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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 251-275 out of 955.

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Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
UTA researchers to develop new math theory for improvement of imaging technology
Researchers at the University of Texas at Arlington are working on a project which could have a sizable impact on imaging technologies, by developing new mathematical theories that can help solve outstanding problems. Technologies that could benefit include: modern healthcare equipment, national security, space exploration and industrial applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Northeastern researcher to co-direct NSF initiative to advance wireless communication
On Wednesday, the National Science Foundation named Northeastern professor Tommaso Melodia director of research of the Project Office for a groundbreaking initiative called Platforms for Advanced Wireless Research, or PAWR. PAWR will foster fundamental research and development of multiple community-scale platforms supporting next-generation wireless communications networks across the US.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John O'Neill
Northeastern University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Stanford biologists identify ancient stress response in corals
Monitoring a newly discovered group of genes in coral could predict when they are under stress and might bleach. The approach could improve conservation strategies for at-risk coral reefs.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, National Science Foundation, Stanford DARE Fellowship

Contact: Taylor Kubota
Stanford University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Researchers create 'time crystals' envisioned by Princeton scientists
Two groups of researchers based at Harvard University and the University of Maryland report in the journal Nature that they have successfully created time crystals using theories developed at Princeton University.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, German Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
Princeton University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society
Iota Orionis: Pulsating beacon of a constellation
Using the world's smallest astronomical satellites, researchers detect the biggest stellar heartbeat ever.
Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche Nature et technologies du Québec, National Science Centre, National Science Foundation, Lee DuBridge Fellowship

Contact: Julie Gazaille
University of Montreal

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
The proteins that domesticated our genomes
EPFL scientists have carried out a genomic and evolutionary study of a large and enigmatic family of human proteins, to demonstrate that it is responsible for harnessing the millions of transposable elements in the human genome. The work reveals the largely species-specific gene-regulatory networks that impact all of human biology, in both health and disease.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Study supports increased funding for long-term ecological research
Funding for long-term ecological and environmental studies has been on a downward trend for more than a decade, yet such studies are of critical importance for advancing the science of ecology and for informing policy decisions about natural resources and environmental issues. These are among the conclusions of a new analysis published in the March issue of BioScience.
National Science Foundation, NOAA Fisheries

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vision, not limbs, led fish onto land 385 million years ago
A Northwestern University and W.M. Keck Science Department of Pitzer, Claremont McKenna and Scripps colleges study suggests it was the power of the eyes and not the limbs that first led our aquatic ancestors to make the leap from water to land. The researchers discovered that eyes nearly tripled in size before -- not after -- the water-to-land transition. Crocodile-like animals saw easy meals on land and then evolved limbs that enabled them to get there, the researchers argue.
National Science Foundation, Malcolm MacIver

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Ecology Letters
Researchers develop equation that helps to explain plant growth
New UCLA biology breakthrough has important implications for plants as they adapt to a warming environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Snake bit? UCI chemists figure out how to easily and cheaply halt venom's spread
Chemists at the University of California, Irvine have developed a way to neutralize deadly snake venom more cheaply and effectively than with traditional anti-venom -- an innovation that could spare millions of people the loss of life or limbs each year.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Janet Wilson
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
MRI-powered mini-robots could offer targeted treatment
Invasive surgical techniques allow physicians to effectively treat disease but can lead to sometimes serious complications and dramatically slow healing for the patient. Scientists instead want to deploy dozens, or even thousands of tiny robots to travel the body's venous system as they deliver drugs or a self-assembled interventional tool.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Scientific Reports
New design results in compact, highly efficient frequency comb
Northwestern University researchers have designed a quantum cascade laser (QCL) frequency comb that is dramatically more efficient than previous iterations. The device could detect many different kinds of chemicals, including industrial emissions, explosives, and chemical warfare agents.
National Science Foundation, Department of Homeland Security, Naval Air Systems Command, NASA

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Understanding what's happening inside liquid droplets
For most people, the drip, drip, drip of a leaking faucet would be an annoyance. But for Georgia Institute of Technology Ph.D. candidate Alexandros Fragkopoulos, what happens inside droplets is the stuff of serious science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
One step at a time
An award from the National Science Foundation's Cyber-Physical Systems program will enable researchers at the University of Pittsburgh to develop an ultrasound sensor system at the heart of a hybrid exoskeleton that utilizes both electrical nerve stimulation and external motors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Science Signaling
UCLA scientists show how to amplify or stifle signals for immune responses
UCLA immunologists pioneered an approach to observe in real time what excites T cells at the nanoscale, pinpointed the pathway that controls immune response and identified drugs that could equip scientists with the ability to manipulate the immune system and prevent disease.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Stanford Child Health Research Institute, Morgridge Family Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Nature Climate Change
Climate study: More intense and frequent severe rainstorms likely; no drop off expected
A University of Connecticut climate scientist confirms that more intense and more frequent severe rainstorms will likely continue as temperatures rise due to global warming, despite some observations that seem to suggest otherwise.
National Science Foundation Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences, Climate and Large-scale Dynamics program

Contact: Dr. Guiling Wang
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Cell Reports
UCI team identifies key mutation that suppresses the immune system in melanoma
University of California, Irvine researchers have identified a specific mutation that allows melanoma tumor cells to remain undetected by the immune system. The finding may lead to the development of better immunotherapies and more effective methods to identify patients that would respond to these new therapies.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, National Science Foundation, Ford Foundation National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine Dissertation Fellowship, Stanley Behrens Fellowship

Contact: John Murray
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
58th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference
Designing the fuel-efficient aircraft of the future
University of Michigan researchers are using the Stampede supercomputer to design novel, fuel-efficient, wing designs for jets, and to develop tools that can help the industry build more efficient aircraft. The researchers are exploring wings with longer spans, made of complex composites and that morph during flight. They presented results for a morphing design that has the potential to burn 2 percent less fuel than current designs at the 2016 AIAA SciTech Forum.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene
Fly-over states matter when understanding -- and saving -- migratory birds
Around the world, thousands of migratory animals travel hundreds or even thousands of miles each year. The journey of migratory animals is more important than their destination. Scientists use the endangered Kirtland's warblers to show how connecting all migration's points can chart a way to sustainability.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Nature Geoscience
Study shows US grasslands affected more by atmospheric dryness than precipitation
According to 33 years of remote sensing data, productivity of US grasslands is more sensitive to dryness of the atmosphere than precipitation, important information for understanding how ecosystems will respond to climate change.
Columbia University, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Stanford University

Contact: Danielle T. Tucker
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
PLOS Pathogens
Unique protein partly to blame for worm's digestive distress
A fusion protein unique to the Orsay virus that disrupts the digestive system of only one type of worm may be modified to treat infectious diseases, according to Rice University scientists.
The Robert A. Welch Foundation, Hamill Foundation, Kresge Science Initiative Endowment Fund at Rice, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Mizzou researchers receive $1 Million NSF career grant
Administrators at the University of Missouri announced today that two paleobiologists have received the National Science Foundation's Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award. John Huntley and Jim Schiffbauer, assistant professors of geological sciences in the MU College of Arts and Science, each will receive more than $500,000 over the next five years in support of early career development activities such as research and science and to integrate their studies into education programs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
SF State researchers create new tool that measures active learning in classrooms
A new tool developed by San Francisco State researchers that uses classroom sounds may solve the biggest outstanding question in undergraduate science education ? namely, what teaching methods are actually being used in college classrooms, and how can they be monitored?
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Kenny
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Evidence disproving tropical 'thermostat' theory
New research findings show that as the world warmed millions of years ago, conditions in the tropics may have made it so hot some organisms couldn't survive.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Peloza
Purdue University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
It's a bird, it's a plane, it's -- a key discovery about human memory
As Superman flies, people on the ground famously suppose they see a bird, then a plane, and then finally realize it's a superhero. But they haven't just spotted the Man of Steel -- they've experienced the ideal conditions to create a very strong memory of him.
National Science Foundation, Johns Hopkins University

Contact: Jill Rosen
Johns Hopkins University

Showing releases 251-275 out of 955.

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