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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 251-275 out of 1105.

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Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
How the brain recognizes familiar faces
Scientists have located two areas in the brain that help us recognize familiar faces. The discovery will help them delve deeper into the relationship between face recognition, memory, and social knowledge.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Center for Brains, Minds, and Machines funded by National Science Foundation, NIH/National Eye Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health o

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Thirteenth Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security
How secure are your messages?
Researchers have learned that most users of popular messaging apps are leaving themselves exposed to hacking and fraud because they aren't using important security options.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrea Christensen
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Advanced Biosystems
Test uses nanotechnology to quickly diagnose Zika virus
Currently, testing for Zika requires that a blood sample be refrigerated and shipped to a medical center or laboratory, delaying diagnosis and possible treatment. Now, Washington University in St. Louis researchers have developed a test that quickly can detect the presence of Zika virus in blood. Although the new proof-of-concept technology has yet to be produced for use in medical situations, test results can be determined in minutes, and the materials do not require refrigeration.
National Science Foundation, Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Department of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Lab on a Chip
New handheld spectral analyzer uses power of smartphone to detect disease
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed technology that enables a smartphone to perform lab-grade medical diagnostic tests that typically require large, expensive instruments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Cunningham
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
OU biologist receives $1.2 million NSF grant in support of ecological research
A University of Oklahoma biology professor, Michael E. Kaspari, has been awarded a $1.2 million National Science Foundation grant to study MacroSystems ecology--exploring how Earth's temperature, precipitation and biogeochemistry govern the abundance, diversity and activity of ecological communities. Kaspari will test these models by generating the first standardized field data from entire communities of ground dwelling arthropods--an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton, a segmented body and paired jointed appendages.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
AI, crowdsourcing combine to close 'analogy gap'
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem devised a method enabling computers to mine databases of patents, inventions and research papers, identifying ideas that can be repurposed to solve new problems or create new products.
National Science Foundation, Bosch, Google

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Chemists use electrochemistry to amp up drug manufacturing
Give your medicine a jolt. By using -- electrochemistry -- a technique that combines electricity and chemistry, future pharmaceuticals -- including many of the top prescribed medications in the United States -- soon may be easily scaled up to be manufactured in a more sustainable way.
Cornell laboratory startup money, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Mapping the brain, neuron by neuron
A mathematician and computer scientist joined an international team of neuroscientists to create a complete map of the learning and memory center of the fruit fly larva brain, an early step toward mapping how all animal brains work.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Arthur Hirsch
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Scientists report first data transmission through terahertz multiplexer
Researchers have demonstrated the transmission of two separate video signals through a terahertz multiplexer at a data rate more than 100 times faster than today's fastest cellular data networks.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, W.M. Keck Foundation, France's Agence Nationale de la Recherche

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
For bacteria that cheat, food is at the forefront
Microbes that produce important secretions for use in a community suffer a blow to their own fitness for supplying the non-producing 'cheater' bacteria -- but only when production requires the same nutrients that would otherwise go into growth and biomass.
National Science Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship for Experienced Researchers

Contact: Martin Schuster
Oregon State University

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Portland State laser mapping project shows global warming effects in Antarctica
Portland State University researchers and the National Science Foundation (NSF) have publically released high-resolution maps of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, a globally unique Antarctic polar desert.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Fountain
Portland State University

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Engineers find better way to detect nanoparticles
An engineering team from Washington University in St. Louis has made major strides recently in the study and manipulation of light. The team's most recent discovery of the sensing capability of microresonators could have impacts in the creation of biomedical devices, electronics and biohazard detection devices.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Researchers receive award from National Science Foundation to study restoring vision
Researchers at SUNY Downstate Medical Center will seek to restore vision by genetically modifying neurons in the brain and then stimulating them with light, a method called optogenetics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ronald Najman
SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
The benefits -- and potential pitfalls -- of urban green spaces
Urban green space projects are often pursued as a way to increase biodiversity and ecological restoration. However, more research and planning are necessary to ensure that these efforts produce the intended results and avoid negative consequences.
National Science Foundation, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (BESS)

Contact: James M Verdier
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Researchers create biomaterial that delivers both a powerful drug and gene silencers
Clinicians today have a huge arsenal of drugs at their disposal for treating cancers. But many chemotherapeutic agents pose stubborn challenges: they cause serious side effects, some cancers develop resistance, and many chemotherapies demonstrate low bio-availability. A potential solution lies in the synergistic combination of a chemotherapeutic drug with engineered genetic material. New hybrid materials developed at NYU Tandon combine a lipid 'container' for transfection and a protein capsule to deliver a chemical one-two punch.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Karl Greenberg
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
UTA researchers earn grant to design robot-based vocational assessment, training
Fillia Makedon, a professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, is leading a team of researchers who will use a National Science Foundation $999,638 grant to develop iWork, a smart, robot-based system that assesses workers' physical, cognitive and collaborative skills while they perform simulated manufacturing tasks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Salk neuroscientist receives new NSF award to model the brain
Salk Professor Terrence Sejnowski together with the California Institute of Technology will receive over $1 million over three years to pursue advanced modeling of the brain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Salk Communications
Salk Institute

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Increased endometrial cancer rates found in women with high levels of cadmium
Through a five-year observational study recently published in PLOS One, researchers at the University of Missouri found that women with increased levels of cadmium -- a metal commonly found in foods such as kidneys, liver and shellfish as well as tobacco -- also had an increased risk of endometrial cancer. It's an observation the researchers hope could lead to new treatments or interventions to prevent the fourth most common cancer in women.
American Cancer Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: Derek Thompson
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Journal of Mammalogy
Extinction mystery solved? Evidence suggests humans played a role in monkey's demise in Jamaica
Radiocarbon dating of a fossilized leg bone from a Jamaican monkey called Xenothrix mcgregori suggests it may be the one of the most recent primate species anywhere in the world to become extinct, and it may solve a long-standing mystery about the cause of its demise. The short answer: human settlement of its island home.
Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Butch
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Science Advances
FSU research: Ancient ocean deoxygenation provides an urgent warning
A 94-million-year-old climate change event that severely imperiled marine organisms may provide some unnerving insights into long-term trends in our modern oceans, according to a Florida State University researcher.
National Science Foundation, National Air and Space Association, The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, The Agouron Institute

Contact: Zachary Boehm
Florida State University

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Science Advances
New technique offers clues to measure the deoxygenation of the ocean
The living, breathing ocean may be slowly starting to suffocate. More than two percent of the ocean's oxygen content has been depleted during the last half century, according to reports, and marine 'dead zones' continue to expand throughout the global ocean. This deoxygenation, triggered mainly by more fertilizers and wastewater flowing into the ocean, pose a serious threat to marine life and ecosystems.
National Science Foundation, NASA Exobiology Program

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
What it takes to recover from drought
According to a study published Aug. 10 in Nature, the length of drought recovery depends on several factors, including the region of the world and the post-drought weather conditions. The authors, including William Anderegg of the University of Utah, warn that more frequent droughts in the future may not allow time for ecosystems to fully recover before the next drought hits.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 8-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Opto-mechanical technique circumvents mechanical losses using the action of light
A research collaboration between the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the University of Maryland has revealed a new technique by which scattering of sound waves from disorder in a material can be suppressed on demand. All of this, can be simply achieved by illuminating with the appropriate color of laser light.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office for Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Microsystems Technology Office

Contact: Gaurav Bahl
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 8-Aug-2017
UTA researcher seeks to minimize risks for unmanned aerial systems over populated areas
Atilla Dogan, an associate professor of aerospace engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, will use a $550,000 National Science Foundation grant to quantify risks posed by unmanned aerial vehicles, then create algorithms to reduce those risks while the vehicles perform specific tasks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 8-Aug-2017
2017 International Tropical Agriculture Conference
The mystery of the yellowing sugarcane
Since 2011, a mysterious illness known as Yellow Canopy Syndrome (YCS) has afflicted Australian sugarcane causing $40 million in losses. Researchers from The University of Texas at Tyler and Sugar Research Australia used supercomputers at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to perform large-scale investigations of the sugarcane genome. They detected signals in the data that could indicate a bacteria or stress causing YCS. They are conducting further computational studies to test their hypotheses.
Sugar Research Australia, National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1105.

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