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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 326-350 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 13-Nov-2020
Science Advances
Plastic pollution is everywhere. Study reveals how it travels
A study reveals the mechanism by which microplastics, like Styrofoam, and particulate pollutants are carried long distances through soil and other porous media, with implications for preventing the spread and accumulation of contaminants in food and water sources.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly Seltzer
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 13-Nov-2020
New supercomputer installed at Stony Brook
The Institute for Advanced Computational Science (IACS) at Stony Brook University has installed a computer system employing the same processor technology as the fastest and most power efficient supercomputer in the world, the Fugaku system at the RIKEN Center for Computational Science, in Japan.
the National Science Foundation Office of Advanced Cyberinfrastructure

Contact: Greg Filiano
Stony Brook University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The Popovich of floral nectar spurs
Scientists identify the gene critical to controlling the development of these spurs in the common columbine, or Aquilegia. They found it acts as a master regulator that appears to control the creation of the spurs by regulating the activity of other genes, the way a coach decides who plays and when.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Juan Siliezar
Harvard University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2020
Science Advances
Neurons stripped of their identity are hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, study finds
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have identified new mechanisms in neurons that cause Alzheimer's disease. In particular, they discovered that changes in the structure of chromatin, the tightly coiled form of DNA, trigger neurons to lose their specialized function and revert to an earlier cell state. This results in the loss of synaptic connections, an effect associated with memory loss and dementia.
Alzheimer's Association New Investigator Research Award, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Cure Alzheimer's Fund

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 13-Nov-2020
Science Advances
Wolves alter wetland creation and recolonization by killing ecosystem engineers
Researchers observed and demonstrated that wolves affect wetland ecosystems by killing beavers leaving their colonies to create new ponds.
Minnesota Environment & Natural Resource Trust Fund, Voyageurs National Park, National Park Service, Department of Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology at the University of Minnesota, National Science Foundation, Van Sloun Foundation, Bell Museum

Contact: Devin Henry
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Physical Letters X
Are the movements of tiny hairlike structures a key to our health?
New research from USC scholars identifies the mechanisms in play for cilia to work effectively and productively to push particles and fluid along, which is especially important given their critical role in health and in even ensuring reproduction.
the National Science Foundation (NSF); the Army Research Office

Contact: Amy Blumenthal
University of Southern California

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Stretchable 'skin' sensor gives robots human sensation
Cornell University researchers have created a fiber-optic sensor that combines low-cost LEDs and dyes, resulting in a stretchable "skin" that detects deformations such as pressure, bending and strain. This sensor could give soft robotic systems - and anyone using augmented reality technology - the ability to feel the same rich, tactile sensations that mammals depend on to navigate the natural world.
National Science Foundation (NSF), Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Cornell Technology Acceleration and Maturation, U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Jeff Tyson
Cornell University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Advanced Functional Materials
Researchers make key advance for printing circuitry on wearable fabrics
Electronic shirts that keep the wearer comfortably warm or cool, as well as medical fabrics that deliver drugs, monitor the condition of a wound and perform other tasks, may one day be manufactured more efficiently thanks to a key research advance.
Walmart Manufacturing Innovation Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Chih-Hung Chang
Oregon State University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Science of the Total Environment
Pollution and pandemics: A dangerous mix
According to new research from the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis, pollution may bear part of the blame for the rapid proliferation in the United States of SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the spread of COVID-19
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Brandie Jefferson
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Disaster database cements itself as go-to hub for natural hazard information
DesignSafe is a database for natural disaster information created by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin that has changed how planners, builders, policymakers and engineers prepare for and respond to hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and more.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nat Levy
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Science Advances
New prediction algorithm identifies previously undetected cancer driver genes
A new study, led by researchers from the University of California, Irvine, has deepened the understanding of epigenetic mechanisms in tumorigenesis and revealed a previously undetected repertoire of cancer driver genes. The study was published this week in Science Advances.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Sloan Research Fellowship, Johnson & Johnson WiSTEM2D Award, W. M. Keck Foundation Junior Faculty Award, and the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas-Baylor, College of Medicine Comp

Contact: Anne Warde
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Functional Ecology
In a warming climate, can birds take the heat?
We don't know precisely how hot things will get as climate change marches on, but animals in the tropics may not fare as well as their temperate relatives. Many scientists think tropical animals, because they're accustomed to a more stable thermal environment, may be pushed beyond their limits quickly as temperatures soar. Yet, in a University of Illinois study, researchers show both temperate and tropical birds can handle acute heat stress better than expected.
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Contact: Lauren Quinn
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Physical Review Letters
Advanced atomic clock makes a better dark matter detector
JILA researchers have used a state-of-the-art atomic clock to narrow the search for elusive dark matter, an example of how continual improvements in clocks have value beyond timekeeping.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Ost
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Astrophysical Journal
Birth of magnetar from colossal collision potentially spotted for first time
Researchers spotted a short gamma ray burst 10 times brighter than predicted. The mysterious brightness might signal the birth of a rare magnetar, formed from two neutron stars merging, which has never before been observed.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Morris
Northwestern University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Mason engineering professor receives funding from the NSF for cyber-infrastructure testbed
Bijan Jabbari, a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Volgenau School of Engineering collaborating with East Carolina University received approximately $2.5 million (with over $2 million to Mason) from the National Science Foundation. Jabbari, the Principal Investigator (PI) and his Co-PI Jerry Sobieski as the Mason team will lead efforts to develop a dynamic, high-performance programmable Cyber-Infrastructure testbed that connects research communities and their resources in the United States with collaborating partners and facilities in Europe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Martha Bushong
George Mason University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2020
Environmentally friendly method could lower costs to recycle lithium-ion batteries
A new process for restoring spent cathodes to mint condition could make it more economical to recycle lithium-ion batteries. The process, developed by nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego, is more environmentally friendly than today's methods; it uses greener ingredients, consumes 80 to 90% less energy, and emits about 75% less greenhouse gases.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 11-Nov-2020
International Journal of Geographical Information Science
Virtual reality forests could help understanding of climate change
The effects of climate change are sometimes difficult to grasp, but now a virtual reality forest, created by geographers, can let people walk through a simulated forest of today and see what various futures may hold for the trees.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Nov-2020
Building soft robots to lend a helping hand (or four)
A $1.5 million National Science Foundation grant supports researchers as they find a way to develop softer materials to help robots navigate their surroundings more safely and effectively without sapping their strength. Another goal is building trust between robots and the humans they assist.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Caroline Brooks
Michigan State University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2020
Dartmouth professor awarded $400k grant to conduct research on space station
How might an embryonic heart and brain develop when not under the effects of Earth's gravity or buoyancy? Dartmouth Engineering Professor Zi Chen intends to find out, thanks to a $400K grant from the National Science Foundation, in partnership with the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space, that gives Chen access to the International Space Station.
National Science Foundation, Center for the Advancement of Science in Space

Contact: Julie Bonette
Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth

Public Release: 11-Nov-2020
Light: Science & Applications
Graphene controls laser frequency combs in fiber
Tuning laser frequency combs electrically can enrich diversity of comb outputs and help to stabilize them actively. By using a graphene heterogeneous fiber microcavity, researchers recently achieve such electrically tunable laser microcombs in-situ. In this implementation, graphene heterostructure was utilized as saturable absorber, temperature controller and dynamic feedback receiver simultaneously. Hence, rich frequency combs with span over half an octave, repetition 10GHz~80GHz, and phase noise down to -130 dBc/Hz@10kHz are generated.
Education Ministry of China and National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Baicheng Yao
Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics And Physics, CAS

Public Release: 11-Nov-2020
Noise and light alter bird nesting habits and success
By analyzing nesting data from across the contiguous US, the authors found widespread impacts of noise and light pollution on bird nesting habits and success. Birds that live in forests were most sensitive to noise pollution, as were those with low frequency songs. Sensitivity to light pollution was strongly linked to variation in low light vision. The results reveal traits and contexts indicative of sensitivities to these stimuli that can be used for conservation planning.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI

Contact: Clinton Francis
California Polytechnic State University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2020
Nature Communications
A viable vaccine for tough tumors
While immunotherapies work well for some cancers, others are immune-resistant and condemn patients to the severe side effects of long-term chemo treatment. A new cancer vaccine successfully treated immune-resistant breast cancer in mice, 100% of which survived a second injection of cancer cells, indicating long-term immunity with no side effects.
National Institutes of Health, the Wyss Technology Development Fellowship, the National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Brownell
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 10-Nov-2020
NSF-funded cybersecurity project will disrupt illicit virtual supply chains
A team of experts led by Georgia State University experts will examine the operation of illicit supply chains used for virtual products such as credit cards and online identities, counterfeit currency and fraudulent documents. Their work will help policymakers and law enforcement agencies develop ethical and legal interventions for online and virtual criminal markets by suggesting where best to implement the disruptive efforts needed to dismantle these networks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer French Giarratano
Georgia State University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2020
Astrophyiscal Journal
Galaxies have gotten hotter as they've gotten older
Who says you can't get hotter with age? Researchers from Johns Hopkins University and other institutions have found that, on average, the temperature of galaxy clusters today is 4 million degrees Fahrenheit. That is 10 times hotter than 10 billion years ago, and four times hotter than the Sun's outermost atmosphere called the corona. The findings are published in the Astrophysical Journal.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Excellence Cluster ORIGINS, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, German Research Foundation

Contact: Doug Donovan
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2020
Study identifies new "hidden" gene in COVID-19 virus
Researchers have discovered a new "hidden" gene in SARS-CoV-2--the virus that causes COVID-19--that may have contributed to its unique biology and pandemic potential. In a virus that only has about 15 genes in total, knowing more about this and other overlapping genes--or "genes within genes"--could have a significant impact on how we combat the virus.
Academia Sinica, the Bavarian State Government and 12 National Philanthropic Trust, the U.S. National Science Foundation, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Showing releases 326-350 out of 1140.

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