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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 1103.

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Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Live fast die young: Updating signal detection theory
Signal Detection Theory holds that in a predator-prey relationship, prey animals will show more wariness and be more prone to flee as predators become more common. New work from UC Davis shows that in a more realistic model, animals may become less wary as the risks of predation increase. The work has implications in a wide range of fields.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical
Flexible 'skin' can help robots, prosthetics perform everyday tasks by sensing shear force
UW and UCLA engineers have developed a flexible sensor 'skin' that can be stretched over any part of a robot's body or prosthetic to accurately convey information about shear forces and vibration, which are critical to tasks ranging from cooking an egg to dismantling a bomb.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, MobiCom 2017
Wearables to boost security of voice-based log-in
A security-token necklace, ear buds or eyeglasses developed at the University of Michigan could eliminate vulnerabilities in voice authentication -- the practice of logging in to a device or service with your voice alone.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Nature Methods
Assessment shows metagenomics software has much room for improvement
A recent critical assessment of software tools represents a key step toward taming the 'Wild West' nature of the burgeoning field of metagenomics.
UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Department of Energy, Australian Research Council, European Research Council, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Lundbeck Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Koslicki
david.koslicki@math.oregonstate.edu
Oregon State University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
PNAS, Early Edition
Matchmaking with consequences
Myc proteins play an important role when cells become cancerous. Researchers from the University of Würzburg have studied just how they do this. They might thus open up ways to develop new therapies.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Gallant
peter.gallant@biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de
49-931-318-8814
University of Würzburg

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Psychological Science
How we determine who's to blame
Using eye-tracking technology, MIT cognitive scientists have obtained the first direct evidence that people use a process called counterfactual simulation to imagine how a situation could have played out differently to assign responsibility for an outcome.
National Science Foundation, MIT's Center for Brains, Minds and Machines, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Scientific Reports
Keratin, proteins from 54-million-year-old sea turtle show survival trait evolution
Researchers Japan have retrieved original pigment, beta-keratin and muscle proteins from a 54-million-year-old sea turtle hatchling. The work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting persistence of original molecules over millions of years and also provides direct evidence that a pigment-based survival trait common to modern sea turtles evolved at least 54 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
UTA researchers earn grant to help Texas city prioritize post-Harvey debris cleanup
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington have been awarded a $34,000 National Science Foundation RAPID grant to use unmanned aerial vehicles to create highly accurate 3-D and profile maps of the storm debris so the city knows the full extent of what it needs to remove.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Physical Review Fluids
Spinning strands hint at folding dynamics
A Rice University lab creates flexible strings of magnetized beads to model how natural and synthetic strands bend and fold in dynamic conditions. The work could enhance knowledge of how proteins and DNA fold in biological systems and how synthetic fibers interact in fluids.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shaping animal, vegetable and mineral
Harvard researchers demonstrate a technique to grow any target shape from any starting shape.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Laboratory Army Research Office

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Mousensor, LLC receives NSF SBIA to decode the human sense of smell
MOUSENSOR, LLC has been awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant for $225,000 to conduct research and development (R&D) work on decoding the human sense of smell.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Shante Booker
Shante.Booker@cuny.edu
The City University of New York

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
PLOS ONE
Study suggests oysters offer hot spot for reducing nutrient pollution
VIMS-led study is the first to identify and quantify potentially denitrifying bacteria in the oyster gut and shell, with important implications for efforts to reduce nutrient levels in coastal waters through oyster restoration.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: David Malmquist
davem@vims.edu
804-684-7011
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Journal of Membrane Science
Toward efficient high-pressure desalination
One of the biggest operational challenges for desalination plants is the fouling of membranes by microbes. New research from MIT suggests a novel approach to reducing the rate of fouling, and thus improving desalination plant efficiency.
Martin Fellowship for Sustainability, National Science Foundation, Center for Clean Water and Clean Energy at MIT, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters
Astronomers detect colliding neutron stars for first time
Four Northwestern University astronomers are part of an international research collaboration that is the first to detect the spectacular collision of two neutron stars using both gravitational waves and light. The discovery ushers in an exciting new era in astronomy -- multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves -- less than two years after the first detection of gravitational waves opened a new window onto the universe. The astronomers hold leading roles on both sides of discovery, in gravitational-wave astronomy and electromagnetic astronomy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters
RIT researchers help usher in era of multi-messenger astronomy with LIGO discovery
Rochester Institute of Technology played a significant role in the breakthrough discovery of colliding neutron stars, cosmic collision detected in gravitational waves and in light. "We can probably account for all the gold that has ever been made," said Richard O'Shaughnessy from RIT's Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation. "We know how often neutron stars merge and can predict how much of the radioactive material they eject. We can predict how much gold they make."
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Scientists spot explosive counterpart of LIGO/Virgo's latest gravitational waves
A team of scientists using the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), the primary observing tool of the Dark Energy Survey, was among the first to observe the fiery aftermath of a recently detected burst of gravitational waves, recording images of the first confirmed explosion from two colliding neutron stars ever seen by astronomers.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andre Salles
media@fnal.gov
630-840-3351
DOE/Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering
Study finds auto-fix tool gets more programmers to upgrade code
Failure to make necessary upgrades to software code can have dire consequences, such as the major data breach at Equifax. A recent study finds that auto-fix tools are effective ways to get programmers to make the relevant upgrades - if programmers opt to use them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Science
First observations of merging neutron stars mark a new era in astronomy
After LIGO detected gravitational waves from the merger of two neutron stars, the race was on to detect a visible counterpart, because unlike the colliding black holes responsible for LIGO's four previous detections, this event was expected to produce an explosion of visible light. A small team led by UCSC was the first to find the source of the gravitational waves, capturing the first images of the event with the Swope Telescope in Chile.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Heising-Simons Foundation, Kavli Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Harvey runoff menaces Texas' coral reefs
The more than 13 trillion gallons of floodwater from Hurricane Harvey have created a massive plume of freshwater in the Gulf of Mexico that is threatening the coral reefs of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary about 100 miles offshore of Galveston.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Science
Gravitational waves + new clues from space reveal new way to make a black hole
For the first time, scientists worldwide and at Penn State University have detected both gravitational waves and light shooting toward our planet from the birthplace of a new black hole created by the merger of two neutron stars. The discovery marks the beginning of a new era of "multi-messenger" + "multi-wavelength" space exploration with a global network of many types of observatories focusing their special detection powers simultaneously on one fleetingly explosive point in space.
LIGO is funded by the National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
BarbaraKennedy@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Science
Radio 'eyes' unlocking secrets of neutron-star collision
VLA detects radio waves from neutron-star collision that generated the gravitational waves observed by LIGO and VIRGO. Radio observatories will continue to provide important new information about this event over the coming months.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth
Waves in lakes make waves in the Earth
In a study published today in the Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, scientists at the University of Utah report that small seismic signals in lakes can aid science. As a record of wave motion in a lake, they can reveal when a lake freezes over and when it thaws. And as a small, constant source of seismic energy in the surrounding earth, lake microseisms can shine a light on the geology surrounding a lake.
National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-585-6861
University of Utah

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists log newfound understanding of water's responses to changing temperatures
A team of chemists has uncovered new ways in which frozen water responds to changes in temperature to produce novel formations. Its findings have implications for climate research as well as other processes that involve ice formation -- from food preservation to agriculture.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rice U. study: Vibrating nanoparticles interact
Like a tuning fork struck with a mallet, tiny gold nanodisks can be made to vibrate at resonant frequencies when struck by light. In new research this week, Rice University chemist Stephan Link and colleagues showed how to selectively alter those vibrational frequencies by gathering different-sized nanodisks into groups.
Welch Foundation, US Army Research Office, Air Force Office for Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Australian Research Council

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2017
Deterring drones from ballparks and botanical gardens
To study how an outdoor public space might shoo away unwanted drone aircraft, researchers from Duke University are teaming up with a local minor league baseball team and historic botanical garden to develop a set of affordable and aesthetic guidelines for deterrence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Showing releases 26-50 out of 1103.

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