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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1103.

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Public Release: 6-Sep-2017
Scientific Reports
A bioactive molecule may protect against congestive heart failure after heart attacks
Researchers show that giving mice a form of the fatty acid-derived bioactive molecule called lipoxin improved heart function after a heart attack, as the lipoxin prompted early activation of the resolving phase of the immune response without altering the acute phase.
National Institutes of Health, Michigan Regional Comprehensive Metabolomics Resource Core, American Heart Association, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Hansen
jeffhans@uab.edu
205-209-2355
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 6-Sep-2017
Ubicomp 2017
PupilScreen aims to allow parents, coaches, medics to detect concussion, TBIs with a phone
University of Washington researchers are developing a smartphone app that is capable of objectively detecting concussion and other traumatic brain injuries in the field, which could provide a new level of screening for athletes and accident victims.
National Science Foundation, Washington Research Foundation, Amazon Catalyst

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 6-Sep-2017
Research Policy
Study shows how retractions significantly hurt scientists
Life scientists who have published papers that are retracted by journals subsequently suffer a 10 percent drop in citations of their remaining work, compared to similar but unaffected scientists, according to a new study by MIT researchers.
National Science Foundation, Sloan Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Sep-2017
Scientific Reports
New microscopy method for quick and reliable 3-D imaging of curvilinear nanostructures
EPFL scientists have developed a scanning transmission electron microscopy method that can quickly and efficiently generate 3-D representations of curvilinear nanostructures.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 6-Sep-2017
Nature
Scientists discover the 'adrenaline' of the immune system
Who would have imagined that neurons are the masters of the immune system, eliciting an immediate and very powerful response from immune cells against infection?
Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale, Marie Skodowska-Curie Fellowship, European Union, European Molecular Biology Organisation, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, and others

Contact: Maria João Soares
mjsoares@jlma.pt
Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Nature Communications
Engineer develops key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments
For more than a decade, Jr-Shin Li has sought a better way for pulse design using the similarity between spins and springs by using numerical experiments.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Ohio Supercomputer Center releases open-source HPC access portal
An innovative web-based portal for accessing high performance computing services is now available to HPC centers worldwide. The Ohio Supercomputer Center launched Open OnDemand 1.0, an open-source version of the Center's online, single-point-of-entry application for HPC services. Through OnDemand, HPC clients can upload and download files, create, edit, submit and monitor jobs, run GUI applications and connect via SSH, all via a web browser, with no client software to install and configure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mr. Jamie Abel
jabel@oh-tech.org
614-292-6495
Ohio Supercomputer Center

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene
Longer, stronger summers in the Gulf of Maine
Summer in the Gulf of Maine is as much as two months longer and warmer than it has ever been before, according to a new study published in the journal Elementa. The study examined the seasonality of sea surface temperature trends along the northeast coast of the United States.
National Science Foundation Coastal SEES Program, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Catherine Schmitt
catherine.schmitt@maine.edu
207-581-1434
University of Maine

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Aerial drones deliver sweet spot for HAB research at VIMS
Aerial drones provide 'eyes in the sky' to guide collection of water samples within algal blooms with much greater efficiency and lower cost.
National Science Foundation Division of Ocean Sciences

Contact: David Malmquist
davem@vims.edu
804-684-7011
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Nature Climate Change
Warmer world may bring more local, less global, temperature variability
Many tropical or subtropical regions could see increases in naturally occurring temperature variability as Earth warms over coming decades, a Duke-led study suggests. These local changes could occur even though Earth's global mean surface temperature variability will likely decrease because of less solar reflection from icecaps at high latitudes.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Safer carbon nanomaterials, by design
Dr. Leanne Gilbertson and her research team at the University of Pittsburgh are studying the inner workings of CNMs to develop the best design practices that result in environmentally sustainable CNMs, enhancing the ability to control their desirable and undesirable impacts. To support her research, the National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded Dr. Gilbertson $285,670 for the project titled "SusChEM: Decoupling Structure and Surface Chemistry Impacts of Carbon Nanomaterials on Environmentally Relevant Electrochemical and Biological Activity."
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
NSF CAREER award advances work in fundamental physics
A theoretical physicist from the University of Houston seeking answers to fundamental questions about the nature of the universe has received a five-year, $475,000 Early CAREER award from the National Science Foundation to continue her work.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Advanced Energy Materials
A revolution in lithium-ion batteries is becoming more realistic
The modern world relies on portable electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, cameras or camcorders. Many of these devices are powered by lithium-ion batteries, which could be smaller, lighter, safer and more efficient if the liquid electrolytes they contain were replaced by solids. A promising candidate for a solid-state electrolyte is a new class of materials based on lithium compounds, presented by physicists from Switzerland and Poland.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Zbigniew Lodziana
zbigniew.lodziana@ifj.edu.pl
48-126-628-267
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Nature Communications
The STING of death in T cells
EPFL scientists show that the STING signaling pathway, which helps coordinate the innate immune system, causes cell death in T cells of the adaptive immune system. This 'killing' effect includes cancerous T cells, and has implications for treating T cell-derived cancers.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Novartis Foundation for Medical-Biological Research, Else Kröner Fresenius-Stiftung

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Was the primordial soup a hearty pre-protein stew?
How proteins evolved billions of years ago, when Earth was devoid of life, has stumped many a scientist. A little do-si-do between amino acids and their chemical lookalikes may have done the trick. Evolutionary chemists tried it and got results by the boatload.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Institute

Contact: Ben Brumfield
ben.brumfield@comm.gatech.edu
404-660-1408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Massive Antarctic volcanic eruptions linked to abrupt Southern hemisphere climate changes
New findings published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America by Desert Research Institute Professor Joseph R. McConnell, Ph.D., and colleagues document a 192-year series of volcanic eruptions in Antarctica that coincided with accelerated deglaciation about 17,700 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Justin Broglio
justin.broglio@dri.edu
775-762-8320
Desert Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Sep-2017
Animal Behaviour
Cleanliness is next to sexiness for golden-collared manakins in Panama
Juvenile male Golden-collared Manakins on extra testosterone cleaned up their display area before performing for females, according to research at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama published in Animal Behavior. Female manakins got more aggressive when given testosterone.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth King
kingb@si.edu
202-633-4700 x28216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Physical Review E
New boarding procedures, smaller cabin size may limit infection on planes
During major epidemics, cramped airplane cabins are fertile ground for the spread of infection, but new research suggests changing routine boarding protocols could be a key to reducing rampant transmission of disease.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Zack Boehm
zboehm@fsu.edu
850-645-1504
Florida State University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Integrative and Comparative Biology
More research needed on effects of maternal stress in wild animals
If a human mother is stressed while pregnant, research shows her child is much more likely to have emotional, cognitive or even physiological problems, such as attention deficit, hyperactivity, anxiety, language delay, obesity, diabetes and hypertension. Conversely, the results of maternal stress on the offspring of other animals -- particularly wildlife under threat from predators -- is believed to be positive, and contributes to their survival.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Fyssen Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellowship

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Energy & Environmental Science
Insect eyes inspire new solar cell design from Stanford
Packing tiny solar cells together, like micro-lenses in the compound eye of an insect, could help scientists overcome a major roadblock to the development of perovskite photovoltaics. The new compound solar cell is described in a study by Stanford researchers.
Stanford Precourt Institute for Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Building the sound barrier
Thanks to an award from the NSF, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh are exploring fundamental new research that may lead to new sound barriers that mitigate indoor noise pollution utilizing acoustic diodes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Green Chemistry
Center for Biorenewable Chemicals introduces idea for new molecules, innovation, value
Leaders of the Center for Biorenewable Chemicals based at Iowa State University are proposing a new model for creating, applying and commercializing chemicals made from corn stalks, wood chips and other sources of biomass. The model calls for identifying "bioprivileged molecules" that offer unique properties that could lead to new products.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brent Shanks
bshanks@iastate.edu
515-294-1895
Iowa State University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Sleep Medicine
Children's sleep quality linked to mothers' insomnia
Children sleep more poorly if their mothers suffer from insomnia symptoms -- potentially affecting their mental wellbeing and development -- according to new research by the University of Warwick and the University of Basel.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Luke Walton
L.Walton.1@warwick.ac.uk
44-078-245-40863
University of Warwick

Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Record-low 2016 Antarctic sea ice due to 'perfect storm' of tropical, polar conditions
The sudden, unexpected nosedive in Antarctic sea ice last year was due to a unique one-two punch from atmospheric conditions both in the tropical Pacific Ocean and around the South Pole.
NSF, NOAA

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Robot learns to follow orders like Alexa
In a new paper, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL present an Alexa-like system that allows robots to understand a wide range of commands that require contextual knowledge about objects and their environments. They've dubbed the system 'ComText,' for 'commands in context.'
Toyota Research Institute, National Science Foundation, Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliance of the US Army, Air Force Research Laboratory

Contact: Adam Conner-Simons
aconner@mit.edu
617-835-4473
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, CSAIL

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1103.

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