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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 401-425 out of 919.

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Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
PLOS ONE
Smartphone microscope creates interactive tool for microbiology
An easily assembled smartphone microscope provides new ways of interacting with and learning about common microbes. The open-source device could be used by teachers or in other educational settings.
National Science Foundation, Stanford Graduate Fellowship

Contact: Amy Adams
amyadams@stanford.edu
650-796-3695
Stanford University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Embedded Systems Week
Wireless 'data center on a chip' aims to cut energy use
A Washington State University research team has designed a tiny, wireless data center that someday could be as small as a hand-held device and dramatically reduce the energy needed to run such centers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Partha Pratim Pande
partha_pande@wsu.edu
509-335-5223
Washington State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Neuron
Brain study reveals how teens learn differently than adults
Scientists have uncovered a unique feature of the adolescent brain that enriches teens' ability to learn and form memories: the coordinated activity of two distinct brain regions. This observation, which stands in contrast to the adult brain, may be related to teens' oft-derided affinity for reward-seeking behavior. These findings suggest that such behavior is not necessarily detrimental, but instead may be a critical feature of adolescence and the maturing brain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
anne.holden@columbia.edu
212-853-0171
The Zuckerman Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Biophysical Journal
When push comes to shove: Size matters for particles in our bloodstream
Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs.
National Science Foundation Early-concept Grant for Exploratory Research

Contact: Anson Ma
anson.ma@uconn.edu
860-486-4630
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Ocean conditions contributed to unprecedented 2015 toxic algal bloom
A new study is the first publication to connect the unprecedented West Coast toxic algal bloom of 2015 to the unusually warm ocean conditions -- nicknamed 'the blob' -- earlier that year.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Professor awarded NSF grant to identify best practices for K-12 computing education
Researchers from Rochester Institute of Technology and Bradley University are finding the best ways to get diverse pre-college students interested in computing as a career. Adrienne Decker, an assistant professor of interactive games and media at RIT, and Monica McGill, an associate professor of game design at Bradley University, have received a $1.19 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study the long-term impact of computing activities students have engaged in prior to college.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Bureau
sbbcom@rit.edu
585-475-2481
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
TSRI scientists receive two new grants to explore 'click chemistry' applications
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have received a grant of nearly $1.9 million from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of General Medical Sciences and a grant of $640,000 from the National Science Foundation for two new projects that take advantage of "click chemistry."
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Understanding chromatin's cancer connection
New live-cell imaging technique allows Northwestern University researchers to study chromatin's dynamic processes, including its role in cancer and disease.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Chicago Biomedical Consortium

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Nature
Scientists triple known types of viruses in world's oceans
The world's oceans teem with scientific mystery, unknowns that could prove to be tools that will one day protect the planet from global warming. Researchers report they've tripled the known types of viruses living in waters around the globe, and now have a better idea what role they play in nature.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Simon Roux
Siroux1@gmail.com
614-247-1617
Ohio State University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society
Detonating white dwarfs as supernovae
A new mathematical model created by astrophysicists at the American Museum of Natural History details a way that dead stars called white dwarfs could detonate, producing a type of explosion that is instrumental to measuring the extreme distances in our universe. The mechanism, described in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, could improve our understanding of how Type Ia supernovae form.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
New fault discovered in earthquake-prone Southern California region
A swarm of nearly 200 small earthquakes that shook Southern California residents in the Salton Sea area last week raised concerns they might trigger a larger earthquake on the southern San Andreas Fault. At the same time, scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the Nevada Seismological Laboratory at the University of Nevada, Reno published their recent discovery of a potentially significant fault that lies along the eastern edge of the Salton Sea.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
Scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
National Science Foundation supports Stony Creek Colors and Danforth Center collaboration
From seed to closet, transforming the fashion industry through plant science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melanie Bernds
mbernds@danforthcenter.org
314-587-1647
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
'Connectosomes' create gateway for improved chemo delivery, fewer side effects
Engineering researchers have developed a new method that delivers chemotherapy directly and efficiently to individual cells. The approach provides a faster means of targeting and killing cancer cells with significantly lower doses of chemo than conventional drug delivery methods, which could decrease side effects for patients.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Texas 4000 for Cancer

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
Zaragoza@utexas.edu
512-471-2129
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters
Study solves 50-year-old puzzle tied to enigmatic, lone wolf waves
Solitary waves called solitons are one of nature's great curiosities: unlike other waves, these lone wolf waves keep their energy and shape as they travel, instead of dissipating or dispersing as most other waves do. In a new paper in Physics Review Letters, a team of mathematicians, physicists and engineers tackles a famous, 50-year-old problem tied to these enigmatic entities.
Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Burgundy Region

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Penn scientists receive $24 million for mechanobiology center
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Pennsylvania a $24 million, five-year grant to establish a Science and Technology Center focused on engineering mechanobiology, or the way cells exert and are influenced by the physical forces in their environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Omnidirectional mobile robot has just 2 moving parts
More than a decade ago, Carnegie Mellon University's Ralph Hollis invented the ballbot, an elegantly simple robot whose tall, thin body glides atop a sphere slightly smaller than a bowling ball. The latest version, called SIMbot, has an equally elegant motor with just one moving part: the ball. The spherical induction motor (SIM) eliminates the mechanical drive systems of previous ballbots.
National Science Foundation, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI) of Japan

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
eLife
Overlooked plants defy drought
Plants could be persuaded to raise the threshold at which they start to shut down. The discovery opens up a whole new source of germplasm for breeders to work with.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Zoe Dunford
z.dunford@elifesciences.org
778-630-3597
eLife

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Study reveals new earthquake hazard in Afghanistan-Pakistan border region
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science scientists have revealed alarming conclusions about the earthquake hazard in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region. The new study focused on two of the major faults in the region -- the Chaman and Ghazaband faults.
NASA's Earth Surface and Interior program, National Science Foundation's Tectonics Program

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
New protein bridges chemical divide for 'seamless' bioelectronics devices
In a paper published Sept. 22 in Scientific Reports, engineers at the University of Washington unveiled peptides that could help harness biological rules to exchange information between the biochemistry of our bodies and the chemistry of our devices.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington, National Institutes of Health, Japan Science and Technology Agency

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
UA engineer gives doctors a better feel for laparoscopic surgery
With $1.9 million from the National Science Foundation, a University of Arizona-led team of engineers, surgeons and virtual reality experts is developing and pilot-testing a computer-assisted surgical training device that will teach medical students how to perform laparoscopic surgery better than any human trainer.
National Science Foundation Smart and Connected Health Program

Contact: Jill Goetz
jgoetz@email.arizona.edu
520-621-1992
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Scientific Reports
Deepwater Horizon oil spill caused widespread marsh erosion
Marsh erosion caused by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill was widespread, a new study of 103 Gulf Coast sites reveals. At sites where oil coated more than 90 percent of plants' stems, erosion rates were up to 1.6 meters per year higher than at other sites, and erosion continued for up to two years. The study identifies 90 percent as the threshold above which accelerated erosion occurred.
State of Louisiana, NOAA, British Petroleum, National Science Foundation, Stolarz Foundation, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
UA Engineering receives $1.07M diversity grant From NSF
The National Science Foundation Bridge to the Doctorate Program awards two-year fellowships to US students pursuing master's in STEM fields to help them go on for PhDs and diversify the US STEM workforce.
"Bridge to Doctorate: WAESO LSAMP, Self Efficacy and Academic Community for Underrepresented Minority Student Success" is funded by the National Science Foundation Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation - Bridge to the Doctorate Program, Wester

Contact: Jill Goetz
jgoetz@email.arizona.edu
520-621-1992
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Chemical Biology
Unique bacterial chemist in the war on potatoes
This enzyme is 'wacko' in many ways in its breakdown of a poison related to TNT. On top of that, 5NAA-A is known so far only to exist in a single living organism on Earth -- a type of bacteria. Could it be the lone master of a rare bacterial enzymatic kung fu, in the war on potatoes? Or does a genomic clue point to its existence in one other solitary case?
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Ben Brumfield
ben.brumfield@comm.gatech.edu
404-660-1408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Fish and Fisheries
Missing fish catch data? Not necessarily a problem, new study says
A new study by University of Washington scientists finds that in many cases, misreporting caught fish doesn't always translate to overfishing. The study was published online this month in the journal Fish and Fisheries.
National Science Foundation IGERT Program on Ocean Change

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter
A team of scientists has discovered a phenomenon that could have practical applications in solar cells, rechargeable battery electrodes, and water-splitting devices.
National Science Foundation, Skoltech-MIT Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
atantillo@bnl.gov
631-344-2347
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Showing releases 401-425 out of 919.

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