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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 1105.

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Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Columbia engineers win NSF grant to study NYC storm surge infrastructure resilience
With so many hurricanes ravaging the Caribbean and the southern US, it has become clear that addressing threats to infrastructure is critical to keeping our communities safe, functional, and healthy. Storm surge has emerged as one of the most destructive forces on infrastructure, especially interconnected structures in cities. To address this issue, Columbia Engineering researchers recently won a NSF grant to study storm surge threats to New York City infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
212-854-3206
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
23rd Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Communication
Goodbye, login. Hello, heart scan
Forget fingerprint computer identification or retinal scanning. A University at Buffalo-led team has developed a computer security system using the dimensions of your heart as your identifier. The system uses low-level Doppler radar to measure your heart, and then continually monitors your heart to make sure no one else has stepped in to run your computer. The technology will be presented next month at the 23rd MobiCom conference.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Grove Potter
mpotter3@buffalo.edu
716-645-2130
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Scientific Data
Georgia State makes massive NASA solar dataset available to researchers
Georgia State University researchers have compiled a large solar dataset from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, making several hundred thousand solar events found on high-resolution solar images available to the public.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Journal of Neuroscience
A brain-system that builds confidence in what we see, hear and touch
A series of experiments at EPFL provide conclusive evidence that the brain uses a single mechanism (supramodality) to estimate confidence in different senses such as audition, touch, or vision. The study is published in the Journal of Neuroscience.
Bertarelli Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Nature Human Behaviour
Visual attention drawn to meaning, not what stands out
Our visual attention is drawn to parts of a scene that have meaning, rather than to those that are salient or 'stick out,' according to new research from the Center for Mind and Brain at UC Davis. The findings, published Sept. 25 in the journal Nature Human Behavior, overturn the widely held model of visual attention.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
PLOS ONE
Group project? Taking turns, working with friends may improve grades
A University of Washington-led study of college students has found that the social dynamics of a group, such as whether one person dominates the conversation or whether students work with a friend, affect academic performance. Put simply, the more comfortable students are, the better they do, which yields benefits beyond the classroom.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Eckart
keckart@uw.edu
206-616-5847
University of Washington

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Researchers developing new technique that uses light to separate mirrored molecules
Left- and right-handed versions of molecules can be hard to tell apart but can have devastatingly different effects. The Dionne lab is developing an optical filter to sort these molecules, which could lead to purer and safer drugs and agrichemicals.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, European Research Council grant.

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UC San Diego researchers explain the mechanism of asexual reproduction in flatworms
Scientists have nailed the biomechanics of a centuries-long puzzle on how freshwater flatworms known as planarians reproduce. The asexual freshwater worms, notoriously difficult to study, tear themselves into two pieces that go on to form two new worms. Researchers are now able to predict where planarian fission occurs based on its anatomy as well as explain how the process happens using a relatively simple mechanical model.
Bourrough Wellcome Fund, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, Hellman URS Fellowship

Contact: Mario Aguilera
maguilera@ucsd.edu
858-822-5148
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Developmental Cell
Tension makes the heart grow stronger
By taking videos of a tiny beating zebrafish heart as it reconstructs its covering in a petri dish, scientists have captured unexpected dynamics of cells involved in tissue regeneration. They found that the depleted heart tissue regenerates in a wave, led by a front of fast-moving, supersized cells and trailed by smaller cells that multiply to produce others. The nature of this wavefront is determined by mechanical tension on the cells.
American Heart Association, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Leducq Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Panda habitat shrinking, becoming more fragmented
Using remote sensing data, Chinese and US scientists have re-assessed the conservation status of the giant panda. Their analysis shows that while panda numbers are increasing, their habitat still covers less area and is more fragmented than it was in 1988, when the species was listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Ministry of Science and Technology/National Key Programme of Research and Development Project, State Forestry Administration, Worldwide Fund for Nature, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2017
MSU uses grant to improve search-and-rescue missions with humans and robots
Equipped with a $750,000 NSF grant, Michigan State University researchers hope to save more lives with more efficient underwater search-and-rescue missions through the joint efforts of humans and robots.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ally Hamzy
ally.hamzey@cabs.msu.edu
Michigan State University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2017
Cornell's Center for Materials Research's NSF funding extended, increased
The Cornell Center for Materials Research - which through research and education is enhancing national capabilities in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and materials research at all levels -- has been has been granted $23.2 million for the next six years from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Ann Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2017
Science
Observatory detects extragalactic cosmic rays hitting the Earth
Fifty years ago, scientists discovered that the Earth is occasionally hit by cosmic rays of enormous energies. Since then, they have argued about the source of those ultra-high energy cosmic rays -- whether they came from our galaxy or outside the Milky Way. The answer is a galaxy or galaxies far, far away, according to a report published Sept. 22 in Science by the Pierre Auger Collaboration.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louise Lerner
louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Ultra-light aluminum: USU chemist reports breakthrough in material design
Chemists from Utah State University and Russia's Southern Federal University report a new, metastable, ultra-light crystalline form of aluminum has been computationally designed using density functional calculations with imposing periodic boundary conditions.
National Science Foundation, Russian Ministry of Science and Education

Contact: Alexander Boldyrev
a.i.boldyrev@usu.edu
435-797-1630
Utah State University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
NSF awards Indiana University $4 million to advance medical nanotechnology
The Indiana University School of Informatics, Computing and Engineering has been awarded $4 million from the National Science Foundation to advance nanoscale devices to improve human health, including fighting cancer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Landscape Ecology
Ozark grasslands experience major increase in trees and shrubs
Woody vegetation, such as trees and shrubs, has increased dramatically in Ozark grasslands over the past 75 years, according to a study published this week in the journal Landscape Ecology. If these ecosystems continue to favor woody vegetation, will it be possible to maintain open grasslands for the foreseeable future?
National Science Foundation, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Jesse Miller
jedmiller@ucdavis.edu
541-482-4923
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Systematic Biology
Dino-killing asteroid's impact on bird evolution
Human activities could change the pace of evolution, similar to what occurred 66 million years ago when a giant asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs, leaving modern birds as their only descendants. That's one conclusion drawn by the authors of a new study published in Systematic Biology.
National Science Foundation, National Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, University of Bath

Contact: Lindsey Hadlock
lmh267@cornell.edu
607-255-6121
Cornell University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Baltimore Ecosystem Study partners with Baltimore City Public Schools
Through a $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation, the Baltimore Ecosystem Study (BES) is partnering with Baltimore City Public Schools to transform the way that chemistry is taught in the city's high schools. The innovative approach draws on data gathered by BES to convey how chemistry shapes the local environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori M. Quillen
quillenl@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x161
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Science
Babies can learn that hard work pays off
A study from MIT reveals babies as young as 15 months can learn the value of hard work. Researchers found babies who watched an adult struggle to reach two different goals before succeeding tried harder at their own difficult task than babies who saw an adult succeed effortlessly.
National Science Foundation, MIT Center for Brains, Minds and Machines, Simons Center for the Social Brain

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Football helmet smartfoam signals potential concussions in real time
While football-related concussions have been top of mind in recent years, people have struggled to create technology to accurately measure them in real time. BYU mechanical engineering Ph.D. student Jake Merrell and a team of researchers across three BYU departments have developed and tested a nano composite smartfoam that can be placed inside a football helmet (and pads) to more accurately test the impact and power of hits.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
toddh@byu.edu
801-422-8373
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
CWRU researcher wins $5.5 million federal grant to develop bio-inspired materials
With a new $5.5 million, five-year federal grant, a Case Western Reserve University researcher is leading an international team to develop functional materials inspired by some of the most desirable substances found in nature. The bioinspired materials produced in the project will be tested in soft-sided robots, but are expected to have a wide range of practical uses.
National Science Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Bill Lubinger
wxl289@case.edu
216-368-4443
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Cell
Ancient human DNA in sub-Saharan Africa lifts veil on prehistory
The first large-scale study of ancient human DNA from sub-Saharan Africa opens a long-awaited window into the identity of prehistoric populations in the region and how they moved around and replaced one another over the past 8,000 years.
Wenner-Gren Foundation, Swedish Research Council, German Research Foundation, Max Planck Society, National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation of South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, and others

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin_jiang@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-2003
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Science
Why poison frogs don't poison themselves
Poison frogs harbor some of the most potent neurotoxins we know, yet scientists have long wondered -- how do these frogs keep from poisoning themselves? With a new paper published in the journal Science, scientists are a step closer to resolving that head-scratcher. And the answer has potential consequences for the fight against pain and addiction.
National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation, UT Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Current Biology
The surprising, ancient behavior of jellyfish
The discovery that primitive jellyfish sleep suggests that sleep is an ancient, evolutionarily conserved behavior.
National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation for Complex Systems Science, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Dajose
ldajose@caltech.edu
626-658-0109
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Science
Study confirms cosmic rays have extragalactic origins
International collaboration by scientists with the Pierre Auger Observatory confirms that most of the highest energy cosmic rays that reach the Earth come from outside the Milky Way galaxy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Snow
gsnow1@unl.edu
402-472-6279
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Showing releases 176-200 out of 1105.

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