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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 476-500 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
University of Miami joins Global Cyberinfrastucture Network as a scientific partner
The University of Miami's Institute for Data Science and Computing (IDSC) has joined FABRIC, the advanced U.S. cyberinfrastructure network funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), as a scientific partner. A three-year research award to UM was included in a $3 million NSF grant that will expand FABRIC to four leading scientific institutions in Asia and Europe, and support international research that benefits from real-time sharing of large-scale datasets.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
PLOS Genetics
Genome sequencing shows climate barrier to spread of Africanized bees
Since the 1950s, "Africanized" honeybees have spread north and south across the Americas until apparently coming to a halt in California and northern Argentina. Now genome sequencing of hundreds of bees from the northern and southern limits shows a gradual decline in African ancestry across hundreds of miles, rather than an abrupt shift.
NIH, NSF, North American Pollinator Protection Campaign and Pollinator Partnership

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
Royal Society Proceedings A
Novel method for measuring spatial dependencies turns less data into more data
Researcher makes 'little data' act big through, the application of mathematical techniques normally used for time-series, to spatial processes. The study, 'An information-theoretic approach to study spatial dependencies in small datasets,' featured on the cover of Proceedings of the Royal Society.
National Science Foundation, Groups of Excellence of the Region of Murcia (Spain), Fundación Séneca, Science and Technology Agency

Contact: Karl Greenberg
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
At our cores, we're all strengthened by 'dumbbells'
Scientists at Rice's Center for Theoretical Biological Physics detail the structure of dumbbell-like sequences in DNA during interphase that suggest several unseen aspects of chromosome configuration and function.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study discovers potential target for treating aggressive cancer cells
New research by a team at Brown University finds that special filaments called vimentin may be key to the spread of some aggressive, chemo-resistant cancer cells.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maggie Spear
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
Journal of Chemical Physics
Hidden states of the COVID-19 spike protein
Computer modeling of the COVID-19 virus on supercomputers showed that the spike protein visits an intermediate state before it can dock to the receptor protein on the host cell membrane. This intermediate state can be useful for drug targeting to prevent the spike protein to initiate viral infection. The initial findings, which showed the existence of an intermediate semi-open state of the spike protein, was published in the Journal of Chemical Physics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron B. Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Cancer-linked enzyme mechanism newly characterized in study
A new study is the first to describe a biochemical mechanism that influences activity in a protein linked to cancer, aging, inflammatory responses and addiction-related behaviors.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, American Cancer Society

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2020
Advanced Materials
Innovation spins spider web architecture into 3D imaging technology
Purdue University innovators are taking cues from nature to develop 3D photodetectors for biomedical imaging. The Purdue researchers used some architectural features from spider webs to develop the technology.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Research Laboratory

Contact: Chris Adam
Purdue University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
New boost for high-brightness dyes research
National Science Foundation funding to high-brightness dye technology developed at Michigan Tech now tops $1.6 million.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelley Christensen
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Researchers to track how coastal storms impact groundwater quality
UMass Lowell researchers are working to determine how severe coastal storms contribute to water pollution in an effort funded by a $784,000 grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nancy Cicco
University of Massachusetts Lowell

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
GSA Bulletin
Lost and found: UH geologists 'resurrect' missing tectonic plate
A team of geologists at the University of Houston College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics believes they have found the lost plate known as Resurrection in northern Canada by using existing mantle tomography images.
National Science Foundation CAREER

Contact: Sara Tubbs
University of Houston

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microbial diversity below seafloor is as rich as on Earth's surface
For the first time, researchers have mapped the biological diversity of marine sediment, one of Earth's largest global biomes. The research team discovered that microbial diversity in the dark, energy-limited world beneath the seafloor is as diverse as in Earth's surface biomes.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Alfred Sloan Foundation's Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO), U.S. National Science Foundation, German Association for the Advancement of Research

Contact: Peter J Hanlon
University of Rhode Island

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Scientific Reports
Newly discovered gene may give 'sea pickles' their glow
A new study describes a bioluminescent gene that could be the reason that so-called 'sea pickles,' or pyrosomes, an underwater free-floating colony of thousands of tiny animals, reverberate in blue-green light. If confirmed, the finding would be the first bioluminescent gene identified from a chordate--the group that includes all vertebrates as well as a couple types of invertebrates: sea squirts (including pyrosomes) and lancelets.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US National Science Foundation, São Paulo Research Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Understanding the Triassic mass-extinction event 200 million years ago -- NSF grant
Ben Gill, a geoscientist within the Department of Geosciences in the Virginia Tech College of Science, prefers the volcano scenario. 'The volcanic eruptions hypothesis has by far the most support,' he said.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Mackay
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Neuropilin-1 drives SARS-CoV-2 infectivity, finds breakthrough study
In a major breakthrough an international team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has potentially identified what makes SARS-CoV-2 highly infectious and able to spread rapidly in human cells. The findings, published in Science today [20 October] describe how the virus's ability to infect human cells can be reduced by inhibitors that block a newly discovered interaction between virus and host, demonstrating a potential anti-viral treatment.
European Research Council, MRC, Wellcome Trust, Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, Elizabeth Blackwell Institute, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanne Fryer
University of Bristol

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Light: Science & Applications
Hidden-symmetry-enforced nexus points of nodal lines in layer-stacked dielectric photonic crystals
The paper reveals that Maxwell's equations can have hidden symmetries induced by the fractional periodicity of the material tensor components and paves the way to finding novel topological degeneracies unique in photonics. The idea is exemplified by an AB-layer-stacked dielectric photonic crystal, where the unique photonic band connectivity leads to a new kind of symmetry-enforced triply degenerate points with exotic spin-1 conical diffractions at the nexuses of two nodal rings and a Kramers-like nodal line
Natural National Science Foundation,mResearch Grants Council of Hong Kong, China

Contact: C. T. Chan
Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics And Physics, CAS

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Potential new micromanufacturing technique to make tinier circuits wins NSF funding
A Binghamton University research project recently won a three-year, $609,436 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to investigate a new method of producing microscopic circuits.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Brhel
Binghamton University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2020
Communications Biology
Declines in shellfish species on rocky seashores match climate-driven changes
Mussels, barnacles, and snails are declining in the Gulf of Maine, according to a new paper by biologists Peter Petraitis of the University of Pennsylvania and Steve Dudgeon of California State University, Northridge. Their 20-year dataset reveals that the populations' steady dwindling matches up with the effects of climate change on the region.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
Science Advances
How rain can move mountains
Scientists have long thought that rainfall has a dramatic effect on the evolution of mountainous landscapes, but the reasons for how and why have been elusive. This seemingly logical concept has never been quantitatively demonstrated until now, thanks to a new technique that captures precisely how even the mightiest of mountain ranges -- the Himalaya -- bends to the will of raindrops.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karin Valentine
Arizona State University

Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Astrophysics team lights the way for more accurate model of the universe
In a study first published Aug. 5 in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, University of Texas at Dallas scientists demonstrated the first use of a method called self-calibration to remove contamination from gravitational lensing signals. The results should lead to more accurate cosmological models of the universe.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
Nature Geoscience
Glimpse deep into Earth's crust finds heat source that may stabilize continents
Rocks from the Rio Grande continental rift have provided a rare snapshot of active geology deep inside Earth's crust, revealing new evidence for how continents remain stable over billions of years, according to a team of scientists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
Tiny beetles a bellwether of ecological disruption by climate change
New research shows that as species across the world adjust where they live in response to climate change, they will come into competition with other species that could hamper their ability to keep up with the pace of this change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelsey Simpkins
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
Cheaters don't always win: species that work together do better
The sign of a healthy personal relationship is one that is equally mutual - where you get out just as much as you put in. Nature has its own version of a healthy relationship. A team of researchers from Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences investigated these interactions, known as mutualisms, and why they are so critical for healthy environments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Bernardi
Syracuse University

Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
CBE--Life Sciences Education
Research network aims to improve learning outcomes for students underrepresented in STEM
A recent report lays out gaps in the biology education field and proposes leveraging an existing research coordination network called Equity and Diversity in Undergraduate STEM (EDU-STEM) to tackle them.
This work was supported by a RCN grant from the NSF (DBI-1919462)

Contact: University of Minnesota Public Relations
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
UTEP and partners awarded $1.5 million NSF grant to improve quality of life for senior citizens
A team of interdisciplinary researchers from The University of Texas at El Paso in collaboration with the City of El Paso and El Paso Community College recently was awarded nearly $1.5 million from the National Science Foundation to develop and sustain the social connectedness of seniors to improve their quality of life through technology, community engagement and social sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Victor H. Arreola
University of Texas at El Paso

Showing releases 476-500 out of 1140.

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