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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
American Political Science Review
A better kind of cybersecurity strategy
The multilateral nature of cybersecurity today makes it markedly different than conventional security, according to a study co-authored by Alexander Wolitzky of MIT. The researchers' new model shows why countries that retaliate too much against online attacks can make things worse for themselves.
The research was supported, in part, by the Sloan Foundation and the National Science Foundation.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
FSU researchers investigate how face shape affects COVID-19 mask performance
Kourosh Shoele, an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, is part of a team that has received an $800,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to improve the efficacy of face masks as a defense against COVID-19 and other pathogens.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tisha Keller
tckeller@eng.famu.fsu.edu
Florida State University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting
Discovery suggests new promise for nonsilicon computer transistors
An alloy material called InGaAs could be suitable for high-performance computer transistors, according to MIT researchers. If operated at high-frequencies, InGaAs transistors could one day rival those made of silicon.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Molecular Ecology
How soil fungi respond to wildfire
When wildfires swept through the North Bay in 2017, graduate student Gabriel Smith saw a unique opportunity to study how fire affected his research subject: soil fungi.
National Science Foundation, Sonoma County Mycological Association, Stanford Biology Summer Undergraduate Research Program Fellowship, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Environmental Pollution
Less light, more trees assist migrating birds
Scientists from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and Colorado State University used observations from the Lab's eBird citizen-science program to estimate the seasonal species richness of nocturnally migrating passerines within 333 well surveyed urban areas in the contiguous U.S. "Richness" is defined as the number of different species in an area.
The Wolf Creek Charitable Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pat Leonard
pel27@cornell.edu
607-254-2137
Cornell University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Science Advances
New study helps pinpoint when earth's plate subduction began
According to findings published Dec. 9 in the journal Science Advances, plate subduction could have started 3.75 billion years ago, reshaping Earth's surface and setting the stage for a planet hospitable to life.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Chase Martin
ccm003@ucsd.edu
678-983-5837
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World
Religious discrimination particularly high for Jews and Muslims, study shows
Although people of all faiths report growing religious discrimination during the past few years, the phenomenon is most common among Jews and Muslims, according to a new study from researchers at Rice University and West Virginia University (WVU). In addition, Jews and Muslims are much more likely to become victims of violence because of their religious beliefs.
National Science Foundation, Rice's Faculty Initiatives Fund

Contact: Amy McCaig
ah25@rice.edu
217-417-2901
Rice University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
'Spooky Interactions', shocking adaptations discovered in electric fish of Brazil's Amazon
In findings published in the journal Frontiers, researchers have shown how a cave-adapted glass knifefish species of roughly 300 living members (Eigenmannia vicentespelea) has evolved from surface-dwelling relatives (Eigenmannia trilineata) that still live just outside their cave door -- by sacrificing their eyes and pigmentation, but gaining slightly more powerful electric organs that enhance the way they sense prey and communicate in absolute darkness.
National Science Foundation, CNPq

Contact: Deric Raymond
draymond@njit.edu
973-642-7042
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Applied Polymer Materials
Hydrogels with fine-toothed molecular combs may make enduring glucose-monitoring implants
In a new study, published online in the journal American Chemical Society (ACS) Applied Polymer Materials, scientists at Texas A&M University reported they have designed a hydrogel membrane that may be used to house optical glucose sensing materials, toward building a biosensor for monitoring sugar levels in diabetics.
National Science Foundation, Engineering Research Center for Precise Advanced Technologies and Health Systems

Contact: Amy Halbert
ahalbert@tamu.edu
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
Wielding a gun makes a shooter perceive others as wielding a gun, too
Nearly a decade ago, cognitive psychologist Jessica Witt wondered if the mere act of wielding a firearm could bias someone to perceive another person as wielding one, too - and more importantly, if such a bias could be scientifically measured. A series of experiments later, Witt and her research team concluded, yes and yes. The team has recently published a new set of experiments further underscoring what they call the "gun embodiment effect" in the journal Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
607-592-7387
Colorado State University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
eLife
DeepLabCut-Live! real-time marker-less motion capture for animals
Behavioral scientists at EPFL introduce DeepLabCut-Live!, a deep-learning tool that can enable real-time feedback studies on animal movement and posture. The software features 'maker-less' real-time motion capture, can interface with lab hardware for neurological analysis, and is now available open source for use by researchers.
Rowland Institute at Harvard University, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative DAF, Silicon Valley Community Foundation, Harvard Mind Brain, Behavior Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Advanced Science
"Game changer" perovskite can detect gamma rays
Scientists at EPFL have developed a game-changing perovskite material that can be used as a cheaper and highly efficient alternative to gamma-ray detectors.
Swiss National Science Foundation, ERC advanced grant "PICOPROP"

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Nature Communications
When strains of E.coli play rock-paper-scissors, it's not the strongest that survives
What happens when different strains of bacteria are present in the same system? Do they co-exist? Do the strongest survive? In a microbial game of rock-paper-scissors, researchers at the University of California San Diego's BioCircuits Institute uncovered a surprising answer.
National Institute of General Medical Sciences/NIH, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Franklin
m1franklin@ucsd.edu
917-443-5471
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Science Advances
Warm oceans helped first human migration from Asia to North America
New research reveals significant changes to the circulation of the North Pacific and its impact on the initial migration of humans from Asia to North America. It provides a new picture of the circulation and climate of the North Pacific at the end of the last ice age, with implications for early human migration.
Natural Environment Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Tudhope
Christine.Tudhope@st-andrews.ac.uk
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Science Advances
Bacterial nanopores open the future of data storage
Bioengineers at EPFL have developed a nanopore-based system that can read data encoded into synthetic macromolecules with higher accuracy and resolution than similar methods on the market. The system is also potentially cheaper and longer-lasting, and overcomes limitations that prevent us from moving away from conventional data storage devices that are rapidly maxing out in capacity and endurance.
Swiss National Science Foundation, EPFL, Horizon 2020 (Marie Sk?odowska-Curie grant), CNRS, ITN Euro-Sequences

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
Nature
New JILA tools 'turn on' quantum gases of ultracold molecules
JILA researchers have developed tools to 'turn on' quantum gases of ultracold molecules, gaining control of long-distance molecular interactions for potential applications such as encoding data for quantum computing and simulations.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 9-Dec-2020
PLOS ONE
How you measure happiness depends on where you live
The meaning of happiness varies depending where in the world a person lives and so benefits from using different measures, new UC Riverside research finds. Happiness studies historically have focused on the Western ideal of happiness, which is relatively self-centered and big on thrills. But while happiness is tied to independence in the West, Eastern happiness is related to interdependence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Warren
john.warren@ucr.edu
951-534-8912
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Applied Physics Letters
Breakthrough optical sensor mimics human eye, a key step toward better AI
CORVALLIS, Ore. - Researchers at Oregon State University are making key advances with a new type of optical sensor that more closely mimics the human eye's ability to perceive changes in its visual field.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Labram
john.labram@oregonstate.edu
Oregon State University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Understanding COVID-19 infection and possible mutations
The binding of a SARS-CoV-2 virus surface protein spike -- a projection from the spherical virus particle -- to the human cell surface protein ACE2 is the first step to infection that may lead to COVID-19 disease. Penn State researchers computationally assessed how changes to the virus spike makeup can affect binding with ACE2 and compared results to those of the original SARS-CoV virus (SARS).
Department of Agriculture, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Nano Energy
Stretchable micro-supercapacitors to self-power wearable devices
A stretchable system that can harvest energy from human breathing and motion for use in wearable health-monitoring devices may be possible, according to an international team of researchers, led by Huanyu "Larry" Cheng, Dorothy Quiggle Career Development Professor in Penn State's Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Educational Commission of Fujian Province for Youths, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
NSF backs project to create next-gen wireless devices
Two Cornell University researchers are looking into a new way to meet the growing demand for wireless services in the U.S.
National Science Foundation, Semiconductor Research Corporation

Contact: Jeff Tyson
jeff.tyson@cornell.edu
607-793-5769
Cornell University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Science
In new step toward quantum tech, scientists synthesize 'bright' quantum bits
Qubits (short for quantum bits) are often made of the same semiconducting materials as our everyday electronics. But now an interdisciplinary team of chemists and physicists at Northwestern University and the University of Chicago has developed a new method to create tailor-made qubits: by chemically synthesizing molecules that encode quantum information into their magnetic, or "spin," states. This new bottom-up approach could ultimately lead to quantum systems that have extraordinary flexibility and control, helping pave the way for next-generation quantum technology.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation and Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Social Science & Medicine
Infant health inequality has increased since 2010, study finds
After decades of narrowing gaps in health between infants born to the most and least advantaged American mothers, infant health inequality is increasing, portending a rise in health and social inequity that could last for decades.
American Educational Research Association, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jill Kimball
jill_kimball@brown.edu
Brown University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Paleobotanist to lead team scouring Antarctica for ancient clues to plant diversity
Brian Atkinson has earned a three-year, $850,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to lead a team from KU and the University of Michigan to collect and analyze fossilized flowering plants from promising field sites like the James Ross Basin and Vega Islands at the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
eLife
Scientists shed new light on how lung bacteria defend against pneumonia
New insight on how bacteria in the lungs protect against invading pathogens has been published today in the open-access eLife journal.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Fondation Ernst et Lucie Schmidheiny, Fondation Ernest Boninchi, H2020 European Research Council

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Showing releases 176-200 out of 1151.

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