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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 326-350 out of 1023.

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Public Release: 26-May-2017
Science Advances
Losing sleep over climate change
UC San Diego study of US data suggests a sleep-deprived planet by century's end. Researchers show that unusually warm nights can harm human sleep and that the poor and elderly are most affected. Rising temperatures will make sleep loss more severe.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Inga Kiderra
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Scientific Reports
Tiny shells indicate big changes to global carbon cycle
Experiments with tiny, shelled organisms in the ocean suggest big changes to the global carbon cycle are underway, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.
National Science Foundation, Cushman Foundation Johanna M. Resig Fellowship

Contact: Catherine Davis
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Central Science
Water forms 'spine of hydration' around DNA, group finds
How water relates to and interacts with biological systems -- like DNA, the building block of all living things -- is of critical importance, and a Cornell University group has used a relatively new form of spectroscopy to observe a previously unknown characteristic of water.
National Science Foundation, Arnold and Mable Beckman Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
The big star that couldn't become a supernova
For the first time in history, astronomers have been able to watch as a dying star was reborn as a black hole. It went out with a whimper instead of a bang.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Study provides understanding of how nerve cells are damaged by accumulation of abnormal proteins
A new study has uncovered a molecular mechanism in the prion protein, a protein responsible for neurodegenerative diseases, which may explain why nerve cells degenerate in these disorders. The findings, which appear in the journal eLife, may one day lead to better therapies and treatments for these diseases
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Targeted conservation could protect more of Earth's biodiversity
A new study finds that major gains in global biodiversity can be achieved if an additional 5 percent of land is set aside to protect key species. Scientists from Yale University and the University of Grenoble said such an effort could triple the protected range of those species and safeguard their functional diversity. The findings underscore the need to look beyond species numbers when developing conservation strategies, the researchers said.
National Science Foundation, Yale Center for Biodiversity and Global Change, People's Programme of the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme, European Research Council

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Nano Letters
Researchers find new way to control light with electric fields
Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a technique for controlling light with electric fields.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Scientists to probe dolphin intelligence using an interactive touchpad
Using optical technology specifically developed for this project, dolphins at the National Aquarium in Baltimore, MD, are at the center of research from an interdisciplinary team from Hunter College and Rockefeller University. The system involves an underwater computer touchscreen through which dolphins are able to interact and make choices. The system, the first of its kind, will be used to investigate dolphin intelligence and communication by providing them choice and control over a number of activities.
National Science Foundation, The Eric and Wendy Schmidt Fund for Strategic Innovation, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Foundation

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 25-May-2017
Nature Communications
UW engineers borrow from electronics to build largest circuits in eukaryotic cells
UW synthetic biology researchers have demonstrated a new method for digital information processing in living cells, analogous to the logic gates used in electric circuits. The circuits are the largest ever published to date in eurkaryotic cells and a key step in harnessing the potential of cells as living computers that can respond to disease, efficiently produce biofuels or develop plant-based chemicals.
Semiconductor Research Organization, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 24-May-2017
How do blind cavefish find their way? The answer could be in their bones
Blind cavefish typically have skulls that bend slightly to the left. A study by UC suggests this orientation might help them find food as they navigate in a perpetual counter-clockwise direction around a cave.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Miller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 24-May-2017
Advanced Functional Materials
New brain mapping tool produces higher resolution data during brain surgery
Researchers have developed a new device to map the brain during surgery and distinguish between healthy and diseased tissues. The device provides higher resolution neural readings than existing tools used in the clinic and could enable doctors to perform safer, more precise brain surgeries.
Center for Brain Activity Mapping, University of California San Diego, National Science Foundation, University of California Multicampus Research Programs and Initiatives, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-May-2017
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Two types of empathy elicit different health effects, Penn psychologist shows
Research led by a University of Pennsylvania psychologist finds that our bodies respond differently depending on the perspective we take when helping someone who is suffering. Stepping into the perspective of the suffering person leads to a health-threatening physiological response, while reflecting on how the suffering person might feel leads to a health-promoting response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 24-May-2017
Advanced Energy Materials
Printed, flexible and rechargeable battery can power wearable sensors
Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the first printed battery that is flexible, stretchable and rechargeable. The zinc batteries could be used to power everything from wearable sensors to solar cells and other kinds of electronics. The work appears in the April 19, 2017 issue of Advanced Energy Materials.
Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-May-2017
Animal Genetics
Scientists develop new device to overcome pig genome flaw
Scientists at the University of Kent, working with colleagues from the genetics research industry, have developed a new genetic screening device and protocol that helps pig breeding. Through her work, Dr. Rebecca O'Connor in the School of Biosciences, found previously undiscovered, fundamental flaws in the pig genome, the results of which have contributed to improved mapping of the pig genome.
Knowledge Transfer Partnership

Contact: S.Fleming
University of Kent

Public Release: 24-May-2017
Water Resources Research
L.A. lawns lose lots of water: 70 billion gallons a year
In summer 2010, Los Angeles was losing about 100 gallons of water per person per day to the atmosphere through the evaporation and plant uptake of lawns and trees. Lawns accounted for 70 percent of the water loss, while trees accounted for 30 percent, according to a University of Utah study published in Water Resources Research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-May-2017
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology
Lizards may be overwhelmed by fire ants and social stress combined
Lizards living in fire-ant-invaded areas are stressed. However, a team of biologists found that the lizards did not exhibit this stress as expected after extended fire ant exposure in socially stressful environments, leading to questions about stress overload.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 23-May-2017
Genetic mutation trade-offs lead to parallel evolution
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have shown how evolutionary dynamics proceed when selection acts on two traits governed by a trade-off. The results move the life sciences a step closer to understanding the full complexity of evolution at the cellular level.
National Science Foundation, Center for the Physics of Living Cells

Contact: Siv Schwink
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 23-May-2017
Astrophysical Journal
VLA reveals new object near supermassive black hole in famous galaxy
When astronomers took a new look at a famous galaxy with the upgraded Very Large Array, they were surprised by the appearance of a new, bright object that had not appeared in previous images.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 23-May-2017
Biology Letters
Friends help female vampire bats cope with loss
When a female vampire bat loses a close relative, she may starve, because she depends on her mother and daughters to share blood by regurgitation. Vampires who have more non-kin social bonds (friends), do better when this happens.
National Science Foundation, Ford Foundation, American Society of Mammalogists, Animal Behavior Society

Contact: Beth King
202-633-4700 x28216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 23-May-2017
Nature Communications
Weather patterns' influence on frost timing
The frost-free season in North America is approximately 10 days longer now than it was a century ago. In a new study, published today in Nature Communications, researchers from the University of Utah and the US Geological Survey parse the factors contributing to the timing of frost in the United States. Atmospheric circulation patterns, they found, were the dominant influence on frost timing, although the trend of globally warming temperatures played a part as well.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-May-2017
Biophysical Journal
Researchers reveal bioelectric patterns guiding worms' regenerative body plan after injury
Researchers have succeeded in permanently rewriting flatworms' regenerative body shape by resetting their internal bioelectric pattern memory, causing even normal-appearing flatworms to harbor the 'code' to regenerate as two-headed worms.
Allen Discovery Center through The Paul G. Allen Frontiers Group, G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Charitable Foundation, Templeton World Charity Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Patrick Collins
Tufts University

Public Release: 22-May-2017
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Supercomputing helps researchers understand Earth's interior
University of Illinois geologist Lijun Liu and his team have created a computer model of tectonic activity so effective that they believe it has potential to predict where earthquakes and volcanoes will occur. Liu, along with doctoral student Jiashun Hu, and Manuele Faccenda from the University of Padua in Italy, published a research paper in the journal of Earth and Planetary Science Letters focusing on the deep mantle and its relationship to plate tectonics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lijun Liu
University of Illinois College of Liberal Arts & Sciences

Public Release: 22-May-2017
RIT team creates high-speed internet lane for emergency situations
Rochester Institute of Technology are developing a faster and more reliable way to send and receive large amounts of data through the internet. By a creating a new network protocol, called Multi Node Label Routing protocol, researchers are essentially developing a new high-speed lane of online traffic, specifically for emergency information.
National Science Foundation, US Ignite

Contact: Scott Bureau
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-May-2017
Nature Geoscience
UNLV study: Warming news from Russia
UNLV research in Russia challenges widely held understanding of past climate history; study appears in latest issue of top journal Nature Geoscience.
National Science Foundation, Ralph Stone Fellowship, National Speleological Society

Contact: Francis McCabe
University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Public Release: 22-May-2017
38th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
Researchers find computer code that Volkswagen used to cheat emissions tests
An international team of researchers has uncovered the mechanism that allowed Volkswagen to circumvent US and European emission tests over at least six years before the Environmental Protection Agency put the company on notice in 2015 for violating the Clean Air Act. During a year-long investigation, researchers found code that allowed a car's onboard computer to determine that the vehicle was undergoing an emissions test.
European Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 326-350 out of 1023.

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