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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1104.

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Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
'The dark side' of quantum computers
The era of fully fledged quantum computers threatens to destroy internet security as we know it. Researchers are in a race against time to prepare new cryptographic techniques before the arrival of quantum computers, as cryptographers Tanja Lange (Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands) and Daniel J. Bernstein (University of Illinois at Chicago, USA) describe today in the journal Nature. In their publication they analyze the options available for this so-called post-quantum cryptography.
European Commission, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Barry van der Meer
Eindhoven University of Technology

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Physical Review Letters
Penn researchers lay groundwork to better understanding optical properties of glass
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrated a new packing of glass with unique optical properties. What they learned could lead to innovations in technology, such as glass with different mechanical properties, and may elucidate some fundamental aspects of glass formation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ali Sundermier
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Ubicomp 2017
UW shatters long-range communication barrier for near-zero-power devices
University of Washington researchers have demonstrated for the first time that devices that run on almost zero power can transmit data across distances of up to 2.8 kilometers -- breaking a long-held barrier and potentially enabling a vast array of interconnected devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Researchers develop spectroscopic 'science camera' system for smartphones
The latest versions of most smartphones contain at least two and sometimes three built-in cameras. Researchers at the University of Illinois would like to sell mobile device manufactures on the idea of adding yet another image sensor as a built-in capability for health diagnostic, environmental monitoring, and general-purpose color sensing applications.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Brian Cunningham
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
In-utero treatment reverses cleft palate in mice
Researchers at University of Utah Health clarified a molecular pathway responsible for the formation of cleft palate and identified a new treatment to reverse this defect in mouse pups in utero.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Stacy W. Kish
University of Utah Health

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
UCI heads $8 million NSF-funded project to develop brain-computer interface
The National Science Foundation has awarded $8 million to a consortium led by the University of California, Irvine to develop a brain-computer interface that can restore walking ability and sensation in individuals with spinal cord injury. This initiative represents the largest NSF award received by faculty researchers in the UCI engineering and medicine schools.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
CU Boulder to create digital archive of 1.7 million Rocky Mountain botanical specimens
University of Colorado Boulder researchers and collaborating institutions have been awarded $2.9 million from the National Science Foundation to create a comprehensive digital archive of over 1.7 million plant specimens native to the southern Rocky Mountain region.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Trent Knoss
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Automated feedback: The new science of grading STEM papers
Science educators at Wake Forest University are testing how automated feedback combined with new one-on-one teaching methods can improve scientific writing from STEM undergraduates -- and result in better explanation of research to the public.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katie Neal
Wake Forest University

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Nano Letters
Test strips for cancer detection get upgraded with nanoparticle bling
Detecting cancer could be as easy as a home pregnancy test. Current test strip designs are not sensitive enough, but a new design with platinum-coated gold nanoparticles could make cheap and simple test strip detection a reality.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Allison Mills
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
South Africa's long-legged bees adapted to pollinate snapdragon flowers
New research shows that, in an extraordinary case of adaptation, the disproportionately long front legs of South Africa's oil-collecting Rediviva bee species have evolved in response to the equally long oil-producing spurs of snapdragons.
South Africa's National Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Pauw
Stellenbosch University

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
National Science Review
Localized orbital scaling correction functional ushering DFT to a new level of accuracy
Delocalization error is one of the dominant errors that impair density functional approximations, and responsible for the errors in energy level alignment, charge transfer and band gap predictions. Eliminating delocalization error has been the most challenging open problem. Recently, researchers based in US and China have developed a localized orbital scaling correction framework that systematically eliminates delocalization error. Their non-traditional approach also broadens the way in developing density functional approximations for the new generation.
National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of China, Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fundamental Research Funds for Chinese Central Universities, and others

Contact: Weitao Yang
Science China Press

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
Privacy streams helps developers create privacy friendly apps
A smartphone app that accesses sensitive information about the user might raise red flags regarding privacy. But the app may not need the details that users find most troublesome. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon and Peking universities have addressed this dilemma by creating a service, PrivacyStreams, that enables app developers to access the data they need for functionality while assuring users that private information isn't being misused
National Key Research and Development Program, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation, China Scholarship Council, Google

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Science Translational Medicine
Double agents: Vessels that help cancers spread can also boost immunotherapy
Scientists from Switzerland and the US have shown that lymphatic vessels can enable both metastasis and T-cell invasion, opening new paths for cancer immunotherapy.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss TransMed, European Research Council, Fonds Pierre-François Vittone

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
NSF grant to fund development of a 'bionic suit' to help people with paraplegia walk
The Keck School of Medicine of USC is one of three institutions to share a highly competitive $8 million Cyber-Physical Systems Frontier grant to develop a brain-computer interface to restore walking and lower extremity sensation in people with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Meg Aldrich
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Berkeley Lab scientists map key DNA protein complex at near-atomic resolution
Using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), Berkeley Lab researchers have obtained 3-D models of a human transcription factor at near-atomic resolutions. The protein complex is critical to gene expression and DNA repair, and could aid research in targeted drug development.
US Department of Energy, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
UChicago scientists create alternate evolutionary histories in a test tube
Scientists at the University of Chicago studied a massive set of genetic variants of an ancient protein, discovering a myriad of other ways that evolution could have turned out and revealing a central role for chance in evolutionary history.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Science Translational Medicine
Double agents: Vessels that help cancers spread can also boost immune therapies
Lymphatic vessels, often blamed for enabling cancer cells to spread from a primary location to many other sites, have a flip side. A team of researchers found that in patients being treated with checkpoint inhibitors, lymphangiogenesis boosts the immune system's primary anti-cancer tool, T cells, enabling them to infiltrate tumors and kill cancer cells.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, SwissTransMed, Fonds Pierre-François Vittone

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
SLU engineering students to build full-scale projects in new lab
Civil engineering students at Saint Louis University soon will be able to design and test steel beams and concrete frames at full-scale, thanks to a recent National Science Foundation (NSF) grant.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Forest Ecology and Management
Forest regeneration experiment of 30 years yields results
A spruce forest regeneration experiment in Interior Alaska that spanned nearly 30 years demonstrates which forest management practices produce the best results. It looked at different combinations of ground treatments to reduce competition from other vegetation and of regeneration methods, such as planting spruce seedlings and broadcast seeding. The results show the environmental and management situations in which different techniques work best and the situations in which they are unnecessary. Results support the state's current reforestation practices.
Alaska Department of Natural Resources Boreal Alaska-Learning Adaptation and Production, USDA-NIFA McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Glenn Juday
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
NSF-funded center at Purdue could help power US for next century
The National Science Foundation has chosen Purdue University to lead an engineering research center, which will develop new technologies to produce fuels from US shale-gas deposits that could inject $20 billion annually into the economy.
National Science Foundation Engineering Research Center grant

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
To Improve smartphone privacy, control access to third-party libraries
Smartphone apps that share users' personal Information often do so through services called third-party libraries, suggesting a new strategy for protecting privacy. Carnegie Mellon University researchers say controlling access to these third-party libraries, which help app developers make money by targeting people with ads or compiling marketing profiles, promises to be an effective way of limiting the unwanted release of personal information.
Air Force Research Laboratory, National Science Foundation, Google

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Bionic heart tissue: U-M part of $20 million center
The University of Michigan is partnering on an ambitious $20 million project to grow new heart tissue for cardiac patients.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
University of Michigan

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Tomatoes' crystal ball reveals evolutionary secrets
For this study, Rob Last focused on a single type of molecule in trichomes - acylsugars. The secrets Last and a team of MSU scientists found from studying these specialized metabolites open an evolutionary window for the emerging field of plant defense metabolism, insights that could lead to engineering advances for better pest resistance and human medicine.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, United States Department of Agriculture

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
BU receives NSF grant to enhance STEM opportunities for underrepresented populations
Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has received a two-year, $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation ((NSF) for its pilot project BEST BET: Broadening Experiences in Scientific Training - Beginning Enhancement Track.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Psychological Science
Eye movements reveal temporal expectation deficits in ADHD
A technique that measures tiny movements of the eyes may help scientists better understand and perhaps eventually improve assessment of ADHD, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Binational United States-Israel National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1104.

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