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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 351-375 out of 977.

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Public Release: 26-Apr-2017
Evolution
'First arrival' hypothesis in Darwin's finches gets some caveats
Being first in a new ecosystem provides major advantages for pioneering species, but the benefits may depend on just how competitive later-arriving species are. That is among the conclusions in a new study testing the importance of 'first arrival' in controlling adaptive radiation of species, a hypothesis famously proposed for 'Darwin's Finches,' birds from the Galapagos Islands that were first brought to scientific attention by Darwin.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Cell Reports
Scientists unravel how protein impacts intellectual disability
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have shown that a protein helps balance nerve cell communication.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Rosetta online server that includes everyone
Scientists have developed computer algorithms that are clever enough to map out biomolecules' 3-D forms, or create entirely new ones, based on their DNA or RNA sequence. However, doing so requires powerful supercomputers and specialized software that can take advantage of them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-663-7237
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
UTA student receives NSF grant for research into ecological drivers of eye, brain size
Shannon Beston, a third-year Ph.D. student in biology at the University of Texas at Arlington, was selected to receive funds from the National Science Foundation's Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grants program to further her research into how brains and eyes evolved in response to predation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
2017 Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
New interface allows more efficient, faster technique to remotely operate robots
A new interface designed by Georgia Institute of Technology researchers allows users to simply point and click on an item, then choose a grasp, to control a robot remotely.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-660-2926
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
A novel form of iron for fortification of foods
Whey protein nanofibrils loaded with iron nanoparticles: ETH researchers are developing a new and highly effective way of fortifying iron into food and drinks.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Research Programme 609

Contact: Prof. Raffaele Mezzenga
raffaele.mezzenga@hest.ethz.ch
41-446-329-140
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Biophysical Journal
Researchers make tool for understanding cellular processes more useful
Brown University researchers have developed methods to use data from FRAP, an experiment used to study how molecules move inside cells, in ways it's never been used before.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Nature Geoscience
Study: Early organic carbon got deep burial in mantle
Rice University petrologists who recreated hot, high-pressure conditions from 60 miles below Earth's surface have found a new clue about a crucial event in the planet's deep past.
National Science Foundation, Deep Carbon Observatory

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Child Development
Study of transgender preschoolers assesses preferences and identity
Gender may be the earliest identity and social category to emerge in development, research suggests, and acquiring knowledge about one's gender is considered a critical part of early childhood development. In one of the first examinations of early gender development among transgender preschoolers, a new study has found that these children were just as likely as nontransgender children to have preferences associated with their gender, and to have as strong and clear a sense of their gender identity.
National Science Foundation, Arcus Foundation

Contact: Caitlin Kizielewicz
ckiz@srcd.org
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Nature Communications
Facial expressions: How brains process emotion
New research from Caltech clarifies the once-mysterious role of the amygdala.
Autism Science Foundation, Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health Conte Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Dajose
ldajose@caltech.edu
626-658-0109
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Developmental Cell
Penn team identifies genetic target for growing hardier plants under stress
In a new investigation, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania identified two proteins that regulate whether a cell in plant roots forms a hair cell, which increases surface area for absorption, or a non-hair cell. Plants that overexpressed one of these regulators thrived despite being deprived of a key nutrient, phosphorous.
National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New strategy produces stronger polymers
MIT researchers have found a way to reduce the number of loops in polymer networks such as gels, plastics, and rubber. The findings could offer an easy way for manufacturers to strengthen their materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Lyme disease researchers seek consensus as number of cases grows
Scientists have built a large body of knowledge about Lyme disease over the past 40 years, yet controversies remain and the number of cases continues to rise. In the United States, reported cases of Lyme disease, which is transmitted from wild animals to humans by tick bites, have tripled in the past 20 years. A multitude of interacting factors are driving the increase in Lyme disease cases, but their relative importance remains unclear.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
West Virginia groundwater not affected by fracking, but surface water is
Three years of fracking has not contaminated groundwater in northwestern West Virginia, but accidental spills of wastewater from fracked wells may pose a threat to surface water, according to a study led by scientists at Duke University. The scientists used a broad suite of geochemical and isotopic tracers to sample for contaminants in 112 water wells near shale gas sites, including 20 wells that were sampled both before and after fracking began.
National Science Foundation, Natural Resources Defense Council

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Journal of Neuroscience
The placebo effect can mend a broken heart too, CU Boulder study shows
Feeling heartbroken from a recent breakup? Just believing you're doing something to help yourself get over your ex can influence brain regions associated with emotional regulation and lessen the perception of pain. That's the takeaway from a new University of Colorado Boulder study that measured the neurological and behavioral impacts the placebo effect had on a group of recently broken-hearted volunteers.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Tor Wager
tor.wager@colorado.edu
303-492-7487
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Next-generation microscopy
A novel microscopy method allows unprecedented insights into the spatial organization and direct interactions of immune cells within blood and liquid multi-lineage tissues. The assay, called 'Pharmacoscopy,' is able to determine the immunomodulatory properties of drugs within large libraries on immune cells in high resolution and high throughput. Introduced in Nature Chemical Biology, Pharmacoscopy enables new possibilities for drug discovery, particularly in cancer immunotherapy, personalized medicine, and research on signaling pathways of the immune system.
European Research Council, Austrian Science Fund, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Molecular Biological Organization, Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, The National Foundation for Research, Technology and Development

Contact: Wolfgang Däuble
wdaeuble@cemm.oeaw.ac.at
0043-140-160-70057
CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Discovery offers new hope to repair spinal cord injuries
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes created a special type of neuron from human stem cells that could potentially repair spinal cord injuries. These cells, called V2a interneurons, transmit signals in the spinal cord to help control movement. When the researchers transplanted the cells into mouse spinal cords, the interneurons sprouted and integrated with existing cells.
California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, National Science Foundation, UCSF Alvera Kan Endowed Chair, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Julie Langelier
julie.langelier@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-5000
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Nano Letters
Freezing lithium batteries may make them safer and bendable
Columbia Engineering Professor Yuan Yang has developed a new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life, and are bendable, providing new possibilities such as flexible smartphones. His new technique uses ice-templating to control the structure of the solid electrolyte for lithium batteries that are used in portable electronics, electric vehicles, and grid-level energy storage. The study is published online April 24 in Nano Letters.
National Science Foundation, Center for Precision Assembly of Superstratic and Superatomic Solids

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 21-Apr-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Research sheds new light on forces that threaten sensitive coastlines
Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to research published by scientists at Indiana University and North Carolina State University. The study found that 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion, much of it caused by waves that eroded away the edges of the pond.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Apr-2017
Applied Physics Letters
Stanford scientist's new approach may accelerate design of high-power batteries
New Stanford study describes a model for designing novel materials used in electrical storage devices, such as car batteries and capacitors. This approach may dramatically accelerate discovery of new materials that provide cheap and efficient ways to store energy.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Danielle T. Tucker
dttucker@stanford.edu
650-497-9541
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Super-resolution microscopy of hydrogels
Chaitanya Ullal, assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will use an NSF CAREER award to study the structure of hydrogels -- jelly-like materials that have some of the properties of solids, but are largely composed of water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Journal of Neurolinguistics
Recognizing foreign accents helps brains process accented speech
Our brains process foreign-accented speech with better real-time accuracy if we can identify the accent we hear, according to a team of neurolinguists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Environmental Science & Technology
Rising water temperatures endanger health of coastal ecosystems, study finds
Marine biologists James Hollibaugh and Sylvia Schaefer found that rising water temperatures could disrupt ocean food webs and lead to the release of more greenhouse gases.
National Science Foundation Division of Ocean Sciences

Contact: James Hollibaugh
aquadoc@uga.edu
706-542-2844
University of Georgia

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
Journal of Environmental Psychology
Engagement with natural environment a significant contributor to life satisfaction
Looking to improve your overall life satisfaction? Try regularly hiking in a forest or otherwise engaging with the natural environment.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Kelly Biedenweg
kelly.biedenweg@oregonstate.edu
541-737-2207
Oregon State University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
npj Computational Materials
Finding order and structure in the atomic chaos where materials meet
Materials science researchers have developed a model that can account for irregularities in how atoms arrange themselves at the so-called 'grain boundaries' -- the interface where two materials meet. By describing the packing of atoms at these interfaces, the tool can be used to help researchers determine how grain boundaries affect the properties of metal alloys and other materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 351-375 out of 977.

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