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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Nature Biotechnology
Johns Hopkins team develops software that cuts time, cost from gene sequencing
A team of Johns Hopkins University researchers has developed a new software that could revolutionize how DNA is sequenced, making it far faster and less expensive to map anything from yeast genomes to cancer genes.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Doug Donovan
dougdonovan@jhu.edu
443-462-2947
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Artificial intelligence collaboration seeking to hasten COVID-19 insights
Purdue University is joining with other organizations for an initiative to accelerate global collaborative research on COVID-19 through access to high-quality, real-time multi-center patient datasets. The National Science Foundation has provided funding to develop the Records Evaluation for COVID-19 Emergency Research (RECovER) initiative.
National Science Foundation, SUNY Buffalo, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Onai

Contact: Chris Adam
cladam@prf.org
Purdue University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Scientists predict 'optimal' stress levels
Scientists have created an evolutionary model to predict how animals should react in stressful situations.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Alex Morrison
a.morrison@exeter.ac.uk
44-079-202-78762
University of Exeter

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Science
Physicists capture the sound of a "perfect" fluid
MIT physicists have observed sound waves moving through a "perfect" fluid. The results should help scientists study the viscosity in neutron stars, the plasma of the early universe, and other strongly interacting fluids.
This research was supported, in part, by the National Science Foundation and the NSF Center for Ultracold Atoms, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Office of Naval Research, and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Dec-2020
Science
Tire-related chemical is largely responsible for adult coho salmon deaths in urban streams
A team led by researchers at the University of Washington Tacoma, UW and Washington State University Puyallup have discovered a chemical that kills coho salmon in urban streams before the fish can spawn.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington State Governors Funds, the Regional Monitoring Program for Water Quality in San Francisco Bay

Contact: Sarah McQuate
smcquate@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Climatic Change
Once in a lifetime floods to become regular occurrences by end of century
Superstorm Sandy brought flood-levels to the New York region that had not been seen in generations. Now, due to the impact of climate change, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have found that 100-year and 500-year flood levels could become regular occurrences for the thousands of homes surrounding Jamaica Bay, New York by the end of the century.
National Science Foundation, School of Engineering and Science at Stevens Institute of Technology, High Meadows Environmental Institute of Princeton University

Contact: Thania Benios
thania.benios@stevens.edu
917-930-5988
Stevens Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Nature
Supernova surprise creates elemental mystery
Michigan State University (MSU) researchers have discovered that one of the most important reactions in the universe can get a huge and unexpected boost inside exploding stars known as supernovae.
National Science Foundation, JINA-CEE

Contact: Kim Ward
kward@msu.edu
Michigan State University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Konza Prairie continues decades of research success with $7.12 million NSF grant renewal
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $7.12 million grant renewal to Kansas State University's Konza Prairie Biological Station to support the next six years of long-term ecological research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Tidball
jtidball@k-state.edu
316-660-0116
Kansas State University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Nature Biomedical Engineering
Sensor can detect scarred or fatty liver tissue
MIT engineers have now developed a diagnostic tool, based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), that could be used to detect both fatty liver disease and liver fibrosis.
Koch Institute Support (core) Grant from the National Cancer Institute, the National Institutes of Health, a Fannie and John Hertz Foundation Graduate Fellowship, and a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-460-9583
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Conservation Letters
No poaching occurring within most Channel Islands marine protected areas
Fish are thriving and poachers are staying out of marine protected areas around California's Channel Islands, a new population analysis by an Oregon State University researcher shows.
National Science Foundation; David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Will White
will.white@oregonstate.edu
Oregon State University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Light: Science & Applications
Natural three-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal
Nonlinear photonic crystals are playing a prominent role in laser and nonlinear optics. Here, Scientists in China presented a natural potassium-tantalate-niobate (KTN) nonlinear photonic crystal with 3D Rubik's domain structures. The composite rotated domains could be useful for different phase-matching conditions with rich reciprocal vectors along arbitrary direction. KTN crystal breaks strict requirements for incident light and crystal direction in nonlinear optics and trigger newfangled optoelectronic applications for perovskite ferroelectrics.
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), National Key Research and Development Program of China, Taishan Scholar Foundation of Shandong Province, Future Plans of young scholars in Shandong University

Contact: Fei Liang
liangfei@sdu.edu.cn
Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics And Physics, CAS

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Cell Reports Physical Science
New microscope technique reveals details of droplet nucleation
A microscopy technique developed at MIT and elsewhere allows researchers to directly observe the process of nucleation, which leads to the formation of droplets and bubbles on surfaces. The advance may facilitate the design of improved, more efficient surfaces for a variety of industrial processes.
Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, Toyota Central R&D Labs, and the National Science Foundation of China and National Science and Technology Major Project

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
SIGGRAPH Asia conference
This 3D printer doesn't gloss over the details
A new 3D printing system designed by MIT researchers enables realistic variations in glossiness across a 3D printed surface. The advance could aid fine art reproduction and the design of prosthetics.
National Science Foundation, European Research council

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Dec-2020
Nature
CNIC scientists identify a new diagnostic and therapeutic target for cardiovascular disease
Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC) have identified a mitochondrial protein as a potential marker for the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and as a possible target for future treatments. The study is published today in the journal Nature.
la Caixa Foundation, Asociación Española Contra el Cáncer (AECC), Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital, Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades

Contact: Fátima Lois
flois@cnic.es
34-639-282-477
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (F.S.P.)

Public Release: 1-Dec-2020
Journal of Industrial Ecology
Electronic waste on the decline, new study finds
A new study, led by a researcher at the Yale School of the Environment's Center for Industrial Ecology and published recently in the Journal of Industrial Ecology, has found that the total mass of electronic waste generated by Americans has been declining since 2015. This surprising finding has ramifications for both how we think about electronic waste's future and for the laws and regulations regarding e-waste recycling, according to the study's authors.
National Science Foundation, Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems, Grant/Award Numbers: CBET?1236447, CBET?1254688; Consumer Technology Association; Staples Sustainable Innovation Lab

Contact: Paige Stein
Paige.Stein@yale.edu
603-276-8721
Yale School of the Environment

Public Release: 1-Dec-2020
PhytoFrontiers™
After 100 years, Cornell University plant pathologists revisit fire blight hypothesis
Historically credited as being the first bacterium ever characterized as a plant pathogen, fire blight is a bacterial disease that leads to significant losses of pear and apple. The role of insects in the spread of this disease has been long studied. In a new study, plant pathologists based at Cornell University and Cornell AgriTech take a hypothesis that has been more or less ignored for 100 years and provided support for its validity.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Northeast SARE Graduate Student Grant, New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets Apple Research Development Program, Federal Capacity Funds, Grace Griswold Endowment, Arthur Boller Resea

Contact: Ashley Bergman Carlin
acarlin@scisoc.org
651-994-3832
American Phytopathological Society

Public Release: 1-Dec-2020
Nature Communications
Tomato's wild ancestor is a genomic reservoir for plant breeders
Today's tomatoes are larger and easier to farm than their wild ancestor, but they also are less resistant to disease and environmental stresses like drought and salty soil. Researchers from Boyce Thompson Institute created a high-quality genome for the ancestor, discovering structural variants that are involved in fruit flavor, size and ripening, stress tolerance and disease resistance. Plant breeders could use the resource to develop tomatoes that taste better, are more nutritious and more resilient.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: AJ Bouchie
ajbouchie@btiscience.org
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 1-Dec-2020
ACS Nano
Virus-like probes could help make rapid COVID-19 testing more accurate, reliable
Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed new and improved probes, known as positive controls, that could make it easier to validate rapid, point-of-care diagnostic tests for COVID-19 across the globe. The advance could help expand testing to low-resource, underserved areas.
National Science Foundation, University of California

Contact: Liezel Labios
llabios@ucsd.edu
858-246-1124
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 1-Dec-2020
Cell Reports
CRISPR tagging improves accuracy of model cells grown from stem cells
CRISPR tags are being used to identify all of the transcription factors necessary to turn a pluripotent stem cell into a suitable adult cell for research, and possible future cell therapies. A paper in Cell Reports documents its use for making adult neuronal cells, but the technique could be applied to any cell type.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Paul G. Allen Frontiers Group, the Open Philanthropy Project

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2020
Nature Ecology & Evolution
How the insect got its wings: Scientists (at last!) tell the tale
How insect wings evolved has puzzled biologists for over a century. Finally, a team from the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, has shown that the insect wing evolved from an outgrowth on the crustacean leg that was incorporated into the animal's body wall.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-685-3525
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 30-Nov-2020
Nature Physics
Magnetic vortices come full circle
The first experimental observation of three-dimensional magnetic 'vortex rings' provides fundamental insight into intricate nanoscale structures inside bulk magnets, and offers fresh perspectives for magnetic devices.
Leverhulme Trust, Isaac Newton Trust, L'Oréal-UNESCO UK and Ireland Fellowship for Women in Science, Swiss National Science Foundation, Russian Science Foundation, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Simons Foundation

Contact: Dr. Mirjam van Daalen
mirjam.vandaalen@psi.ch
41-563-105-674
Paul Scherrer Institute

Public Release: 30-Nov-2020
Scientific Reports
The number of times a person gives birth may affect how quickly they age
Having children doesn't just make you feel like you've aged overnight -- a new study led by Penn State researchers found that the number of times a person gives birth may also affect the body's physical aging process.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Katie Bohn
kej5009@psu.edu
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Nov-2020
Advanced Materials
Ultrathin spray-applied MXene antennas are ready for 5G
New antennas so thin that they can be sprayed into place are also robust enough to provide a strong signal at bandwidths that will be used by fifth-generation (5G) mobile devices. Performance results for the antennas, which are made from a new type of two-dimensional material called MXene, were recently reported by researchers at Drexel University and could have rammifications for mobile, wearable and connected "internet of things" technology.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Britt Faulstick
bef29@drexel.edu
215-895-2617
Drexel University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2020
Physical Review Letters
Math enables custom arrangements of liquid 'nesting dolls'
Princeton University researchers have developed a new way to examine, predict and engineer interactions between multiple liquid phases, including arrangements of mixtures with an arbitrary number of separated phases.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly Sharlach
sharlach@princeton.edu
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 30-Nov-2020
Scientific Reports
Black bear gut biome surprisingly simple, scientists say
In recent decades, researchers have found that most mammals' guts are surprisingly complex environments - home to a variety of microbial ecosystems that can profoundly affect an animal's well-being. Scientists have now learned that the bear appears to be an exception, with its gut playing host to a microbial population that varies little across the intestinal tract.
National Science Foundation, Sigma Xi

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 226-250 out of 1151.

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