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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 862.

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Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
CCNY research gleans climate change insight from lizard genome
Using genomic data from three lizard species, City College of New York-led researchers gleaned insights not available before on the impact of climate change on the distribution of animal populations in South American forests. The findings improve ways of modeling the distribution of biodiversity in the past and future.
National Science Foundation, FAPESP, NASA

Contact: Patricia Reilly
preilly@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-7615
City College of New York

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Pitt receives NSF grant to study how aluminum alloy microstructures form in real time
A grant from the National Science Foundation will enable researchers at the University of Pittsburgh to utilize a one-of-a-kind transmission electron microscope developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to examine in real time how microstructures form in metals and alloys as they solidify after laser beam melting.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Advanced Materials
Artificial muscle for soft robotics: Low voltage, high hopes
Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a dielectric elastomer with a broad range of motion that requires relatively low voltage and no rigid components. This type of actuator could be used in everything from wearable devices to soft grippers, laparoscopic surgical tools, entirely soft robots or artificial muscles in more complex robotics.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Link Foundation Fellowship

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Psychological Science
Watching the brain do math
A new Carnegie Mellon University neuroimaging study reveals the mental stages people go through as they are solving challenging math problems. Insights from this new work may eventually be applied to the design of more effective classroom instruction -- particularly in the form of improving cognitive tutors by creating models that match the brain activation and thinking patterns used to solve these problems.
National Science Foundation, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Nature Materials
Self-organizing smart materials that mimic swarm behavior
An international team of researchers has successfully demonstrated the self-organizing pattern formation in active materials at microscale with computer simulations.
Korean Institute for Basic Science, US Department of Energy, Northwestern's Materials Research Center, and National Science Foundation

Contact: JooHyeon Heo
joohyeonheo@unist.ac.kr
82-522-171-223
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Psychological Science
Distinct stages of thinking revealed by brain activity patterns
Neuroimaging data can reveal the mental stages people go through as they are solving challenging math problems, according to a new study published in Psychological Science. By combining two analytical strategies, researchers were able to use functional MRI to identify patterns of brain activity that aligned with four distinct stages of problem solving.
National Science Foundation, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
IDM2016, Identification of Dark Matter
World's most sensitive dark matter detector completes search
The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) dark matter experiment, which, with the help of Berkeley Lab researchers, operates beneath a mile of rock at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in the Black Hills of South Dakota, has completed its search for the missing matter of the universe. At a meeting in the UK, LUX scientific collaborators presented the results from the detector's final 20-month run.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dan Krotz
dakrotz@lbl.gov
510-486-4019
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Science
Unconventional quasiparticles predicted in conventional crystals
An international team of researchers has predicted the existence of several previously unknown types of quantum particles in materials. The research represents the newest avenue in the physics of 'topological materials,' an area of science that has already fundamentally changed the way researchers see and interpret states of matter.
US Army Research Office Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, W. M. Keck Foundation, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Science
Yeast emerges as hidden third partner in lichen symbiosis
For nearly 150 years, lichens have been the model organisms of symbiosis. Now researchers have uncovered an unexpected third partner embedded in the lichen cortex or 'skin' -- yeast.
University of Montana, Austrian Science Fund, National Science Foundation, NASA/Astrobiology Institute, Stiftelsen Oscar och Lili Lammes minne

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Science
Accurate design of large icosahedral protein nanocages pushes bioengineering boundaries
Inspired by shells that protect virus genomes, researchers set out to design self-assembling, roomy protein structures capable of packaging and delivering cargo to cells. They have now engineered the largest, human-designed protein complexes to date confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The structures can self-assemble around other materials. This cargo-packaging capability may lead to creating a new generation of molecular machines that could deliver drugs or genetic therapies to cells, or carry tiny chemical reactors.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@u.washington.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Cell Systems
Carnegie Mellon algorithm characterizes how cancer genomes get scrambled
A new method developed by Carnegie Mellon University for analyzing the scrambled genomes of cancer cells gives researchers for the first time the ability to simultaneously identify two different types of genetic changes associated with cancers and to identify connections between the two.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Public Library of Science
Super-eruptions may give a year's warning before they blow
A microscopic analysis of quartz crystals from an ancient California super-eruption indicates that the process of decompression immediately preceding the eruption began about a year before the eruption itself.
National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Come on baby, (re)light my fire
Many couples find that their sexual desire has dwindled over time. It's not unusual for partners who could not keep their hands off each to gradually lose interest. But new research indicates that there are ways that couples can sustain -- or relight -- their passion. 'Our research shows that partners who are responsive to each other outside the bedroom are able to maintain their sexual desire.'
Israel Science Foundation, Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Monique Patenaude
monique.patenaude@rochester.edu
585-276-3693
University of Rochester

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Science Advances
Titanium + gold = new gold standard for artificial joints
Titanium is the leading material for artificial knee and hip joints because it's strong, wear-resistant and nontoxic, but an unexpected discovery by Rice University physicists shows that the gold standard for artificial joints can be improved with the addition of some actual gold.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Texas A&M's Turbomachinery Laboratory, Florida State University Research Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Putting software on a diet
Concerns about battery life, heat creation, fan noise and overall high energy costs have driven the development of more energy-efficient computers and mobile devices over the past two decades. But the role of software in energy usage has been largely overlooked. A UD research team recently received a three-year, $516,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to support the development of more energy-efficient software.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Physical Review Letters
Quantum drag
An University of Iowa physicist proposes that a current in one iron magnetic sheet creates a current in a separate sheet. The study's finding could be important in the emerging field of spintronics, which seeks to channel energy from spin waves generated by electrons to create smaller, more energy-efficient electronic devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
richard-c-lewis@uiowa.edu
319-384-0012
University of Iowa

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
PLOS ONE
3-D-printing lab instruments 1 block at a time
Building lab instruments for chemistry and biology experiments used to be an expensive, time consuming process only done by scientists with specialized training. A 3-D printed, Lego-like system of blocks designed by a UC Riverside team is changing that. In addition to real research applications, the system can also be used for STEM education, where students gain both an engineering experience by building the instruments and a science experience as they use them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
UTHealth receives grant to optimize health-care services provided by mobile clinics
The National Science Foundation has awarded $250,000 to researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston for a project that will help mobile health clinics in Houston optimize their health care services using geographic, socioeconomic and epidemiological data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Rhodes
Hannah.C.Rasorrhodes@uth.tmc.edu
713-500-3053
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
How water collector bees know when to quench hot hive's thirst
Thirst is a basic sensation that we must all react to, but how do water collector bees know when it's time to spring into action for a thirsty hive? Thomas Seeley and colleagues from Cornell University have discovered that water collector bees only begin searching for water when hive-mates begin begging for water; and when water is available and the hive is hot, water bottle bees store water for later use when the supply dwindles.
Rawlings Cornell Presidential Research Scholarship, National Science Foundation, National Institute of Food and Technology

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn.knight@biologists.com
44-012-236-32871
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
Nanoscale
New nanoscale technologies could revolutionize microscopes, study of disease
Research completed through a collaboration with University of Missouri engineers, biologists, and chemists could transform how scientists study molecules and cells at sub-microscopic (nanoscale) levels. Shubra Gangopadhyay, an electrical and computer engineer and her team at MU recently published studies outlining a new, relatively inexpensive imaging platform that enables single molecule imaging. This patented method highlights Gangopadhyay's more than 30 years of nanoscale research that has proven invaluable in biological research and battling diseases.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
To catch a wireless thief
University of Utah School of Computing professor Sneha Kumar Kasera and his team of researchers are tasked with creating a system that allows cellphone and laptop users to help detect and locate someone who is stealing bandwidth on radio frequency waves. The team has received a three-year, $1-million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to devise the system to help tighten security of the nation's radio spectrum.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Vincent Horiuchi
vincent.horiuchi@utah.edu
801-585-7499
University of Utah

Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Electron spin control: Levitated nanodiamond is research gem
Researchers have demonstrated how to control the 'electron spin' of a nanodiamond while it is levitated with lasers in a vacuum, an advance that could find applications in quantum information processing, sensors and studies into the fundamental physics of quantum mechanics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: emil venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
Analytical Chemistry
New technique uses electrical conductivity to measure blood in dry blood spot analysis
Researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington have demonstrated that electrical conductivity can be an effective means to precisely measure the amount of blood present in dry blood spot analysis, providing a new alternative to the current preferred approach of measuring sodium levels.
National Science Foundation, ThermoFisher/Dionex, CDC Foundation, The Hamish Small Chair Endowment

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
Molecular Ecology
Scientists watch water fleas take over new territory
Look into any nutrient-rich pond almost anywhere in the world and you will find Daphnia pulex, a tiny crustacean (also called a water flea) that is a source of food for fish and fascination for scientists. A new study, reported in the journal Molecular Ecology, offers insights into this creature's ability to disperse and its remarkable success in the wild.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
For ancient deep-sea plankton, a long decline before extinction
A new study of nearly 22,000 fossils finds that ancient plankton communities began changing in important ways as much as 400,000 years before massive die-offs ensued during the first of Earth's five great extinctions. The research suggests that the effects of environmental degradation can be subtle until they reach a tipping point, at which dramatic declines in population begin.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Czech Academy of Sciences

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Showing releases 251-275 out of 862.

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