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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 426-450 out of 1114.

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Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Advanced Materials
Harvard researchers develop tough, self-healing rubber
Imagine a tire that could heal after being punctured or a rubber band that never snapped. Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new type of rubber that is as tough as natural rubber but can also self-heal.
National Science Foundation, Harvard Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) and the National Institute of Health/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
Saint Louis University chemist asks 'could life begin in oil?'
A $597,380 grant from the National Science Foundation will fund SLU scientist Paul Bracher, Ph.D., and his research team as they study what life might look like on other planets -- or, here on Earth -- if it began in oil.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Follow the Bitcoin to find victims of human trafficking
A team of university researchers has devised the first automated techniques to identify ads potentially tied to human trafficking rings and link them to public information from Bitcoin -- the primary payment method for online sex ads. They found they could identify groups of ads with a common author. They then tested an automated system that utilizes publicly available information from the Bitcoin mempool and blockchain to find connections between ads.
Amazon Web Services Cloud Credits for Research, Giant Oak, Google, National Science Foundation, US Department of Education

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
26th USENIX Security Symposium
Print no evil: Three-layer technique helps secure additive manufacturing
Researchers have developed a three-layer system to verify that components produced using additive manufacturing have not been compromised by malicious activity or quality issues.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Aug-2017
26th USENIX Security Symposium
Defeating cyberattacks on 3-D printers
With cyberattacks on 3-D printers likely to threaten health and safety, researchers at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Georgia Institute of Technology have developed novel methods to combat them, according to a groundbreaking study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
UTA researcher developing airborne network computing platform for UAVs
Yan Wan, an associate professor in UTA's Department of Electrical Engineering, is the team lead on a three-year, $998,803 grant from the National Science Foundation that will develop a networked airborne computing platform for multiple unmanned aerial systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
UMass Amherst Biogeographer leads study on wildfire risk related to invasive grasses
Bradley says, "This study builds on our work with cheatgrass, which strongly increases risk of wildfire. But, ecologists and managers have reported suspected links between invasive grasses and fire for at least 30 additional species in the continental US Our analysis will test whether we can see similar increases in fire associated with these other invasive grass species."
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Cosmic magnifying lens reveals inner jets of black holes
Jet material ejected from a black hole is magnified in new observations from Caltech's Owens Valley Radio Observatory.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Whitney Clavin
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Applied Developmental Science
Child's home learning environment predicts 5th grade academic skills
Children whose parents provide them with learning materials like books and toys and engage them in learning activities and meaningful conversations in infancy and toddlerhood are likely to develop early cognitive skills that can cascade into later academic success, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Administration for Children and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Environmental Science and Technology
Climate change projected to significantly increase harmful algal blooms in US freshwaters
Harmful algal blooms known to pose risks to human and environmental health in large freshwater reservoirs and lakes are projected to increase because of climate change, according to a team of researchers led by a Tufts University scientist.
US EPA, US National Science Foundation, US Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Kalimah Knight
Tufts University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
High-quality online video with less rebuffering
In experiments, Pensieve could stream video with 10 to 30 percent less rebuffering than other approaches, and at levels that users rated 10 to 25 percent higher on key 'quality of experience' metrics.
National Science Foundation, Qualcomm

Contact: Adam Conner-Simons
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, CSAIL

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Lab on a Chip
Look ma, no hands: Researchers use vacuum for hands-free patterning of liquid metal
North Carolina State University engineers have utilized vacuum to create a more efficient, hands-free method for filling complex microchannels with liquid metal.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Russian scientists deny climate model of IPCC
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University revealed new data on accelerating permafrost degradation in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf, which really threatens by huge emissions of bubble methane into the atmosphere and breaks the climate model of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Study findings were published in Nature Communications.
Russian Scientific Foundation, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Government, National Science Foundation, NOAA Climate Program, Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Swedish Research Council

Contact: Igor Semiletov
Tomsk Polytechnic University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Deep-UV probing method detects electron transfer in photovoltaics
EPFL scientists have developed a new method to efficiently measure electron transfer in dye-sensitized transition-metal oxide photovoltaics.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
New genomic insights reveal a surprising two-way journey for apple on the Silk Road
New research out of Boyce Thompson Institute reveals surprising insights into the genetic exchange along the Silk Road that brought us the modern apple.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest of China, National Science Foundation

Contact: Alexa Schmitz
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Scientific Reports
Skewing the aim of targeted cancer therapies
The aim of targeted gene-based cancer therapies could often be skewed from the start. A widespread concept about how cells produce proteins proved incorrect 62 percent of the time in a new study in ovarian cancer cells on the relationship between RNA and protein levels.
Ovarian Cancer Institute, Deborah Nash Endowment Fund, Northside Hospital Atlanta, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Aug-2017
Scientific Reports
Artificial blood vessels mimic rare accelerated aging disease
Biomedical engineers have grown miniature human blood vessels using stem cells taken from patients with an extremely rare genetic disease called progeria that causes symptoms resembling accelerated aging in children. The blood vessels exhibit many of the symptoms and drug reactions associated with progeria and will help doctors and researchers screen potential therapeutics for the disease, and other rare diseases, more rapidly.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Progeria Research Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
How head-on collisions of DNA protein machines stop replication
Head-on collisions between the protein machines that crawl along chromosomes can disrupt DNA replication and boost gene mutation rates. This may be one of the ways bacteria control their evolution by accelerating mutations in key genes when coping with new conditions. Some mutations may help bacteria survive hostile environments, resist antibiotics or fend off immune attacks
National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Health New Innovator Award, National Science Foundation, Pew Scholars Program in the Biomedical Sciences

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Get them while they're young: Astronomers catch exploding supernova early
Thanks to a global network of telescopes, astronomers have caught the fleeting explosion of a Type Ia supernova in unprecedented detail. Because this type of supernova is commonly used as a cosmic yardstick, a better understanding of how they form could have implications for future dark energy measurements.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
UCI logs second-highest research funding total in fiscal 2016-17
University of California, Irvine researchers received more than $378 million in grants and contract funding for fiscal 2016-17, the second-highest total in campus history.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation, California Energy Commission, Academy of Korean Studies, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
ACS Nano
2-faced 2-D material is a first at Rice
Rice University materials scientists replace all the atoms on top of a three-layer, two-dimensional crystal to make a transition-metal dichalcogenide with sulfur, molybdenum and selenium. The new material has unique electronic properties that may make it a suitable catalyst.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Welch Foundation, Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
New plate adds plot twist to ancient tectonic tale
Misfit plates in the Pacific led Rice University scientists to the discovery of a microplate between the Galapagos Islands and the South American coast.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Williams
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
Nature Methods
Now showing: Researchers create first 3-D movie of virus in action
Imaging the movement of a virus demonstrates that single-particle X- ray scattering has the potential to shed new light on key molecular processes when paired with powerful new algorithms.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Otto
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
American Sociological Association annual conference
Smartphone tracking shows fear affects where youth spend time
Youth spend less time in their neighborhoods if area residents have a high fear of crime, according to a new study that used smartphones to track kids' whereabouts. Researchers found that adolescents aged 11 to 17 spent over an hour less each day on average in their neighborhoods if residents there were very fearful, compared to kids from areas perceived as being safer.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Science Foundation, W.T. Grant Foundation, Ohio State Institute for Population Research

Contact: Jeff Grabmeier
Ohio State University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2017
Science Advances
New ultrathin semiconductor materials exceed some of silicon's 'secret' powers
Chip makers appreciate what most consumers never knew: silicon's virtues include the fact that it 'rusts' in a way that insulates its tiny circuitry. Two new ultrathin materials share that trait and outdo silicon in other ways that make them promising materials for electronics of the future.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Stanford Initiative for Novel Materials and Processes, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Tom Abate
Stanford University

Showing releases 426-450 out of 1114.

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