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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 301-325 out of 853.

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Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
NSF awards UTEP $1.9 million to prepare new generation in computer science
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Texas at El Paso $1.9 million to prepare more computer science professionals over the next five years. The funds will be used to address a 2012 report on undergraduate education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) from President Barack Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. The report cites 'uninspiring' introductory courses and an unwelcoming atmosphere from faculty as major factors contributing to attrition of STEM students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lauren Macias-Cervantes
The University of Texas at El Paso

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
Journal of Family Psychology
Millennials and marrying young: Like mother, like child
Daughters and sons of mothers who tied the knot young are more likely to want to marry early too, but only if Mom stayed married, new research has found. And millennials whose moms divorced tend to want to move more slowly, perhaps in the interest of avoiding the mistakes of their parents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Claire Kamp Dush
Ohio State University

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
British Journal of Nutrition
Food nudging can help us to eat in a healthier way
What we eat in the canteen and buy in the supermarket for dinner depends on the order in which the dishes are presented, and how easy it is to get to the products. This is the conclusion of a collaborative review of existing research into food 'nudging.' Until now there's been very little research on this topic, but researchers behind the review expect healthy food nudging to be a predominant subject in the coming years.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Foundation for Nutrition Research, IAPP-Marie Curie FP7/EU, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Federico J. A. Perez-Cueto
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
Greater privacy and security measures needed to protect patient info in mobile health tech
With over two-thirds of US adults owning a smartphone, and the rise in miniaturized sensors and low-power body area networks that are used for remote health monitoring, mobile health (mHealth) is beginning to experience a boom. While the technology has the potential to increase healthcare quality, expand access to services, reduce costs, and improve personal wellness and public health, such benefits may not be fully realized unless greater privacy and security measures are implemented, according to a new paper published in Computer.
National Science Foundation, Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Amy D. Olson
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
The Allied Genetics Conference
New insights on how cells regrow after being sliced in half
For a single celled organism, as with many cells, cell shape is critical to the functions it can perform. However, little is known about how cells regain proper shape after an injury. In a new study being presented at The Allied Genetics Conference in Orlando, Fla., researchers report new insights about the underlying drivers that help cells heal and maintain their shape.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Noble
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
The Allied Genetics Conference
Shedding new light on protein aggregates and the diseases they cause
Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Boston University have developed a system capable of quickly screening millions of yeast cells to measure protein aggregates. Proteins regulate all of the processes that keep cells alive, but when misfolded they can clump into large aggregations, a phenomenon associated with diseases including Alzheimer's, Huntington's and Parkinson's.
G. Harold and Leila Y. Mather's Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Noble
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
High-resolution imaging reveals the secrets of a bacterial toxin
Many bacteria use specialized toxins to attack and infect other cells. Scientists at EPFL and the University of Bern have now modeled a major such toxin with unprecedented resolution, uncovering the way it works step-by-step.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Climate Change
El Niño played a key role in Pacific marine heatwave, as did potentially climate change
The Northeast Pacific's largest marine heatwave on record was at least in part caused by El Niño climate patterns. And unusually warm water events in that ocean could potentially become more frequent with rising levels of greenhouse gases.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Josh Brown
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
DNA origami lights up a microscopic glowing Van Gogh
A technique that allows manmade DNA shapes to be placed wherever desired -- to within a margin of error of just 20 nanometers -- now removes a major hurdle for the large-scale integration of molecular devices on chips.
Army Research Office, Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Scientists move closer to developing therapeutic window to the brain
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside are bringing their idea for a 'Window to the Brain' transparent skull implant closer to reality through the findings of two studies that are forthcoming in the journals Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Disentangling the plant microbiome
With the human population expected to climb from 7.4 billion to more than 11 billion people by 2100, some scientists hope that manipulating the microbial communities in, on and around plants, the plant microbiome, could open up new ways to meet the growing demand for food. But breeding a better microbiome may be easier in some plant tissues and growing conditions than others, finds a study led by researchers at Duke University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, American Philosophical Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Rice wins interdisciplinary 'big data' grant
A National Science Foundation grant will support a research training group that combines the talents of Rice University statistics and computer science students to better handle 'big data' challenges.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Plant Physiology
LobeFinder technology quantifies changes in shape-shifting plant cells
Purdue University researchers have developed an algorithm that quantifies and analyzes shape changes in puzzle piece-shaped plant cells, providing insights into the small-scale processes that control leaf size and crop yield.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
IEEE Computer
Social exchange app might help turn collaboration into currency
A focus on symmetrical activities -- and smart technology -- may be critical to creating applications that allow people to negotiate transactions with their time, rather than their money, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Advancing self-driving car design, other shared human- and machine-controlled systems
University of Massachusetts Amherst computer science graduate students Kyle Wray and Luis Pineda, with their professor Shlomo Zilberstein, today described a new approach to managing the challenge of transferring control between a human and an autonomous system, in a paper they presented at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in New York City.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers develop novel microscope to study the underwater world
A new microscopic imaging system is revealing a never-before-seen view of the underwater world. Researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have designed and built a diver-operated underwater microscope to study millimeter-scale processes as they naturally occur on the seafloor.
The W.M. Keck Foundation, National Science Foundation, Link Foundation for Ocean Engineering, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
PLOS Biology
These days fecal transplantation is no joke
Fecal transplants are increasingly being used to treat certain human illnesses and there has been a dramatic increase in animal experiments involving fecal material.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Methods
Researchers improve method to 'swell' cell structures, bringing details into view
Scientists from the University of Washington recently reported a relatively simple method swell the tiny, complex structures within cells, bringing them within range of a common microscope's resolving range.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Burroughs-Wellcome Fund and University of Washington

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
ACS Nano
Germs add ripples to make 'groovy' graphene
Graphene, a two-dimensional wonder-material composed of a single layer of carbon atoms linked in a hexagonal chicken-wire pattern, has attracted intense interest for its phenomenal ability to conduct electricity. Now University of Illinois at Chicago researchers have used rod-shaped bacteria -- precisely aligned in an electric field, then vacuum-shrunk under a graphene sheet -- to introduce nanoscale ripples in the material, causing it to conduct electrons differently in perpendicular directions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bill Burton
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Materials
Reconfiguring active particles into dynamic patterns
Applying an electrostatic imbalance to Janus colloids causes them to self propel into swarms, clusters, and connected chains.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Chemistry of Materials
Researchers develop faster, precise silica coating process for quantum dot nanorods
Materials researchers have fine-tuned a technique that enables them to apply precisely controlled silica coatings to quantum dot nanorods in a day -- up to 21 times faster than previous methods. In addition to saving time, the advance means the quantum dots are less likely to degrade, preserving their advantageous optical properties.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Physicists couple distant nuclear spins using a single electron
For the first time, researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland have coupled the nuclear spins of distant atoms using just a single electron. Three research groups took part in this complex experiment, the results of which have now been published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.
National Center of Competence in Research Quantum Science and Technology, Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Nanoscience Institute

Contact: Reto Caluori
University of Basel

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sources, occurrence rate of groundwater methane in Colorado's Denver-Julesburg Basin
The rate of groundwater contamination due to natural gas leakage from oil and gas wells has remained largely unchanged in northeastern Colorado's Denver-Julesburg Basin since 2001, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study based on public records and historical data.
NSF/AirWaterGas Sustainability Research Network

Contact: Joseph Ryan
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Developmental Cell
Study shows a new role for B-complex vitamins in promoting stem cell proliferation
Folates can stimulate stem cell proliferation independently of their role as vitamins, according to a collaborative study from the University of Georgia and Tufts University, which used an in vitro culture and animal model system in their findings. Folates, whether supplemental B vitamins or natural folates found in food, are essential for the proper functioning of all cells in the body and are critical to prevent birth defects.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Alan Flurry
University of Georgia

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Berkeley Lab scientists grow atomically thin transistors and circuits
In an advance that helps pave the way for next-generation electronics and computing technologies -- and possibly paper-thin gadgets -- scientists with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed a way to chemically assemble transistors and circuits that are only a few atoms thick.
Office of Naval Research and National Science Foundation

Contact: Jon Weiner
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Showing releases 301-325 out of 853.

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