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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
PNAS
Visual short-term memory is more complex than previously assumed
Contrary to previous assumptions, visual short-term memory is not merely based on one kind of information about an object, such as only its colour or only its name. Rather, several types of information can be retained simultaneously in short-term memory. Using complex EEG analyses and deep neural networks, researchers at Beijing Normal University and Ruhr-Universität Bochum have discovered that short-term memory is more complex than previously assumed.
German Research Foundation, National Science Foundation of China, Guangdong Pearl River Talents Plan Innovative and Entrepreneurial Team Grant

Contact: Nikolai Axmacher
nikolai.axmacher@rub.de
49-234-322-2674
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Environmental Science & Technology
New study allows regional prediction of uranium in groundwater
Stanford researchers can predict where and when uranium is released into aquifers and suggest an easy fix to keep this naturally occurring toxin from contaminating water sources.
Water Foundation, US National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, US Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Subsurface Biogeochemistry Program

Contact: Danielle T. Tucker
dttucker@stanford.edu
650-497-9541
Stanford University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences
Tension between awareness and fatigue shapes Covid-19 spread
In the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, two human factors are battling it out: awareness of the virus's severe consequences and fatigue from nine months of pandemic precautions. The results of that battle can be seen in the oddly shaped case, hospitalization, and fatality-count graphs, a new study suggests.
Simons Foundation, Army Research Office, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
AGU Fall Meeting 2020
NSF-funded deep ice core to be drilled at Hercules Dome, Antarctica
Antarctica's next deep ice core, drilling down to ice from 130,000 years ago, will be carried out by a multi-institutional U.S. team at Hercules Dome, a location hundreds of miles from today's coastline and a promising site to provide key evidence about the possible last collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Dec-2020
Nature Communications
Coral recovery during a prolonged heatwave offers new hope
University of Victoria biologists have discovered how some corals managed to survive a globally unprecedented heatwave, in a first-ever study that provides new hope for the long-term survival of coral reefs in the face of climate change.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, US National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Pew Charitable Trusts’ Pew Fellows Program, the Rufford Foundation, the Canadian Foundation for Innovation, Shedd Aquarium

Contact: Jennifer Kwan
jenniferkwan@uvic.ca
250-721-7641
University of Victoria

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Developmental Cell
Dynamic plants
Led by University of Pennsylvania prof Brian Gregory and postdoc Xiang Yu, researchers have uncovered one way plants respond to hormonal cues. A similar process is likely at play in mammals.
National Science Foundation and American Diabetes Association

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Bishop Museum Occasional Papers
Remote Hawaiian island harbors last land snails of their kind
The island of Nihoa, a slice of jagged rock that juts out of the Pacific Ocean, is the sole refuge for a rediscovered species of native Hawaiian land snail previously presumed to be extinct.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoose@flmnh.ufl.edu
352-273-1922
Florida Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Solar Physics
New sunspot cycle could be one of the strongest on record, new research predicts
In direct contradiction to the official forecast, a team of scientists led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is predicting that the Sunspot Cycle that started this fall could be one of the strongest since record-keeping began.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosanasky
720-470-2073
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Nature Communications
New method uses artificial intelligence to study live cells
A new study combines label-free imaging with artificial intelligence to study unlabeled live cells. This method has promising applications for samples that need to be observed over long periods without the use of labels.
National Science Foundation, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Contact: Ananya Sen
dkdahl@illinois.edu
217-333-2895
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Nature Photonics
Research brief: Researchers develop unique process for producing light-matter mixture
In groundbreaking new research, an international team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota Twin Cities has developed a unique process for producing a quantum state that is part light and part matter.
National Science Foundation, Samsung Global Research Outreach Program, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity, Aragón Government Project, US Office of Naval Research, Sanford P. Bordeau Chair

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Global Challenges
Quick and sensitive identification of multidrug-resistant germs
Researchers from the University of Basel have developed a sensitive testing system that allows the rapid and reliable detection of resistance in bacteria. The system is based on tiny, functionalized cantilevers that bend due to binding of sample material. In the analyses, the system was able to detect resistance in a sample quantity equivalent to 1-10 bacteria.
Swiss National Science Foundation grant (NRP72 program, number 407240_177354), D-BSSE, Swiss Nanoscience Institute (SNI), NRP72 Swiss National Science Foundation, the European Research Council (grant agreement No. [834402]), the Cleven Foundation

Contact: Dr. François Huber, University of Basel
francois.huber@unibas.ch
41-612-073-724
Swiss Nanoscience Institute, University of Basel

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Nature Communications
Rise of the underdog: a neglected mechanism in antiferromagnets may be key to spintronics
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) discover a mechanism in antiferromagnets that could be useful for spintronic devices. They theoretically and experimentally demonstrate that one of the magnetization torques arising from optically driven excitations has a much stronger influence on spin orientation than previously given credit for. These findings could provide a new and highly efficient mechanism for manipulating spin.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Kazuhide Hasegawa
media@jim.titech.ac.jp
81-357-342-975
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Undocumented immigrants far less likely to commit crimes in U.S. than citizens
Crime rates among undocumented immigrants are just a fraction of those of their U.S.-born neighbors, according to a first-of-its-kind analysis of Texas arrest and conviction records.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Justice

Contact: Michael Light
mlight@ssc.wisc.edu
608-262-1217
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Environmental Science & Technology
Wastewater testing for COVID-19
A new wastewater testing approach capable of better detecting viral infection patterns in communities could prove a crucial step toward an informed public health response to diseases like COVID-19.
National Science Foundation, Stanford Graduate Fellowship, Shimizu Visiting Professorship, anonymous funding from a private family foundation

Contact: Michelle Horton
mjhorton@stanford.edu
650-724-9839
Stanford University

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
GigaScience
The world's first DNA 'tricorder' in your pocket
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory scientists have built the first mobile genome sequence analyzer, making DNA analysis portable and accessible anywhere in the world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sara Roncero-Menendez
516-367-6866
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 7-Dec-2020
Nature Nanotechnology
Harnessing quantum properties to create single-molecule devices
Researchers, led by Columbia Engineering Prof Latha Venkataraman, report today that they have discovered a new chemical design principle for exploiting destructive quantum interference. They used their approach to create a six-nanometer single-molecule switch where the on-state current is more than 10,000 times greater than the off-state current--the largest change in current achieved for a single-molecule circuit to date.
National Science Foundation, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Holly Evarts
he2181@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 4-Dec-2020
Nature Communications Earth and Environment
Rochester researchers uncover key clues about the solar system's history
Researchers have used magnetism to determine, for the first time, when asteroids that are rich in water and amino acids first arrived in the inner solar system.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsey Valich
lvalich@ur.rochester.edu
603-493-1382
University of Rochester

Public Release: 4-Dec-2020
Solar Physics
Inouye Solar Telescope releases first image of a sunspot
The US NSF's Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope just released its first image of a sunspot. The telescope's four-meter primary mirror will give the best views of the sun from Earth throughout the next solar cycle. This image is an indication of the telescope's advanced optics. The image is released along with the first of a series of Inouye-related articles featured in the Solar Physics journal.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Claire Raftery
claire@nso.edu
303-735-9044
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

Public Release: 4-Dec-2020
Cell
New testing system could become the IoT of photovoltaics
New Suns Voc testing measures system voltage as a function of light intensity in outdoor setting, enabling real-time performance measurement and diagnostics
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: Theresa Grant
theresa.grant@asu.edu
520-907-2248
Arizona State University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Chemists get peek at novel fluorescence
Rice University chemists find a second level of fluorescence in single-walled carbon nanotubes. The phenomenon may be useful in solar energy and optoelectronic applications.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
Tech makes it possible to digitally communicate through human touch
Researchers have developed the first technology capable of sending digital information, such as a photo or password, by touching a surface with your finger.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Kayla Wiles
wiles5@purdue.edu
765-494-2432
Purdue University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Nature Communications
Titanium atom that exists in two places at once in crystal to blame for unusual phenomenon
Bombarding a crystal with neutrons reveals a quantum quirk that frustrates heat transfer.
the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Office of Naval Research, the National Science Foundation, the Army Research Office, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the Link Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
rperkins@caltech.edu
626-658-1053
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Environmental Science & Technology
Common pipe alloy can form cancer-causing chemical in drinking water
Rusted iron pipes can react with residual disinfectants in drinking water distribution systems to produce carcinogenic hexavalent chromium in drinking water, reports a study by engineers at UC Riverside.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Ober
holly.ober@ucr.edu
951-827-5893
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Light Science & Application
Researchers confront optics and data-transfer challenges with 3D-printed lens
Researchers have developed new 3D-printed microlenses with adjustable refractive indices - a property that gives them highly specialized light-focusing abilities. This advancement is poised to improve imaging, computing and communications by significantly increasing the data-routing capability of computer chips and other optical systems, the researchers said.
US Department of Energy, University of Illinois, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Nature Human Behavior
A new view of how the brain decides to make an effort
Nature Human Behavior published the research by scientists at Emory University. It gives the first detailed view of ventral striatum activity during three phases of effort-based decision-making -- the anticipation of initiating an effort, the actual execution of the effort and the reward, or outcome, of the effort.
National Institute for Mental Health, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Showing releases 201-225 out of 1140.

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