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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 326-350 out of 1103.

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Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
New device could turn heat energy into a viable fuel source
A new device being developed by Washington State University physicist Yi Gu could one day turn the heat generated by a wide array of electronics into a usable fuel source. The device is a multicomponent, multilayered composite material called a van der Waals Schottky diode. It converts heat into electricity up to three times more efficiently than silicon -- a semiconductor material widely used in the electronics industry.
US National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

Contact: Yi Gu
yigu@wsu.edu
509-335-7208
Washington State University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Science Advances
Jordan faces likelihood of much more frequent long and severe droughts
Jordan is among the world's most water-poor nations, and a new, comprehensive analysis of regional drought and land-use changes in upstream Syria suggests the conditions could get significantly worse.
National Science Foundation, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment

Contact: Rob Jordan
rjordan@stanford.edu
650-721-1881
Stanford University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Key factor identified in gene silencing
In a paper published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Hengbin Wang and colleagues describe a key role for a protein called RSF1 in silencing genes. Besides the molecular biology details, the researchers also showed that disruption of RSF1 expression in the embryos of African clawed frogs caused severe developmental defects in the tadpoles -- through a dysregulation of mesodermal cell fate specification.
National Institutes of Health, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Hansen
jeffhans@uab.edu
205-209-2355
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Environmental Science & Technology
Study negates concerns regarding radioactivity in migratory seafood
International research team shows negligible risk from consumption of meat from migratory marine predators following Fukushima nuclear disaster.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Malmquist
davem@vims.edu
804-684-7011
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
American Naturalist
Periodic table of ecological niches could aid in predicting effects of climate change
A group of ecologists has started creating a periodic table of ecological niches similar to chemistry's periodic table. It will be a critical resource for scientists seeking to understand how a warming climate may be spurring changes in species around the globe.
National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Journal of Experimental Biology
Scientists discover spring-loaded mechanism in unusual species of trap-jaw ant
Researchers provide the first mechanical description of the jaws of a group of trap-jaw ants that can snap their spring-loaded jaws shut at speeds of up to 50 miles per hour -- just fast enough to capture their elusive prey. (Includes video.)
National Science Foundation, Peter Buck Fellowship, National Geographic Society

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Current Biology
Patient plays saxophone while surgeons remove brain tumor
Music is not only a major part of Dan Fabbio's life, as a music teacher it is his livelihood. So when doctors discovered a tumor located in the part of his brain responsible for music function, he began a long journey that involved a team of physicians, scientists, and a music professor and culminated with him awake and playing a saxophone as surgeons operated on his brain.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Michaud
mark_michaud@urmc.rochester.edu
585-273-4790
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Nature
Acting like a muscle, nano-sized device lifts 165 times its own weight
New Brunswick engineers have discovered a simple, economical way to make a nano-sized device that can match the friendly neighborhood Avenger, on a much smaller scale. Their creation weighs 1.6 milligrams (about as much as five poppy seeds) and can lift 265 milligrams (the weight of about 825 poppy seeds) hundreds of times in a row.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Nature
Volcanic eruptions drove ancient global warming event
A natural global warming event that took place 56 million years ago was triggered almost entirely by volcanic eruptions that occurred as Greenland separated from Europe during the opening of the North Atlantic Ocean, according to an international team of researchers that includes Andy Ridgwell, a University of California, Riverside professor of earth sciences.
UK Ocean Acidification Research Program, Heising-Simons Foundation, European Union, NSF/Divison of Ocean Sciences

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarahjanenightingale@gmail.com
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
PLOS ONE
Study finds pallid bat is unfazed by venom of Arizona bark scorpion
The Arizona bark scorpion is the most venomous scorpion in North America. The pallid bat is believed to be resistant to scorpion venom, but no laboratory studies have been performed to confirm this. Researchers at the University of California, Riverside now report in PLOS ONE that the pallid bat hunts the Arizona bark scorpion but is unaffected by its venom even after it is stung multiple times during the hunt.
National Science Foundation, University of California Riverside

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Nature
Motorized molecules drill through cells
Motorized molecules that target diseased cells may deliver drugs to or kill the cells by drilling into the cell membranes. Scientists at Rice, Durham (U.K.) and North Carolina State universities have demonstrated them on cancer and other cells.
National Science Foundation, North Carolina State University, Royal Society, Biophysical Sciences Institute at Durham University

Contact: Mike Williams
mikewilliams@rice.edu
617-281-6854
Rice University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Science Advances
Expanding tropical forest spells disaster for conservation
A North Carolina State University study shows that fire suppression efforts in Brazilian savannas turn many of those areas into forest lands, with negative consequences for the plants and animals that live there.
National Science Foundation, Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, Sao Paulo Research Foundation

Contact: William Hoffmann
wahoffma@ncsu.edu
919-513-7668
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Nature
Shaking up the fish family tree: 'Living fossil' not as old as we thought
Polypterids are weird and puzzling African fish that have perplexed biologists since they were discovered during Napoleon's expedition to Egypt in the late 1700s.
Junior Research Fellowship from Christ Church, Oxford, L'Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Fellowship, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Science Advances
Researchers set new bar for water-splitting, CO2-splitting techniques
Researchers from North Carolina State University have significantly boosted the efficiency of two techniques, for splitting water to create hydrogen gas and splitting carbon dioxide to create carbon monoxide. The products are valuable feedstock for clean energy and chemical manufacturing applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Nanoparticles loaded with mRNA give disease-fighting properties to cells
A new biomedical tool using nanoparticles that deliver transient gene changes to targeted cells could make therapies for a variety of diseases -- including cancer, diabetes and HIV -- faster and cheaper to develop, and more customizable.
National Institutes of Health, Bezos Family, National Science Foundation, American Cancer Society

Contact: Molly McElroy
mwmcelro@fredhutch.org
206-667-6651
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 30-Aug-2017
Journal of Experimental Biology
Scientists reveal how these ants snap their jaws shut in the blink of an eye
Few victims stand a chance against the formidable mandibles of a trap-jaw ant. In conflicts between predators and prey, speed is a decided advantage, and evolution has given these insects an edge with spring-loaded jaws that snap shut with astonishing speed. In the Aug. 30 issue of the Journal of Experimental Biology, scientists at the Smithsonian's Natural History Museum provide the first mechanical description of the jaws of a little-known group of trap-jaw ants.
National Science Foundation, Smithsonian's Peter Buck Fellowship Program, National Geographic Society

Contact: Ryan Lavery
laveryr@si.edu
202-633-0826
Smithsonian

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
New mini tool has massive implications
Researchers have created a miniaturized, portable version of a tool now capable of analyzing Mars' atmosphere -- and that's just one of its myriad possible uses.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrea Christensen
andrea_christensen@byu.edu
801-422-4377
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
ACS Nano
UConn chemist synthesizes pure graphene
UConn chemist Doug Adamson has patented a one-of-a-kind process for exfoliating graphenel in its pure (unoxidized) form, as well as manufacturing innovative graphene nanocomposites that have potential uses in a variety of applications, including desalination of brackish water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jessica McBride
jessica.mcbride@uconn.edu
860-486-5813
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
Physical Review Materials
Why does rubbing a balloon on your hair make it stick?
New research led by Case Western Reserve University indicates that tiny holes and cracks in a material -- changes in the microstructure -- can control how the material becomes electrically charged through friction.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bahamian songbirds disappeared during last glacial-interglacial transition
Two species of songbirds that once made a home in the Bahamas likely became extinct on the islands because of rising sea levels and a warmer, wetter climate, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Riverside and the University of Florida, Gainesville. The study, which was published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, presents a historical view of how climate change and the resulting habitat loss can affect Earth's biodiversity.
National Science foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
Journal of Orthopaedic Research
Tears in tiny bone cells called osteocytes appear an important step to better bones
The force gravity and physical activity put on our bones causes tiny tears in the membranes of the tiny cells that enable us to make or break down bone, scientists say. While that may sound bad, it's actually a key piece of how the force we put on our bones helps keep them strong, they report in the Journal of Orthopaedic Research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@augusta.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
Frontiers in Psychology
Inattentive kids show worse grades in later life
Researchers found that inattentiveness in childhood was linked to worse academic performance up to 10 years later in children with and without ADHD, even when they accounted for the children's intellectual ability. The results highlight the long-term effects that childhood inattention can have on academic performance, and suggest that parents and teachers should address inattentiveness in childhood.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, Peder Sather Grant

Contact: Melissa Cochrane
melissa.cochrane@frontiersin.org
41-787-246-393
Frontiers

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
NSF grant will study Kansans' inequality of broadband access
University of Kansas researchers have received a $300,000 National Science Foundation grant to study digital inequalities in Kansas and begin designing a set of cybersecurity and privacy tools to protect public broadband users.
National Science Foundation

Contact: George Diepenbrock
gdiepenbrock@ku.edu
785-864-8853
University of Kansas

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
eLife
Drought response in global crops may be as complex as day and night
Researchers identify a set of genes that help control early drought response in a popular global crop by focusing on the entire day-night cycle and by analyzing genetic and physiological changes.
National Science Foundation, Rural Development Administration

Contact: David Hirsch
david.s.hirsch@dartmouth.edu
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Century-old seal pelts reveal changes in Ross Sea ecosystem
Scientists sampled a pile of frozen pelts left in a hut by Antarctic explorers for Weddell seal tissue from a century ago, at the very start of human activities in Antarctica. By using sophisticated isotope analysis to compare samples from modern and century-old seals, they were able to investigate human impacts on the Antarctic ecosystem.
Marine Conservation Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
University of California - Santa Cruz

Showing releases 326-350 out of 1103.

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