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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 871.

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Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
TSRI scientists create first stable semisynthetic organism
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have announced the development of the first stable semisynthetic organism.
National Institutes of Health, NSF/Graduate Research Fellowship, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Labex ARCANE, NanoBio-ICMG Platforms, and American Cancer Society

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Archaeologists uncover new clues to Maya collapse
Using the largest set of radiocarbon dates ever obtained from a single Maya site, a team of archaeologists, led by the University of Arizona, developed a high-precision chronology that sheds new light on patterns leading up to the two major collapses of the Maya civilization.
National Science Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Geographic Foundation, Alphawood Foundation, University of Arizona Agnes Nelms Haury Program in Environment and Social Justice, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, others

Contact: Alexis Blue
University of Arizona

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology
New technique identifies micropollutants in New York waterways
Cornell University engineers have developed a new technique to test for a wide range of micropollutants in lakes, rivers and other potable water sources that vastly outperforms conventional methods. The new technique -- using high-resolution mass spectrometry -- assessed 18 water samples collected from New York state waterways. A total of 112 so-called micropollutants were found in at least one of the samples.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Systematic Entomology
Wasps, ants, and Ani DiFranco
A University of California, Riverside graduate student has discovered several news species of wasps, including one that she named after musician Ani DiFranco.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans
Arctic melt ponds form when meltwater clogs ice pores
A team including University of Utah mathematician Kenneth Golden has determined how Arctic melt ponds form, solving a paradoxical mystery of how a pool of water actually sits atop highly porous ice.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Proteome Research
80-million-year-old dinosaur collagen confirmed
Utilizing the most rigorous testing methods to date, researchers from North Carolina State University have isolated additional collagen peptides from an 80-million-year-old Brachylophosaurus.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
Scientists discover 6-million-year-old giant otter fossil in China's Yunnan Province
A paper in Journal of Systematic Paleontology, published by Taylor & Francis, reveals the discovery of one of the largest otter species ever found.
National Science Foundation, Yunnan Natural Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Government of Zhaotong, Government of Zhaoyang, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

Contact: Krystina Sihdu
Taylor & Francis Group

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
Scientists discover large extinct otter
Scientists discover large extinct otter, Siamogale melilutra, from the Miocene Shuitangba site in northeastern Yunnan Province in China. New prehistoric otter was the size of a modern wolf and is one of the largest otter species known to science.
National Science Foundation, Yunnan Natural Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Government of Zhaotong, Government of Zhaoyang, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

Contact: Patrick Evans
Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Cell Reports
Provocative prions may protect yeast cells from stress
The notorious heritable protein particles known as prions could be features, not bugs, in cells' operating systems. Prion formation could represent a protective response to stress, research in yeast suggests.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Electrocatalysis can advance green transition
Renewable energy is providing an increasing share of the energy supply, but to ensure the green transition continues, it must also be able to furnish us with the fuels and chemicals that combined account for 25 percent of the world's energy consumption. Electrocatalysis is a technology that can do just that, but is facing major challenges, as shown in a recent article in the Science journal.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Villum Foundation, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science Technology and Research, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Jakob Kibsgaard
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
Humans, not climate change, wiped out Australian megafauna
New evidence involving the ancient poop of some of the huge and astonishing creatures that once roamed Australia indicates the primary cause of their extinction around 45,000 years ago was likely a result of humans, not climate change.
US National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Gifford Miller
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
New genetic engineering technique could help design, study biological systems
A new technique will help biologists tinker with genes, whether the goal is to turn cells into tiny factories churning out medicines, modify crops to grow with limited water or study the effects of a gene on human health. The technique allows scientists to precisely regulate how much protein is produced from a particular gene. The process is simple yet innovative and, so far, works in everything from bacteria to plants to human cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant, American Cancer Society

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
IT network upgrades support LSUHealthNO research enterprise
The Department of Information Technology at LSU Health New Orleans successfully competed for its first National Science Foundation grant. The $499,640 grant will support a complete cyberinfrastructure overhaul in two key research buildings to create a science demilitarized zone (DMZ) and a high-speed science network for LSU Health New Orleans researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Digital assay of circulating tumor cells may improve diagnosis, monitoring of liver cancer
Use of an advanced form of the commonly used polymerase chain reaction method to analyze circulating tumor cells may greatly increase the ability to diagnose early-stage cancer, increasing the likelihood of successful treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Foundation for Cancer Research, Department of Defense, Prostate Cancer Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Ecology Letters
How much drought can a forest take?
Why do some trees die in a drought and others don't? And how can we predict where trees are most likely to die in future droughts? Scientists from the University of California, Davis, and colleagues examined those questions in a study published in the journal Ecology Letters.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, EPA STAR Fellowship, USDA Hatch Project

Contact: Kat Kerlin
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
2017 World Wide Web Conference
Your 'anonmyized' web browsing history may not be anonymous
Researchers wrote computer programs that found patterns among anonymized data about web traffic and used those patterns to identify individual users. The researchers note web users with active social media are vulnerable to the attack. 'Given a history with 30 links originating from Twitter, we can deduce the corresponding Twitter profile more than 50 percent of the time.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Sullivan
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Nano Letters
Creating atomic scale nanoribbons
A recent study conducted by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois and the Department of Chemistry at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln has demonstrated the first important step toward integrating atomically precise graphene nanoribbons (APGNRs) onto nonmetallic substrates. The paper, 'Solution-Synthesized Chevron Graphene Nanoribbons Exfoliated onto H:Si(100),' was published in Nano Letters.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Nebraska Research Initiative

Contact: Maeve Reilly
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Geosciences-inspired engineering
The Mackenzie Dike Swarm and the roughly 120 other known giant dike swarms located across the planet may also provide useful information about efficient extraction of oil and natural gas in today's modern world. To explore how naturally occurring dike swarms can lead to improved methods of oil and gas reservoir stimulation, the National Science Foundation Division of Earth Sciences awarded a $310,000 award to Andrew Bunger at Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Physical Review X
Theorists propose new class of topological metals with exotic electronic properties
Researchers at Princeton, Yale, and the University of Zurich have proposed a theory-based approach to characterize a class of metals that possess exotic electronic properties that could help scientists find other, similarly-endowed materials.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Packard Foundation, Keck Grant, Schmidt Fund

Contact: Tien Nguyen
Princeton University

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
New theory may explain mystery of Fairy Circles of Namibia
One of nature's greatest mysteries -- the 'Fairy Circles' of Namibia -- may have been unraveled by researchers at the University of Strathclyde and Princeton University.
National Science Foundation, Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland

Contact: Corporate Comms
University of Strathclyde

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
New low-cost technique converts bulk alloys to oxide nanowires
A simple technique for producing oxide nanowires directly from bulk materials could dramatically lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional nanostructures. That could open the door for a broad range of uses in lightweight structural composites, advanced sensors, electronic devices -- and thermally stable and strong battery membranes able to withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Jan-2017
Global Change Biology
Climate change prompts Alaska fish to change breeding behavior
A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska's most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.
Pacific Salmon Seafood Industry, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, National Science Foundation, and H. Mason Keeler and Richard and Lois Worthington Endowed Professorships

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Jan-2017
Developmental Science
Mandarin makes you more musical?
Mandarin makes you more musical -- and at a much earlier age than previously thought. That's the suggestion of a new study from the University of California San Diego. But hold on there, overachiever parents, don't' rush just yet to sign your kids up for Chinese lessons instead of piano.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation, and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Inga Kiderra
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Why baboon males resort to domestic violence
Some baboon males vying for a chance to father their own offspring expedite matters in a gruesome way -- they kill infants sired by other males and attack pregnant females, causing them to miscarry, researchers report. Infanticide has been documented in other animals including baboons, lions and dolphins, but rarely feticide. The perpetrators are more prone to commit domestic violence when forced to move into a group with few fertile females, the study finds.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Duke University, Princeton Center for the Demography of Aging, Chicago Zoological Society, L.S.B. Leakey Foundation, Max Planck Institute for Demography, National Geographic Society

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Jan-2017
RIT wins NSF grant to transform physics graduate education admissions and retention
A Rochester Institute of Technology professor won funding from the National Science Foundation to develop an inclusive approach to physics graduate education admission and retention of traditionally underrepresented US citizens. Casey Miller, associate professor and director of RIT's materials science and engineering graduate program, is collaborating with the American Physical Society on a $428,022 NSF Research Traineeship award in Innovations in Graduate Education to increase diversity and physics Ph.D. completion rates among women, African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Native Americans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Showing releases 176-200 out of 871.

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