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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1012.

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Public Release: 30-May-2017
Genome Biology
First step taken toward epigenetically modified cotton
Scientists have produced a 'methylome' for domesticated cotton and its wild ancestors, a powerful new tool to guide breeders in creating cotton with better traits based on epigenetic changes. It's an important step towards a new way of improving crops, called epigenetic breeding.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 30-May-2017
Physical Review E
New scaling law predicts how wheels drive over sand
Engineers at MIT have come up with a scaling law to describe how objects move through sand. The scaling law can be used to predict how large trucks and cars drive through this material, based on how toy versions of those vehicles drive through an experimental sandbox containing the same grains.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-May-2017
Royal Society Open Science
Fossil skeleton confirms earliest primates were tree dwellers
Earth's earliest primates dwelled in treetops, not on the ground, according to an analysis of a 62-million-year-old partial skeleton discovered in New Mexico -- the oldest-known primate skeleton.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Cummings
michael.cummings@yale.edu
203-432-9548
Yale University

Public Release: 30-May-2017
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
CMU's interactive tool helps novices and experts make custom robots
A new interactive design tool developed by Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute enables both novices and experts to build customized legged or wheeled robots using 3-D-printed components and off-the-shelf actuators.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 30-May-2017
Study identifies factors that lead to greater college success
Researchers identify three competencies most frequently showed evidence of supporting students' college persistence and success, as measured by grades, retention and graduation: A sense of belonging, a growth mindset and personal goals and values.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 30-May-2017
World Haptics 2017
Tactile feedback adds 'muscle sense' to prosthetic hand
Engineers from Rice University and the Research Center 'E.Piaggio' of the University of Pisa and the Italian Institute of Technology have found that tactile feedback on the skin allowed blindfolded test subjects to more than double their ability to discern the size of objects grasped with a prosthetic hand.
National Science Foundation, European projects WEARHAP, SOFTPRO and SoftHands

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 30-May-2017
Nature Microbiology
Chemical coatings boss around bacteria, in the bugs' own language
Princeton researchers have developed a way to place onto surfaces special coatings that chemically 'communicate' with bacteria, telling them what to do. The coatings, which could be useful in inhibiting or promoting bacterial growth as needed, possess this controlling power over bacteria because, in effect, they 'speak' the bug's own language.
National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steven Schultz
sschultz@princeton.edu
609-258-3617
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 30-May-2017
Functional Ecology
Fowl-mouthed study finds that diet shaped duck, goose beaks
An analysis of the relationship between diet and beak shape among waterfowl not only shows that feeding is likely the major influence that fits the bill, but also suggests that early birds of the order were likely more duck-like than goose-like.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 29-May-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Previously, on Arctic warming
Arctic warming occurred in the early 20th century due to the warming phases -- 'interdecadal variability mode' -- of both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans coincided.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, National Science Foundation, National Key Research and Development Program of China

Contact: Raymond Kunikane Terhune
comms@mail2.adm.kyoto-u.ac.jp
81-757-535-728
Kyoto University

Public Release: 29-May-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Squeezing every drop of fresh water from waste brine
Engineers at the University of California, Riverside have developed a new way to recover almost 100 percent of the water from highly concentrated salt solutions. The system will alleviate water shortages in arid regions and reduce concerns surrounding high salinity brine disposal, such as hydraulic fracturing waste.
Office of Naval Research, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Petroleum Research Fund

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 29-May-2017
Nature Physics
A new spin on electronics
A University of Utah-led team has discovered that a class of 'miracle materials"'called organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites could be a game changer for future spintronic devices that use the direction of the electron spin -- either up or down -- to carry information in 1s and 0s. The researchers discovered that the perovskites possess two contradictory properties necessary to make spintronic devices work.
University of Utah, DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation, Material Science and Engineering Center, University of Utah

Contact: Lisa Potter
lisa.potter@utah.edu
949-533-7899
University of Utah

Public Release: 26-May-2017
UM scientists receive grant to investigate heat trapped in Greenland's snow cover
A new $1.54 million grant from the National Science Foundation will fund University of Montana geoscientists as they study the deep layer of compacted snow covering most of Greenland's ice sheet.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Deskins
aaron.deskins@umontana.edu
406-243-5853
The University of Montana

Public Release: 26-May-2017
ACS Central Science
Chemical array draws out malignant cells to guide individualized cancer treatment
Melanoma is a particularly difficult cancer to treat once it has metastasized, spreading throughout the body. University of Illinois researchers are using chemistry to find the deadly, elusive malignant cells within a melanoma tumor that hold the potential to spread. Once found, the stemlike metastatic cells can be cultured and screened for their response to a variety of anti-cancer drugs, providing the patient with an individualized treatment plan based on their own cells.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 26-May-2017
CCNY-UTEP partner to produce next generation Latino professors
The City College of New York is partnering with the University of Texas at El Paso to educate the next generation of Hispanic professors in environmental sciences and engineering. Entitled 'Collaborative Research: The Hispanic AGEP Alliance for the Environmental Science and Engineering Professoriate,' the five-year project is funded by a $3.7 million grant from the National Science Foundation. It begins July 1, 2017.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jay Mwamba
jmwamba@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-7580
City College of New York

Public Release: 26-May-2017
Science Advances
Losing sleep over climate change
UC San Diego study of US data suggests a sleep-deprived planet by century's end. Researchers show that unusually warm nights can harm human sleep and that the poor and elderly are most affected. Rising temperatures will make sleep loss more severe.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Inga Kiderra
ikiderra@ucsd.edu
858-822-0661
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Scientific Reports
Tiny shells indicate big changes to global carbon cycle
Experiments with tiny, shelled organisms in the ocean suggest big changes to the global carbon cycle are underway, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.
National Science Foundation, Cushman Foundation Johanna M. Resig Fellowship

Contact: Catherine Davis
cvdavis@seoe.sc.edu
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Central Science
Water forms 'spine of hydration' around DNA, group finds
How water relates to and interacts with biological systems -- like DNA, the building block of all living things -- is of critical importance, and a Cornell University group has used a relatively new form of spectroscopy to observe a previously unknown characteristic of water.
National Science Foundation, Arnold and Mable Beckman Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
The big star that couldn't become a supernova
For the first time in history, astronomers have been able to watch as a dying star was reborn as a black hole. It went out with a whimper instead of a bang.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
eLife
Study provides understanding of how nerve cells are damaged by accumulation of abnormal proteins
A new study has uncovered a molecular mechanism in the prion protein, a protein responsible for neurodegenerative diseases, which may explain why nerve cells degenerate in these disorders. The findings, which appear in the journal eLife, may one day lead to better therapies and treatments for these diseases
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
ginad@bu.edu
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Nature
Targeted conservation could protect more of Earth's biodiversity
A new study finds that major gains in global biodiversity can be achieved if an additional 5 percent of land is set aside to protect key species. Scientists from Yale University and the University of Grenoble said such an effort could triple the protected range of those species and safeguard their functional diversity. The findings underscore the need to look beyond species numbers when developing conservation strategies, the researchers said.
National Science Foundation, Yale Center for Biodiversity and Global Change, People's Programme of the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme, European Research Council

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Nano Letters
Researchers find new way to control light with electric fields
Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a technique for controlling light with electric fields.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Scientists to probe dolphin intelligence using an interactive touchpad
Using optical technology specifically developed for this project, dolphins at the National Aquarium in Baltimore, MD, are at the center of research from an interdisciplinary team from Hunter College and Rockefeller University. The system involves an underwater computer touchscreen through which dolphins are able to interact and make choices. The system, the first of its kind, will be used to investigate dolphin intelligence and communication by providing them choice and control over a number of activities.
National Science Foundation, The Eric and Wendy Schmidt Fund for Strategic Innovation, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Foundation

Contact: Katherine Fenz
kfenz@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7913
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Nature Communications
UW engineers borrow from electronics to build largest circuits in eukaryotic cells
UW synthetic biology researchers have demonstrated a new method for digital information processing in living cells, analogous to the logic gates used in electric circuits. The circuits are the largest ever published to date in eurkaryotic cells and a key step in harnessing the potential of cells as living computers that can respond to disease, efficiently produce biofuels or develop plant-based chemicals.
Semiconductor Research Organization, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 24-May-2017
PLOS ONE
How do blind cavefish find their way? The answer could be in their bones
Blind cavefish typically have skulls that bend slightly to the left. A study by UC suggests this orientation might help them find food as they navigate in a perpetual counter-clockwise direction around a cave.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Miller
michael.miller3@uc.edu
513-556-6757
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 24-May-2017
Advanced Functional Materials
New brain mapping tool produces higher resolution data during brain surgery
Researchers have developed a new device to map the brain during surgery and distinguish between healthy and diseased tissues. The device provides higher resolution neural readings than existing tools used in the clinic and could enable doctors to perform safer, more precise brain surgeries.
Center for Brain Activity Mapping, University of California San Diego, National Science Foundation, University of California Multicampus Research Programs and Initiatives, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Liezel Labios
llabios@ucsd.edu
858-246-1124
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1012.

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