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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 251-275 out of 1156.

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Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Scientists spot explosive counterpart of LIGO/Virgo's latest gravitational waves
A team of scientists using the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), the primary observing tool of the Dark Energy Survey, was among the first to observe the fiery aftermath of a recently detected burst of gravitational waves, recording images of the first confirmed explosion from two colliding neutron stars ever seen by astronomers.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andre Salles
DOE/Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering
Study finds auto-fix tool gets more programmers to upgrade code
Failure to make necessary upgrades to software code can have dire consequences, such as the major data breach at Equifax. A recent study finds that auto-fix tools are effective ways to get programmers to make the relevant upgrades - if programmers opt to use them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
First observations of merging neutron stars mark a new era in astronomy
After LIGO detected gravitational waves from the merger of two neutron stars, the race was on to detect a visible counterpart, because unlike the colliding black holes responsible for LIGO's four previous detections, this event was expected to produce an explosion of visible light. A small team led by UCSC was the first to find the source of the gravitational waves, capturing the first images of the event with the Swope Telescope in Chile.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Heising-Simons Foundation, Kavli Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Harvey runoff menaces Texas' coral reefs
The more than 13 trillion gallons of floodwater from Hurricane Harvey have created a massive plume of freshwater in the Gulf of Mexico that is threatening the coral reefs of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary about 100 miles offshore of Galveston.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Gravitational waves + new clues from space reveal new way to make a black hole
For the first time, scientists worldwide and at Penn State University have detected both gravitational waves and light shooting toward our planet from the birthplace of a new black hole created by the merger of two neutron stars. The discovery marks the beginning of a new era of "multi-messenger" + "multi-wavelength" space exploration with a global network of many types of observatories focusing their special detection powers simultaneously on one fleetingly explosive point in space.
LIGO is funded by the National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Radio 'eyes' unlocking secrets of neutron-star collision
VLA detects radio waves from neutron-star collision that generated the gravitational waves observed by LIGO and VIRGO. Radio observatories will continue to provide important new information about this event over the coming months.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth
Waves in lakes make waves in the Earth
In a study published today in the Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, scientists at the University of Utah report that small seismic signals in lakes can aid science. As a record of wave motion in a lake, they can reveal when a lake freezes over and when it thaws. And as a small, constant source of seismic energy in the surrounding earth, lake microseisms can shine a light on the geology surrounding a lake.
National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists log newfound understanding of water's responses to changing temperatures
A team of chemists has uncovered new ways in which frozen water responds to changes in temperature to produce novel formations. Its findings have implications for climate research as well as other processes that involve ice formation -- from food preservation to agriculture.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rice U. study: Vibrating nanoparticles interact
Like a tuning fork struck with a mallet, tiny gold nanodisks can be made to vibrate at resonant frequencies when struck by light. In new research this week, Rice University chemist Stephan Link and colleagues showed how to selectively alter those vibrational frequencies by gathering different-sized nanodisks into groups.
Welch Foundation, US Army Research Office, Air Force Office for Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Australian Research Council

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2017
Deterring drones from ballparks and botanical gardens
To study how an outdoor public space might shoo away unwanted drone aircraft, researchers from Duke University are teaming up with a local minor league baseball team and historic botanical garden to develop a set of affordable and aesthetic guidelines for deterrence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
New autism & innovation center receives NSF and Research Corporation grants
Creating a model pipeline that will assist adults on the autism spectrum find meaningful and gainful employment while enhancing local business innovation is the purpose of Vanderbilt University's new Center for Autism & Innovation.
National Science Foundation, Research Corporation for Science Advancement

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Mantis shrimp-inspired camera enables glimpse into hidden world
By mimicking the eye of the mantis shrimp, Illinois researchers have developed an ultra-sensitive camera capable of sensing both color and polarization. The bioinspired imager can potentially improve early cancer detection and help provide a new understanding of underwater phenomena, the researchers said. See a video of describing the study on YouTube.
The National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Royal Society Proceedings B
Biology study suggests father's nutrition before sex could contribute to health of baby
Doctors long have stressed the importance of good nutrition for expectant mothers. Now biologists at the University of Cincinnati say the father's diet, too, could play a similar role in the health of a baby.
National Science Foundation, University of Cincinnati Faculty Development Fund, NHMRC Early Career Fellowship

Contact: Michael Miller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
IUPUI developing, testing tools to predict crime, other social harms
IUPUI researchers are developing a system to predict dynamic risk of crime, drug use, traffic crashes, medical emergencies and other social harm events with the goal of using quantified risk to inform prevention strategies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
TACC and the University of Louisville to create cloud-based tools for data science education
A new, three-year, $600,000 grant from NSF to TACC and the University of Louisville will support the development of training, tools, and a cloud-based virtual environment to teach data science at the largest scales and provide computational resources for education.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Professor Mark Stockman among recipients of $2 million grant
Dr. Mark Stockman of Georgia State University's College of Arts and Sciences is a co-recipient of a $2 million federal grant to develop miniaturized optical transistors and circuit elements using novel, atomically thin materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Rainey Marquez
Georgia State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
An evolving sticky situation
While many animals try to avoid sticky situations, lizards evolved to seek them out. Travis Hagey, Michigan State University evolutionary biologist, shows how different groups of lizards -- geckos and anoles -- took two completely different evolutionary paths to developing the beneficial trait of sticky toe pads.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters
Study shows how rough microparticles can cause big problems
Research finds the surface texture of microparticles in a liquid suspension can cause internal friction that significantly alters the suspension's viscosity -- effectively making the liquid thicker or thinner. The finding can help address problems for companies in fields from biopharmaceuticals to chemical manufacturing.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters
Oregon team identifies universality and specificity in protein motions
Although proteins have very different function functions, or specialties, in living cells, they share the general characteristics -- the same universality -- in their motions, say University of Oregon scientists. Their motion is much like mountain landslides or wildfires, they report in the journal Physical Review Letters.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sorting the myriad medicinal molecules of coral reefs
Coral reefs harbor an incredible diversity of life. These organisms generate an enormous number of molecules. Researchers have identified several coral reef-derived molecules as having medicinal properties, yet many thousands more are unknown to science. A new study describes a promising new method for screening the molecular output of reef life for important chemical properties, which could make it much easier to identify new coral reef-derived drugs.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Institutes of Health, European Union, German Research Foundation

Contact: Michael Price
San Diego State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Global Change Center researchers to forecast water quality with NSF support
The team -- which includes ecologists, social scientists, geologists and engineers -- was awarded a $1 million National Science Foundation Smart and Connected Communities grant to develop a system that can create a real-time water forecast -- similar to a weather forecast -- for Falling Creek Reservoir in Roanoke, Va.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Key
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Spotting the spin of the Majorana fermion under the microscope
Using a new twist on a technique for imaging atomic structures, researchers at Princeton have detected a unique quantum property of the Majorana fermion, an elusive particle with the potential for use in quantum information systems.
US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Chemistry provides a new supply of a promising cancer and HIV treatment
Supplies of a promising drug for cancer, HIV and possibly other diseases is dwindling, and scientists have struggled to extract more from the marine creatures who produce it. Now, chemists have a synthetic solution.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Cancer Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Nathan Collins
Stanford University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
VLBA measurement promises complete picture of Milky Way
Distance measured out to the far side of our Milky Way means that radio astronomers now can work on producing an accurate map of the full extent of our galaxy's structure for the first time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Current Biology
Paleogenomic analysis sheds light on Easter Island mysteries
New paleogenomic research conducted by an international team led by UC Santa Cruz appears to rule out the likelihood that inhabitants of Easter Island intermixed with South Americans prior to the arrival of Europeans on the island in 1722.
University of California Presidential Research Catalyst Award, Swedish Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer McNulty
University of California - Santa Cruz

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1156.

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