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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1048.

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Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Spontaneous system follows rules of equilibrium
Discovery could be the beginning of a general framework of rules for seemingly unpredictable non-equilibrium systems.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Ayshford
e-ayshford@northwestern.edu
847-467-1194
Northwestern University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Biomaterials Science
Houston team one step closer to growing capillaries
In their work toward 3-D printing transplantable tissues and organs, bioengineers and scientists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have demonstrated a key step on the path to generate implantable tissues with functioning capillaries.
National Institutes of Health, Gulf Coast Consortia's John S. Dunn Collaborative Research Fund, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Neotropical Ichthyology
Scientists name new species of fish from the Orinoco region after singer Enya
Scientists have named a new species of fish from the Orinoco River drainage after 'Orinoco Flow' singer-songwriter Enya.
National Science Foundation, Fundação Araucária, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

Contact: Brian Sidlauskas
Brian.Sidlauskas@oregonstate.edu
541-737-6789
Oregon State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Geoscience
Oregon-led research opens fresh view on volcanic plumbing systems
Volcanic eruptions such as Mount St. Helens' in 1980 show the explosiveness of magma moving through the Earth's crust. Now geologists are excited about what uplifted granite bodies such as Yosemite's El Capitan say about magma that freezes before it can erupt on the surface.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
How do you build a metal nanoparticle?
A study recently published in Nature Communications by chemical engineers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering explains how metal nanoparticles form.
National Science Foundation CAREER Award

Contact: Paul Kovach, Director of Marketing and Communications
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Scientists make 'squarest' ice crystals ever
An international team of scientists has set a new record for creating ice crystals that have a near-perfect cubic arrangement of water molecules -- a form of ice that may exist in the coldest high-altitude clouds but is extremely hard to make on Earth.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Energy
In the fast lane -- conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
Can you imagine fully charging your cell phone in just a few seconds? Researchers in Drexel University's College of Engineering can, and they took a big step toward making it a reality with their recent work unveiling of a new battery electrode design in the journal Nature Energy.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Britt Faulstick
bef29@drexel.edu
215-895-2617
Drexel University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Journal of Quaternary Science
Stalagmites from Iranian cave foretell grim future for Middle East climate
The results, which include information during the last glacial and interglacial periods, showed that relief from the current dry spell across the interior of the Middle East is unlikely within the next 10,000 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Annals of the Entomological Society of America
Citizen science brings monarch butterfly parasitoids to light
Thanks to citizen volunteers, scientists now know more than ever about the flies that attack monarch butterfly caterpillars. Since 1999, volunteers participating in the Monarch Larva Monitoring Project have collected and raised more than 20,000 monarch eggs and caterpillars, and they've recorded incidents of those specimens being parasitized by fly larvae. Findings from this long-running collaboration with researchers at the University of Minnesota are newly published in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America.
University of Minnesota Monarch Lab, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Rominiecki
jrominiecki@entsoc.org
301-731-4535 x3009
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Litter bugs may protect chocolate supply
Mother's microbiome seems to protect baby cacao plants, a result with important implications for protecting the world's chocolate supply.
National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Tropical Research InstituteMycological Society of America, Garden Club of America, Indiana University, Simons Foundation

Contact: Beth King
kingb@si.edu
20-263-347-002-8216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
Meniscus-assisted technique produces high efficiency perovskite PV films
A new low-temperature solution printing technique allows fabrication of high-efficiency perovskite solar cells with large crystals intended to minimize current-robbing grain boundaries. The meniscus-assisted solution printing (MASP) technique boosts power conversion efficiencies to nearly 20 percent by controlling crystal size and orientation.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Science Advances
Powerful new photodetector can enable optoelectronics advances
In a nanoscale photodetector that combines a unique fabrication method and light-trapping structures, a team of engineers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University at Buffalo has overcome obstacles to increasing performance in optoelectronic devices -- like camera sensors or solar cells -- without adding bulk.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Zhenqiang (Jack) Ma
mazq@engr.wisc.edu
608-261-1095
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 6-Jul-2017
National Science Review
Feel the heat, one touch a time
A research team from the University of Washington and Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology has developed a technique combining atomic force microscopy and finite element simulation to measure local thermal conductivity with nanometer resolution, posed to substantially advance thermoelectric materials characterization.
National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Jiangyu Li
jjli@uw.edu
Science China Press

Public Release: 6-Jul-2017
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Study finds Earth's magnetic field 'simpler than we thought'
Scientists have identified patterns in the Earth's magnetic field that evolve on the order of 1,000 years, providing new insight into how the field works and adding a measure of predictability to changes in the field not previously known.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph Stoner
jstoner@coas.oregonstate.edu
541-737-9002
Oregon State University

Public Release: 6-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Changes in conservation planning can benefit vulnerable mammals
New research from Colorado State University underscores the viewing of global conservation priority areas through three lenses: taxonomy, traits and evolutionary history.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 6-Jul-2017
Astronomical Journal
A cosmic barbecue: Researchers spot 60 new 'hot Jupiter' candidates
Yale researchers have identified 60 potential new 'hot Jupiters' -- highly irradiated worlds that glow like coals on a barbecue grill and are found orbiting only 1% of Sun-like stars.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 6-Jul-2017
Journal of Computational Chemistry
Kinky biology
How and why proteins fold is a problem that has implications for protein design and therapeutics. Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch are exploring protein folding in bacteriophage DNA and other systems using advanced computing resources at the Texas Advanced Computing Center. Recent studies suggest the introduction of 'kinks' into configurations of DNA packaged within spherical confinement lowers energies and pressures and allows for compression. Results appeared in the Journal of Computational Chemistry.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welsh Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 6-Jul-2017
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
A computer that reads body language
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute have enabled a computer to understand the body poses and movements of multiple people from video in real time -- including, for the first time, the pose of each individual's fingers.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Physiology & Behavior
Early-life pain may lead to obesity risk, especially in females, study finds
Inflammatory pain at birth changes how the hippocampus, a part of the brain associated with memory and eating behavior, works later in life, and this pain also causes adult rats to eat more frequently and in larger amounts, according to a study by Georgia State University and the Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Deep Sea Research I
Krill hotspot fuels incredible biodiversity in Antarctic region
A perfect combination of tides and wind is responsible for a hotspot of Antarctic krill along the western Antarctic Peninsula.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Bernard
kbernard@coas.oregonstate.edu
541-737-9337
Oregon State University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the ACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Tech
First battery-free cellphone makes calls by harvesting ambient power
UW engineers have designed the first battery-free cellphone that can send and receive calls using only a few microwatts of power, which it harvests from ambient radio signals or light. It's a major step forward in moving beyond chargers, cords and dying phones.
National Science Foundation, Google Faculty Research Awards

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
Biofuels like the ethanol in US gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. They've demonstrated how to design and genetically engineer enzyme surfaces so they bind less to corn stalks and other cellulosic biomass, reducing enzyme costs in biofuels production, according to a study published this month on the cover of the journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Investigating folding stability and dynamics of proteins
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois recently used Fast Relaxation Imaging (FReI) to investigate the folding stability and dynamics of proteins within polyacrylamide hydrogels.
National Science Foundation, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Maeve Reilly
mjreilly@illinois.edu
217-244-7316
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Greener molecular intermediates may aid drug design
Rice University scientists simplify their method to make molecular precursors for biologically active compounds, making it more environmentally friendly in the process. The new technique could be a boon to researchers who synthesize new drugs and other fine chemicals.
Rice University, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
Science Advances
Reconciling predictions of climate change
Harvard researchers have resolved a major conflict in estimates of how much the Earth will warm in response to a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere -- finding that the lower range of estimates offered by historical observations does not take into account long-term patterns of warming. The research finds a range of 1.5 to 4.5 degrees Celsius, even up to 6 degrees, may also be possible due to a doubling of CO2.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1048.

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