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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 924.

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Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Researchers tackle land loss-climate change connection
LSU researchers in the Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences and the Department of Chemistry with collaborators at the University of Central Florida have been awarded a grant by the National Science Foundation to study the 'Fate of Coastal Wetland Carbon Under Increasing Sea Level Rise: Using the Subsiding Louisiana Coast as a Proxy for Future World-Wide Sea Level Projections.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Female chimpanzees don't fight for 'queen bee' status
Male and female chimpanzees achieve social status in dramatically different ways, says a new study by Duke University primatologists. While male chimpanzees actively challenge their superiors to win higher rank, females accept their position in the social pecking order, waiting until more senior group members die before moving up the ladder. The research provides the first detailed look at how social status among wild chimpanzees changes throughout their lifetimes.
The Jane Goodall Institute, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Harris Steel Group, University of Minnesota, Duke University

Contact: Kara Manke
kara.manke@duke.edu
919-681-8064
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Physical Review Fluids
Researchers use temperature to control droplet movement
An MIT team has found a way to make droplets move on a silicon surface just by adjusting the temperature, using a process called thermocapillary action and a lubricant-impregnated surface.
MIT France program, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Notre Dame researchers to lead NSF Dimensions of Biodiversity study
The study will focus on the apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella, and the parasitoid wasps that attack the fly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeffrey Feder
Jeffrey.L.Feder.2@nd.edu
574-631-4158
University of Notre Dame

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Science Advances
JILA's superradiant laser may one day boost atomic clocks
JILA physicists have demonstrated a novel laser design based on synchronized emissions of light from the same type of atoms used in advanced atomic clocks. The laser could be stable enough to improve atomic clock performance a hundredfold and even serve as a clock itself, while also advancing other scientific quests such as making accurate 'rulers' for measuring astronomical distances.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Army Research Office, National Science Foundation and National Institute of Standards and Technology

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Monthly Weather Review
Wind patterns in lowest layers of supercell storms key to predicting tornadoes
New research from North Carolina State University has found that wind patterns in the lowest 500 meters of the atmosphere near supercell thunderstorms can help predict whether that storm will generate a tornado.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science
Fast driver spotted on evolutionary tracks
A previously unrecognized strategy that living things use to rapidly diversify and evolve has now been uncovered. This strategy -- the modification of proteins after their production to regulate their biological role and other characteristics -- offers an avenue to expand functional diversity beyond the sequences encoded in DNA. Protein modification, such as the adding of a phosphate group, allows organisms to respond to changing environments and adapt to make use of available nutrients.
Ellison Medical Foundation Award, Amgen scholarship, Mary Gates scholarship, National Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, European Research Council, Spanish and Catalan Government

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Plant Cell
Penn study identifies new mechanism of RNA degradation in plants
University of Pennsylvania researchers have discovered a new mechanism by which RNA molecules are degraded.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Researchers probing the beneficial secrets in dolphins' proteins
Why reinvent the wheel when nature has the answer? That's what researcher Michael Janech, Ph.D. of the Medical University of South Carolina, has found to be true, drawing from the field of biomimicry where researchers look to nature for creative solutions to human problems. Janech's inspiration is coming from dolphins who seem to have protective proteins that may contain clues to treatments for aging-associated diseases in humans.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Brazell
brazell@musc.edu
843-792-3622
Medical University of South Carolina

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
UTA researchers use artificial intelligence to enhance cognitive skills in young children
University of Texas at Arlington researchers are using an advanced computational approach or artificial intelligence to help experts assess learning difficulties in children very early in their lives.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science of the Total Environment
Silver nanoparticle concentration too low to be harmful in water supply, paper finds
Silver nanoparticles have a wide array of uses, one of which is to treat drinking water for harmful bacteria and viruses. But do silver nanoparticles also kill off potentially beneficial bacteria or cause other harmful effects to water-based ecosystems? A new paper from a team of University of Missouri College of Engineering researchers says that's not the case.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Changing the consequences of national trauma
New research led by social psychologist Bernhard Leidner at the University of Massachusetts Amherst will look at the consequences of violent trauma for groups and nations and investigate what victims and perpetrators can learn from it to avoid future trauma and conflict.
National Science Foundation, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
UTSA researchers work to create smart buildings that can actively talk to smart grids
Bing Dong, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, at the University of Texas at San Antonio, has received a $173,420 grant from the National Science Foundation to support his top-tier research in the development of smart cities. The grant is part of a White House initiative established last year to encourage the development of smart city technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Carver
joanna.carver@utsa.edu
210-243-4557
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
BioScience
Big data invigorates debate over 'good' science
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences.
The Science + Society @ State Program at Michigan State University, National Science Foundation's Macrosystems Biology Program, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: James M Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
BioScience
Consequences from Antarctica climate change
PSU scientist reveals how a single warming event in Antarctica may be an indication of future ecosystem changes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Ma
kenma@pdx.edu
954-621-7961
Portland State University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science Translational Medicine
In a first, brain computer interface helps paralyzed man feel again
For the first time ever researchers at Pitt and UPMC have demonstrated a mind-controlled robotic arm that helps a paralyzed man feel again. A few years ago the team showed how this Brain Computer Interface technology could help a woman feed herself chocolate. Now they have advanced upon the work and shown that the study participant can recognize the location and intensity of the touch. He feels like the sensation is coming from his own fingers.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Arvind Suresh
SureshA2@upmc.edu
412-647-9966
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Cell
Researchers identify enzyme that removes molecular modifications from transfer RNA
New research by scientists from the University of Chicago demonstrates that the enzyme ALKBH1 can remove molecular modifications from transfer RNA, causing a measurable effect on protein translation in the cell. The study, published Oct. 13 in Cell, sheds new light on how cells control gene expression, and suggests the possibility that transfer RNA (tRNA) influences cellular processes beyond protein translation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
773-702-5894
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science
Drivers of evolution hidden in plain sight
A study published in Science reconstructs the evolutionary history of thousands of protein modifications in 18 related species. Findings highlight a previously unknown strategy for generating the diversity needed for natural selection.
Elison Medical Foundation, Amgen, Mary Gates, National Science Foundation, European Research Council, EMBL

Contact: Mary Todd Bergman
mary@ebi.ac.uk
44-012-234-94665
European Molecular Biology Laboratory - European Bioinformatics Institute

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science
Future of Antarctic marine protected at risk
Efforts to adopt effective marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean, a global commons containing the world's most pristine marine ecosystems, are being thwarted by political infighting and fishing interests.
Price Fellowship, Switzer Foundation, Center for Ocean Solutions, National Science Foundation, OceanCanada

Contact: Ker Than
kerthan@stanford.edu
650-723-9820
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Psychological Bulletin
Why do some STEM fields have fewer women than others? UW study may have the answer
A new University of Washington study is among the first to look at why women are more represented in some STEM fields than others. Their conclusion: a masculine culture is the most powerful factor.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Ecology and Society
Two tales of a city to understand sustainability
Just as there are two sides to every story, sustainability challenges have at least two stories to reach every solution. More than half of the people in the world live in cities. Understanding how cities can have enough water to sustain people, industries and the environment will mean integrating the stories of local struggles and successes with the sweeping narrative of how lands near and far are affected by water demands.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
RIT/NTID awarded $443,000 National Science Foundation grant for educational training
Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf has been awarded a $443,200 grant from the National Science Foundation to provide additional training for faculty in science, technology, engineering and math disciplines who teach classes in which deaf, hard-of-hearing and hearing students are present. The three-year grant will help develop an 'accessibility toolkit' for faculty who are searching for viable ways to adapt their teaching methodologies to accommodate the learning needs of deaf and hard-of-hearing students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Vienna McGrain
vnccom@rit.edu
585-475-4952
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
American Journal of Human Biology
Indigenous group add to evidence tying cesarean birth to obesity
A Purdue University study of an indigenous group of Maya people reinforces the link between Cesarean births and obesity.
National Science Foundation, Dartmouth College/Claire Garber Goodman Fund for the Anthropological Study of Human Culture

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
apatterson@purdue.edu
765-494-9723
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Current Biology
Soybean nitrogen breakthrough could help feed the world
Washington State University biologist Mechthild Tegeder has developed a way to dramatically increase the yield and quality of soybeans. Her greenhouse-grown soybean plants fix twice as much nitrogen from the atmosphere as their natural counterparts, grow larger and produce up to 36 percent more seeds.
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Mechthild Tegeder
tegeder@wsu.edu
509-335-7545
Washington State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Science China: Earth Sciences
Geospatial knowledge-based verification and improvement of GlobeLand30
Assuring the quality of land-cover data product is one of the major challenges for large-area mapping projects. This problem was solved using a geospatial knowledge-based verification approach during the development of GlobeLand30, the first 30-m resolution global land cover data product in the world.
National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Zhang Weiwei
zww9820@126.com
Science China Press

Showing releases 301-325 out of 924.

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