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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 476-500 out of 892.

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Public Release: 15-Jul-2016
'Noah's Ark' ex silico
An international team of researchers is enlisting supercomputing to help better predict where plants and animals might end up under the effects of climate change. The project will model climate change-related shifts of species and ecosystems to suggest placement of protected areas for the future.
Global Environment Facility, National Science Foundation

Contact: Doug Carroll
University of Arizona

Public Release: 14-Jul-2016
RIT awarded a total of $1 million from NSF for gravitational-wave astronomy
RIT won more than $1 million in federal funding to study the dynamics of extreme black holes and to develop the Einstein Toolkit, making Einstein's equations user-friendly for scientists exploring the new field of gravitational wave astronomy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Jul-2016
Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society
Dark energy measured with record-breaking map of 1.2 million galaxies
A team of hundreds of physicists and astronomers, including those from Berkeley Lab, have announced results from the largest-ever, three-dimensional map of distant galaxies. The team constructed this map to make one of the most precise measurements yet of the dark energy currently driving the accelerated expansion of the Universe.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Jon R Weiner
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Jul-2016
'Green' electronic materials produced with synthetic biology
A new strain of bacteria that spins out extremely thin and highly conductive wires made up of solely of non-toxic, natural amino acids designed by microbiologist Derek Lovely and colleagues say the wires, which rival the thinnest wires known to man, avoid the harsh chemical processes typically used to produce nanoelectronic materials.
US Office of Naval Research, NSF/Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, UMass Amherst Center for Hierarchical Manufacturing

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 14-Jul-2016
Cell Stem Cell
Defining what it means to be a naive stem cell
Whitehead Institute scientists have created a checklist that defines the 'naive' state of cultured human embryonic stem cells. Such cells provide a better model of early human embryogenesis than conventional ESCs in later stages of development.
Simons Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 14-Jul-2016
Cell Stem Cell
Four steps for validating stem cells
Scientists at EPFL and in the US have developed a robust method for characterizing human embryonic stem cells and their potential for medical applications.
Simons Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Mary K. Chapman Foundation, Wellcome Trust, and others

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 14-Jul-2016
Cell Chemical Biology
Anticancer drug discovery: Structures of KDM5 histone demethylase inhibitors
When doctors hurl toxic death at cancer cells, often a few will survive and come back. A family of enzymes called KDM5 histone demethylases is emerging as important for this resilience, and drugs that inhibit KDM5 enzymes could be active in treating several types of cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, American Cancer Society, US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, Arthur and Sarah Merrill Foundation, Winship Cancer Institute

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
Journal of Arid Environments
To save water on lawns, throw some shade
How much water does your lawn really need? A University of Utah study re-evaluated lawn watering recommendations by measuring water use by lawns in Los Angeles. The standard model of turfgrass water needs, they found, lacked precision in some common urban southern California conditions, like the Santa Ana winds, or in the shade.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
New Journal of Physics
Tiny 'racetracks' show how bacteria get organized
A new study helps explain the collective dynamics that emerge when bacteria are confined to tight spaces.
European Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
NSF awards UTEP $1.9 million to prepare new generation in computer science
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Texas at El Paso $1.9 million to prepare more computer science professionals over the next five years. The funds will be used to address a 2012 report on undergraduate education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) from President Barack Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. The report cites 'uninspiring' introductory courses and an unwelcoming atmosphere from faculty as major factors contributing to attrition of STEM students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lauren Macias-Cervantes
The University of Texas at El Paso

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
Journal of Family Psychology
Millennials and marrying young: Like mother, like child
Daughters and sons of mothers who tied the knot young are more likely to want to marry early too, but only if Mom stayed married, new research has found. And millennials whose moms divorced tend to want to move more slowly, perhaps in the interest of avoiding the mistakes of their parents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Claire Kamp Dush
Ohio State University

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
British Journal of Nutrition
Food nudging can help us to eat in a healthier way
What we eat in the canteen and buy in the supermarket for dinner depends on the order in which the dishes are presented, and how easy it is to get to the products. This is the conclusion of a collaborative review of existing research into food 'nudging.' Until now there's been very little research on this topic, but researchers behind the review expect healthy food nudging to be a predominant subject in the coming years.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Foundation for Nutrition Research, IAPP-Marie Curie FP7/EU, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Federico J. A. Perez-Cueto
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
Greater privacy and security measures needed to protect patient info in mobile health tech
With over two-thirds of US adults owning a smartphone, and the rise in miniaturized sensors and low-power body area networks that are used for remote health monitoring, mobile health (mHealth) is beginning to experience a boom. While the technology has the potential to increase healthcare quality, expand access to services, reduce costs, and improve personal wellness and public health, such benefits may not be fully realized unless greater privacy and security measures are implemented, according to a new paper published in Computer.
National Science Foundation, Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Amy D. Olson
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
The Allied Genetics Conference
New insights on how cells regrow after being sliced in half
For a single celled organism, as with many cells, cell shape is critical to the functions it can perform. However, little is known about how cells regain proper shape after an injury. In a new study being presented at The Allied Genetics Conference in Orlando, Fla., researchers report new insights about the underlying drivers that help cells heal and maintain their shape.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Noble
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
The Allied Genetics Conference
Shedding new light on protein aggregates and the diseases they cause
Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Boston University have developed a system capable of quickly screening millions of yeast cells to measure protein aggregates. Proteins regulate all of the processes that keep cells alive, but when misfolded they can clump into large aggregations, a phenomenon associated with diseases including Alzheimer's, Huntington's and Parkinson's.
G. Harold and Leila Y. Mather's Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Noble
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 13-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
High-resolution imaging reveals the secrets of a bacterial toxin
Many bacteria use specialized toxins to attack and infect other cells. Scientists at EPFL and the University of Bern have now modeled a major such toxin with unprecedented resolution, uncovering the way it works step-by-step.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Climate Change
El Niño played a key role in Pacific marine heatwave, as did potentially climate change
The Northeast Pacific's largest marine heatwave on record was at least in part caused by El Niño climate patterns. And unusually warm water events in that ocean could potentially become more frequent with rising levels of greenhouse gases.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Josh Brown
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
DNA origami lights up a microscopic glowing Van Gogh
A technique that allows manmade DNA shapes to be placed wherever desired -- to within a margin of error of just 20 nanometers -- now removes a major hurdle for the large-scale integration of molecular devices on chips.
Army Research Office, Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Scientists move closer to developing therapeutic window to the brain
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside are bringing their idea for a 'Window to the Brain' transparent skull implant closer to reality through the findings of two studies that are forthcoming in the journals Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Disentangling the plant microbiome
With the human population expected to climb from 7.4 billion to more than 11 billion people by 2100, some scientists hope that manipulating the microbial communities in, on and around plants, the plant microbiome, could open up new ways to meet the growing demand for food. But breeding a better microbiome may be easier in some plant tissues and growing conditions than others, finds a study led by researchers at Duke University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, American Philosophical Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Rice wins interdisciplinary 'big data' grant
A National Science Foundation grant will support a research training group that combines the talents of Rice University statistics and computer science students to better handle 'big data' challenges.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Plant Physiology
LobeFinder technology quantifies changes in shape-shifting plant cells
Purdue University researchers have developed an algorithm that quantifies and analyzes shape changes in puzzle piece-shaped plant cells, providing insights into the small-scale processes that control leaf size and crop yield.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
IEEE Computer
Social exchange app might help turn collaboration into currency
A focus on symmetrical activities -- and smart technology -- may be critical to creating applications that allow people to negotiate transactions with their time, rather than their money, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Advancing self-driving car design, other shared human- and machine-controlled systems
University of Massachusetts Amherst computer science graduate students Kyle Wray and Luis Pineda, with their professor Shlomo Zilberstein, today described a new approach to managing the challenge of transferring control between a human and an autonomous system, in a paper they presented at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in New York City.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers develop novel microscope to study the underwater world
A new microscopic imaging system is revealing a never-before-seen view of the underwater world. Researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have designed and built a diver-operated underwater microscope to study millimeter-scale processes as they naturally occur on the seafloor.
The W.M. Keck Foundation, National Science Foundation, Link Foundation for Ocean Engineering, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 476-500 out of 892.

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