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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 893.

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Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
UA engineer gives doctors a better feel for laparoscopic surgery
With $1.9 million from the National Science Foundation, a University of Arizona-led team of engineers, surgeons and virtual reality experts is developing and pilot-testing a computer-assisted surgical training device that will teach medical students how to perform laparoscopic surgery better than any human trainer.
National Science Foundation Smart and Connected Health Program

Contact: Jill Goetz
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Scientific Reports
Deepwater Horizon oil spill caused widespread marsh erosion
Marsh erosion caused by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill was widespread, a new study of 103 Gulf Coast sites reveals. At sites where oil coated more than 90 percent of plants' stems, erosion rates were up to 1.6 meters per year higher than at other sites, and erosion continued for up to two years. The study identifies 90 percent as the threshold above which accelerated erosion occurred.
State of Louisiana, NOAA, British Petroleum, National Science Foundation, Stolarz Foundation, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
UA Engineering receives $1.07M diversity grant From NSF
The National Science Foundation Bridge to the Doctorate Program awards two-year fellowships to US students pursuing master's in STEM fields to help them go on for PhDs and diversify the US STEM workforce.
"Bridge to Doctorate: WAESO LSAMP, Self Efficacy and Academic Community for Underrepresented Minority Student Success" is funded by the National Science Foundation Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation - Bridge to the Doctorate Program, Wester

Contact: Jill Goetz
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Chemical Biology
Unique bacterial chemist in the war on potatoes
This enzyme is 'wacko' in many ways in its breakdown of a poison related to TNT. On top of that, 5NAA-A is known so far only to exist in a single living organism on Earth -- a type of bacteria. Could it be the lone master of a rare bacterial enzymatic kung fu, in the war on potatoes? Or does a genomic clue point to its existence in one other solitary case?
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Fish and Fisheries
Missing fish catch data? Not necessarily a problem, new study says
A new study by University of Washington scientists finds that in many cases, misreporting caught fish doesn't always translate to overfishing. The study was published online this month in the journal Fish and Fisheries.
National Science Foundation IGERT Program on Ocean Change

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter
A team of scientists has discovered a phenomenon that could have practical applications in solar cells, rechargeable battery electrodes, and water-splitting devices.
National Science Foundation, Skoltech-MIT Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter
A new oscillating crystalline perovskite material could provide a novel approach to generating fuel from sunlight, among other applications. The material was developed by researchers at MIT, Brookhaven National Lab, and EPFL in Switzerland.
National Science Foundation, Skoltech-MIT Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
NYU Meyers receives $2.9 million from NSF to develop a holodeck instrument
The NYU Holodeck will be developed as a well-integrated software/hardware instrument incorporating visual, audio, and physical (haptics, objects, real-time fabrication) components, providing a compelling opportunity to explore and advance new types of science, permitting researchers from diverse disciplines to interact with theoretical models, real objects, robots, and agents, engendering insights that may not be possible using current 2-D and 3-D representations and analytic techniques.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Gone phishin': CyLab exposes how our ability to spot phishing emails is far from perfect
Each year, tens of millions of phishing emails make it to your inbox, uncaught by your email client's spam filter. Of those, millions more slide past our own judgment and are clicked and opened. A recent study out of Carnegie Mellon's CyLab Security and Privacy Institute has revealed just how likely we are to take the bait.
National Science Foundation, Carnegie Mellon Bertucci Fellowship

Contact: Daniel Tkacik
College of Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Physics
Argonne ahead of the 'curve' in magnetic study
In a new study by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, scientists noticed that magnetic skyrmions -- small electrically uncharged circular structures with a spiraling magnetic pattern -- do get deflected by an applied current, much like a curveball gets deflected by airflow.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jared Sagoff
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New microscope developed at MBL reveals nanoscale structural dynamics in live cells
Scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory and colleagues have unveiled a new microscope that can track the position and orientation of individual molecules in living cells -- nanoscale measurements that until now have posed a significant challenge.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Japan Science and Technology Agency PRESTO Program, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
UTSA astronomer receives grant to study the nature of distant galaxies
Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $387,214 grant from the National Science Foundation to support his efforts to better understand the formation and nature of the center of nearby galaxies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna E. Carver
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
CHARA Array awarded $3.9 million to provide telescope access to scientists across the nation
Scientists at Georgia State University's Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA) have been awarded a $3.9 million grant from the National Science Foundation to provide scientists greater access to the CHARA Array telescopes at the Mount Wilson Observatory in California.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Geologic imaging technique measures strength of Earth's outer shell
An advanced imaging technique used to map Earth's outer shell also can provide a measure of strength, finding weak spots and magma upwellings that could point to volcanic or earthquake activity, according to a new study by geologists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Adelaide in Australia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Plants
Ancestor rice of Suriname Maroons traced back to its African origin
A team of researchers shows that Suriname black rice is similar to a specific type of black rice that derived from the fields of Mande-speaking farmers in Western Ivory Coast.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Cement and Concrete Research
Rice University lab explores cement's crystalline nature to boost concrete performance
Rice University scientists analyze the crystalline structure of calcium silicates used in cement to maximize the ability to fine-tune the material. The work could help conserve energy and cut carbon emissions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
2016 Computation+Journalism Symposium
Proceedings of the 2016 Computation+Journalism Symposium
Fact-checking Senate campaign ads just got easier
If you live in one of the battleground states in this year's races for US Senate, you have probably been inundated with political ads, many of which talk about a candidate's willingness to toe the party line or vote across the aisle. Now, analyzing such claims for accuracy is about to get easier, thanks to a new website that lets visitors fact-check claims about congressional voting records against the data behind them.
National Science Foundation, Google

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Environmental change drove diversity in Lake Malawi cichlids
Researchers show that periods of deep, clear water in Lake Malawi over the past 800,000 years coincide with bursts of species diversification.
National Science Foundation, International Continental Scientific Drilling Program, American Chemical Society, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2016
Startup earns commercialization grant for new technology
GuidaBot, a joint venture between the University of Houston and Fannin Innovation Studio, has received a one-year, $225,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop and commercialize a robotic manipulator designed to work within the powerful magnetic field of an MRI machine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Proceedings of the IEEE
Brain-sensing technology developed by Stanford scientists allows typing at 12 words per minute
Technology for reading signals directly from the brain developed by Stanford Bio-X scientists could provide a way for people with movement disabilities to communicate.
Stanford Medical Scholars Program, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowship, National Science Foundation, Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Foundation, Burroughs Welcome Fund, Defense Advanced Research Project

Contact: Amy Adam
Stanford University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Nature Microbiology
Revving the microbial engine: Horsepower vs. fuel efficiency in bacterial genomes
Microbes that can reproduce rapidly in times of plenty have an evolutionary stockpile of extra genes that allows them to quickly respond to changing conditions such as oil spills or outbreaks of intestinal diseases.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Nature Communications
UCLA-Caltech study identifies brain cells that help us learn by watching others
From infancy, we learn by watching other people, then use those memories to help us predict outcomes and make decisions in the future. Now a UCLA-Caltech study has pinpointed the individual neurons in the brain that support observational learning.
Swiss National Science Foundation, G. Harold & Leila Y. Mathers Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists expect to calculate amount of fuel inside Earth by 2025
Scientists have developed numerous models to predict how much fuel remains inside Earth to drive its engines -- and estimates vary widely -- but the true amount remains unknown. In a new paper published in Nature Scientific Reports, a team of geologists and neutrino physicists boldly claims it will be able to determine by 2025 how much nuclear fuel and radioactive power remain in the Earth's tank.
National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
Physical Review X
UMD physicists discover 'smoke rings' made of laser light
University of Maryland physicists have discovered that self-focused laser pulses generate violent swirls of optical energy that resemble smoke rings. In these light structures, known as 'spatiotemporal optical vortices,' light energy flows through the inside of the ring and loops back around the outside. The vortices travel with the laser pulse and control energy flow around it. The new optical structures are described in the Sept. 9, 2016, issue of the journal Physical Review X.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Information Security Conference
Setting up a decoy network may help deflect a hacker's hits
Computer networks may never float like a butterfly, but Penn State information scientists suggest that creating nimble networks that can sense jabs from hackers could help deflect the stinging blows of those attacks.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Showing releases 176-200 out of 893.

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