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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 251-275 out of 1098.

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Public Release: 5-Dec-2017
SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques
In first, 3-D printed objects connect to WiFi without electronics
UW engineers have developed the first 3-D printed plastic objects that can connect to other devices via WiFi without using any electronics, including a laundry bottle that can detect when soap is running low and automatically order more.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, Google

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 5-Dec-2017
Nature Ecology & Evolution
Study finds variation within species is a critical aspect of biodiversity
Concerns about biodiversity tend to focus on the loss of species from ecosystems, but a new study suggests that the loss of variation within species can also have important ecological consequences.
Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science, bioGENESIS, Future Earth, University of California Institute for the Study of Ecological and Evolutionary Climate Impacts, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 5-Dec-2017
Conquering traffic congestion with mathematics
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded more than $446,000 for a new collaborative engineering project that will allow drivers to make more informed travel decisions and allow government organizations to better regulate travel within heavily congested major metropolitan areas.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pamela Krewson Wertz
Penn State

Public Release: 5-Dec-2017
Gut Microbes
Lemur study highlights role of diet in shaping gut microbiome
A study of the bacteria in the guts of three lemur species offers new insights into the role of diet in shaping these microbial ecosystems -- and how these microbes may relate to primate health.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 5-Dec-2017
Behavioral Ecology
New study shows how ant colonies behave differently in different environments
A new paper published in Behavioral Ecology finds that some ant colonies defend more gallantly than others, revealing that colonies themselves may have personalities. Trees that have more active, aggressive colonies have less leaf damage, suggesting that colony personality may play an important role in plant health and survival.
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, National Science Foundation, Arizona State University

Contact: Daniel Luzer
Oxford University Press USA

Public Release: 5-Dec-2017
Cell Reports
Researchers show how insect food choice can be manipulated
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have found a way to access and manipulate taste neurons in the pharynx (throat) of the common fruit fly that could help control the spread of mosquito-related illnesses, such as dengue, malaria, yellow fever, and Zika virus, and reduce the loss of crops due to agricultural pests.
Whitehall Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Dec-2017
Molecular Psychiatry
Working memory positively associated with higher physical endurance and better cognitive function
Mount Sinai researchers have found a positive relationship between the brain network associated with working memory -- the ability to store and process information relevant to the task at hand -- and healthy traits such as higher physical endurance and better cognitive function.
National Institutes of Health, European Unit FP7m Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Zuckerman
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
Nature Communications
Shining a light on plant growth and development
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have identified the portion of a plant photoreceptor responsible for light-dependent changes in gene expression, as illustrated in a paper published today in Nature Communications.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Trickle-down is the solution (to the planetary core formation problem)
Scientists have long pondered how rocky bodies in the solar system--including our own Earth--got their metal cores. According to research conducted by The University of Texas at Austin, evidence points to the downwards percolation of molten metal toward the center of the planet through tiny channels between grains of rock.
National Science Foundation, Statoil Fellows Program at University of Texas Austin

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Nature's toughest substances decoded
Rice University researchers develop computer simulations to decode nature's toughest materials, like seashells and tooth enamel, to guide making synthetic multifunctional composites.
National Science Foundation, Rice's Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
2018 Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing
Online risks are routine for teens, most bounce back
Teens routinely encounter online risks, such as sexual solicitations, cyberbullying and explicit material, but research shows that the negative effects of such exposure appear to be temporary, vanishing for most teens in less than a week. A new study from the University of Central Florida, Pennsylvania State and Ohio State found that typical teens seem to be resilient and cope with most online risks, moving beyond the temporary negative impacts quickly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Zenaida Gonzalez Kotala
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
MSU scholar lands $2.7 million to improve undergraduate STEM education
As more universities attempt to transform how they teach science and math, a Michigan State University researcher is focusing on broader changes across networks of campuses in order to improve student learning.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Research shows a technique to offset the worry of waiting
Research has shown all the techniques we employe to reduce the stress of worry don't work. Research by UCR 'worry and waiting' psychologist Kate Sweeny's finds something that can help: 'mindfulness' meditation. That is, focusing on the present using meditation. In the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, research funded by the National Science Foundation asserts that mindfulness is a sort of antidote to the 'curse' of waiting.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Warren
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
Developmental Cell
Subtle cues can dictate the fate of stem cells
If you've seen one GSK3 molecule, do not assume that you have seen them all. A new study in Developmental Cell reveals important differences in two similar forms of GSK3, which, in excess, is implicated in diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's disease and ALS.
National Science Foundation, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, American Cancer Society, Cheng Yong Foundation of the Zhongmei Group, USC Office of Research, USC Norris Medical Library

Contact: Zen Vuong
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-Dec-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
From Alaska to Amazonia: First global maps of traits that drive vegetation growth
Detailed global maps of key traits in higher plants have been made available for the first time, thanks to work led by researchers from the University of Minnesota's (UMN) College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences (CFANS).
US Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Australian Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Thurston-Hamerski
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 1-Dec-2017
Nature Communications
Researchers develop graphene nano 'tweezers' that can grab individual biomolecules
Researchers from the University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering have found yet another remarkable use for the wonder material graphene -- tiny electronic 'tweezers' that can grab biomolecules floating in water with incredible efficiency. This capability could lead to a revolutionary handheld disease diagnostic system that could be run on a smart phone.
National Science Foundation, The Minnesota Partnership for Biotechnology and Medical Genomics, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 1-Dec-2017
Ecology Letters
Belowground fungal interactions with trees help explain non-native plant invasions
The invasion of nonnative plants above-ground is strongly related to what type of mycorrhizal fungi are dominant below-ground in forest ecosystems.
National Science Foundation Macrosystems Biology program

Contact: Jane Hodgins
USDA Forest Service - Northern Research Station

Public Release: 1-Dec-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Study sheds light on turbulence in astrophysical plasmas
Research from MIT and the University of Wisconsin provides better explanations of the turbulent behavior of plasmas in space.
CAREER award from the National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy through the Partnership in Basic Plasma Science and Engineering

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Nov-2017
Kent State research group publishes analysis of primate brains in top science journal
How different are human brains compared to the brains of other primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas and monkeys? Researchers in Kent State University's College of Arts and Sciences recently co-authored an article with more than 30 scientists, led by Yale University, from the United States, Italy and Spain in the journal Science that describes some of the small, yet distinct differences between the species in how individual cells function and form connections.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Ann Raghanti
Kent State University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2017
Journal of Experimental Medicine
An anti-aging protein could be targeted to rejuvenate immune cells
An anti-aging protein called SIRT1, commonly known for being activated by red wine, has been shown to protect against age-related diseases, such as cancer, neurodegeneration, and cardiovascular disease. A study by researchers at the Gladstone Institutes now reveals that it could also be targeted to rejuvenate cells in the immune system.
Gladstone Institutes, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Evangelische Studienwerk Villigst

Contact: Julie Langelier
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 30-Nov-2017
Southern Ocean drives massive bloom of tiny phytoplankton
Scientists have uncovered the ocean conditions that support a massive summertime bloom of algae that spans 16 percent of the global ocean. Known as the Great Calcite Belt, this dense group of a microscopic phytoplankton, coccolithophores, can be seen in satellite images as turquoise swirls in the dark blue water of the Southern Ocean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Profaizer
207-315-2567 x103
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 30-Nov-2017
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Researchers advance technique to detect ovarian cancer
Researchers refine and run the first in vivo tests that use fluorescent nanotube-based probes to locate specific tumors in the body. The ability to pinpoint them with submillimeter accuracy could improve early detection and treatment of ovarian cancer.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, National Institutes of Health, John S. Dunn Foundation Collaborative Research Award Program, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, National Foun

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2017
Advanced Optical Materials
Designing a golden nanopill
Researchers from the University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Reims reported the results of investigations into the optical properties of complex plasmonic vesicles, which can navigate the bloodstream, and, when hit with a quick pulse of laser light, change shape to release their contents. The researchers used supercomputers at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to gain insights into the how plasmonic nanoparticles can be optimally designed and activated.
National Science Foundation, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Phospholipid Research Center

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 30-Nov-2017
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Speaking up against bigotry can reduce bad behavior
If you're sitting around the holiday table and one of your curmudgeonly uncles says something unintentionally bigoted, your inclination may be to ask for more mashed potatoes and get on with the feast. But Rutgers University-New Brunswick researchers say that might be a mistake.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Society for the Psychological Study ofSocial Issues Clara Mayo grant

Contact: Todd B Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2017
MU team to study flipped instruction in Missouri high school algebra classrooms
A University of Missouri team of researchers has received a nearly $450,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to explore how flipped instruction varies in Missouri algebra classrooms and discover what tactics help students learn math best.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cailin Riley
University of Missouri-Columbia

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1098.

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