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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 301-325 out of 947.

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Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society
Mysterious cosmic explosion surprises astronomers studying the distant x-ray universe
A mysterious flash of X-rays has been discovered by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory in the deepest X-ray image ever obtained. This source likely comes from some sort of destructive event, but it may be of a variety that scientists have never seen before.
National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research in Chile, The National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development, Ministry of Economy, Development, and Tourism's Millennium Science Initiative, National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
BarbaraKennedy@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Speeding star gives new clues to breakup of multi-star system
Three stars have been discovered that now hold the record as the youngest-known examples of a super-fast star category. The discovery, led by a Penn State University astronomer, is published in this month's edition of Astrophysical Journal Letters. Four colorful images plus an animated GIF are available.
National Science Foundation, Space Telescope Science Institute

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
BarbaraKennedy@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Science
Sculpting optical microstructures with slight changes in chemistry
In 2013, materials scientists at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and the Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering, grew a garden of self-assembled crystal microstructures. Now, applied mathematicians at SEAS and Wyss have developed a framework to better understand and control the fabrication of these microstructures. Together, the researchers used that framework to grow sophisticated optical microcomponents.
National Science Foundation, Kavli Institute for Bionano Science and Technology at Harvard University, Harvard Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
UTSA professors receive grant to create water-purifying nanomaterial
Heather Shipley, chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Burzik Professor in Engineering Design at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), and Kelly Nash, associate professor of physics, have received a $65,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a nanomaterial that can do the work of a water treatment plant.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Carver
joanna.carver@utsa.edu
210-243-4557
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Engineer patents waterlike polymer to create high-temperature ceramics
Using five ingredients -- silicon, boron, carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen -- a Kansas State University engineer has created a liquid polymer that can transform into a ceramic with valuable thermal, optical and electronic properties.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Gurpreet Singh
gurpreet@k-state.edu
785-532-7085
Kansas State University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Journal of Applied Physics
Beyond graphene: Advances make reduced graphene oxide electronics feasible
Researchers have developed a technique for converting positively charged (p-type) reduced graphene oxide (rGO) into negatively charged (n-type) rGO, creating a layered material that can be used to develop rGO-based transistors for use in electronic devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Science
Public funding essential for advances in biomedical research
Article shows that publicly-funded research creates knowledge that links to private companies' efforts to develop drugs, medical devices, and other patented biomedical products.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Aisner
jaisner@hbs.edu
617-495-6157
Harvard Business School

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
PLOS Pathogens
Vaginal bacteria can trigger recurrent UTIs, study shows
A kind of bacteria found in the vagina may trigger recurrent UTIs, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings help explain why sexual activity is associated with UTIs. When it gets into the bladder, the vaginal bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis causes dormant E. coli from a previous infection to start multiplying again, causing another UTI. Gardnerella may also contribute to more serious kidney infections, the study suggests.
Washington University School of Medicine, American Heart Association, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Anti-cancer drug gets a boost when combined with antirheumatic
Scientists at EPFL and NTU have discovered that combining an anticancer drug with an antirheumatic produces improved effects against tumors. The discovery opens a new path for drug-drug synergy.
Singapore Ministry of Health,National Medical Research Council, Ministry of Education Academic Research Fund Tier 3 Programme, Swiss National Science Foundation, NCCR Chemical Biology

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 30-Mar-2017
Science
MIT study: NIH funding helps generate private-sector patents
Research grants issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) contribute to a significant number of private-sector patents in biomedicine, according to a new study co-authored by an MIT professor. The study, published in the journal Science, examines 27 years of data and finds that 31 percent of NIH grants, which are publicly funded, produce articles that are later cited by patents in the biomedical sector.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Mar-2017
Twelve University of Delaware students, alumni win prestigious research support
A dozen University of Delaware students (undergraduate and graduate) and alumni have won National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships. Fourteen others received honorable mention designations. The prestigious awards -- for which more than 13,000 applicants competed this year -- include three years of funding at $34,000 per year, plus $12,000 in cost-of-education allowances to the school for study leading to a master's or doctoral degree in science and engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 29-Mar-2017
Society for American Archaeology, 82nd annual meeting
Legends of the lost reservoirs
University of Cincinnati interdisciplinary researchers and global collaborators dig into the past to inspire modern water management strategies that can save time and money and may avoid negative effects on our climate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melanie Schefft
titanimk@ucmail.uc.edu
513-556-5213
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 29-Mar-2017
Biogeochemistry
'Weather whiplash' triggered by changing climate will degrade Midwest's drinking water
University of Kansas have published findings in the journal Biogeochemistry showing weather whiplash in the American Midwest's agricultural regions will drive the deterioration of water quality, forcing municipalities to seek costly remedies to provide safe drinking water to residents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 29-Mar-2017
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Researchers control soft robots using magnetic fields
Engineering researchers have made a fundamental advance in controlling so-called soft robots, using magnetic fields to remotely manipulate microparticle chains embedded in soft robotic devices. The researchers have already created several devices that make use of the new technique.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 29-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Solving the mystery of the Arctic's green ice
In 2011, researchers observed something that should be impossible -- a massive bloom of phytoplankton growing under Arctic sea ice in conditions that should have been far too dark for anything requiring photosynthesis to survive. So, how was this bloom possible? Using mathematical modeling, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences found that thinning Arctic sea ice may be responsible for these blooms and more blooms in the future, potentially causing significant disruption in the Arctic food chain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 29-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Social bees have kept their gut microbes for 80 million years
Bacteria living in the guts of social bees have been passed down from generation to generation for 80 million years, according to a new study. The finding adds to the case that social creatures, like bees and humans, not only transfer bacteria between one another in their own lifetime -- they have a distinctive relationship with bacteria over time, in some cases even evolving on parallel tracks as species.
Yale University, Sigma Xi, Canadian Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, National Science Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
mBio
Viruses in the oceanic basement
A team of scientists from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) showed for the first time that many novel viruses are present in the fluids circulating deep in the rocky crust of the seafloor known as the ocean basement. Their recently published study also provides evidence that the viruses are actively infecting the many unusual microorganisms that live in the basement.
The Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations, Daniel K. Inouye Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education, National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Researchers discover dust plays prominent role in nutrients of mountain forest ecoystems
This study shows that dust may be crucial in mountainous forest ecosystems, dominating nutrient budgets despite continuous replacement of depleted soils with fresh bedrock via erosion.
David & Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cliff Riebe
criebe@uwyo.edu
307-223-2321
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
PLOS Biology
Key research priorities for agricultural microbiomes identified
A coordinated effort to understand plant microbiomes could boost plant health and agricultural productivity, according to a new Perspective publishing March 28 in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Posy Busby of Oregon State University in Corvallis and colleagues at eight other research institutions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: PLOS Biology
biologypress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Seabird bones, fossils reveal broad food-web shift in North Pacific
For thousands of years, the Hawaiian petrel has soared over the Pacific Ocean, feeding on fish and squid. Now, using evidence preserved in the birds' bones, scientists at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History and Michigan State University have discovered that the now endangered seabird has experienced a significant shift in food resources most likely during the past 100 years--a disruption that may be due to industrial fishing practices.
National Science Foundation's Division of Environmental Biology, Geological Society of America, Michigan State University, Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History

Contact: Ryan Lavery
laveryr@si.edu
202-633-0826
Smithsonian

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Sensors
Fighting world hunger: Robotics aid in the study of corn and drought tolerance
Developing drought tolerant corn that makes efficient use of available water will be vital to sustain the estimated 9 billion global population by 2050. In March 2014, the National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded the University of Missouri a $20 million grant as part of a multi-institutional consortium to study how corn maintains root growth during drought conditions. Using funding from the NSF, Mizzou engineers on a multidisciplinary team have developed a robotic system that is changing the way scientists study crops and plant composition.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Nature Astronomy
Igniting a solar flare in the corona with lower-atmosphere kindling
Recent images captured by NJIT's 1.6-meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) have revealed the emergence of small-scale magnetic fields in the lower reaches of the corona the researchers say may be linked to the onset of a main flare.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Tanya Klein
klein@njit.edu
973-596-3433
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tiny bacterium provides window into whole ecosystems
MIT research on Prochlorococcus, the most abundant life form in the oceans, shows the bacteria's metabolism evolved in a way that may have helped trigger the rise of other organisms, to form a more complex marine ecosystem with overall greater biomass.
Simons Foundation,Life Sciences Research Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
eLife
Highway to health: WSU findings point way to more nutritious crops
Washington State University researchers have had the closest look yet at the inner workings of a plant's circulatory system. Their findings show how nutrients get from the leaves, where they are produced through photosynthesis, to 'sinks' that can include the fruits and seeds we eat and the branches we process for biofuels.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Knoblauch
knoblauch@wsu.edu
509-335-3052
Washington State University

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Analytica Chimica Acta
Toward glow-in-the-dark tumors: New fluorescent probe could light up cancer
A fluorescent probe developed by Michigan Tech chemist Haiying Liu lights up the enzyme beta-galactosidase in a cell culture. The glowing probe-enzyme combination could make tumors fluoresce, allowing surgeons to cut away cancer while leaving healthy tissue intact.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Showing releases 301-325 out of 947.

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