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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 401-425 out of 919.

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Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
2017 AAAS Annual Meeting
Adaptable model recommends response strategies for Zika, other pandemics
A new biological-behavioral-operational computer model could help policy makers choose the best intervention strategies to rapidly contain an infectious disease outbreak. The model is based on the dynamics of disease transmission across different environments and social settings, and provides critical information about how to mitigate infection, monitor risk and trace disease during a pandemic.
National Science Foundation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Designing new materials from 'small' data
A Northwestern and Los Alamos team developed a novel workflow combining machine learning and density functional theory calculations to create design guidelines for new materials that exhibit useful electronic properties, such as ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
'Lossless' metamaterial could boost efficiency of lasers and other light-based devices
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a material that could reduce signal losses in photonic devices. The advance has the potential to boost the efficiency of various light-based technologies including fiber optic communication systems, lasers and photovoltaics.
Office of Naval Research Multidisciplinary Research Initiative, National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation Center for Integrated Access Networks, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Cymer Corporation

Contact: Liezel Labios
llabios@ucsd.edu
858-246-1124
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
Nature Ecology & Evolution
One-of-a-kind? Or not. USU geneticist studies formation of new species
Using stick insects of the Timema genus, a multi-institution research team combined field experiments with genomics, including sequencing of more than 1,000 genomes, to study speciation.
National Science Foundation, Utah State University

Contact: Zach Gompert
zach.gompert@usu.edu
435-797-9463
Utah State University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
2017 AAAS Annual Meeting
Science Advances
Contact tracing, with indoor spraying, can curb dengue outbreak
This novel approach for the surveillance and control of dengue fever -- spread by the same mosquito species that infects people with the Zika virus -- was between 86 and 96 percent effective during one outbreak.
National Science Foundation, Emory Global Health Institute, Marcus Foundation, National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Glowing mice suggest new gene therapy technique
A collaboration between chemists and gene therapy experts produced a new way of inserting the code for modified proteins into the cells of mice. If successful in humans, the technique could be useful for vaccines or cancer therapies.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Chambers Family Foundation for Excellence in Pediatric Research, Child Health Research Institute

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
RIT selected to receive National Science Foundation I-Corps grant
Rochester Institute of Technology is among eight National Science Foundation Innovation Corps (I-Corps™) sites across the country selected to each receive $30,000 grants to increase participation and promote inclusion of underrepresented populations in the National Innovation Network.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Vienna McGrain
vnccom@rit.edu
585-475-4952
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
Is your big data messy? We're making an app for that
Vizier, software under development by a University at Buffalo-led research team, aims to proactively catch big data errors. The project, backed by a $2.7 million National Science Foundation grant, launched in January. Like Excel, Vizier will allow users to explore, clean, curate and visualize data in meaningful ways, as well as spot errors and offer solutions. But unlike spreadsheet software, Vizier is intended for much larger datasets; i.e., millions or billions of data points.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) flagship conference International Conference
Real-time MRI analysis powered by supercomputers
Researchers from the Texas Advanced Computing Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center and Philips Healthcare have developed a new, automated platform capable of returning in-depth analyses of MRI scans in a matter of minutes, rather than hours or days. The system has the potential to minimize patient callbacks, save millions annually, and advance precision medicine.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Four-stroke engine cycle produces hydrogen from methane and captures CO2
When is an internal combustion engine not an internal combustion engine? When it's been transformed into a modular reforming reactor that could make hydrogen available to power fuel cells wherever there's a natural gas supply available.
National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
2017 AAAS Annual Meeting
Iowa State engineer addresses need for scientists, engineers to engage the public
An Iowa State University engineer says scientists and engineers need to communicate the impacts of their work to the public and need to find ways to advance societal goals such as developing a stronger workforce in technical fields. The engineer will present his ideas during a seminar at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sriram Sundararajan
srirams@iastate.edu
515-294-1050
Iowa State University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Applied Physics Letters
New method uses heat flow to levitate variety of objects
Third-year Frankie Fung and fourth-year Mykhaylo Usatyuk led a team of UChicago researchers who demonstrated how to levitate a variety of objects -- ceramic and polyethylene spheres, glass bubbles, ice particles, lint strands and thistle seeds -- between a warm plate and a cold plate in a vacuum chamber.
National Science Foundation, Grainger Foundation and Enrico Fermi Institute

Contact: Greg Borzo
gregborzo@uchicago.edu
University of Chicago

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Oceanography
UD scientists report ocean data from under Greenland's Petermann Glacier
Based on data from the first UD ocean sensors deployed under Greenland's Petermann Glacier, UD researchers report that the floating ice shelf is strongly coupled, or tied, to the ocean below and to the adjacent Nares Strait. Warming temperatures recorded at the deepest ocean sensors match data from Nares Strait, which connects the Arctic and Atlantic oceans.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
'The blob' of abnormal conditions boosted Western US ozone levels
Ozone levels in June 2015 were significantly higher than normal over a large swath of the Western US. Analysis ties this air quality pattern to the abnormal conditions in the northeast Pacific Ocean, nicknamed 'the blob.'
National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Nature
How an Ice Age paradox could inform sea level rise predictions
New findings from the University of Michigan explain an Ice Age paradox and add to the mounting evidence that climate change could bring higher seas than most models predict.
National Science Foundation, National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Science Advances
Old rocks, biased data: Overcoming challenges studying the geodynamo
Bias introduced through analyzing the magnetism of old rocks may not be giving geophysicists an accurate idea of how Earth's magnetic dynamo has functioned. A team led by Michigan Technological University shows there is a way to improve the methodology to get a better understanding of the planet's geodynamo.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Biology Open
Flat-footed fighters
Walking on our heels, a feature that separates great apes, including humans, from other primates, confers advantages in fighting, according to a new University of Utah study published today in Biology Open. Although moving from the balls of the feet is important for quickness, standing with heels planted allows more swinging force, according to study lead author and biologist David Carrier, suggesting that aggression may have played a part in shaping our stance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
High-res biomolecule imaging
Tiny defects in diamonds known as nitrogen vacancy defects could lead to high-resolution images of the structure of biological molecules, according to a new study by MIT researchers.
National Science Foundation and US Army Research Office

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Tumor-targeting system uses cancer's own mechanisms to betray its location
By hijacking a cancer cell's own metabolism, researchers have found a way to tag and target elusive cancers with small-molecule sugars. This opens treatment pathways for cancers that are not responsive to conventional targeted antibodies, such as triple-negative breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Finding fault: USU geologist probes earthquake history of Utah's Wasatch Fault
Utah State University geologist Alexis Ault is exploring processes that cause earthquakes in Utah's Wasatch Fault down to the nano-scale.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alexis Ault
alexis.ault@usu.edu
757-784-6452
Utah State University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
USU chemist seeks 'game-changer' in electrochemical water catalysis
Utah State University chemist Yujie Sun is exploring a new oxidative process that would produce value-added organic products in the liquid phase, while simultaneously providing electrons for the production of hydrogen, which would be released in the gas phase.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Yujie Sun
yujie.sun@usu.edu
435-797-7608
Utah State University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
USU scientist explores 'big picture' of hydrologic modeling for water resources management
Using water resources systems analysis and physical geography, Utah State University researcher Sarah Null is developing mathematical models to explore processes and interactions of both built and natural water systems.
National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award

Contact: Sarah Null
sarah.null@usu.edu
435-797-1338
Utah State University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Beach bashing
Last year's El Niño resulted in unprecedented erosion of the Pacific coastline, according to research by marine scientist David Hubbard.
US Army Corps of Engineers, California Department of Parks and Recreation, California Division of Boating and Waterways, US Geological Survey, Northwest Association of Networked Ocean Observing Systems, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
New delta Scuti: Rare pulsating star 7,000 light years away is 1 of only 7 in Milky Way
The newest delta Scuti (SKOO-tee) star in our night sky is so rare it's only one of seven identified by astronomers in the Milky Way. Discovered at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, the star -- like our sun -- is in the throes of stellar evolution, to conclude as a dying ember in millions of years. Until then, the exceptional star pulsates brightly, expanding and contracting from heating and cooling of hydrogen burning at its core.
Texas Space Grant Consortium, NASA, SMU Dedman College, DOE/National Science Foundation QuarkNet

Contact: Margaret Allen
mallen@smu.edu
214-768-7664
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
A better way to swallow
To develop an improved screening method for dysphagia using high-resolution vibration and sound recordings, the National Science Foundation awarded a five-year, $549,139 CAREER Award to Ervin Sejdic at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering.
National Science Foundation Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Showing releases 401-425 out of 919.

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