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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 326-350 out of 936.

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Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Concurrent heat waves, air pollution exacerbate negative health effects of each
The combination of prolonged hot spells with poor air quality greatly compounds the negative effects of each and can pose a major risk to human health, according to new research from the University of California, Irvine.
NASA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Understanding and predicting snow behavior
Engineers from the University of Luxembourg are developing a computer model that can help solving typical snow-related engineering problems. The model could, for example, be used to anticipate avalanches, to determine the load on buildings caused by snow or calculate the traction of vehicles on snow-covered surfaces by predicting the behavior of snow.
Fond National de la Recherche Luxembourg, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Thomas Klein
thomas.klein@uni.lu
352-466-644-5148
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Game theory could improve cyberwarfare strategy
Whether a nation should retaliate against a cyber attack is a complicated decision, and a new framework guided by game theory could help policymakers determine the best strategy.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Santa Fe Institute

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
14th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation
Singing posters and talking shirts: UW engineers turn objects into FM stations
A new technique pioneered by University of Washington engineers enables 'singing' posters and 'smart' clothing to send audio or data directly to your car's radio or your smartphone by piggybacking on ambient FM radio signals.
National Science Foundation, Google Faculty Research Awards

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
UW security researchers show Google's anti-internet troll AI platform is easily deceived
University of Washington researchers have shown that Google's new machine learning-based system to identify toxic comments in online discussion forums can be bypassed by simply misspelling or adding unnecessary punctuation to abusive words, such as 'idiot' or 'moron.'
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office.

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Yale-led team puts dark matter on the map
A Yale-led team has produced one of the highest-resolution maps of dark matter ever created, offering a detailed case for the existence of cold dark matter -- sluggish particles that comprise the bulk of matter in the universe.
National Science Foundation, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Space Telescope Institute HST Frontier Fields initiative

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Macromolecular Materials and Engineering
Portable nanofiber device offers precise, point-and-shoot capability
Harvard researchers have developed a lightweight, portable nanofiber fabrication device that could one day be used to dress wounds on a battlefield or dress shoppers in customizable fabrics.
National Science Foundation, Harvard University Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Three Pitt chemical engineering faculty receive NSF CAREER awards totaling $1.5 million
For the first time at Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering, three junior faculty in one department received NSF CAREER awards. Each award includes an educational component for K-12 STEM.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Science Translational Medicine
Groundbreaking technology successfully rewarms large-scale tissues preserved at low temperatures
A research team, led by the University of Minnesota, has discovered a groundbreaking process to successfully rewarm large-scale animal heart valves and blood vessels preserved at very low temperatures. The discovery is a major step forward in saving millions of human lives by increasing the availability of organs and tissues for transplantation through the establishment of tissue and organ banks.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Minnesota Futures Grant, University of Minnesota, University of Minnesota Carl and Janet Kuhrmeyer Chair in Mechanical Engineering

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
612-626-7959
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Queen's-led experiment makes substantial leap forward in quest for dark matter
New research by the PICO Collaboration, co-led by Queen's University physicist Anthony Noble, represents a significant improvement on previous detection constraints, and a substantial step forward in the search for dark matter.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation, Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Kavli Foundation, National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Chris Armes
chris.armes@queensu.ca
613-533-6000 x77513
Queen's University

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Ninety percent of predatory fish gone from Caribbean coral reefs due to overfishing
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have found that up to 90 percent of predatory fish are gone from Caribbean coral reefs, straining the ocean ecosystem and coastal economy. The good news? They identified reefs, known as supersites, which can support large numbers of predator fishes that if reintroduced, can help restore the environmental and economic setback inflicted by overfishing.
Royster Society Fellowship, National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: Thania Benios
thania_benios@unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Science Advances
War less likely between nations that are 'friends of friends'
Even nations can have friends of friends, a new study has found. Results suggest these indirect relationships have a surprisingly strong ability to prevent major conflicts, and that international military alliances may matter more than we typically expect.
National Science Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation's Fellowship for Experienced Researchers

Contact: Skyler Cranmer
Cranmer.12@osu.edu
614-292-4529
Ohio State University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Chiral metamaterial produces record optical shift under incremental power modulation
Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have demonstrated an optical metamaterial whose chiroptical properties in the nonlinear regime produce a significant spectral shift with power levels in the milliwatt range.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Research Laboratory

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Biophysical Journal
A better way to measure the stiffness of cancer cells
Biomedical engineers at Duke have discovered a way to detect signs of cancer on a cell-by-cell basis using two lasers and a camera. An increase in cell stiffness is an indicator of cancerous tissue, but current technology cannot gauge cells individually. In a study appearing online Feb. 28 in the Biophysical Journal, researchers describe a technique for assessing an individual cell's stiffness using patterns that appear within its internal structure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
PLOS ONE
WSU looks for practices to thwart antimicrobial resistance
Washington State University scientists are addressing growing global concern about the spread of antimicrobial resistance in Africa. Their work identifying practices that lead to bacterial transmission could help save African lives and prevent the spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria to the US and other parts of the globe.
National Science Foundation, Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Disease Program

Contact: Robert Quinlan
rquinlan@wsu.edu
509-335-5400
Washington State University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Mollusk graveyards are time machines to oceans' pristine past
A University of Florida study shows that mollusk fossils provide a reliable measure of human-driven changes in marine ecosystems and shifts in ocean biodiversity across time and space.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michal Kowalewski
kowalewski@flmnh.ufl.edu
352-273-1944
University of Florida

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Physics Review Letters
Lead dressed like gold
Princeton researchers have taken a different approach to alchemists' ancient goal to transmute elements by making one material behave that another. Using computational methods, they demonstrate that any two systems can be made to look alike, even if just for the flash of a laser pulse.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Army Research Office, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Research Program

Contact: Tien Nguyen
tienn@princeton.edu
609-258-6523
Princeton University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mathematical theorem finds gerrymandering in Pennsylvania congressional district maps
Pennsylvania's congressional district maps are almost certainly the result of gerrymandering according to an analysis based on a new mathematical theorem on bias in Markov Chains developed by Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh mathematicians.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, The Simons Foundation, The Sloan Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Physical Review Letters
Existence of a new quasiparticle demonstrated
How do molecules rotate in a solvent? Answering this question is a complicated task since the rotation is perturbed by a large number of surrounding atoms, requiring large-scale computer simulations which are sometimes infeasible. Now, Mikhail Lemeshko from IST Austria has proven that angulons -- quasiparticles he proposed two years ago -- do in fact form when a molecule is immersed in superfluid helium. This offers a quick and simple description for rotation of molecules in solvents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elisabeth Guggenberger
elisabeth.guggenberger@ist.ac.at
43-022-439-000-1199
Institute of Science and Technology Austria

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
OU study clarifies risky decision making during a heart attack
In a recent study to determine why some individuals who experience symptoms for acute coronary syndrome decide to seek medical attention more quickly than others, a University of Oklahoma researcher has identified numeracy -- the ability to understand and apply numerical concepts as the primary decision delay risk factor for individuals experiencing the medical condition. Cardiovascular disease, which includes conditions such as acute coronary syndrome, is the number one killer worldwide responsible for about one in three deaths.
National Science Foundation, Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad

Contact: Jana Smith
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
NSF CAREER award for bio-inspired research of burrowing animals
Dr. Junliang (Julian) Tao, assistant professor in civil engineering, has won a NSF CAREER Award. His work will promote the understanding of the highly efficient burrowing mechanisms of animals in the natural world. Burrowing organisms can inhabit a wide range of subsurface soil types, and adopt a variety of strategies facilitated by rhythmically changing their body shape. His findings will guide the design of next-generation, high-efficiency underground construction technologies and versatile small-scale underground robots.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
Nature Climate Change
Slower snowmelt in a warming world
As the world warms, mountain snowpack will not only melt earlier, it will also melt more slowly, according to a new study by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
Nature Climate Change
International team reports ocean acidification spreading rapidly in Arctic Ocean
Ocean acidification (OA) is spreading rapidly in the western Arctic Ocean in both area and depth, according to new interdisciplinary research reported in Nature Climate Change by a team of international collaborators, including University of Delaware professor Wei-Jun Cai.
National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
Physical Review X
A traffic cop for the cell surface: Researchers illuminate a basic biological process
A Colorado State University team of single-molecule biophysicists and biochemists have shed light on a long-obscured cellular process: a mammalian cell membrane's relationship with a scaffolding underneath it, the cortical actin cytoskeleton. For the first time, the CSU team has made real-time observations of this cytoskeleton acting as a barrier that organizes proteins on the cell's surface, effectively playing traffic cop on the cell's membrane activities.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
What's really in the water
Through a five-year, $500,000 CAREEER Award from the National Science Foundation, a civil and environmental engineering research group at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering will be developing new DNA sequencing methods to directly measure viral loads in water and better indicate potential threats to human health.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Showing releases 326-350 out of 936.

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