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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1147.

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Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters
Oregon team identifies universality and specificity in protein motions
Although proteins have very different function functions, or specialties, in living cells, they share the general characteristics -- the same universality -- in their motions, say University of Oregon scientists. Their motion is much like mountain landslides or wildfires, they report in the journal Physical Review Letters.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sorting the myriad medicinal molecules of coral reefs
Coral reefs harbor an incredible diversity of life. These organisms generate an enormous number of molecules. Researchers have identified several coral reef-derived molecules as having medicinal properties, yet many thousands more are unknown to science. A new study describes a promising new method for screening the molecular output of reef life for important chemical properties, which could make it much easier to identify new coral reef-derived drugs.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Institutes of Health, European Union, German Research Foundation

Contact: Michael Price
mprice@mail.sdsu.edu
San Diego State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Global Change Center researchers to forecast water quality with NSF support
The team -- which includes ecologists, social scientists, geologists and engineers -- was awarded a $1 million National Science Foundation Smart and Connected Communities grant to develop a system that can create a real-time water forecast -- similar to a weather forecast -- for Falling Creek Reservoir in Roanoke, Va.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Key
ltkey@vt.edu
540-231-6594
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Science
Spotting the spin of the Majorana fermion under the microscope
Using a new twist on a technique for imaging atomic structures, researchers at Princeton have detected a unique quantum property of the Majorana fermion, an elusive particle with the potential for use in quantum information systems.
US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Science
Chemistry provides a new supply of a promising cancer and HIV treatment
Supplies of a promising drug for cancer, HIV and possibly other diseases is dwindling, and scientists have struggled to extract more from the marine creatures who produce it. Now, chemists have a synthetic solution.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Cancer Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Nathan Collins
nac@stanford.edu
650-725-9364
Stanford University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Science
VLBA measurement promises complete picture of Milky Way
Distance measured out to the far side of our Milky Way means that radio astronomers now can work on producing an accurate map of the full extent of our galaxy's structure for the first time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Current Biology
Paleogenomic analysis sheds light on Easter Island mysteries
New paleogenomic research conducted by an international team led by UC Santa Cruz appears to rule out the likelihood that inhabitants of Easter Island intermixed with South Americans prior to the arrival of Europeans on the island in 1722.
University of California Presidential Research Catalyst Award, Swedish Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer McNulty
jmcnulty@ucsc.edu
831-459-4399
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Science
Laser cavities take on new shapes and functionalities
Researchers have demonstrated the first laser cavity that can confine and propagate light in any shape imaginable, even pathways with sharp bends and angles. The new cavity, called a topological cavity, could enable laser components to be packed more densely on a chip, leading to higher speed optical communication technologies that can be fabricated in an efficient and scalable manner using photonic integration techniques.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, Semiconductor Research Corporation, University of California San Diego

Contact: Liezel Labios
llabios@ucsd.edu
858-246-1124
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Science
Penn-led study identifies genes responsible for diversity of human skin colors
A study of diverse African groups led by University of Pennsylvania geneticists has identified new genetic variants associated with skin pigmentation. The findings help explain the vast range of skin color on the African continent, shed light on human evolution and inform an understanding of the genetic risk factors for conditions such as skin cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Environmental Science and Technology Letters
Study casts doubt on warming implications of brown carbon aerosol from wildfires
As devastating wildfires rage in California wine country, a team of environmental engineers at Washington University in St. Louis have made a new discovery about wildfire smoke, and its effect on the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation, NASA, International Center for Energy, Environment and Sustainability, Washington University in St. Louis

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Columbia researchers to help LIGO Observatory discover gravitational waves
A research team from Columbia University received a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to assist scientists at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), the instrument that recently won a Nobel Prize for detecting gravitational waves.
National Science Foundation

Contact: robert florida
rsf8@columbia.edu
201-851-4240
Data Science Institute at Columbia

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Joule
Analysis: Metal supplies unlikely to seriously hamper battery use
MIT researchers have found that supplies of raw materials are unlikely to limit increased production of lithium-ion batteries, although they could pose temporary bottlenecks.
The work was supported by the National Science Foundation.

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society A
New software speeds origami structure designs
Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new computer-aided approach that streamlines the design process for origami-based structures, making it easier for engineers and scientists to conceptualize new ideas graphically while simultaneously generating the underlying mathematical data needed to build the structure in the real world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Josh Brown
josh.brown@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-0500
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Where food is limited, guppy mothers gestate their young longer
When evolving in environments where a lack of predators makes food scarcity the main survival challenge, guppy mothers gestate their young longer so that they are born more ready to compete for their meals.
National Science Foundation, Bushnell Research and Education Fund

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Environmental Science and Technology
Beyond EPA's Clean Power decision: Climate action window could close as early as 2023
As the Trump administration repeals the US Clean Power Plan, a new study from the University of Michigan underscores the urgency of reducing greenhouse gas emissions -- from both environmental and economic perspectives.
U-M Energy Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-747-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
New materials may provide better ways to capture and store solar energy
Researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), funded by two significant National Science Foundation grants and an award from the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center, are exploring new materials for solar cells that could boost their efficiency and make them less expensive to manufacture, and are developing new photocatalysts that may lower the cost of producing hydrogen using solar electricity (generating hydrogen with electrolysis could be an effective way to store solar energy until it is needed).
National Science Foundation, Massachusetts Clean Energy Center

Contact: Andy Baron
ajbaron@wpi.edu
508-831-5916
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Ecology
Some plants grow bigger -- and meaner -- when clipped, study finds
Some plants behave like the mythical monster Hydra: Cut off their heads and they grow back, bigger and better than before. A new study finds that these 'overcompensators,' as they are called, also augment their defensive chemistry -- think plant venom -- when they are clipped. The discovery could lead to the development of new methods for boosting plant growth while reducing the need for insecticides, the researchers said.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Geology
WSU researchers document one of planet's largest volcanic eruptions
Washington State University researchers have determined that the Pacific Northwest was home to one of the Earth's largest known volcanic eruptions, a millennia-long spewing of sulfuric gas that blocked out the sun and cooled the planet. Only two other eruptions -- the basalt floods of the Siberian Traps and the Deccan Traps -- were larger, and they led to two of the Earth's great extinctions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Wolff
jawolff@wsu.edu
509-335-2825
Washington State University

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
UTSA researcher to study waterways contaminated by Hurricane Harvey damage
Vikram Kapoor, an assistant professor in The University of Texas at San Antonio Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, has been awarded a Rapid Response Research (RAPID) grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to research microbial contaminants in southeast and south central Texas waterways following Hurricane Harvey.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Carver
joanna.carver@utsa.edu
210-243-4557
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Danforth Center receives $3.4 million to improve maize architecture
The collaborative project brings together expertise in molecular genetics, developmental genomics and statistics to meet the food and fuel demands of a growing population.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melanie Bernds
mbernds@danforthcenter.org
314-587-1647
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Nature
Injecting electrons jolts 2-D structure into new atomic pattern
The same electrostatic charge that can make hair stand on end and attach balloons to clothing could be an efficient way to drive atomically thin electronic memory devices of the future, according to a new Berkeley Lab study. Scientists have found a way to reversibly change the atomic structure of a 2-D material by injecting it with electrons. The process uses far less energy than current methods for changing the configuration of a material's structure.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@lbl.gov
510-486-4575
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
Nature Communications
Scientists develop machine-learning method to predict the behavior of molecules
A team of scientists has come up with a machine-learning method that predicts molecular behavior, a breakthrough that can aid in the development of pharmaceuticals and the design of new molecules that can be used to enhance the performance of emerging battery technologies, solar cells, and digital displays.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Information & Communications Technology Promotion

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
Nano
Morphologies of porous MoS2 show good performance in hydrogenation of phenol
Two morphologies of porous MoS2 obtained by using thiourea and L-cysteine as sulfur sources and modified SiO2 nanoparticles as hard templates,The method offers the advantages of simple steps, convenient operation, controllable pore size, and a specific surface area. MoS2 nano-materials with the respective morphologies were used to catalyze the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) reaction, showing a good performance in hydrogenation of phenol.
National Science Foundation of China, Jiangsu Province Specially-Appointed Professor, Changzhou Science and Technology Bureau, Changzhou Key Laboratory of Respiratory System, Jiangsu Province Key & Advanced Laboratory of Catalytic Material and Technology

Contact: Judy Yeo
jlyeo@wspc.com
World Scientific

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)
This soft robotic gripper can screw in your light bulbs for you
How many robots does it take to screw in a light bulb? The answer: just one, assuming you're talking about a new robotic gripper developed by engineers at the University of California San Diego. The engineering team has designed and built a gripper that can pick up and manipulate objects without needing to see them and needing to be trained.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, UC San Diego

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
ipatrin@eng.ucsd.edu
858-822-0899
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
$900,000 NSF grant helps Wake Forest researchers look for the big picture in big data
Thanks to a $900,000 award from the National Science Foundation, Wake Forest University researchers are examining how the plant hormone ethylene affects growth and development of the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana, which is a genetic model used to provide insight into other plants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katie Neal
nealkc@wfu.edu
336-758-6141
Wake Forest University

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1147.

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