrupt ocean food webs and lead to the release of more greenhouse gases.
National Science Foundation Division of Ocean Sciences

Contact: James Hollibaugh
University of Georgia

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Journal of Environmental Psychology
Engagement with natural environment a significant contributor to life satisfaction
Looking to improve your overall life satisfaction? Try regularly hiking in a forest or otherwise engaging with the natural environment.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Kelly Biedenweg
Oregon State University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
npj Computational Materials
Finding order and structure in the atomic chaos where materials meet
Materials science researchers have developed a model that can account for irregularities in how atoms arrange themselves at the so-called 'grain boundaries' -- the interface where two materials meet. By describing the packing of atoms at these interfaces, the tool can be used to help researchers determine how grain boundaries affect the properties of metal alloys and other materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
New research at Clemson University could help reduce fine-particle engine emissions
Simona Onori, an assistant professor, is working to reduce fine-particle emissions in gasoline direct injection engines. She has received a $500,000 CAREER award from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Alongi
Clemson University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Current Biology
Bergamotene -- alluring and lethal for Manduca sexta
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, describe a gene in Nicotiana attenuata which enables the plant to solve the dilemma that arises when a pollinator is also an herbivore. NaTPS38 regulates the production of (E)-alpha-bergamotene. At night, the tobacco flowers produce this volatile which is attractive to tobacco hawkmoths, during the day, the tobacco leaves emit the compound to lure predatory bugs to feed on the moths' larvae.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship, Max Planck Society, European Research Council

Contact: Dr. Shuqing Xu
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Same but different
Bacterial populations pose an intriguing puzzle: in so-called isogenic populations, all bacteria have the same genes, but they still behave differently, for example grow at different speeds. Researchers at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) now solved a part of this puzzle by studying how the bacterium Escherichia coli divides up a protein complex that detoxifies cells by pumping multiple drugs such as antibiotics out of the cell.
Austrian Science Fund, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Elisabeth Guggenberger
Institute of Science and Technology Austria

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Why children struggle to cross busy streets safely
Researchers have found children up to early teenagers lack the perceptual judgment and motor skills to safely cross a busy road consistently. Children placed in realistic, simulated environments were tested for their road-crossing abilities. Those from 6 to 12 years of age had trouble crossing the street, with accident rates as high as 8 percent with 6-year-olds. Results appear in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Naked mole-rats turn into plants when oxygen is low
Deprived of oxygen, naked mole-rats can survive by metabolizing fructose just as plants do, researchers report this week in the journal Science -- a finding that could lead to treatments for heart attacks and strokes.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bill Burton
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 19-Apr-2017
ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
3-D-printable implants may ease damaged knees
A cartilage-mimicking material created by researchers at Duke University may allow surgeons to 3-D print knee menisci or other replacement parts that are custom-shaped to each patient's anatomy. The hydrogel-based material is the first to match human cartilage in strength and elasticity while also remaining 3-D-printable and stable inside the body.
Duke University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Manke
Duke University

Public Release: 19-Apr-2017
Computers in Human Behavior
Gaming helps personalized therapy level up
Using game features in non-game contexts, computers can learn to build personalized mental- and physical-therapy programs that enhance individual motivation, according to Penn State engineers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Apr-2017
Scientific Reports
The tale teeth tell about the legendary man-eating lions of Tsavo
Analysis of the microscopic wear on the teeth of the legendary man-eating lions of Tsavo reveals that shortage of normal prey did not drive them to begin killing and eating people.
National Science Foundation, Vanderbilt University, Brown Fund of the Field Museum of Natural History

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Showing releases 151-175 out of 942.

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