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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 955.

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Public Release: 14-Mar-2017
2016 IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics
Waiting to be sold: IUPUI researchers develop model to predict probability of home sales
Computer scientists from Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis have developed what they believe to be the first data-based answer to how long it will take for a house to sell. Their machine-learning solution innovatively draws upon methodology used to predict length of disease survival in patients with life-threatening medical conditions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 14-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Louisiana wetlands struggling with sea-level rise 4 times the global average
Without major efforts to rebuild Louisiana's wetlands, particularly in the westernmost part of the state, there is little chance that the coast will be able to withstand the accelerating rate of sea-level rise, a new Tulane University study concludes.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Institute for Climatic Change Research Coastal Center, The Water Institute of the Gulf

Contact: Barri Bronston
Tulane University

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The controversial origin of a symbol of the American west
New research by Professor Beth Shapiro of the UC Santa Cruz Genomics Institute and University of Alberta Professor Duane Froese has identified North America's oldest bison fossils and helped construct a bison genealogy establishing that a common maternal ancestor arrived between 130,000 and 195,000 years ago, during a previous ice age.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Alexis Morgan
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers develop new method to program nanoparticle organization in polymer thin films
University of Akron researchers have developed an original method -- soft-confinement pattern-induced nanoparticle segregation (SCPINS) -- to fabricate polymer nanocomposite thin films with well-controlled nanoparticle organization on a submicron scale. This new method uniquely controls the organization of any kind of nanoparticles into patterns in those films, which may be useful for applications involving sensors, nanowire circuitry or diffraction gratings, with proper subsequent processing steps like thermal or UV sintering that are likely required.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
University of Akron

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Nature Climate Change
Rapid decline of Arctic sea ice a combination of climate change and natural variability
The dramatic decline of Arctic sea ice in recent decades is caused by a mixture of global warming and a natural, decades-long atmospheric hot spot over Greenland and the Canadian Arctic.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Thinking outside the power box: Matthias Preindl takes converters virtual
Professor Matthias Preindl recently won an NSF CAREER grant to support his work reimagining how power converter technology operates. Inspired by virtualization that has become common in computer science, Preindl is designing virtual power converter systems with interchangeable converter modules and a software layer that controls the converter function. The result should increase reliability and speed up onboard charging for electric vehicles and cut costs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
New study shows red tides can be predicted
For over a century scientists have been trying to understand what causes red tides to form in coastal areas seemingly out of nowhere. Using a novel technique developed by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego scientist George Sugihara and colleagues, that mystery is finally being unraveled.
US Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research Program, Lenfest Ocean Program, National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Sea Grant Population Dynamics Fellowship

Contact: Robert Monroe
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Underwater vehicle design inspired by schools of fish
Keith Moored of Lehigh University has received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Career Award to gain a better understanding of flow mechanisms that occur among unsteady (due to oscillating fins), three-dimensional interacting bodies in complex arrangements -- like schools of fish. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of these collective interactions could open the door to the development of schools of bio-inspired technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Cellular 'garbage disposal' has another job
A subset of protein complexes whose role has long been thought to consist only of chemically degrading and discarding of proteins no longer needed by cells appears to also play a role in sending messages from one nerve cell to another, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Beatriz Vianna
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Science Advances
A new study provides a solid evidence for global warming
The new study allows a more accurate assessment of how much heat has accumulated in the ocean (and Earth) system. It will be a valuable resource for future studies of oceanic variability and its climatic impacts on both regional and global scales.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Zheng Lin
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Genetic key to salt-tolerance discovered in tilapia fish
UC Davis researchers have identified short DNA segments in tilapia that enhance expression of the genes regulating the fish's internal body chemistry in response to salinity stress.
National Science Foundation, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Patricia Bailey
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Nature Biomedical Engineering
Light scattering spectroscopy helps doctors identify early pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer has the lowest survival rate among all major cancers, largely because physicians lack diagnostic tools to detect the disease in its early, treatable stages. Now, a team of investigators led by Lev T. Perelman, Ph.D., Director of the Center for Advanced Biomedical Imaging and Photonics at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, has developed a promising new tool capable of distinguishing between harmless pancreatic cysts and those with malignant potential with an overall accuracy of 95 percent.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jacqueline Mitchell
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Nature Chemistry
NYU chemists color world of 3-D crystals with advances in self-assembly
A team of New York University chemists has created self-assembled, three-dimensional DNA crystals that can bind a separate, dye-bearing strand -- a breakthrough that enhances the functionality of these tiny building blocks.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, Office of Naval Research, US Department of Energy, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Flowering times shift with loss of species from a grassland ecosystem
Scientists have documented many cases in which the timing of seasonal events, such as the flowering of plants or the emergence of insects, is changing as a result of climate change. Now researchers studying a grassland ecosystem in California have discovered that reducing the number of species in the system can also cause a significant shift in when the remaining species flower.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 10-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
New nanofiber marks important step in next generation battery development
Materials researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have created a nanofiber that could help enable the next generation of rechargeable batteries and increase the efficiency of hydrogen production from water electrolysis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Josh Brown
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Physical Review Letters
Illinois researchers create first exact model for diffusion in magnesium alloys
In order to develop new materials, material engineers need to be able to predict how fast impurity atoms diffuse, or spread, in a crystal over a range of temperatures. Using new computational techniques, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have constructed the first exact model for diffusion in magnesium alloys. While magnesium is the lightest structural metal, this new model could mean big things for material engineers, as it can also be used to predict how atoms diffuse in many other materials.
US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dallas Trinkle
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
OU professor receives NSF Early CAREER award
A University of Oklahoma Gallogly College of Engineering professor, Steven P. Crossley, is the recipient of a five-year, National Science Foundation Early CAREER Award in the amount of $548,829 for research that can be used to understand catalysts that are important for a broad range of chemical reactions ranging from the production of renewable fuels and chemicals for natural gas processing. The research will be integrated with educational and outreach programs intended for American Indian students, emphasizing the importance of sustainable energy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
PLOS Pathogens
Scientists effectively disrupt communication between parasites that spread disease
A new intervention developed by Bar-Ilan University scientists to tamper with parasites' communication system may lead to the development of drugs to treat, and prevent the spread of, devastating diseases such as African sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis and Chagas' disease.
Israel Science Foundation, Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Elana Oberlander
Bar-Ilan University

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
New way to tune electronic energy levels may lead to valleytronic devices
Faster, more efficient data storage and computer logic systems could be on the horizon thanks to a new way of tuning electronic energy levels in two-dimensional films of crystal, discovered by researchers at MIT. The discovery could ultimately pave the way for the development of so-called "valleytronic" devices, which harness the way electrons gather around two equal energy states, known as valleys.
US Department of Energy, Gordon Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Molecules form gels to help cells sense and respond to stress
A specific protein inside cells senses threatening changes in its environment, such as heat or starvation, and triggers an adaptive response to help the cell continue to function and grow under stressful conditions, according to a new study by scientists from the University of Chicago.
Pew Charitable Trusts, National Institutes of Health, Protein Translation Research Network, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
First fully artificial yeast genome has been designed
Working as part of an international research consortium, a multidisciplinary team at The Johns Hopkins University has completed the design phase for a fully synthetic yeast genome.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Postdoctoral Fellowship and Microsoft Research

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Researchers assemble five new synthetic chromosomes
A global research team has built five new synthetic yeast chromosomes, meaning that 30 percent of a key organism's genetic material has now been swapped out for engineered replacements.
National Science Foundation, China National High Technology Research and Development Program, National Science Foundation of China, Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, ERASynBio

Contact: Greg Williams
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
PSU researcher receives $877,000 NSF grant to study success barriers in STEM education
Portland State University Sociology professor Dara Shifrer has received an $877,836 grant from the National Science Foundation to study the effects race, poverty and disabilities may have on American students' success in STEM education and careers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dara Shifrer
Portland State University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Staying a heartbeat ahead of hackers
Nearly a million new forms of malware are unleashed on the world every day. Manufacturers of software for smartphones, laptops and security cameras, as well as banks, retailers and government agencies, release upgrades frequently to try to protect customers and assets. Yet the millions of people with implanted medical devices typically never receive software upgrades to address security vulnerabilities for the gadgets in their bodies. UA engineers are working to change that.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Jill Goetz
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Chemists create molecular 'leaf' that collects and stores solar power without solar panels
An international research team centered at Indiana University have engineered a molecule that uses light or electricity to convert the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide -- a carbon-neutral fuel source -- more efficiently than any other method of 'carbon reduction.' The discovery, reported today in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, is a new milestone in the quest to recycle carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere into carbon-neutral fuels and others materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Showing releases 226-250 out of 955.

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