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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 376-400 out of 927.

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Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Frontiers in Genetics
Mental illness genetically linked to drug use and misuse
A person's genetic risk for psychiatric disorders is related to his or her vulnerability to substance use and misuse.
National Science Foundation, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer T. Olin Fellowship Program, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Michelle Ponto
michelle.ponto@frontiersin.org
Frontiers

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Cell
Research gives hope to those with head and facial deformities
When Francis Smith of the University of Colorado recently visited UC Berkeley's Michael Rape, Rape came face to face with someone who could have benefited from his research. Born with missing bones in his head and face - Treacher Collins Syndrome - Smith has undergone dozens of craniofacial surgeries over his lifetime to reconstruct his head and jaw. Rape discovered an important role for calcium in triggering bone formation that could help others born with the disorder.
National Science Foundation, California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, California Institute of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Science
Researchers use novel materials to build smallest transistor
In a new study published Oct. 7 in the journal Science, University of Texas at Dallas engineers and their colleagues describe a novel transistor made with a new combination of materials that is even smaller than the smallest possible silicon-based transistor.
Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Novel method creates important industrial chemicals simply, cheaply
A Washington State University research team has used a simple, common industrial process in a new way to create chemicals used widely as fuel additives and as feedstock for plasticizers, detergents, lubricants and cosmetics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Norbert Kruse
norbert.kruse@wsu.edu
509-335-6601
Washington State University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Science
Apes understand that some things are all in your head
We all know that the way someone sees the world, and the way it really is, aren't always the same. This ability to recognize that someone's beliefs may differ from reality has long been seen as unique to humans. But new research on chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans suggests our primate relatives may also be able to tell when something is just in your head.
National Science Foundation, Keihanshin Consortium for Fostering the Next Generation of Global Leaders in Research, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, European Research Council

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers modify yeast to show how plants respond to a key hormone
Researchers at the University of Washington have developed a novel toolkit based on modified yeast cells to tease out how plant genes and proteins respond to auxin, the most ubiquitous plant hormone.
Paul G. Allen Family Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Advanced Functional Materials
Lowering the heat makes new materials possible while saving energy
A new technology developed by Penn State researchers, called cold sintering process, opens a window on the ability to combine incompatible materials, such as ceramics and plastics, into new, useful compound materials, and to lower the energy cost of many types of manufacturing.
National Science Foundation, 3M Science and Technology Fellowship

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How do birds dive safely at high speeds? New research explains
Some species of seabirds plunge-dive at speeds greater than 50 miles per hour to surprise their prey. In the first study on the biomechanics of this diving behavior, researchers show how the birds pull of this feat safely.
National Science Foundation, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, Virginia Tech Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science

Contact: Eleanor Nelsen
enelsen@vt.edu
540-231-2761
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
RIT awarded nearly $1 million from NSF to develop food waste solutions
Callie Babbitt, an associate professor at Rochester Institute of Technology's Golisano Institute for Sustainability, has received a nearly $1 million award from the National Science Foundation to research sustainable solutions for minimizing and managing the growing and complex challenges of food waste generated across the food supply chain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rich Kiley
rakuns@rit.edu
585-475-5697
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
$4 million grant funds new UW RAPID facility to investigate natural disasters worldwide
A new disaster investigation center housed at the University of Washington and funded by a $4 million National Science Foundation grant will collect and analyze critical data that's often lost in the immediate aftermath of hurricanes and earthquakes but can help create more resilient communities.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
Heparin derived from cattle is equivalent to heparin from pigs, study finds
As demand for the widely used blood-thinning drug heparin continues to grow, experts worry of possible shortages. Heparin is primarily derived from pigs, and cattle have been proposed as an additional source. A new study finds that heparin derived from cattle has equivalent anti-clotting properties.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Common US snake actually 3 different species
New research reveals that a snake found across a huge swath of the Eastern United States is actually three different species. Published in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, analyses of the yellow-bellied kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster) also indicate that diversification of the snake -- and possibly of many other vertebrates living on both sides of the Mississippi River -- is influenced not by the river itself, as predominately thought, but by the different ecological environments on each side.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Nature Chemistry
Discovery: A new form of light
Scientists have discovered a new method to create fluorescent light that may have promising applications from LEDs to medical imaging.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
joshua.e.brown@uvm.edu
802-656-3039
University of Vermont

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Nature Geoscience
Case of the missing continental crust solved: It sank
University of Chicago scientists and a colleague at Miami University of Ohio have concluded that half the original mass of Eurasia and India disappeared into the Earth's interior before the two continents began their slow-motion collision approximately 60 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Physical Review Fluids
MIT engineers design beaver-inspired wetsuit material
Beavers and sea otters lack the thick layer of blubber that insulates walruses and whales. And yet these small, semiaquatic mammals can keep warm and even dry while diving, by trapping warm pockets of air in dense layers of fur. Inspired by these fuzzy swimmers, MIT engineers have now fabricated fur-like, rubbery pelts and used them to identify a mechanism by which air is trapped between individual hairs when the pelts are plunged into liquid.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Watching stem cells change provides clues to fighting osteoporosis in older women
For years, scientists have studied how stem cells might be used to treat many diseases, including osteoporosis. One consistent challenge has been observing and monitoring the process through which stem cells transform. Now, using an established scientific method, University of Missouri researchers are able to watch how human fat cells transform into bone tissue cells; in the process the research team has uncovered information about osteoporosis in older women.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
PLOS Biology
Clean water-treatment option targets sporadic outbreaks
Environmental and biomedical engineer David Wendell, an associate professor in the University of Cincinnati's College of Engineering and Applied Science, developed a protein-based photocatalyst that uses light to generate hydrogen peroxide to eliminate E. coli, Listeria, and potentially protozoa like giardia and cryptosporidium from drinking water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Bach
john.bach@uc.edu
513-556-5224
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Biological Conservation
Online software helps citizen scientists solve real-world problems
With proper training and recently launched online software and web-portal, citizen scientists can follow scientific-based practices to improve environmental decision-making and even secure funding to help solve environmental problems, says a new study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
BioScience
Reservoirs are a major source of greenhouse gases
Dammed rivers are often considered environmentally friendly, carbon-neutral energy sources, but the reservoirs they create release large amounts of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Chinese Academy of Sciences, European Research Counci, US Army Corps of Engineers Climate Preparedness and Resilience Programs

Contact: Eric Sorensen
eric.sorensen@wsu.edu
509-335-4846
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Plant Physiology
New discoveries offer critical information for improving crop yield
Danforth Center research is addressing environmental issues related to production agriculture.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Melanie Bernds
mbernds@danforthcenter.org
314-587-1647
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Urban warming slows tree growth, photosynthesis
New research finds that urban warming reduces growth and photosynthesis in city trees. The researchers found that insect pests are part of the problem, but that heat itself plays a more significant role.
US Department of the Interior, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
PLOS ONE
Smartphone microscope creates interactive tool for microbiology
An easily assembled smartphone microscope provides new ways of interacting with and learning about common microbes. The open-source device could be used by teachers or in other educational settings.
National Science Foundation, Stanford Graduate Fellowship

Contact: Amy Adams
amyadams@stanford.edu
650-796-3695
Stanford University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Embedded Systems Week
Wireless 'data center on a chip' aims to cut energy use
A Washington State University research team has designed a tiny, wireless data center that someday could be as small as a hand-held device and dramatically reduce the energy needed to run such centers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Partha Pratim Pande
partha_pande@wsu.edu
509-335-5223
Washington State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Neuron
Brain study reveals how teens learn differently than adults
Scientists have uncovered a unique feature of the adolescent brain that enriches teens' ability to learn and form memories: the coordinated activity of two distinct brain regions. This observation, which stands in contrast to the adult brain, may be related to teens' oft-derided affinity for reward-seeking behavior. These findings suggest that such behavior is not necessarily detrimental, but instead may be a critical feature of adolescence and the maturing brain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
anne.holden@columbia.edu
212-853-0171
The Zuckerman Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Biophysical Journal
When push comes to shove: Size matters for particles in our bloodstream
Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs.
National Science Foundation Early-concept Grant for Exploratory Research

Contact: Anson Ma
anson.ma@uconn.edu
860-486-4630
University of Connecticut

Showing releases 376-400 out of 927.

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