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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 869.

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Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Prized fossil find illuminates the lives of lizards in the Age of Dinosaurs
Paleontologists from the University of Washington, picking through a bounty of fossils from Montana, have discovered something unexpected -- a new species of lizard from the late dinosaur era, whose closest relatives roamed in faraway Asia.
National Science Foundation, American Museum of Natural History

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
Swarm of underwater robots mimics ocean life
Underwater robots developed by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego offer scientists an extraordinary new tool to study ocean currents and the tiny creatures they transport. Swarms of these underwater robots helped answer some basic questions about the most abundant life forms in the ocean -- plankton.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Nano Letters
Nanocavity and atomically thin materials advance tech for chip-scale light sources
University of Washington engineers have discovered an important first step towards building electrically pumped nanolasers that are critical to the development of integrated photonic based short-distance optical interconnects and sensors.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
TSRI scientists create first stable semisynthetic organism
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have announced the development of the first stable semisynthetic organism.
National Institutes of Health, NSF/Graduate Research Fellowship, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Labex ARCANE, NanoBio-ICMG Platforms, and American Cancer Society

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Archaeologists uncover new clues to Maya collapse
Using the largest set of radiocarbon dates ever obtained from a single Maya site, a team of archaeologists, led by the University of Arizona, developed a high-precision chronology that sheds new light on patterns leading up to the two major collapses of the Maya civilization.
National Science Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Geographic Foundation, Alphawood Foundation, University of Arizona Agnes Nelms Haury Program in Environment and Social Justice, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, others

Contact: Alexis Blue
ablue@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4386
University of Arizona

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology
New technique identifies micropollutants in New York waterways
Cornell University engineers have developed a new technique to test for a wide range of micropollutants in lakes, rivers and other potable water sources that vastly outperforms conventional methods. The new technique -- using high-resolution mass spectrometry -- assessed 18 water samples collected from New York state waterways. A total of 112 so-called micropollutants were found in at least one of the samples.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Systematic Entomology
Wasps, ants, and Ani DiFranco
A University of California, Riverside graduate student has discovered several news species of wasps, including one that she named after musician Ani DiFranco.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans
Arctic melt ponds form when meltwater clogs ice pores
A team including University of Utah mathematician Kenneth Golden has determined how Arctic melt ponds form, solving a paradoxical mystery of how a pool of water actually sits atop highly porous ice.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Proteome Research
80-million-year-old dinosaur collagen confirmed
Utilizing the most rigorous testing methods to date, researchers from North Carolina State University have isolated additional collagen peptides from an 80-million-year-old Brachylophosaurus.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
Scientists discover 6-million-year-old giant otter fossil in China's Yunnan Province
A paper in Journal of Systematic Paleontology, published by Taylor & Francis, reveals the discovery of one of the largest otter species ever found.
National Science Foundation, Yunnan Natural Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Government of Zhaotong, Government of Zhaoyang, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

Contact: Krystina Sihdu
newsroom@tandf.co.uk
Taylor & Francis Group

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
Scientists discover large extinct otter
Scientists discover large extinct otter, Siamogale melilutra, from the Miocene Shuitangba site in northeastern Yunnan Province in China. New prehistoric otter was the size of a modern wolf and is one of the largest otter species known to science.
National Science Foundation, Yunnan Natural Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Government of Zhaotong, Government of Zhaoyang, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

Contact: Patrick Evans
pevans@cmnh.org
216-231-2156
Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Cell Reports
Provocative prions may protect yeast cells from stress
The notorious heritable protein particles known as prions could be features, not bugs, in cells' operating systems. Prion formation could represent a protective response to stress, research in yeast suggests.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Science
Electrocatalysis can advance green transition
Renewable energy is providing an increasing share of the energy supply, but to ensure the green transition continues, it must also be able to furnish us with the fuels and chemicals that combined account for 25 percent of the world's energy consumption. Electrocatalysis is a technology that can do just that, but is facing major challenges, as shown in a recent article in the Science journal.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Villum Foundation, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science Technology and Research, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Jakob Kibsgaard
jkib@fysik.dtu.dk
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
Humans, not climate change, wiped out Australian megafauna
New evidence involving the ancient poop of some of the huge and astonishing creatures that once roamed Australia indicates the primary cause of their extinction around 45,000 years ago was likely a result of humans, not climate change.
US National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Gifford Miller
gmiller@colorado.edu
303-492-6962
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
New genetic engineering technique could help design, study biological systems
A new technique will help biologists tinker with genes, whether the goal is to turn cells into tiny factories churning out medicines, modify crops to grow with limited water or study the effects of a gene on human health. The technique allows scientists to precisely regulate how much protein is produced from a particular gene. The process is simple yet innovative and, so far, works in everything from bacteria to plants to human cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant, American Cancer Society

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
IT network upgrades support LSUHealthNO research enterprise
The Department of Information Technology at LSU Health New Orleans successfully competed for its first National Science Foundation grant. The $499,640 grant will support a complete cyberinfrastructure overhaul in two key research buildings to create a science demilitarized zone (DMZ) and a high-speed science network for LSU Health New Orleans researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4806
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Digital assay of circulating tumor cells may improve diagnosis, monitoring of liver cancer
Use of an advanced form of the commonly used polymerase chain reaction method to analyze circulating tumor cells may greatly increase the ability to diagnose early-stage cancer, increasing the likelihood of successful treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Foundation for Cancer Research, Department of Defense, Prostate Cancer Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katie Marquedant
kmarquedant@partners.org
617-726-0337
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Ecology Letters
How much drought can a forest take?
Why do some trees die in a drought and others don't? And how can we predict where trees are most likely to die in future droughts? Scientists from the University of California, Davis, and colleagues examined those questions in a study published in the journal Ecology Letters.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, EPA STAR Fellowship, USDA Hatch Project

Contact: Kat Kerlin
kekerlin@ucdavis.edu
530-752-7704
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
2017 World Wide Web Conference
Your 'anonmyized' web browsing history may not be anonymous
Researchers wrote computer programs that found patterns among anonymized data about web traffic and used those patterns to identify individual users. The researchers note web users with active social media are vulnerable to the attack. 'Given a history with 30 links originating from Twitter, we can deduce the corresponding Twitter profile more than 50 percent of the time.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Sullivan
js29@princeton.edu
609-258-4597
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Nano Letters
Creating atomic scale nanoribbons
A recent study conducted by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois and the Department of Chemistry at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln has demonstrated the first important step toward integrating atomically precise graphene nanoribbons (APGNRs) onto nonmetallic substrates. The paper, 'Solution-Synthesized Chevron Graphene Nanoribbons Exfoliated onto H:Si(100),' was published in Nano Letters.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Nebraska Research Initiative

Contact: Maeve Reilly
mjreilly@illinois.edu
217-244-7316
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Geosciences-inspired engineering
The Mackenzie Dike Swarm and the roughly 120 other known giant dike swarms located across the planet may also provide useful information about efficient extraction of oil and natural gas in today's modern world. To explore how naturally occurring dike swarms can lead to improved methods of oil and gas reservoir stimulation, the National Science Foundation Division of Earth Sciences awarded a $310,000 award to Andrew Bunger at Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Physical Review X
Theorists propose new class of topological metals with exotic electronic properties
Researchers at Princeton, Yale, and the University of Zurich have proposed a theory-based approach to characterize a class of metals that possess exotic electronic properties that could help scientists find other, similarly-endowed materials.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Packard Foundation, Keck Grant, Schmidt Fund

Contact: Tien Nguyen
tienn@princeton.edu
609-258-6523
Princeton University

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Nature
New theory may explain mystery of Fairy Circles of Namibia
One of nature's greatest mysteries -- the 'Fairy Circles' of Namibia -- may have been unraveled by researchers at the University of Strathclyde and Princeton University.
National Science Foundation, Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland

Contact: Corporate Comms
corporatecomms@strath.ac.uk
44-014-154-84373
University of Strathclyde

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Science
New low-cost technique converts bulk alloys to oxide nanowires
A simple technique for producing oxide nanowires directly from bulk materials could dramatically lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional nanostructures. That could open the door for a broad range of uses in lightweight structural composites, advanced sensors, electronic devices -- and thermally stable and strong battery membranes able to withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Jan-2017
Global Change Biology
Climate change prompts Alaska fish to change breeding behavior
A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska's most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.
Pacific Salmon Seafood Industry, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, National Science Foundation, and H. Mason Keeler and Richard and Lois Worthington Endowed Professorships

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Showing releases 201-225 out of 869.

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