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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 201-225 out of 912.

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Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
IU researchers receive $1.8 million NSF grant to advance 'internet of things' security
Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing researchers have received $1.8 million from the National Science Foundation to ensure that door locks, lightbulbs, cameras and other common household items, which are increasingly connected to the internet, remain secure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
'Brainprint' researchers get $900K in funding
The National Science Foundation has awarded $900,000 in grant funding to researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York to continue investigations into the next-generation of brain biometric technology. The project, "Brain Hacking: Assessing Psychological and Computational Vulnerabilities in Brain-based Biometrics," will investigate security vulnerabilities of brainprint biometrics and particularly evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of brain biometrics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Laszlo
Binghamton University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Univeristy at Buffalo to build one-of-a-kind advanced materials data research lab
The University at Buffalo will transform the traditional role of a materials research database as a repository for information into an automated computer laboratory that rapidly collects, interprets and learns from massive amounts of information.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Seeing the forest through the trees
The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture is participating in a three-year, $3-million grant by the National Science Foundation to develop a user-friendly interface that will help forest scientists everywhere record and share their genomic data for various tree species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Patricia McDaniels
University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
OU-led team discovers rare, newborn tri-star system using ALMA
A rare triple-star system surrounded by a disk with a spiral structure has been discovered by a University of Oklahoma-led research team.
Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astrophysics Endowed Chair, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
IEEE Transactions on Haptics
For the first time, brain surface stimulation provides 'touch' feedback to direct movement
Grasping a cup or brushing hair or cooking a meal requires feedback that has been lost in amputees and individuals with paralysis -- a sense of touch. University of Washington researchers have have used direct stimulation of the human brain surface to provide this basic sensory feedback through artificial electrical signals, enabling a person to control movement while performing a simple task: opening and closing his hand.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Washington Research Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Young stellar system caught in act of forming close multiples
ALMA and VLA combine to reveal fragmentation occurring in dusty disk surrounding protostars, supporting idea that this is one of two mechanisms that produce multiple-star systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Yale scientists edit gene mutations in inherited form of anemia
A Yale-led research team used a new gene editing strategy to correct mutations that cause thalassemia, a form of anemia. Their gene editing technique provided corrections to the mutations and alleviated the disease in mice, the researchers said. The finding could lead to studies of a similar gene therapy to treat people with inherited blood disorders.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, DSF Charitable Foundation, Yale University/Robert E. Hunter Fund

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
New gene-editing technology successfully cures a genetic blood disorder in mice
A next-generation gene-editing system developed by Carnegie Mellon and Yale scientists has cured a genetic blood disorder mice using a simple IV treatment. Unlike the popular CRISPR gene-editing technique, the new technology can be administered to living animals and it significantly decreases unwanted, off-target gene mutations. The findings, reported in Nature Communications, offer a new therapeutic approach to treat genetic diseases of the blood like beta thalassemia and sickle cell disease by targeting faulty genes.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, DSF Charitable Foundation, Yale University/Robert E. Hunter Fund

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Science Advances
Warmth under climate change has cascading effect, destabilizing forest ant communities
Adding warmth predicted in climate-change models destabilized forest ant communities east of the Appalachian Mountains. The the loss of stability makes communities less resilient and slower to rebound when disturbed, a possible harbinger of disruption to the broader ecosystem.
US Department of Energy Program for Ecosystem Research, National Science Foundation Dimensions of Biodiversity

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Science Translational Medicine
Restoring the sense of touch in amputees using natural signals of the nervous system
Scientists at the University of Chicago and Case Western Reserve University have found a way to produce realistic sensations of touch in two human amputees by directly stimulating the nervous system.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Cornell professors to launch NSF-funded space experiments
Cornell University engineering professors Paul Steen and Michel Louge have both received funding from the National Science Foundation and NASA's CASIS program to send experiments to the International Space Station.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Tom Fleischman
Cornell University

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Atmospheric Environment
Indian roadside refuse fires produce toxic rainbow
Samples of smoke particles emanating from burning roadside trash piles in India have shown that their chemical composition and toxicity are very bad for human health. A person standing next to one of these fires might inhale a dose of toxins 1,000 times greater than that found in the ambient air -- reaching getting a daily dose limit in just one minute. Variation found between sites offers insights on mitigating the worst effects.
United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
NYIT receives grant for smartphone security research
Researchers led by NYIT will use a two-year NSF grant to investigate practical energy-efficient, privacy-preserving smartphone user authentication techniques.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Libby Sullivan
New York Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
49th Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture (Micro-49)
Researchers find weakness in common computer chip
Researchers from Binghamton University, State University of New York and University of California, Riverside have found a weakness in the Haswell central processing unit (CPU) components that makes common computer operating systems vulnerable to malicious attacks. Computer hackers could take control of individual, company and government computers if a weak point in address space layout randomization (ASLR) software is exploited by manipulating a CPU's branch predictor, a piece of hardware designed to improve program performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dmitry Ponomarev
Binghamton University

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
The Plant Cell
Researchers identify genes for 'Help me!' aromas from corn
When caterpillars attack, corn plants release volatile scent compounds, called terpenes, that attract parasitic wasps, whose larvae consume the caterpillar from the inside out. Not all corn varieties are equally effective at making terpenes, so researchers identified the genes responsible, so that breeders can create varieties of more caterpillar-resistant corn.
German Research Foundation, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service

Contact: Patricia Waldron
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Psychological Science
Here's when powerful people have trouble making a decision
Although powerful people often tend to decide and act quickly, they become more indecisive than others when the decisions are toughest to make, a new study suggests.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Geoff Durso
Ohio State University

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
New research on ancient Alpine rocks may unveil clues to Earth's evolution
High up in the Western Alps is a swath of rocks that could provide new insight into what happens deep in the Earth's subsurface. A new $4.2 million initiative, known as the ExTerra Field Institute and Research Endeavor (E-FIRE), will allow researchers from nine US institutions to conduct in-depth analyses of these rocks, which will improve our understanding of the forces governing activity beneath the crust and help us better understand the Earth's evolution.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Developmental Psychology
Many kids not ready for kindergarten
Many children are still learning to control their behavior as they enter kindergarten and may need educational support to develop that critical skill, indicates one of the most conclusive studies to date of early childhood self-regulation.
US Department of Education, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Nature Microbiology
Deep down fracking wells, microbial communities thrive
Microbes have a remarkable ability to adapt to the extreme conditions in fracking wells. New finding help scientists understand what is happening inside fracking wells and could offer insight into processes such as corrosion and methane production.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Tom Rickey
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Arousal exerts an unconscious influence on what we see
A new study from UCL researchers finds that subtle, unconscious increases in arousal -- indicated by a faster heartbeat and dilated pupils -- shape our confidence for visual experiences.
Wellcome Trust, European Research Council and Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Lane
University College London

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Enormous dome in central Andes driven by huge magma body beneath it
A new analysis of the topography of the central Andes shows the uplifting of the Earth's second highest continental plateau was driven in part by a huge zone of melted rock in the crust, known as a magma body. The Altiplano-Puna plateau is a high, dry region in the central Andes, with vast plains punctuated by spectacular volcanoes. Researchers used remote sensing data and topographic modeling techniques to reveal an enormous dome in the plateau.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Cytomegalovirus infection relies on human RNA-binding protein
Viruses hijack the molecular machinery in human cells to survive and replicate, often damaging those host cells in the process. Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine discovered that, for cytomegalovirus (CMV), this process relies on a human protein called CPEB1. The study provides a potential new target for the development of CMV therapies.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, National Science Foundation, Myotonic Dystrophy Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Atom-by-atom growth chart for shells helps decode past climate
For the first time scientists can see how the shells of tiny marine organisms grow atom-by-atom, a new study reports. The advance provides new insights into the mechanisms of biomineralization and will improve our understanding of environmental change in Earth's past.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Royal Society Open Science
Researchers find zebrafish want to hang out with moving 3-D robotic models of themselves
Zebrafish engage more with 3-D moving robotic models of themselves than with other stimuli. A team of NYU Tandon researchers devised a controllable, customizable robotic platform to more accurately study freshwater fish behavior. Zebrafish are highly versatile and increasingly taking the place of more complex animals in behavioral studies. Understanding their social behavior may help researchers explore mechanisms behind human disorders like anxiety, addiction, autism, and schizophrenia.
National Science Foundation, Mitsui USA Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Showing releases 201-225 out of 912.

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