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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 451-475 out of 1139.

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Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Nano Letters
Test strips for cancer detection get upgraded with nanoparticle bling
Detecting cancer could be as easy as a home pregnancy test. Current test strip designs are not sensitive enough, but a new design with platinum-coated gold nanoparticles could make cheap and simple test strip detection a reality.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
South Africa's long-legged bees adapted to pollinate snapdragon flowers
New research shows that, in an extraordinary case of adaptation, the disproportionately long front legs of South Africa's oil-collecting Rediviva bee species have evolved in response to the equally long oil-producing spurs of snapdragons.
South Africa's National Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Pauw
apauw@sun.ac.za
027-021-808-3314
Stellenbosch University

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
National Science Review
Localized orbital scaling correction functional ushering DFT to a new level of accuracy
Delocalization error is one of the dominant errors that impair density functional approximations, and responsible for the errors in energy level alignment, charge transfer and band gap predictions. Eliminating delocalization error has been the most challenging open problem. Recently, researchers based in US and China have developed a localized orbital scaling correction framework that systematically eliminates delocalization error. Their non-traditional approach also broadens the way in developing density functional approximations for the new generation.
National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of China, Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fundamental Research Funds for Chinese Central Universities, and others

Contact: Weitao Yang
weitao.yang@duke.edu
Science China Press

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
Privacy streams helps developers create privacy friendly apps
A smartphone app that accesses sensitive information about the user might raise red flags regarding privacy. But the app may not need the details that users find most troublesome. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon and Peking universities have addressed this dilemma by creating a service, PrivacyStreams, that enables app developers to access the data they need for functionality while assuring users that private information isn't being misused
National Key Research and Development Program, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation, China Scholarship Council, Google

Contact: Byron Spice
byron_spice@yahoo.com
412-835-8587
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Science Translational Medicine
Double agents: Vessels that help cancers spread can also boost immunotherapy
Scientists from Switzerland and the US have shown that lymphatic vessels can enable both metastasis and T-cell invasion, opening new paths for cancer immunotherapy.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss TransMed, European Research Council, Fonds Pierre-François Vittone

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
NSF grant to fund development of a 'bionic suit' to help people with paraplegia walk
The Keck School of Medicine of USC is one of three institutions to share a highly competitive $8 million Cyber-Physical Systems Frontier grant to develop a brain-computer interface to restore walking and lower extremity sensation in people with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Meg Aldrich
meg.aldrich@med.usc.edu
323-442-3941
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Nature
Berkeley Lab scientists map key DNA protein complex at near-atomic resolution
Using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), Berkeley Lab researchers have obtained 3-D models of a human transcription factor at near-atomic resolutions. The protein complex is critical to gene expression and DNA repair, and could aid research in targeted drug development.
US Department of Energy, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@lbl.gov
510-486-4575
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Nature
UChicago scientists create alternate evolutionary histories in a test tube
Scientists at the University of Chicago studied a massive set of genetic variants of an ancient protein, discovering a myriad of other ways that evolution could have turned out and revealing a central role for chance in evolutionary history.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Science Translational Medicine
Double agents: Vessels that help cancers spread can also boost immune therapies
Lymphatic vessels, often blamed for enabling cancer cells to spread from a primary location to many other sites, have a flip side. A team of researchers found that in patients being treated with checkpoint inhibitors, lymphangiogenesis boosts the immune system's primary anti-cancer tool, T cells, enabling them to infiltrate tumors and kill cancer cells.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, SwissTransMed, Fonds Pierre-François Vittone

Contact: John Easton
john.easton@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5225
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
SLU engineering students to build full-scale projects in new lab
Civil engineering students at Saint Louis University soon will be able to design and test steel beams and concrete frames at full-scale, thanks to a recent National Science Foundation (NSF) grant.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
bebermcl@slu.edu
314-977-8015
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Forest Ecology and Management
Forest regeneration experiment of 30 years yields results
A spruce forest regeneration experiment in Interior Alaska that spanned nearly 30 years demonstrates which forest management practices produce the best results. It looked at different combinations of ground treatments to reduce competition from other vegetation and of regeneration methods, such as planting spruce seedlings and broadcast seeding. The results show the environmental and management situations in which different techniques work best and the situations in which they are unnecessary. Results support the state's current reforestation practices.
Alaska Department of Natural Resources Boreal Alaska-Learning Adaptation and Production, USDA-NIFA McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Glenn Juday
gpjuday@alaska.edu
907-474-6717
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
NSF-funded center at Purdue could help power US for next century
The National Science Foundation has chosen Purdue University to lead an engineering research center, which will develop new technologies to produce fuels from US shale-gas deposits that could inject $20 billion annually into the economy.
National Science Foundation Engineering Research Center grant

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
To Improve smartphone privacy, control access to third-party libraries
Smartphone apps that share users' personal Information often do so through services called third-party libraries, suggesting a new strategy for protecting privacy. Carnegie Mellon University researchers say controlling access to these third-party libraries, which help app developers make money by targeting people with ads or compiling marketing profiles, promises to be an effective way of limiting the unwanted release of personal information.
Air Force Research Laboratory, National Science Foundation, Google

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Bionic heart tissue: U-M part of $20 million center
The University of Michigan is partnering on an ambitious $20 million project to grow new heart tissue for cardiac patients.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
kmca@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
eLife
Tomatoes' crystal ball reveals evolutionary secrets
For this study, Rob Last focused on a single type of molecule in trichomes - acylsugars. The secrets Last and a team of MSU scientists found from studying these specialized metabolites open an evolutionary window for the emerging field of plant defense metabolism, insights that could lead to engineering advances for better pest resistance and human medicine.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, United States Department of Agriculture

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
BU receives NSF grant to enhance STEM opportunities for underrepresented populations
Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has received a two-year, $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation ((NSF) for its pilot project BEST BET: Broadening Experiences in Scientific Training - Beginning Enhancement Track.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
ginad@bu.edu
617-638-8480
Boston University School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Psychological Science
Eye movements reveal temporal expectation deficits in ADHD
A technique that measures tiny movements of the eyes may help scientists better understand and perhaps eventually improve assessment of ADHD, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Binational United States-Israel National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Engineering Research Center will help expand use of therapies based on living cells
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded nearly $20 million to a consortium of universities to support a new engineering research center (ERC) that will work closely with industry and clinical partners to develop transformative tools and technologies for the consistent, scalable and low-cost production of high-quality living therapeutic cells.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics
Study of circular DNA comes full circle with use of old technique
A 50-year-old lab technique is helping researchers better understand circular DNA, a lesser-known and poorly understood cousin of the linear version commonly associated with life's genetic blueprint. With the aid of a process called density gradient centrifugation, a research team recently published a study that for the first time characterizes all of the circular DNA in the worm C. elegans, as well as in three human cell types. 
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-2155
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Ethnic diversity in schools may be good for students' grades, a UC Davis study suggests
The findings suggest that schools might look for ways to provide cross-ethnic interaction among students to take advantage of ethnic diversity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Nikos-Rose
kmnikos@ucdavis.edu
530-752-6101
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Journal of Human Evolution
Why your ancestors would have aced the long jump
A 52-million-year-old ankle fossil suggests our prehuman ancestors were high-flying acrobats. For years, scientists thought the ancestors of today's humans, monkeys, lemurs and apes were relatively slow and deliberate animals, using their grasping hands and feet to creep along small twigs and branches. But a new study suggests the first primates were masters at leaping through the trees.
Duke University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Nature Geoscience
Earthquake triggers 'slow motion' quakes in New Zealand
Slow slip events, a type of slow motion earthquake that occurs over days to weeks, are thought to be capable of triggering larger, potentially damaging earthquakes. In a new study led by The University of Texas at Austin, scientists have documented the first clear-cut instance of the reverse--a massive earthquake immediately triggering a series of large slow slip events.
GNS Science, the Marsden Fund of the Royal Society of New Zealand, and the NZ Ministry for Business, Innovation, and Employment, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
OPEC added billions to cost of oil production, new research says
OPEC's effects on the world economy extend far beyond the prices consumers see at the pump, says new research from Duke University. By limiting production, the oil industry cartel drove oil production in new, expensive directions, driving up the cost of crude oil production by some $160 billion, and helping transform the oil industry. The finds are based on 34 years of data from 13,248 oil fields worldwide.
Princeton University's Industrial Organization Group, National Science Foundation, FWO Odysseus Grant

Contact: Alison Jones
Alison.jones@duke.edu
919-681-8052
Duke University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Science
First on-chip nanoscale optical quantum memory developed
Engineers at Caltech have built a chip capable of storing and retrieving individual photons of light, with all of their quantum properties left intact. The chip represents the first nanoscale optical quantum memory device, and could one day be used to create more secure Internet communications.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Robert Perkins
rperkins@caltech.edu
626-395-1862
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Computational Optimization and Applications
Congressional redistricting less contentious when resolved using computer algorithm
Concerns that the process of US congressional redistricting may be politically biased have fueled many debates, but a team of University of Illinois computer scientists and engineers has developed a new computer algorithm that may make the task easier for state legislatures and fairer for their constituents.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Lois E Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Showing releases 451-475 out of 1139.

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