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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 401-425 out of 1104.

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Public Release: 18-Aug-2017
Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure
Can Twitter aid disaster response? New IST research examines how
With over 500 million tweets sent every single day, new research from the Penn State College of Information Sciences and Technology (IST) is investigating innovative ways to use that data to help communities respond during unexpected catastrophes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Erin Cassidy Hendrick
Penn State

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
48th Meeting of Solar Physics Division of American Astronomical Society
Spoiler alert: Computer simulations provide preview of upcoming eclipse
A research team from Predictive Science Inc. (PSI) used the Stampede2 supercomputer at The University of Texas at Austin's Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) to forecast the corona of the sun during the upcoming eclipse. The findings shed light on what the eclipse of the sun might look like Aug. 21 when it will be visible across much of the US, tracing a 70-mile-wide band across 14 states.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
SLU biologist receives $480,000 to study singing insects' serenades
Saint Louis University scientist Kasey Fowler-Finn, Ph.D., and her research team will study treehoppers to learn how changing temperatures, like those caused by global warming, affect singing insects' ability to recognize the songs of potential mates.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
Nature Microbiology
New gene catalog of ocean microbiome reveals surprises
In a recent report published in Nature Microbiology, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM) oceanography professor Ed DeLong and his team report the largest single-site microbiome gene catalog constructed to date. With this new information, the team discovered nutrient limitation is a central driver in the evolution of ocean microbe genomes.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Simons Foundation

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
European Software Engineering Conference (ESEC/FSE 2017)
UMass Amherst computer scientists offer new techniques to measure social bias in software
Brun says, "Unchecked, biases in data and software run the risk of perpetuating biases in society. For example, prior work has demonstrated that racial bias exists in online advertising delivery systems, where online searches for traditionally-minority names were more likely to yield ads related to arrest records. Such software behavior can contribute to racial stereotypes and other grave societal consequences."
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form
What makes quasicrystals so interesting? Their unusual structure. A Cornell lab has joined scientists pursuing this relatively new area of study.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation, Cornell Center for Materials Research, Weill Institute, Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
Psychological Science
Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decision-making
If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn't your native tongue? Psychologists at the University of Chicago know communicating in a foreign language matters. In a new study, they take a major step toward understanding why.
John Templeton Foundation, National Science Foundation, Spanish Government, Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Catalan Government, European Research Council and University of Chicago

Contact: Mark Peters
University of Chicago

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
Computer approaches human skill for first time in mapping brain
A WSU research team for the first time has developed a computer algorithm that is nearly as accurate as people are at mapping brain neural networks -- a breakthrough that could speed up the image analysis that researchers use to understand brain circuitry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Shuiwang Ji
Washington State University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2017
Discovery could lead to new catalyst design to reduce nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust
Researchers have discovered a new reaction mechanism that could be used to improve catalyst designs for pollution control systems to further reduce emissions of smog-causing nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust.
National Science Foundation, Cummins Inc.

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Journal of Materials Chemistry C
Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced 'wonder' material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind, the research group of SungWoo Nam, assistant professor of mechanical science and engineering at Illinois, has developed a cleaner and more environmentally friendly method to isolate graphene using carbon dioxide (CO2) in the form of carbonic acid as the electrolyte solution.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office for Scientific Research, NASA's Space Technology Research Grant Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: SungWoo Nam
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
ACS Central Science
Spray-on electric rainbows: Making safer electrochromic inks
A flick of a switch, and electrochromic films change their colors. Now they can be applied more safely and more commonly thanks to an innovative chemical process that makes them water soluble. They can be sprayed and printed, instead of being confined behind safety implements to handle volatile solvents and their toxic fumes.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Energy & Environmental Science
Researchers clarify mystery about proposed battery material
A compound called lithium iodide (LiI) has been considered a leading material for lithium-air batteries, which could deliver more energy per pound compared to today's leading batteries. A new MIT study helps explain previous, conflicting findings about the material's usefulness for this task.
Toyota Motor Europe, Skoltech Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Ubicomp 2017
Computer scientists use music to covertly track body movements, activity
Researchers at the University of Washington have demonstrated how it is possible to transform a smart device into a surveillance tool that can collect information about the body position and movements of the user, as well as other people in the device's immediate vicinity.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Google Faculty Award

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Molecular Ecology
Modern genetic sequencing tools give clearer picture of how corals are related
As corals face threats from ocean warming, a new study uses the latest genetic-sequencing tools to help unravel the relationships between three similar-looking corals.
Hall Conservation Genetics Research Award, ARCS Foundation Seattle Chapter, John E. Halver Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Remote Sensing of Environment
Harnessing rich satellite data to estimate crop yield
Without advanced sensing technology, humans see only a small portion of the entire electromagnetic spectrum. Satellites see the full range -- from high-energy gamma rays, to visible, infrared, and low-energy microwaves. The images and data they collect can be used to solve complex problems. For example, satellite data is being harnessed by researchers at the University of Illinois for a more complete picture of cropland and to estimate crop yield in the US Corn Belt.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Stanford University, University of Illinois

Contact: Debra Levey Larson
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Advanced Materials
Harvard researchers develop tough, self-healing rubber
Imagine a tire that could heal after being punctured or a rubber band that never snapped. Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new type of rubber that is as tough as natural rubber but can also self-heal.
National Science Foundation, Harvard Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) and the National Institute of Health/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Saint Louis University chemist asks 'could life begin in oil?'
A $597,380 grant from the National Science Foundation will fund SLU scientist Paul Bracher, Ph.D., and his research team as they study what life might look like on other planets -- or, here on Earth -- if it began in oil.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Follow the Bitcoin to find victims of human trafficking
A team of university researchers has devised the first automated techniques to identify ads potentially tied to human trafficking rings and link them to public information from Bitcoin -- the primary payment method for online sex ads. They found they could identify groups of ads with a common author. They then tested an automated system that utilizes publicly available information from the Bitcoin mempool and blockchain to find connections between ads.
Amazon Web Services Cloud Credits for Research, Giant Oak, Google, National Science Foundation, US Department of Education

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
26th USENIX Security Symposium
Print no evil: Three-layer technique helps secure additive manufacturing
Researchers have developed a three-layer system to verify that components produced using additive manufacturing have not been compromised by malicious activity or quality issues.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
26th USENIX Security Symposium
Defeating cyberattacks on 3-D printers
With cyberattacks on 3-D printers likely to threaten health and safety, researchers at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Georgia Institute of Technology have developed novel methods to combat them, according to a groundbreaking study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
UTA researcher developing airborne network computing platform for UAVs
Yan Wan, an associate professor in UTA's Department of Electrical Engineering, is the team lead on a three-year, $998,803 grant from the National Science Foundation that will develop a networked airborne computing platform for multiple unmanned aerial systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
UMass Amherst Biogeographer leads study on wildfire risk related to invasive grasses
Bradley says, "This study builds on our work with cheatgrass, which strongly increases risk of wildfire. But, ecologists and managers have reported suspected links between invasive grasses and fire for at least 30 additional species in the continental US Our analysis will test whether we can see similar increases in fire associated with these other invasive grass species."
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Cosmic magnifying lens reveals inner jets of black holes
Jet material ejected from a black hole is magnified in new observations from Caltech's Owens Valley Radio Observatory.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Whitney Clavin
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Applied Developmental Science
Child's home learning environment predicts 5th grade academic skills
Children whose parents provide them with learning materials like books and toys and engage them in learning activities and meaningful conversations in infancy and toddlerhood are likely to develop early cognitive skills that can cascade into later academic success, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Administration for Children and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Environmental Science and Technology
Climate change projected to significantly increase harmful algal blooms in US freshwaters
Harmful algal blooms known to pose risks to human and environmental health in large freshwater reservoirs and lakes are projected to increase because of climate change, according to a team of researchers led by a Tufts University scientist.
US EPA, US National Science Foundation, US Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Kalimah Knight
Tufts University

Showing releases 401-425 out of 1104.

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