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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 451-475 out of 949.

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Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
PLOS Pathogens
Unique protein partly to blame for worm's digestive distress
A fusion protein unique to the Orsay virus that disrupts the digestive system of only one type of worm may be modified to treat infectious diseases, according to Rice University scientists.
The Robert A. Welch Foundation, Hamill Foundation, Kresge Science Initiative Endowment Fund at Rice, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Mizzou researchers receive $1 Million NSF career grant
Administrators at the University of Missouri announced today that two paleobiologists have received the National Science Foundation's Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award. John Huntley and Jim Schiffbauer, assistant professors of geological sciences in the MU College of Arts and Science, each will receive more than $500,000 over the next five years in support of early career development activities such as research and science and to integrate their studies into education programs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
SF State researchers create new tool that measures active learning in classrooms
A new tool developed by San Francisco State researchers that uses classroom sounds may solve the biggest outstanding question in undergraduate science education ? namely, what teaching methods are actually being used in college classrooms, and how can they be monitored?
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Kenny
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Evidence disproving tropical 'thermostat' theory
New research findings show that as the world warmed millions of years ago, conditions in the tropics may have made it so hot some organisms couldn't survive.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Peloza
Purdue University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
It's a bird, it's a plane, it's -- a key discovery about human memory
As Superman flies, people on the ground famously suppose they see a bird, then a plane, and then finally realize it's a superhero. But they haven't just spotted the Man of Steel -- they've experienced the ideal conditions to create a very strong memory of him.
National Science Foundation, Johns Hopkins University

Contact: Jill Rosen
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Frontiers in Psychology
Helping women progress in traditionally male dominated fields
Women are seriously under-represented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions, which are currently and historically male dominated. Researchers have developed recommendations to improve female progression in STEM courses.
University of Wisconsin-Madison Graduate School Alumni Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Cochrane

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Underwater mountains help ocean water rise from abyss
scientists from MIT, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and the University of Southampton in the UK have identified a mechanism by which waters may rise from the ocean's depths to its uppermost layers. Their results are published today in the journal Nature Communications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Smartphone interruptions: Are yours relentless and annoying?
Does your smartphone spew a relentless stream of text messages, push alerts, social media messages and other noisy notifications? Well, Rutgers experts have developed a novel model that can predict your receptiveness to smartphone interruptions. It incorporates personality traits and could lead to better ways to manage a blizzard of notifications and limit interruptions - if smartphone manufacturers get on board.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Nature Methods
Computational method makes gene expression analyses more accurate
A new computational method can improve the accuracy of gene expression analyses, which are increasingly used to diagnose and monitor cancers and are a major tool for basic biological research. Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, Stony Brook University and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute said their method is able to correct for the technical biases that are known to occur during RNA sequencing, the leading method for estimating gene expression.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
Applied Physics Letters
Group blazes path to efficient, eco-friendly deep-ultraviolet LED
A Cornell-led group has demonstrated the ability to produce deep-ultraviolet emission using an LED light source, potentially solving several problems related to quantum efficiency of current devices.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Tom Fleischman
Cornell University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
Professor Shiho Kawashima wins NSF Career Award
Professor Shiho Kawashima, assistant professor of civil engineering and engineering mechanics, has won a National Science Foundation CAREER Award to support her work developing concrete systems for use in 3-D printing, a technology that could revolutionize the construction and repair of infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
Advanced Materials Technologies
3-D printing with plants
Researchers at MIT have invented a 3-D printing process for cellulose, the world's most abundant polymer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Researchers remotely control sequence in which 2-D sheets fold into 3-D structures
Inspired by origami, researchers have found a way to remotely control the order in which a two-dimensional (2-D) sheet folds itself into a three-dimensional (3-D) structure. The folds are controlled by manipulating light.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
Science Advances
Novel 3-D manufacturing leads to highly complex, bio-like materials
Washington State University researchers have developed a unique, 3-D manufacturing method that for the first time rapidly creates and precisely controls a material's architecture from the nanoscale to centimeters -- with results that closely mimic the intricate architecture of natural materials like wood and bone.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rahul Panat
Washington State University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
Environmental Science & Technology
Brake dust may cause more problems than blackened wheel covers
Metals from brakes and other automotive systems are emitted into the air as fine particles, lingering over busy roadways. Now, researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have shown how that cloud of tiny metal particles could wreak havoc on respiratory health.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Josh Brown
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
Nanoengineers 3-D print biomimetic blood vessel networks
Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have 3-D printed a lifelike, functional blood vessel network that could pave the way toward artificial organs and regenerative therapies. The new research addresses one of the biggest challenges in tissue engineering: creating lifelike tissues and organs with functioning vasculature -- networks of blood vessels that can transport blood, nutrients, waste and other biological materials -- and do so safely when implanted inside the body.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
Taking earth's inner temperature
A new study led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) suggests the mantle--the mostly solid, rocky part of Earth's interior that lies between its super-heated core and its outer crustal layer -- may be hotter than previously believed. The new finding, published March 3 in the journal Science, could change how scientists think about many issues in Earth science including how ocean basins form.
National Science Foundation, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Deep Ocean Exploration Institute

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
Chemical Physical Letters
New path suggested for nuclear fusion
Scientists at Rice University, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Chile offer a glimpse into a possible new path toward the production of energy through nuclear fusion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
$2.35 million grant enables better prediction of infectious disease outbreaks
Researchers at Penn State have received $2.35 million from the National Science Foundation to study disease transmission among animals with a goal of better predicting outbreaks of infectious diseases within humans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
JILA team discovers many new twists in protein folding
Biophysicists at JILA have measured protein folding in more detail than ever before, revealing behavior that is surprisingly more complex than previously known. The results suggest that, until now, much about protein behavior has been hidden to science -- happening on faster timescales and with finer changes in structure than conventional methods could detect.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Contact: Laura Ost
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
New optical nanosensor improves brain mapping accuracy, opens way for more applications
A paper published in the current edition of the journal Neurophotonics describes a new nanosensor design that enables more accurate mapping of the brain and shows the way forward for future sensors and a broader range of applications. The journal is published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Nelson
SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Concurrent heat waves, air pollution exacerbate negative health effects of each
The combination of prolonged hot spells with poor air quality greatly compounds the negative effects of each and can pose a major risk to human health, according to new research from the University of California, Irvine.
NASA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Understanding and predicting snow behavior
Engineers from the University of Luxembourg are developing a computer model that can help solving typical snow-related engineering problems. The model could, for example, be used to anticipate avalanches, to determine the load on buildings caused by snow or calculate the traction of vehicles on snow-covered surfaces by predicting the behavior of snow.
Fond National de la Recherche Luxembourg, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Thomas Klein
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Game theory could improve cyberwarfare strategy
Whether a nation should retaliate against a cyber attack is a complicated decision, and a new framework guided by game theory could help policymakers determine the best strategy.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Santa Fe Institute

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
University of Michigan

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
14th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation
Singing posters and talking shirts: UW engineers turn objects into FM stations
A new technique pioneered by University of Washington engineers enables 'singing' posters and 'smart' clothing to send audio or data directly to your car's radio or your smartphone by piggybacking on ambient FM radio signals.
National Science Foundation, Google Faculty Research Awards

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Showing releases 451-475 out of 949.

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