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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 1056.

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Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
eLife
Working around spinal injuries
A new study in rats shows that changes in the brain after spinal cord injury are necessary to restore at least some function to lower limbs.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Shriners Hospital for Children

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Journal of Applied Physics
High-temperature superconductivity in B-doped Q-carbon
Researchers at North Carolina State University have significantly increased the temperature at which carbon-based materials act as superconductors, using a novel, boron-doped Q-carbon material.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Physical Review Letters
Dark matter is likely 'cold,' not 'fuzzy,' scientists report after new simulations
Scientists have used data from the intergalactic medium -- the vast, largely empty space between galaxies -- to narrow down what dark matter could be.
National Science Foundation, National Institute for Nuclear Physics, European Research Council, National Institute for Astrophysics, Royal Society, Kavli Foundation

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Imaging technology reveals copper is key to meeting future food and energy needs
For the first time, Cornell University researchers are using imaging capabilities at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) to explore how copper affects plant fertility. The work could provide key insights into how plants can be bred for better performance in marginal soils.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature Genetics
Researchers find corn gene conferring resistance to multiple plant leaf diseases
Researchers at North Carolina State University have found a specific gene in corn that appears to be associated with resistance to two and possibly three different plant leaf diseases.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mick Kulikowski
mick_kulikowski@ncsu.edu
919-515-8387
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature
What do sex in moss and neurons have in common?
For many years biologists have wondered why plants have so many genes coding for proteins that are known to be essential for the nervous system of animals, called glutamate receptors. Now, researchers from Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia (IGC, Portugal) and University of Maryland (UMD, USA) discovered a new function for those proteins, showing that moss sperm uses them to navigate its swimming towards the female organs and ensure offspring. This study will be published in Nature on 24 July.
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Marie Curie ITN-PlantOrigins, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ana Mena
anamena@igc.gulbenkian.pt
351-214-407-959
Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature
Receptors for neuron communication in humans vital for reproduction in mosses
Glutamate receptors, which play a central role in the human nervous system, have been thought to only function in neural transmission. However, they exist on many other human tissues, and in many species without nervous systems, including plants. A UMD-led study has shown that the glutamate receptor-like genes in the moss Physcomitrella patens are crucial for sexual reproduction, shedding light on a possible evolutionarily conserved, non-neural function for this family of genes.
National Science Foundation, Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Marie Curie Initial Training Networks

Contact: Irene Ying
zying@umd.edu
301-405-5204
University of Maryland

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Molecular hitchhiker on human protein signals tumors to self-destruct
Vanderbilt University engineers find existing human protein is ideal carrier for powerful molecules that can signal tumors to self-destruct.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Science Foundation

Contact: Heidi Hall
heidi.hall@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-6614
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Journal of Experimental Psychology
Higher cognitive abilities linked to greater risk of stereotyping, new study finds
People with higher cognitive abilities are more likely to learn and apply social stereotypes, finds a new study. The results, stemming from a series of experiments, show that those with higher cognitive abilities also more easily unlearn stereotypes when presented with new information.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature Ecology & Evolution
Two undergrads improve plant carbon-cycle models
In the summer of 2012, two undergraduate students tackled a problem that plant ecology experts had overlooked for 30 years. The students demonstrated that different plant species vary in how they take in carbon dioxide and emit water through the pores in their leaves. The data boosted the accuracy of mathematical models of carbon and water fluxes through plant leaves by 30 to 60 percent.
National Science Foundation, Energy Biosciences Institute

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature Climate Change
Allowable 'carbon budget' most likely overestimated
While most climate scientists, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, implicitly define 'pre-industrial' to be in the late 1800s, a true non-industrially influenced baseline is probably further in the past, according to an international team of researchers who are concerned because it affects the available carbon budget for meeting the 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) warming limit agreed to in the Paris Conference of 2015.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Natural Environmental Research Council, National Centre for Atmospheric Science, Wolfson Society, Royal Society

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature Climate Change
Study: Indian monsoons have strengthened over past 15 years
An MIT study published in Nature Climate Change finds that the Indian summer monsoons, which bring rainfall to the country each year between June and September, have strengthened in the last 15 years over north central India.
National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation of Singapore, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology Center

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Scientists enlist baker's yeast in a hunt for new medicines
An international team of scientists from Canada, US and Japan have come up with a new way to predict potentially useful drugs from a pool of undefined chemicals. Using this approach, they were able to more quickly identify leads that could be used to treat a range of diseases, from infections, to cancer to Alzheimer's. The finding will also help better match drugs to a disease to maximize the benefit and reduce side-effects.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, National Institute of Health, National Science Foundation, JSPS KAKENHI, Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute

Contact: Jovana Drinjakovic
jovana.drinjakovic@gmail.com
416-543-7820
University of Toronto

Public Release: 21-Jul-2017
UMass Amherst molecular biologist wins grant to outwit plant fungal diseases
The Fusarium oxysporum fungus causes wilt in over 100 plant species including tomato, cotton, watermelon and banana, costing farmers billions of dollars in losses worldwide each year. The disease is difficult to control. Once the soil is infected, the fungus can remain viable for 30 or 40 years, and at present "there really is no way to control it," Ma says. By advancing understanding of the molecular mechanism of fungal pathogenesis, she hopes to increase ways to develop disease-resistant crops.
National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 21-Jul-2017
ACS Energy Letters
Ultrathin device harvests electricity from human motion
A new electrochemical energy harvesting device developed at Vanderbilt University can generate electrical current from the full range of human motions and is thin enough to embed in clothing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2017
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Superluminous supernova marks the death of a star at cosmic high noon
The death of a massive star in a distant galaxy 10 billion years ago created a rare superluminous supernova, one of the most distant ever discovered. The brilliant explosion, more than three times as bright as the 100 billion stars of our Milky Way galaxy combined, occurred about 3.5 billion years after the big bang at a period known as 'cosmic high noon,' when the rate of star formation in the universe reached its peak.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Mountain glaciers recharge vital aquifers
Small mountain glaciers play a big role in recharging vital aquifers and in keeping rivers flowing during the winter, according to a new study published in Geophysical Research Letters, a journal of the American Geophysical Union. The study also suggests that the accelerated melting of mountain glaciers in recent decades may explain a phenomenon that has long puzzled scientists -- why Arctic and sub-Arctic rivers have increased their water flow during the winter even without a correlative increase in rain or snowfall.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Meghan Murphy
mmmurphy3@alaska.edu
907-474-7541
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Science Robotics
Stanford researchers develop a new type of soft, growing robot
A newly developed vine-like robot can grow across long distances without moving its whole body. It could prove useful in search and rescue operations and medical applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Scientific Reports
Ancient Italian fossils reveal risk of parasitic infections due to climate change
In 2014, a team of researchers led by a paleobiologist from the University of Missouri found that clams from the Holocene Epoch (that began 11,700 years ago) contained clues about how sea level rise due to climate change could foreshadow a rise in parasitic trematodes. Now, an international team from Mizzou and the Universities of Bologna and Florida has found that rising seas could be detrimental to human health on a much shorter time scale.
National Science Foundation, Institute of Advanced Studies at the University of Bologna, Unkelsbay Fund, Department of Geological Sciences at Mizzou, University of Bologna

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Scientists seek to engineer chatter among cells
Rice and University of Houston scientists win federal backing to learn how large colonies of cells communicate with each other and coordinate their activities. The work could lead to synthetic colonies that can help cure or manage diseases, among other tasks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
9th IAS Conference on HIV Science
Nature
Cow antibodies yield important clues for developing a broadly effective AIDS vaccine
As outlined in a study published today in Nature, lead author Devin Sok, Director, Antibody Discovery and Development at the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI), reports the elicitation of powerful, HIV-blocking antibodies in cows in a matter of weeks -- a process that usually takes years in humans. The unexpected animal model is providing clues for important questions at a moment when new energy has infused HIV vaccine research.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Rose Catlos
rcatlos@iavi.org
212-847-1049
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Scientists get best measure of star-forming material in galaxy clusters in early universe
The international Spitzer Adaptation of the Red-sequence Cluster Survey (SpARCS) collaboration based at the University of California, Riverside has combined observations from several of the world's most powerful telescopes to carry out one of the largest studies yet of molecular gas -- the raw material which fuels star formation throughout the universe -- in three of the most distant clusters of galaxies ever found, detected as they appeared when the universe was only four billion years old.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Universidad Andres Bello, FONDECYT, BASAL CATA, ISSI

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Science Advances
Strengthening 3-D printed parts for real-world use
From aerospace and defense to digital dentistry and medical devices, 3-D printed parts are used in a variety of industries. Currently, 3-D printed parts are very fragile and traditionally used in the prototyping phase of materials or as a toy for display. A doctoral student in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University has pioneered a countermeasure to transform the landscape of 3-D printing today.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Aubrey Bloom
Abloom@tamu.edu
830-377-8566
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Environmental Microbiology
Study finds restoration at Illinois prairie is working in the soil, too
A Northern Illinois University study finds that tallgrass prairie restoration at a large Illinois preserve is working at a foundational level -- in the soil. Bacteria in the soil are recolonizing and recovering on their own to resemble soil found in remnant prairies. The study shows that a carefully managed restoration can produce successes even beyond plant and animal biodiversity.
National Science Foundation, Friends of Nachusa Grasslands, Northern Illinois University

Contact: Tom Parisi
tparisi@niu.edu
815-753-3635
Northern Illinois University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
USF biologists find frog's future health influenced by gut microbes as tadpoles
University of South Florida biologists have found that a crucial window in the development of tadpoles may influence a frog's later ability to fight infectious diseases as an adult.
National Science Foundation, British Ecological Society, National Institutes of Health, US, Department of Agriculture, Environmental Protection Agency.

Contact: Adam Freeman
adamfreeman@usf.edu
813-974-9047
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Showing releases 201-225 out of 1056.

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