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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 151-175 out of 912.

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Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Science Advances
When corals met algae: Symbiotic relationship crucial to reef survival dates to the Triassic
The mutually beneficial relationship between algae and modern corals -- which provides algae with shelter, gives coral reefs their colors and supplies both organisms with nutrients -- began more than 210 million years ago, according to a new study by an international team of scientists including researchers from Princeton University. The findings suggest that this symbiotic relationship is crucial for the health of coral reefs.
National Science Center of Poland, European Regional Development Fund, European Research Council Advanced Grant, National Science Foundation, and Princeton Environmental Institute

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
New US Robotics Roadmap calls for increased regulations, education and research
A new US Robotics Roadmap released Oct. 31 calls for better policy frameworks to safely integrate new technologies, such as self-driving cars and commercial drones, into everyday life. The document also advocates for increased research efforts in the field of human-robot interaction to develop intelligent machines that will empower people to stay in their homes as they age. It calls for increased education efforts in the STEM fields from elementary school to adult learners.
National Science Foundation, University of California San Diego, Oregon State University, Georgia Institute of Technology

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Astrophysical Journal
Close galactic encounter leaves 'nearly naked' supermassive black hole
Astronomers looking for binary black holes make surprising discovery of the shredded remnant of a smaller galaxy that passed through a larger neighbor, losing most of its stars and gas in the process.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
UNM Center for Quantum Information and Control receives multi-million-dollar award
Quantum information science is going to change the world. Being able to manipulate and control individual atoms and other microscopic systems to do jobs in communications, sensing and computation will have an impact on nearly every aspect of our daily lives. And, for the University of New Mexico's Center for Quantum Information & Control (CQuIC), a new multi-million-dollar grant will allow UNM to continue at the forefront of this innovative field.
National Science Foundation Division of Physics

Contact: Aaron Hilf
University of New Mexico

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Technology brings new precision to study of circadian rhythm in individual cells
A new technology may help scientists better understand how an individual cell synchronizes its biological clock with other cells.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mike Wooten
University of Georgia

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
New research will create a 21st-century tally of biodiversity in Southwest Pacific
Rob Moyle is leading a major research effort in the region supported by $1.3 million from the National Science Foundation to conduct fieldwork, collect museum specimens, record bioacoustics and sequence DNA of birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
New 'digital life' initiative aims to create 3-D models of all living creatures
Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by biologist Duncan Irschick who created the Beastcam Array, a rapid-capture, field portable tabletop system for making high-resolution, full-color 3-D models of living organisms, now plan to use it in an ambitious effort to create 3-D models of all living organisms.
National Science Foundation, UMass Amherst's Center for Evolutionary Materials

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
USDA announces four university teams win the first national I-FAST Prize Competition
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the National Science Foundation today announced the winners of the first Innovations in Food and Agricultural Science and Technology $200,000 prize competition. I-FAST helps scientists and engineers broaden the impact of their NIFA-funded research by encouraging collaboration between academia and industry to translate fundamental agricultural innovations into the marketplace.
NIH/National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sally Gifford
National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
ACS Energy Letters
Making high-performance batteries from junkyard scraps
Vanderbilt researchers have discovered how to make high-performance batteries using scraps of metal from the junkyard and common household chemicals.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Gatekeeping proteins to aberrant RNA: You shall not pass
Berkeley Lab researchers found that aberrant strands of genetic code have telltale signs that enable gateway proteins to recognize and block them from exiting the nucleus. Their findings shed light on a complex system of cell regulation that acts as a form of quality control for the transport of genetic information. A more complete picture of how genetic information gets expressed in cells is important in disease research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Earlier Alzheimer's diagnosis may be possible with new imaging compound
Researchers have developed a chemical compound that detects the Alzheimer's protein amyloid beta better than current FDA-approved agents. The compound potentially could be used in brain scans to identify the signs of Alzheimer's early, or to monitor response to treatment.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Nature Communications
Weak atomic bond, theorized 14 years ago, observed for first time
A Purdue University physicist has observed a butterfly Rydberg molecule, a weak pairing of two highly excitable atoms that he predicted would exist more than a decade ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
Purdue University

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Nature Chemistry
TSRI scientists develop new toolkit for exploring protein biology
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a broadly useful method to unmask new functional features of human proteins.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Helen Hay Whitney Foundation, Merck & Co

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
NSF supports completion of The Jefferson Project at Lake George Sensor Network
With support from the National Science Foundation, The Jefferson Project at Lake George is poised to complete the most powerful aquatic monitoring sensor network in existence. Spanning the full 32-mile length of the lake, 41 separate smart sensor platforms will collect roughly nine terabytes of data per year, creating a real-time digital view of the state of the lake.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Analytical Chemistry
Nuclear CSI: Noninvasive procedure could identify criminal nuclear activity
Determining if an individual has handled nuclear materials is a challenge national defense agencies currently face. The standard protocol to detect uranium exposure is through a urine sample; however, urine is able to only identify those who have been recently exposed. Now, scientists at the University of Missouri have developed procedures that will better identify individuals exposed to uranium within one year. Scientists and homeland security experts believe this noninvasive procedure could identify individuals who may be smuggling nuclear materials for criminal purposes.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
HybPiper: A bioinformatic pipeline for processing target-enrichment data
Next-generation sequencing technologies allow researchers to quickly sequence many genes across large numbers of species. However, the deluge of sequence data obtained using these high-throughput sequencing techniques requires a substantial amount of computational input to process--a daunting task for many biologists. A recently developed bioinformatics pipeline allows researchers with limited computational skills to quickly and efficiently extract gene regions of interest from sequence data. The pipeline, HybPiper, is described in Applications in Plant Sciences.
US National Science Foundation, Northwestern University Institute for Sustainability and Energy

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Current Directions in Psychological Science
Using science to understand how ballot design impacts voter behavior
Concern over the security of the voting process has been a recurring issue in the run up to the US presidential election. But psychological science suggests that an even bigger problem may lurk within our voting systems: poor design.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Making lasers cool again
Sushil Kumar of Lehigh University's P.C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science believes he's on track to unleash the power of terahertz lasers; he recently received a grant from the NSF, 'Phase-locked arrays of high-power terahertz lasers with ultra-narrow beams,' with a goal of producing vastly greater optical intensities than currently possible -- and removing barriers to widescale research and commercial adoption.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Larkin
Lehigh University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study reveals the brain regulates social behavior differently in males and females
The brain regulates social behavior differently in males and females, according to a new study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Natasha De Veauuse Brown, M.P.H.
Georgia State University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Nature Neuroscience
Balancing time & space in the brain: New model holds promise for predicting brain dynamics
A team of scientists has extended the balanced network model to provide deep and testable predictions linking brain circuits to brain activity.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Eye Institute, Research to Prevent Blindness Eye and Ear Foundation of Pittsburgh, Simons Foundation

Contact: John Fedele
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
Millions of loci from a thousand plant transcriptomes
Microsatellite markers are used to answer research questions in areas including forensics, population and conservation genetics, and genome mapping. They are a vital tool for researchers with limited budgets, but developing microsatellites can still send research projects overbudget. In Applications in Plant Sciences, researchers have used data sets available in the One Thousand Plant Transcriptomes Project to develop a community resource of over 5 million microsatellites from 1,334 transcriptomes across more than 1,000 plant species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Plant Physiology
Penn Dental team tweaks DNA to improve plant-based medicines
Henry Daniell, a professor of biochemistry and pathology in Penn's School of Dental Medicine, and his research team have designed a software program that converts any given DNA sequence into the sequence that would be preferred by either lettuce or tobacco plants.
National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
UTA engineering professor to use data mining to help patients' diagnosis, treatment
The National Science Foundation has awarded a four-year, $1.32 million grant to Heng Huang, a professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department, to discover biomarkers and phenotypic markers by which image-omics, data-based precision medicine techniques can be used to better treat cancer patients.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters
Weakness is good...when controlling light
A new study reports that researchers have demonstrated a way to control light with light using one third -- in some cases, even less -- of the energy typically required. The advancement, coupled with other developments, could ultimately lead to more powerful, energy-efficient computer chips and other optics-based technologies.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Boeing

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Nature Methods
FRET-FLIM optimization shows activity of two signaling molecules in single dendritic spine
Researchers at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience and Stanford University teamed up to optimize the imaging technique FRET-FLIM to study the activity of different signaling molecules within a single dendritic spine. This optimized technique will increase both accuracy and efficiency of FRET-FLIM imaging experiments and could potentially increase our understanding of how learning and memory ultimately alters the structure and function of dendritic spines.
Human Frontiers Science Program, NSF Graduate Fellowship, Siebel Scholar Award, National Institute of Health grants, Burroughs Wellcome Foundation Career Award for Medical Scientists, Rita Allen Foundation Scholar Award

Contact: Jennifer Gutierrez
Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience

Showing releases 151-175 out of 912.

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