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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1148.

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Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Beyond good vibrations: New insights into metamaterial magic
Metamaterials have amazing potential--think invisibility cloaks and perfect lenses--but they are more likely to be found in a Harry Potter novel than a lab. To help bring them closer to reality, Michigan Technological University's Elena Semouchkina has gone back to basics and demonstrated that the fundamental physics of metamaterials is more complex than scientists once thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
Nature Biomedical Engineering
New research targets cancer's 'Achilles' Heel'
Northwestern Engineering's Vadim Backman has developed an effective new strategy for treating cancer that prevents cancer from evolving to withstand treatment, making the disease an easier target for existing drugs. If the cells cannot evolve to resist chemotherapy, for example, they die.
National Science Foundation's Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation program, Northwestern University's Physical Sciences-Oncology Center

Contact: Emily Ayshford
e-ayshford@northwestern.edu
847-467-1194
Northwestern University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
New UNC-Chapel Hill project aims to bring semantics to evolutionary trees
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill will play key roles in a new project that applies semantic technologies developed by computer and information scientists to the field of evolutionary biology. The new project, funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), aims to make this kind of expertise accessible to computers in a way that will open up new avenues for studying how phenotypes evolve along the tree of life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Green
kgreen@renci.org
919-445-9648
University of North Carolina - RENCI

Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
PLOS ONE
Climate change likely to be more deadly in poor African settlements
Conditions in crowded urban settlements in Africa make the effects of climate change worse, pushing temperatures to levels dangerous for children and the elderly in those areas.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Arthur Hirsch
ahirsch6@jhu.edu
443-997-9909
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
Nature Astronomy
Using powerful new telescope astronomers observe one of the oldest objects in the universe
Astronomers using the Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT), which is operated jointly by UMass Amherst and Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica, report today in Nature Astronomy that they have detected the second most distant dusty, star-forming galaxy ever found in the universe -- born in the first one billion years after the Big Bang. It is the oldest object ever detected by the LMT.
UMass Amherst, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-2989
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
Nature Materials
Researchers report first-ever protein hydrogels made in living cells
Johns Hopkins cell biologists report what they believe is the first-ever creation of tiny protein-based gelatin-like clumps called hydrogels inside living cells. The ability to create hydrogels on demand, they say, should advance the long scientific struggle to study the elusive structures -- which form in nature when proteins or other molecules aggregate under certain conditions -- and to uncover their suspected contributions to human diseases.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Johns Hopkins University Catalyst Fund

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wastava@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Early bloomers: Statistical tool reveals climate change impacts on plants
Scientists from Utah State University, Harvard University, the University of Maryland, Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, Boston University and McGill University announce statistical tool to extract information from current and historical plant data.
National Science Foundation, Fonds de Recherche Nature et Technologies

Contact: Will Pearse
will.pearse@usu.edu
435-797-0831
Utah State University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tiny bees play big part in secret sex lives of trees
When it comes to sex between plants, tiny bees the size of ladybugs play a critical role in promoting long-distance pairings. That's what scientists at The University of Texas at Austin discovered after one of the most detailed paternity tests in wild trees ever conducted. The research gives new insights into how certain bees promote genetic diversity that is essential for plants to adapt to various threats, from disease to climate change.
National Science Foundation, University of Texas at Austin

Contact: Christine Sinatra
christine.sinatra@austin.utexas.edu
512-471-4641
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 5-Nov-2017
SHSU faculty to study civilian response during Hurricane Harvey
Two faculty members from the Department of Security Studies were awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to study civilian response during Hurricane Harvey.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Kuhles
kuhles@shsu.edu
936-294-4425
Sam Houston State University

Public Release: 3-Nov-2017
Ecology and Evolution
Can environmental toxins disrupt the biological 'clock'?
Can environmental toxins disrupt circadian rhythms -- the biological 'clock' whose disturbance is linked to chronic inflammation and a host of human disorders? Research showing a link between circadian disruption and plankton that have adapted to road salt pollution puts the question squarely on the table.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 3-Nov-2017
Nature Communications
Synthetic material acts like an insect cloaking device
Synthetic microspheres with nanoscale holes can absorb light from all directions across a wide range of frequencies, making them a candidate for antireflective coatings, according to a team of Penn State engineers. The synthetic spheres also explain how the leaf hopper insect uses similar particles to hide from predators in its environment.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 3-Nov-2017
Scientific Reports
Study shows need for adaptive powered knee prosthesis to assist amputees
New North Carolina State University research into wearable robotics shows how amputees wearing these devices adapted when presented with a real-world challenge: carrying a weighted backpack. The results could assist device manufacturers and clinicians expand the utility of these important devices, and could help researchers develop smarter controllers that adapt to real-world demands.
National Science Foundation, Rehabilitation Engineering Core at NC State and UNC-Chapel Hill

Contact: Mick Kulikowski
mick_kulikowski@ncsu.edu
919-515-8387
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wrinkles give heat a jolt in pillared graphene
Heat transport through pillared graphene could be made faster by manipulating the junctions between sheets of graphene and the nanotubes that connect them, according to Rice University researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Nature Geoscience
Newly discovered volcanic rock minerals may offer new insights into earth's evolution
Scientists have found evidence showing that komatiites, or three-billion-year old volcanic rock found within the Earth's mantle, had a different composition than modern ones. Their discovery may offer new information about the first one billion years of Earth's development and early origins of life. Results of the team's work has been published in the October 2017 edition of Nature Geoscience.
National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China NSFC

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Nature Communications
Penny-wise, pound-foolish decisions explained by neurons' firing
People sometimes spend as much time deciding whether to spend a few cents more on groceries as they do deciding whether to spend a few thousand dollars extra when buying a car. A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows that these spending habits may reflect how our brains tally differences in value among objects that vary greatly in worth.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Judy Martin Finch, Director of Media Relations
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Chemistry of Materials
New, simplified technique makes light metallic nanofoam
A simple method for manufacturing extremely low-density palladium nanofoams could help advance hydrogen storage technologies, reports a new study from UC Davis.
Department of Defense, NSF, Department of Energy

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Science
A strange new world of light
Structured beams of light, which exhibit strange behavior such as bending in a spiral, corkscrewing and dividing like a fork, not only can tell scientists a lot about the physics of light but also have a wide range of applications from super-resolution imaging to molecular manipulation and communications. Now, Harvard researchers have developed a tool to generate more complex structured light in a completely different way.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Advanced Materials
Penn researchers working to mimic giant clams to enhance the production of biofuel
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania are working together to create an artificial system that mimics the process by which giant clams convert sunlight into energy. The research may allow them to enhance the efficiency of biofuel production.
National Science Foundation/INSPIRE

Contact: Ali Sundermier
alisun@upenn.edu
215-898-8562
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Physical Review Letters
Physicists show how lifeless particles can become 'life-like' by switching behaviors
Physicists at Emory University have shown how a system of lifeless particles can become 'life-like' by collectively switching back and forth between crystalline and fluid states -- even when the environment remains stable.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Nature Communications
Electrostatic force takes charge in bioinspired polymers
Researchers at the University of Illinois and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst have taken the first steps toward gaining control over the self-assembly of synthetic materials in the same way that biology forms natural polymers. This advance could prove useful in designing new bioinspired, smart materials for applications ranging from drug delivery to sensing to remediation of environmental contaminants.
National Science Foundation, University of Illinois Graduate College

Contact: Lois E Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists decipher mechanisms underlying the biology of aging
Scientists have helped decipher the dynamics that control how our cells age, and with it implications for extending human longevity. The group employed a combination of technologies to analyze molecular processes that influence aging. Using cutting-edge computational and experimental approaches the scientists discovered that a complete loss of chromatin silencing leads to accelerated cell aging and death. However, the researchers similarly found that continuous chromatin silencing also leads cells to a shortened lifespan.
National Science Foundation, University of California Cancer Research Coordinating Committee, US Department of Defense, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Defense Science and Engineering, Human Frontier Science Program, and others

Contact: Mario Aguilera
maguilera@ucsd.edu
858-822-5148
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Physical Review Letters
A bit of a 'quantum magic trick'
Is there a faster way to determine a frequency? It turns out there is, in a new discovery published this week in Physical Review Letters by a collaboration between a Washington University in St. Louis professor and graduate student along with a University of Rochester researcher.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office, Sloan Foundation

Contact: Chuck Finder
chuck.finder@wustl.edu
412-996-5852
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Applied Optics
Holographic field microscope a potential new tool for remote diagnosis of diseased cells
A holographic field microscope developed by University of Connecticut engineers could provide medical professionals with a fast and reliable new tool for the identification of diseased cells and other biological specimens.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Colin Poitras
colin.poitras@uconn.edu
860-486-4656
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Cell Stem Cell
Preventing a genetic uprising in early life
Around half of the human genome is made up of genetic parasites called transposons that can damage our genes, leading to a wide range of genetic illnesses. Normally they are controlled by chemical marks that shut down transposon activity, but there is a time early in life when this isn't possible. Research published in Cell Stem Cell from scientists at the Babraham Institute reveals how molecules called endosiRNAs keep transposons in check.
SNSF, Gates Cambridge Trust, BBSRC, Wellcome Trust, EU BLUEPRINT, EpiGeneSys

Contact: Jonathan Lawson
jonathan.lawson@babraham.ac.uk
01-223-496-230
Babraham Institute

Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Science
Are cities affecting evolution?
In the first study to take a comprehensive look at the way urbanization is affecting evolution, Professors Marc Johnson and Jason Munshi-Smith say they've found a 'wake-up call for the public, governments and other scientists.'
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Nicolle Wahl
nicolle.wahl@utoronto.ca
905-569-4656
University of Toronto

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1148.

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