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Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 351-375 out of 875.

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Public Release: 6-Dec-2016
Ecology Letters
Ice age vertebrates had mixed responses to climate change
New research examines how vertebrate species in the eastern United States ranging from snakes to mammals to birds responded to climate change over the last 500,000 years. The study reveals that contrary to expectation, the massive glaciers that expanded and contracted across the region affected animal populations in different ways at different times. The analysis provides a window into how animals might react to any kind of climate change, whether glacial cycles or global warming.
National Science Foundation, EU/7th European Community Framework Programme, and São Paulo Research Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 6-Dec-2016
Science Robotics
Wall-jumping robot is most vertically agile ever built
Roboticists at UC Berkeley have designed a small robot that can leap into the air and then spring off a wall, or perform multiple vertical jumps in a row, resulting in the highest robotic vertical jumping agility ever recorded.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Laboratory

Contact: Brett Israel
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Dec-2016
Child Development
Children's early math knowledge related to later achievement
A new longitudinal study conducted in Tennessee has found that low-income children's math knowledge in preschool was related to their later achievement -- but not all types of math knowledge were related equally.
Institute of Education Sciences, US Department of Education, Heising-Simons Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Researchers study sea spray to improve hurricane intensity forecasting
A University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science research team is studying sea spray to help improve forecasting of hurricanes and tropical cyclones. In a recent study, the scientists found that in high winds conditions the amount of large sea spray droplets (over 0.5 milimeters in diameter) generated is as much as 1000 times more than previously thought.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Political left, right both inspired by utopian hopes
Studies explore moral convictions associated with same sex marriage, gun control.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Flood
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Nature Methods
Using the force
A powerful new technique developed at UCSB reveals the mechanical environment of cells in their natural habitat, the living embryo
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
During last warming period, Antarctica heated up 2 to 3 times more than planet average
A new study of warming after the last ice age 20,000 years ago confirms climate models that predict an amplification of warming at the poles. By 15,000 years ago, the Antarctic had warmed about 11 degrees Celsius, almost 3 times the average global warming (4 degrees Celsius). The calculations, based on temperature measurements down a 3.4-kilometer-deep borehole, prove that climate models do a good job of estimating past climatic conditions and, very likely, future changes.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Lawnmowers of the sea
In a new study, a Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego-led research team examined the unique grazing roles of algae-eating herbivores on coral reefs to learn more about how they help keep corals from being overgrown by seaweeds.
NSF/Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship, Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative, Mia Tegner Fellowship, Women Divers Hall of Fame, Explorers Club Exploration Fund, The Sussman Fellowship, Oceanids Memorial Fellowship

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Babies' first words can be predicted based on visual attention, IU study finds
Indiana University psychologists have shown that a baby's most likely first words are based upon their visual experience, laying the foundation for a new theory of infant language learning. The research appears in the journal of the Royal Society Philosophical Transactions B.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Psychological Science
Visual biases near the hands help us perform specific actions
Using your hands to perform tasks in specific ways can change the way you see things near your hands, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The research shows that learning to grasp an object with the backs of the hands made participants more sensitive to motion near their hands, while learning a to pick up an object with their fingertips enhanced participants' perception of spatial detail near their hands.
National Science Foundation, Google Faculty Research Award

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Nature Physics
'Spooky' sightings in crystal point to extremely rare quantum spin liquid
Little is rarer than an observable quantum spin liquid, but now, tests reveal that a synthetic crystal with ytterbium as its base may house one at near absolute zero. It joins an extremely short list of materials believed house myriads of particles joined together in an observable vast, shared entanglement, or 'spooky action at a distance.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Nature Climate Change
Extreme downpours could increase fivefold across parts of the US
At century's end, the number of summertime storms that produce extreme downpours could increase by more than 400 percent across parts of the United States -- including sections of the Gulf Coast, Atlantic Coast, and the Southwest -- according to a new study by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Snider
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Syrian crisis altered region's land and water resources, Stanford study finds
Using remote sensing tools to uncover the environmental impacts of war, researchers introduce novel approaches for hard-to-reach areas.
National Science Foundation,Belmont Forum, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Danielle Torrent Tucker
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Uncovering a 'smoking gun' in age-related disease
Aging is a key risk factor for a variety of devastating, chronic diseases, yet the biological factors that influence when and how rapidly cells deteriorate over time remain largely unknown. Now, for the first time, a research team led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health has linked the function of a core component of cells' machinery with longevity in the roundworm.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Fonds de la Recherche Luxembourg, Lawrence Ellison Medical Foundation, Glenn Foundation for Medical Research, National Institutes of Health, Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer, Novo Nordisk Foundation

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 2-Dec-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Seismically active Kathmandu region in store for larger earthquake
An earthquake much more powerful and damaging than last year's 7.8 magnitude quake could rock Katmandu and the Himalayan Frontal Fault, an international team of seismic experts, led by Geophysics professor and director of the Center for Neotectonic Studies, Steve Wesnousky of the University of Nevada, Reno, has concluded. The unsettling news comes after field research and analysis in the year following the 2015 Gorkha earthquake, which killed 9,000 people and destroyed 600,000 structures throughout the region.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 2-Dec-2016
Nature Communications
Physicists decipher electronic properties of materials in work that may change transistors
University of Texas at Dallas physicists have published new findings examining the electrical properties of materials that could be harnessed for next-generation transistors and electronics. Dr. Fan Zhang, assistant professor of physics, and senior physics student Armin Khamoshi recently published their research on transition metal dichalcogenides, or TMDs, in the journal Nature Communications.
National Science Foundation, University of Texas at Dallas

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
For the first time, scientists catch water molecules passing the proton baton
Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades. But in a paper published in the Dec. 2 in issue of the journal Science, an international team of researchers has finally caught water in the act -- showing how water molecules pass along excess charges and, in the process, conduct electricity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Freshwater Science
Researchers document large-scale changes in insect species inhabiting streams and rivers
Scientists from Utah State University and the US Environmental Protection Agency have shown that the frequencies of occurrence of hundreds of freshwater insect species have changed relative to historical conditions. Nearly all of the historically most common insect species examined have declined, whereas less common species varied in their responses. These declines are of concern because insects represent a large fraction of the biodiversity in freshwater ecosystems, they support fish populations, and they help maintain high water quality.
National Center for Environmental Assessment, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Chuck Hawkins
Utah State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Climate cycles may explain how running water carved Mars' surface features
Dramatic climate cycles on early Mars, triggered by buildup of greenhouse gases, may be the key to understanding how liquid water left its mark on the planet's surface, according to a team of planetary scientists.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
'Bickering' flies make evolutionary point
A Rice University scientist manipulates fruit fly populations to show that individual flies are not merely subject to their social environments, but choose and create them through their interactions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, John S. Dunn Foundation

Contact: Mike Williams
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
New findings boost promise of molybdenum sulfide for hydrogen catalysis
Researchers from North Carolina State University, Duke University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that molybdenum sulfide (MoS2) holds more promise than previously thought as a catalyst for producing hydrogen to use as a clean energy source. Specifically, the researchers found that the entire surface of MoS2 can be used as a catalyst, not just the edges of the material.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Nature Chemistry
IUPUI chemists develop new technique that could speed drug development
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis chemists have devised new molecular binding technique to substantially speed up the process of synthesizing new compounds for use as human or animal drugs.
School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Test for early diagnosis of life-threatening preemie disease advances
The National Science Foundation has chosen an LSU Health New Orleans team that developed a test for the early detection of a potentially life-threatening gastrointestinal disease affecting pre-term, low birthweight babies to receive expert guidance to move the technology forward. NSF awarded LSU Health New Orleans a $50,000 grant so the researchers can participate in the national NSF Innovation Corps (I-Corps) Program in January 2017.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
A watershed moment in understanding how H2O conducts electricity
Scientists have taken spectroscopic snapshots of nature's most mysterious relay race: the passage of extra protons from one water molecule to another during conductivity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Ohio Supercomputing Center, Collaborative Research Center of the German Research Foundation DFG

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Increasing tornado outbreaks -- is climate change responsible?
In a new study, Columbia Engineering researchers looked at increasing trends in the severity of tornado outbreaks where they measured severity by the number of tornadoes per outbreak. They found that these trends are increasing fastest for the most extreme outbreaks. While they saw changes in meteorological quantities that are consistent with these upward trends, the meteorological trends were not the ones expected under climate change.
Columbia University Research Initiatives for Science and Engineering, Office of Naval Research, NOAA, Willis Research Network, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Showing releases 351-375 out of 875.

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