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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 476-500 out of 1047.

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Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
American Astronomical Society
Nature
New Jupiter-like world so hot it stretches definition of 'planet'
A newly discovered Jupiter-like world is so hot it's stretching the definition of the word 'planet.' In an article in this week's issue of Nature, an international research team describes a planet with some very unusual features. The article is titled 'A giant planet undergoing extreme ultraviolet irradiation by its hot massive-star host.'
National Science Foundation, NASA, Harvard Future Faculty Leaders Postdoctoral Fellowship, Fund for Astronomical Research, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Amy White
abw210@lehigh.edu
610-758-6656
Lehigh University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
37th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems
App uses smartphone compass to stop voice hacking
A University at Buffalo-led team of engineers is creating an app to stop voice hacking. The app uses existing smartphone components, including the magnetometer for the phone's compass, to detect when someone's voice is being broadcast on a speaker.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Grove Potter
mpotter3@buffalo.edu
716-645-2130
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
American Astronomical Society
Physical Review Letters
RIT study suggests dying stars give newborn black holes a swift kick
Rochester Institute of Technology researcher Richard O'Shaughnessy and collaborators reanalyzed the merging black holes detected by LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory) on Dec. 26, 2016, and drew new insights about what happens when massive stars die and transform into black holes.
National Science Foundation and NASA

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
230th Meeting of the Americal Astronomical Society
Nature
A planet hotter than most stars
A newly discovered Jupiter-like world is so hot that it's stretching the definition of the word 'planet.'
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
Nature Geoscience
Decomposing leaves are a surprising source of greenhouse gases
Michigan State University scientists have pinpointed a new source of nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas that's more potent than carbon dioxide. The culprit? Tiny bits of decomposing leaves in soil.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
Nature
Extreme exoplanet: Astronomers discover alien world hotter than most stars
An international team of astronomers has discovered a planet like Jupiter zipping around its host star every day and a half, boiling at temperatures hotter than most stars and sporting a giant, glowing gas tail like a comet.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Harvard, Fund for Astronomical Research, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
Nature Biomedical Engineering
Injectable solution may provide weeks of glucose control
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have created a biopolymer that can provide weeks of glucose control with a single injection. The new tool has the potential to replace daily or weekly insulin shots with bi-weekly or once-a-month treatments of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP1) for type 2 diabetes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michaela Kane
michaela.kane@duke.edu
919-660-5155
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2017
Psychonomic Bulletin and Review
Cell phone use and distracted driving begins in the mind
Even simple cell phone conversations can cause distracted driving. Researchers have found listening on the phone while driving creates a lag in the mind to extract itself from one object before fixing attention on another object. Results published in the journal Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.
National Science Foundation, Toyota Collaborative Safety Research Center

Contact: Richard Lewis
richard-c-lewis@uiowa.edu
319-384-0012
University of Iowa

Public Release: 2-Jun-2017
Science Advances
New ceramic nanofiber 'sponges' could be used for flexible insulation, water purification
Ceramic materials tend to shatter when deformed, but new research shows a way of using ultra-thin ceramic nanofibers to make squishy, heat-resistant sponges with a wide variety of potential uses.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Wayne State professors receive $500k from NSF to enhance computational research
A team of researchers from Wayne State University's College of Engineering recently received nearly $500,000 from the National Science Foundation for its research project, SSE: Development of a High-Performance Parallel Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo Simulation Engine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Energy Policy
What's powering your devices?
Americans, regardless of whether they're Democrats or Republicans, want to power their homes with renewable energy, according to a new study by Washington State University sociologists.
Washington State University Energy Systems Innovation Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Horne
chorne@wsu.edu
509-335-3912
Washington State University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Current Biology
Georgia State neuroscientists rewire brain of 1 species to have connectivity of another
Scientists at Georgia State University have rewired the neural circuit of one species and given it the connections of another species to test a hypothesis about the evolution of neural circuits and behavior.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Natasha De Veauuse Brown
ndeveauusebrown@gsu.edu
404-413-3602
Georgia State University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
International Journal of Paleopathology
Why was a teenager with bone cancer buried on Witch Hill in Panama?
Likely the first bone tumor from an ancient skeleton in Central America is reported by Smithsonian archaeologists and colleagues. The starburst-shaped tumor is in the upper right arm of the skeleton of an adolescent buried in about 1300 AD in a trash heap at a site in western Panama called Cerro Brujo or Witch Hill. The reason for what appears to be a ritual burial in this abandoned pre-Colombian settlement is unknown.
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth King
kingb@si.edu
20-263-347-002-8216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Physical Review Letters
RIT scientists measure black hole's tilt and spin for clues to how massive stars die
RIT scientists working with the LIGO Scientific Collaboration measured and interpreted the spin and alignment of a newly formed black hole detected on Jan. 4 by LIGO. The RIT team also simulated the gravitational wave signal produced in the collision that formed the new black hole.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
ARXIV
Rice U. scientists slash computations for deep learning
Rice University computer scientists have adapted a widely used technique for rapid data-lookup to slash the amount of computation -- and thus energy and time -- required for 'deep learning.' The research will be presented in August at the KDD 2017 conference in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
National Science Foundation, Rice University

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Muon magnet's moment has arrived
On May 31, the 50-foot-wide superconducting electromagnet at the center of the Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab saw its first beam of muon particles from Fermilab's accelerators, kicking off a three-year effort to measure just what happens to those particles when placed in a stunningly precise magnetic field. The answer could rewrite scientists' picture of the universe and how it works.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andre Salles
media@fnal.gov
630-840-3351
DOE/Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Psychological Science
Emotions expressed by the dying are unexpectedly positive
Fear of death is a fundamental part of the human experience -- we dread the possibility of pain and suffering and we worry that we'll face the end alone. Although thinking about dying can cause considerable angst, new research suggests that the actual emotional experiences of the dying are both more positive and less negative than people expect.
National Science Foundation, Templeton Foundation, Russell Sage Foundation, Charles Koch Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
ACS Nano
Low cost, scalable water-splitting fuels the future hydrogen economy
The 'clean-energy economy' always seems a few steps away but never quite here. Fossil fuels still power transportation, heating and cooling, and manufacturing, but a team of scientists from Penn State and Florida State University have come one step closer to inexpensive, clean hydrogen fuel with a lower cost and industrially scalable catalyst that produces pure hydrogen through a low-energy water-splitting process.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, national funding agencies in China

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Physical Review Letters
Gravitational waves detected a third time
On Jan. 4, 2017, an international team of scientists (including representatives from the University of Maryland) observed gravitational waves -- ripples in the fabric of spacetime -- for the third time. The twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors -- located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington -- detected the gravitational wave event, named GW170104. The LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) and the Virgo Collaboration published the discovery on June 1, 2017 in the journal Physical Review Letters.
National Science Foundation, Max Planck Society, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Australian Research Council

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Cell Host & Microbe
Researchers uncover clues about how HIV virus mutates
A new study published in Cell Host & Microbe led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center completely maps all mutations that help the HIV virus evolve away from a single broadly neutralizing antibody, known as PGT151.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Simons Foundation

Contact: Claire Hudson
crhudson@fredhutch.org
206-667-7365
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Physical Review Letters
LIGO detects gravitational waves for third time
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) has made a third detection of gravitational waves, ripples in space and time, demonstrating that a new window in astronomy has been firmly opened. As was the case with the first two detections, the waves were generated when two black holes collided to form a larger black hole.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kimberly Allen
allenkc@mit.edu
617-253-2702
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Scientific Reports
Researchers flip the script on magnetocapacitance
The study demonstrates for the first time a new type of magnetocapacitance, a phenomenon that could be useful in the next generation of 'spintronic' devices.
National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

Contact: Kevin Stacey
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Science
Stony corals more resistant to climate change than thought, Rutgers study finds
Stony corals may be more resilient to ocean acidification than once thought, according to a Rutgers University study that shows they rely on proteins to help create their rock-hard skeletons.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Science
Breaking Newton's Law
In the quantum world, our intuition for moving objects is strongly challenged and may sometimes even completely fail. Experimental physicists of the University of Innsbruck in collaboration with theorists from Munich, Paris and Cambridge have found a quantum particle which shows an intriguing oscillatory back-and-forth motion in a one-dimensional atomic gas.
European Research Council, Austrian Science Foundation, Institute for Advanced Study at TUM, French National Center for Scientific Research, Harvard-MIT CUA, National Science Foundation, AFOSR, Humboldt Foundation, Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics

Contact: Hanns-Christoph Nägerl
christoph.naegerl@uibk.ac.at
43-512-507-52420
University of Innsbruck

Public Release: 31-May-2017
Energy Research & Social Science
Support for tidal energy is high among Washington residents
A new University of Washington study found that people who believe climate change is a problem and see economic, environmental and/or social benefits to using tidal energy are more likely to support such projects. This is the first US study to look broadly at residents' beliefs and feelings about tidal energy and one of only a few worldwide to take a social science approach to examining this young industry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Showing releases 476-500 out of 1047.

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