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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 943.

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Public Release: 7-Apr-2017
Science Advances
Volcanic arcs form by deep melting of rock mixtures
A new study published in the journal Science Advances changes our understanding of how volcanic arc lavas are formed, and may have implications for the study of earthquakes and the risks of volcanic eruption.
National Science Foundation Division of Earth Sciences

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 7-Apr-2017
UTSA student-led team receives NSF grant to develop vein-finding medical device
A student-led team from The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) is the beneficiary of a $50,000 grant to UTSA's CITE program from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to support the continued development of their infrared medical camera, InfraVein, which makes simple work of finding veins. As a result of the grant, the team will be heading to Boston for the NSF I-Corps this month to test the business model of InfraVein and explore how to market the device.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Ward
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 6-Apr-2017
New Phytologist
Feeding fat to fungi: Evidence for lipid transfer in arbuscular mycorrhiza
Researchers from the labs of Dr. Maria Harrison at the Boyce Thompson Institute and Dr. Peter Dörmann at the University of Bonn have produced the first experimental evidence to suggest that AM fungi also get lipids from the plant. AM-induced FatM and RAM2 may play specific roles in the biosynthesis of 16:0 βMAG, which cannot be produced by the fungus, providing a clue to understanding the obligate nature of AM fungi.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Keith Hannon
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 6-Apr-2017
Molecular Systems Biology
Synthetic biologists engineer inflammation-sensing gut bacteria
Synthetic biologists at Rice University have engineered gut bacteria capable of sensing colitis in mice. The research points the way to new experiments for studying how gut bacteria and human hosts interact at a molecular level and could eventually lead to orally ingestible bacteria for monitoring gut health and disease.
Welch Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Baylor College of Medicine, Rice University's Department of Bioengineering

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2017
Journal of Climate
Scientists link California droughts and floods to distinctive atmospheric waves
The crippling wintertime droughts that struck California from 2013 to 2015, as well as this year's unusually wet California winter, appear to be associated with the same phenomenon: a distinctive wave pattern that emerges in the upper atmosphere and circles the globe.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, Department of Energy, NASA

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 6-Apr-2017
New tool illuminates cell signaling pathways key to disease
In a major advance for fundamental biological research, UC San Francisco scientists have developed a tool capable of illuminating previously inscrutable cellular signaling networks that play a wide variety of roles in human biology and disease. In particular, the technique opens up exciting new avenues for understanding and treating psychiatric disease, the researchers say.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, UCSF Program for Breakthrough Biomedical Research, Sandler Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Molecular Biology Organization, Human Frontiers in Science

Contact: Nicholas Weiler
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Apr-2017
UMD-led study finds ancient Earth's fingerprints in young volcanic rocks
Earth's mantle is made of solid rock that nonetheless circulates slowly over millions of years. Some geologists assume that this slow circulation would have wiped away any geochemical traces of Earth's early history long ago. But a new study of volcanic rocks that recently erupted from volcanoes in Hawaii and Samoa reveals surprising geochemical anomalies -- the 'fingerprints' of conditions that existed shortly after the planet formed.
National Science Foundation, Packard Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 6-Apr-2017
Physical Review Letters
For horseshoe bats, wiggling ears and nose makes biosonar more informative
Virginia Tech researchers have discovered that these tiny movements pack more information into ultrasound pulses the bats send and receive, helping them locate objects around them.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, United States Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Naval Engineering Education Center, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Fundamental Research Fund of Shandong University

Contact: Eleanor Nelsen
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 6-Apr-2017
'Smart' cephalopods trade off genome evolution for prolific RNA editing
Octopus, squid, and cuttlefish are famous for engaging in complex behavior, from unlocking an aquarium tank and escaping to instantaneous skin camouflage to hide from predators. A new study suggests their evolutionary path to neural sophistication includes a novel mechanism: Prolific RNA editing at the expense of evolution in their genomic DNA.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Newly discovered chemical reaction in eye may improve vision
A light-sensing pigment found in everything from bacteria to vertebrates can be biochemically manipulated to reset itself, an important therapeutic advantage, according to new research out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, JSPS Overseas Research Fellow, Department of Veterans Affairs, National Science Foundation, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH-ORIP HEI.

Contact: Marc Kaplan
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Science Advances
Artificial topological matter opens new research directions
An international team of researchers have created a new structure that allows the tuning of topological properties in such a way as to turn on or off these unique behaviors. The structure could open up possibilities for new explorations into the properties of topological states of matter.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Unexpected protein structure findings could lead to new therapies
Scientists have determined unexpected characteristics of a key protein linked to blood pressure control and to nerve growth, pain control and heart tissue regeneration. The findings open doors to potential new therapies to control cardiovascular disease and pain. The protein AT2 is one of a group of receptors that interact with the angiotensin II hormone, which regulates blood pressure. Angiotensin II receptor proteins are important factors in diabetes, hypertension, heart attack and stroke.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation grant, Helmholtz Association

Contact: Zen Vuong
University of Southern California

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Environmental Research Letters
Stanford study explores risk of deforestation as agriculture expands in Africa
Multinational companies are increasingly looking to Africa to expand production of in-demand commodity crops such as soy and oil palm. A first-of-its-kind study highlights the real and potential impacts on the continent's valuable tropical forests.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program, Stanford Global Development & Poverty Initiative, Morrison Institute for Population and Resource Studies

Contact: Rob Jordan
Stanford University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Peering into black holes using an Earth-sized telescope
Turning the Earth into one giant telescope by coordinating observations from instruments arrayed around the world, teams of radio astronomers are aiming their telescopes for the next 10 days at the thin edge -- also known as the event horizon -- of the super massive black hole at the center of our galaxy, the closest such object to Earth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Four Tufts University faculty win national awards for science and engineering
Tufts University announced today that four faculty members won 2017 Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Awards from the National Science Foundation (NSF).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kalimah Knight
Tufts University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Research links decline in hemlock forests to changes in water resources
An insect infestation that is killing hemlock trees in New England forests is having a significant impact on the water resources of forested ecosystems that provide essential water supplies to one of the nation's most populous regions.
NASA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Innovative sensor can screen toxic drugs, help develop biomaterials, and much more
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have found an innovative new use for a simple piece of glass tubing: weighing things. Their glass tube sensor will help speed up chemical toxicity tests, shed light on plant growth, and develop new biomaterials, among many other applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Into the DNA of a coral reef predator
Researchers from OIST and Australia have sequenced and decoded for the first time the genome of the crown-of-thorns starfish, paving the way for the biocontrol of this invasive predator responsible for the destruction of coral reefs across Indo-Pacific oceans.
Australian Research Council, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy's Reef Rescue 'Caring for Country' program, internal funds of Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology for Marine Genomics Unit, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kaoru Natori
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
X-ray study reveals long-sought insights into potential drug target
X-ray studies done in part at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have produced surprising insights into the workings of a hormone receptor associated with blood pressure regulation. Researchers believe it could be a target for new medicines related to cardiovascular conditions, neuropathic pain and tissue growth.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Andy Freeberg
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Physical Review Letters
Gray tin exhibits novel topological electronic properties in 3-D
In a surprising new discovery, alpha-tin, commonly called gray tin, exhibits a novel electronic phase when its crystal structure is strained, putting it in a rare new class of 3-D materials called topological Dirac semimetals (TDSs). Only two other TDS materials are known to exist, discovered as recently as 2013. Alpha-tin now joins this class as its only simple-element member. This discovery holds promise for novel physics and many potential applications in technology.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Siv Schwink
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Journal of Archaeological Science
Kent State archaeologist explains innovation of 'fluting' ancient stone weaponry
Approximately 13,500 years after nomadic Clovis hunters crossed the frozen land bridge from Asia to North America, researchers are still asking questions and putting together clues as to how they not only survived in a new landscape with unique new challenges but adapted with stone tools and weapons to thrive for thousands of years. Kent State University's Metin Eren, Ph.D., and his colleagues are not only asking these questions but testing their unique new theories.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Metin Eren
Kent State University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study reveals 10,000 years of genetic continuity in northwest North America
A study of the DNA in ancient skeletal remains adds to the evidence that indigenous groups living today in southern Alaska and the western coast of British Columbia are descendants of the first humans to make their home in northwest North America more than 10,000 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breaking the protein-DNA bond
A new Northwestern University study finds that unbound proteins in a cell break up protein-DNA bonds as they compete for the single-binding site.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Finger animation research at Clemson begins with CAREER award in hand
A Clemson University researcher is letting her fingers do the talking with a new project that could lead to more realistic hand movements for animated movies, video games and a range of virtual reality simulations.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sophie Joerg
Clemson University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Sex obsession a killer for male snakes
Snake orgy research by an international team of scientists led from Sydney has confirmed a frenzied approach to the mating season is resulting in males ageing faster and dying earlier and in worse condition than their female counterparts, who prioritize body maintenance over short-term reproductive success.
National Science Foundation, University of Sydney, University of Minnesota Morris Division of Science

Contact: Vivienne Reiner
University of Sydney

Showing releases 276-300 out of 943.

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