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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 301-325 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Joule
New technique seamlessly converts ammonia to green hydrogen
Northwestern University researchers have developed a highly effective, environmentally friendly method for converting ammonia into hydrogen. The new technique is a major step forward for enabling a zero-pollution, hydrogen-fueled economy. The idea of using ammonia as a carrier for hydrogen delivery has gained traction in recent years because ammonia is much easier to liquify than hydrogen and is therefore much easier to store and transport. Northwestern's technological breakthrough overcomes several existing barriers to the production of clean hydrogen from ammonia.
Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) at the U.S. Department of Energy (award number DE-AR0000813) and the National Science Foundation (grants NSF ECCS-1542205 and NSF DMR-1720139)

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Advances in Life Course Research
Parental restrictions on tech use have little lasting effect into adulthood
A new study of more than 1,200 individuals found that time spent with digital technology during adolescence has little impact on long-term use, suggesting that worries about widespread tech addiction may be overblown. Parental limits on youth tech use had no lasting impact on use in adulthood.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Marshall
lisa.marshall@colorado.edu
303-492-3115
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Ecological Monographs
Study finds health trade-offs for wildlife as urbanization expands
City living appears to improve reproductive success for migratory tree swallows compared to breeding in more environmentally protected areas, a new five-year study suggests. But urban life comes with a big trade-off - health hazards linked to poorer water quality.
National Science Foundation, Ohio Department of Natural Resources,Ohio Water Development Authority, Ohio State University

Contact: Mažeika Sullivan
Sullivan.191@osu.edu
614-688-8402
Ohio State University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Science Advances
Catapult-like hydrogel actuator designed to deliver high contraction power
Recently, inspired by muscle-powered accelerations in biological jumpers, ZHOU Feng's group from the Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics (LICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and HE Ximin's group from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have designed an elastic-driven strong contractile hydrogel through storing and releasing elastic potential energy in polymer network.
The National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Science Foundation of the USA, Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), and ONR award.

Contact: ZHOU Feng
zhouf@licp.cas.cn
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Science Robotics
Deep learning helps robots grasp and move objects with ease
Skyrocketing demand for online retail, triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, has left many businesses struggling to fulfill orders while ensuring the safety of their warehouse employees. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have created new artificial intelligence software that gives robots the speed and skill to grasp and smoothly move objects, making it feasible for them to soon assist humans in warehouse environments.
National Science Foundation's National Robotics Initiative Award, Scalable Collaborative Human-Robot Learning (SCHooL), Google, Toyota Research Institute Inc.

Contact: Kara Manke
kjmanke@berkeley.edu
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Science Advances
Curved origami provides new range of stiffness-to-flexibility in robots
Curved origami structures provide tunable flexibility to robots.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Theresa Grant
theresa.grant@asu.edu
520-907-2248
Arizona State University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Science Robotics
Novel magnetic spray transforms objects into millirobots for biomedical applications
An easy way to make millirobots by coating objects with a glue-like magnetic spray was developed in a joint research led by a scientist from City University of Hong Kong (CityU). Driven by the magnetic field, the coated objects can crawl, walk, or roll on different surfaces. As the magnetic coating is biocompatible and can be disintegrated into powders when needed, this technology demonstrates the potential for biomedical applications, including catheter navigation and drug delivery.
National Science Foundation of China, Research Grants Council of Hong Kong

Contact: P. K. Lee
pikklee@cityu.edu.hk
852-344-28925
City University of Hong Kong

Public Release: 18-Nov-2020
Matter
Algae breathe life into 3D engineered tissues
3D bioprinted algae can be harnessed as a sustainable source of oxygen for human cells in engineered vascularized tissues, researchers report November 18 in the journal Matter. They embedded the bioprinted photosynthetic algae, along with human liver-derived cells, in a 3D hydrogel matrix to create honeycomb-shaped tissues with lobules, similar to the human liver.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Carly Britton
press@cell.com
617-417-7053
Cell Press

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth
Piecing together the Alaska coastline's fractured volcanic activity
Among seismologists, the geology of Alaska's earthquake- and volcano-rich coast from the Aleutian Islands to the southeast is fascinating, but not well understood. Now, with more sophisticated tools than before, a University of Massachusetts Amherst team reports unexpected new details about the area's tectonic plates and their relationships to volcanoes.
National Science Foundation, EarthScope Transportable Array program, UMass Amherst, NSF CAREER grant

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences
Birds of a feather do flock together
Researchers explain how different species of the finch-like capuchino seedeaters quickly acquired distinct patterns of coloration over an evolutionary time scale. New gene patterns emerged from selective sweeps, a genetic process during which a naturally occurring variation becomes advantageous.
National Science Foundation, U.S.-Israel Binational Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sara Roncero-Menendez
roncero@cshl.edu
516-367-6866
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Nature Chemistry
Oil droplet predators chase oil droplet prey
Oil droplets can be made to act like predators, chasing down other droplets that flee like prey mimicking behavior seen among living organisms.
Army Research Office, US National Science Foundation funded Penn State Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), Thomas and June Beaver Fellowship at Penn State, Pennsylvania Space Grant Fellowship, Erickson Discovery

Contact: Sam Sholtis
samsholtis@psu.edu
814-865-1390
Penn State

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Nature Communications
Farms, tables and vast impacts between and beyond
New sustainability science tools show places that have no major stake in the plant-water-eat game end up paying an environmental price.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-282-1093
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Conference on Robot Learning
International Journal of Robotics Research
Machine learning guarantees robots' performance in unknown territory
As engineers increasingly turn to machine learning methods to develop adaptable robots, new work by Princeton University researchers makes progress on safety and performance guarantees for robots operating in novel environments with diverse types of obstacles and constraints.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Google, Amazon

Contact: Molly Sharlach
sharlach@princeton.edu
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
2020 ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
'Extremely aggressive' internet censorship spreads in the world's democracies
The largest collection of public internet censorship data ever compiled shows that even citizens of what are considered the world's freest countries aren't safe from internet censorship.
U.S. National Science Foundation, Award CNS-1755841.

Contact: Nicole Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Journal of Physics: Complexity
Driver behavior influences traffic patterns as much as roadway design, study reports
Urban planners may soon have a new way to measure traffic congestion. By capturing the different routes by which vehicles can travel between locations, researchers have developed a new computer algorithm that helps quantify regions of congestion in urban areas and suggests ways around them.
The National Science Foundation

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Geophysical Research Letters
Holes in Greenland ice sheet are larger than previously thought, study finds
Expedition finds that holes in the Greenland ice sheet, called moulins, are much larger than previously thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bob Whitby
whitby@uark.edu
479-575-4737
University of Arkansas

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Experimenting in space to help prevent mudslides here on Earth
What can the International Space Station teach us about mudslides here on Earth? Here is the connection: UC San Diego engineers are trying to better understand the role gravity plays in mudslides. That is why in 18 months, they will launch an experiment to the ISS via SpaceX and NASA to study mudslides in microgravity. The work is funded by a $400,000 grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
ipatrin@gmail.com
619-253-4474
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
Researcher gets NSF grant to study hidden messages in digital images
For more than 25 years, Binghamton University's Jessica Fridrich has studied digital-image steganography -- the science of hiding messages inside ordinary-looking photos. Just as technology has evolved and become more sophisticated, so have the methods to share secrets -- and a recent $768,964 grant from the National Science Foundation will help Fridrich stay ahead of the curve.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Brhel
jbrhel@binghamton.edu
Binghamton University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2020
JAMA
Childhood lead exposure leads to structural changes in middle-aged brains
More than three decades after they were found to have elevated blood lead levels as children, a group of middle-aged adults were found to have some small but significant changes in brain structure that corresponded to their dose of lead exposure in early life. MRI scans at age 45 revealed some small but significant changes in the brains of the people who had higher lead exposures measured at age 11.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, UK Medical Research Council, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Science Foundation, New Zealand Health Research Council, New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2020
Nature Communications
New fiber optic sensors transmit data up to 100 times faster
Fiber optic sensors - used in critical applications like detecting fires in tunnels, pinpointing leaks in pipelines and predicting landslides - are about to get even faster and more accurate.
Swiss National Science Foundation, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Sarah Aubort
presse@epfl.ch
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 16-Nov-2020
IEEE Transactions in Dependable and Secure Computing
Computer scientists launch counteroffensive against video game cheaters
University of Texas at Dallas computer scientists have devised a new weapon against video game players who cheat. The researchers developed their approach for detecting cheaters using the popular first-person shooter game Counter-Strike. But the mechanism can work for any massively multiplayer online (MMO) game that sends data traffic to a central server. Their research was published online Aug. 3 in IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Security Agency, IBM, Hewlett-Packard Development Co

Contact: Kim Horner
kim.horner@utdallas.edu
972-883-4463
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 16-Nov-2020
Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology
Paleontologists uncover three new species of extinct walruses in Orange County
Millions of years ago, in the warm Pacific Ocean off the coast of Southern California, walrus species without tusks lived abundantly. But in a new study, Cal State Fullerton paleontologists have identified three new walrus species discovered in Orange County and one of the new species has "semi-tusks" -- or longer teeth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abbie Chilton
abbie.chilton@tandf.co.uk
020-337-73741
Taylor & Francis Group

Public Release: 16-Nov-2020
JNeurosci: The Journal of Neuroscience
New technique isolates brain cells associated with Parkinson's disease
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed a new technique for isolating a type of brain cell associated with Parkinson's disease symptoms, enabling them to study that cell type in detail.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2020
Journal of Computational Physics
New method brings physics to deep learning to better simulate turbulence
Deep learning, also called machine learning, reproduces data to model problem scenarios and offer solutions. However, some problems in physics are unknown or cannot be represented in detail mathematically on a computer. Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign developed a new method that brings physics into the machine learning process to make better predictions. The researchers used turbulence to test their method.
Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, National Science Foundation, the State of Illinois

Contact: Debra Levey Larson
dlarson@illinois.edu
University of Illinois Grainger College of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Nov-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fish carcasses deliver toxic mercury pollution to the deepest ocean trenches
The sinking carcasses of fish from near-surface waters deliver toxic mercury pollution to the most remote and inaccessible parts of the world's oceans, including the deepest spot of them all: the 36,000-foot-deep Mariana Trench in the northwest Pacific.
Schmidt Ocean Institute, several grants from the National Science Foundation, and an NSF Graduate Fellowship

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1140.

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