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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 1012.

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Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn collaboration produces surprising insights into the properties of butterfly wings
A collaboration between biologists and materials scientists at the University of Pennsylvania is yielding new insights into the wings of the "skipper butterfly" in the Costa Rican rainforest. What they learn could lead to technological advancements in systems ranging from power-efficient computer displays to sensors to energy efficient buildings, windows and vehicles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ali Sundermier
alisun@upenn.edu
215-898-8562
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Camera-trap research paves the way for global monitoring networks
In recent years, there have been numerous calls for coordinated global monitoring networks to understand and mitigate the effects of ecosystem change and biodiversity loss around the world. A new study led by Lindsey Rich, who recently completed her doctorate in wildlife conservation in Virginia Tech's College of Natural Resources and Environment, demonstrates that camera traps are one of the most effective methods of collecting this type of data.
National Science Foundation (Long Term Research In Environmental Biology Grant 1556248), World Wildlife Fund Networks, US Fish & Wildlife Service, Hurvis Family, Norwegian Research Council

Contact: Cecilia Leonard
ceciliae@vt.edu
540-357-2500
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Science
Is this the long-sought answer to the question of tropical biodiversity?
The question of 'Why so many species of tropical trees and other organisms' has challenged biologists for centuries. A group of 50 scientists from 12 countries think they have the answer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sonia Tejada
tejadas@si.edu
202-633-4700 x28111
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
A wave's 'sweet spot' revealed
For surfers, finding the 'sweet spot,' the most powerful part of the wave, is part of the thrill and the challenge. Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California postdoctoral researcher Nick Pizzo has found the exact location on the wave where a surfer gains the greatest speed to get the best ride.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Lauren Wood
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Cell
New technique enables safer gene-editing therapy using CRISPR
Scientists took an important step toward safer gene-editing cures for life-threatening disorders, from cancer to HIV to Huntington's disease, by developing a technique that can spot editing mistakes a popular tool known as CRISPR makes to an individual's genome.
The Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Science
UCI: Earth is losing its fire power
The world's open grasslands and the beneficial fires that sustain them have shrunk rapidly over the past two decades, thanks to a massive increase in agriculture, according to a new study led by University of California, Irvine and NASA researchers published today in Science.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, National Science Foundation of China, European Space Agency

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Science
Global forest network cracks the case of tropical biodiversity
Why does biodiversity grade from exuberance at the equator through moderation at mid-latitudes toward monotony at higher ones? Data from an international network of long-term forest dynamics research sites is finally providing an answer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 29-Jun-2017
Science
Study: Climate change damages US economy, increases inequality
Unmitigated climate change will make the United States poorer and more unequal, according to a new study published in the journal Science. The poorest third of counties could sustain economic damages costing as much as 20 percent of their income if warming proceeds unabated.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Skoll Global Threats Fund, Bloomberg Philanthropies, Office of Hank Paulson, Next Generation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Johns Hopkins scientists develop super-strong metal for next tech frontier
Engineers have developed a strong, durable new material to help shape advanced MEMS sensors needed for the internet of things.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Arthur Hirsch
ahirsch6@jhu.edu
443-997-9909
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
RIT hosts largest number of NSF undergraduate research programs in New York
Rochester Institute of Technology leads universities in New York with seven federally funded summer research programs for undergraduate students, according to the National Science Foundation. The NSF awards provide stipends for eight to 10 students per program to work with RIT researchers for 10 weeks. The competitive three-year summer programs accept new participants each year from universities across the country and have the potential to influence more than 200 undergraduates.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
Acta Biomaterialia
Micron-sized hydrogel cubes show highly efficient delivery of a potent anti-cancer drug
Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center have developed micro-cubes that can sponge up a hydrophobic anti-cancer drug and deliver it to cancer cells. Tissue culture tests show these tiny, porous cubes, loaded with the hydrophobic drug, are more potent against liver cancer cells and less harmful to normal liver cells, compared to the drug alone.
National Science Foundation, UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center, National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Jeff Hansen
jeffhans@uab.edu
205-209-2355
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
ACS Nano
More precise diagnostics for improved cancer outcomes
In the future, it may be possible to diagnose cancer much earlier using improved detection systems. Computing resources at the Texas Advanced Computing Center help researchers explore improved breast tissue mapping, nanopore and lab-on-a-chip biosensors, and cell-entering cancer detectors. Advanced computing is critical for the simulation and materials design aspects of these emerging diagnostic devices.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, German Research Council

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
Science Translational Medicine
The gene behind follicular lymphoma
EPFL scientists have discovered an important gene whose loss lies behind follicular lymphoma, an incurable cancer.
Swiss National Science Foundation, EPFL's Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research, Giorgi-Cavaglieri Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Lymphoma Research Foundation, Mr. William H. Goodwin and Mrs. Alice Goodwin, Commonwealth Fund

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
Journal of Neuroscience
Study illustrates how the cortex assigns credit for causality
New research in the Journal of Neuroscience affirms a key role for neurons in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the crucial learning task of determining what caused a desired result.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Tosteson Fellowship, Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation Young Clinician Investigator Award, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
Royal Society Open Science
Researchers document early, permanent human settlement in Andes
Examining human remains and other archaeological evidence from a site at nearly 12,500 feet above sea level in Peru, the scientists show that intrepid hunter-gatherers -- men, women and children -- managed to survive at high elevation before the advent of agriculture, in spite of lack of oxygen, frigid temperatures and exposure to elements.
National Science Foundation, American Philosophical Society, University of Arizona, University of Wyoming Stable Isotope Facility

Contact: Randy Haas
whaas@uwyo.edu
307-766-5136
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
Science Robotics
Stanford engineers design a robotic gripper for cleaning up space debris
Researchers combined gecko-inspired adhesives and a custom robotic gripper to create a device for grabbing space debris. They tested their gripper in multiple zero gravity settings, including the International Space Station.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Samsung Scholarship

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 28-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Researchers develop yeast-based tool for worldwide pathogen detection
Columbia University researchers have developed a tool that is likely to revolutionize the way we detect and treat pathogens in everything from human health to agriculture to water. Using only common household baker's yeast, they've created an extremely low-cost, low-maintenance, on-site dipstick test they hope will aid in the surveillance and early detection of fungal pathogens responsible for major human disease, agricultural damage and food spoilage worldwide.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships, Simons Foundation Junior Fellow award

Contact: Jessica Guenzel
jg3570@columbia.edu
212-854-0588
Columbia University

Public Release: 27-Jun-2017
eLife
What we can learn about global flu evolution from one person's infection
A new study has found that flu evolution within some individuals can hint at the virus's eventual evolutionary course worldwide.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Simons Foundation, Hertz Foundation

Contact: Claire Hudson
crhudson@fredhutch.org
206-667-7365
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 27-Jun-2017
IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Brain signals deliver first targeted treatment for world's most common movement disorder
In a first, UW researchers have delivered targeted treatment for essential tremor -- the world's most common neurological movement disorder -- by decoding brain signals to sense when patients limbs are shaking.
Medtronic, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 27-Jun-2017
Interface
Leaping lizards!
Many geckos inhabit trees, often living high in the canopy. Relying on their incredible adhesive strength to help them break their fall, they jump from trees, and land on leaves or smooth tree trunks. A team of researchers led by a biologist at the University of California, Riverside now reports that the gecko adhesive system may reach its functional limits in extreme situations, such as when a gecko falls/jumps from the canopy of a rainforest.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 27-Jun-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Astronomers detect orbital motion in pair of supermassive black holes
Images made with the continent-wide Very Long Baseline Array detect the orbital motion of two supermassive black holes as they circle each other at the center of a distant galaxy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 27-Jun-2017
Molecular Ecology
Woodrats can't stomach favorite foods at high temps
But the woodrats' unique adaptation that allows them to break down creosote toxins may be in jeopardy if temperatures continue to rise, according to University of Utah researchers. Their new study in Molecular Ecology explains why: Livers of mammals (including us) may be less efficient at breaking down toxins at higher temperatures.
National Science Foundation, University of Utah Global Change and Sustainability Center

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 26-Jun-2017
Nature Communications
Mitochondrial flash signals long-term memory at neuronal synapse
A collaborative study led by Dr. BI Guoqiang at University of Science and Technology of China of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Dr. CHENG Heping at Peking University (PKU) revealed the essential role of dendritic mitochondrial flash in transforming short-term synaptic plasticity into long-term plasticity.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Basic Research Program of China, and National Science Foundation of China

Contact: BI Guoqiang
gqbi@ustc.edu.cn
University of Science and Technology of China

Public Release: 26-Jun-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Chimpanzee 'super strength' and what it might mean in human muscle evolution
For years, anecdotes and some studies have suggested that chimpanzees are 'super strong' compared to humans, implying that their muscle fibers are superior to humans'. Now a research team including a UMass Amherst kinesiologist reports that contrary to this belief, chimp muscles' maximum dynamic force and power output is just about 1.35 times higher than human muscle of similar size, a difference they call 'modest' compared with historical, popular accounts of chimp 'super strength,' being many times stronger than humans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 26-Jun-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Stanford scientists create a cellular guillotine for studying single-cell wound repair
In an effort to understand how single cells heal, mechanical engineer Sindy Tang developed a microscopic guillotine that efficiently cuts cells in two. Learning more about single-cell wound repair could lead to self-healing materials and machines.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Taylor Kubota, Stanford News Service
tkubota@stanford.edu
707-292-5756
Stanford University

Showing releases 151-175 out of 1012.

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