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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 51-75 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 8-Jan-2021
Frontiers in Microbiology
How 'Iron Man' bacteria could help protect the environment
In a new study, researchers show that microbes are capable of an incredible feat that could help reclaim a valuable natural resource and soak up toxic pollutants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Caroline Brooks
Michigan State University

Public Release: 8-Jan-2021
Scientists paint multicolor atlas of the brain
Columbia scientists have engineered a coloring technique, known as NeuroPAL (a Neuronal Polychromatic Atlas of Landmarks), which makes it possible to identify every single neuron in the mind of a worm.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation, Simons Collaboration on the Global Brain, Gatsby Charitable Foundation, Harvard Data Science Initiative Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Carla Cantor
Columbia University

Public Release: 8-Jan-2021
Science Advances
Researchers take key step toward cleaner, more sustainable production of hydrogen
Efficiently mass-producing hydrogen from water is closer to becoming a reality thanks to Oregon State University College of Engineering researchers and collaborators at Cornell University and the Argonne National Laboratory.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique-FNRS, Sloan Research Fellowship

Contact: Zhenxing Feng
Oregon State University

Public Release: 8-Jan-2021
Nature Communications
Engineers find antioxidants improve nanoscale visualization of polymers
Reactive molecules, such as free radicals, can be produced in the body after exposure to certain environments or substances and go on to cause cell damage. Antioxidants can minimize this damage by interacting with the radicals before they affect cells.
National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Megan Lakatos
Penn State

Public Release: 8-Jan-2021
Nature Communications
New analysis highlights importance of groundwater discharge into oceans
An invisible flow of groundwater seeps into the ocean along coastlines all over the world. Scientists have tended to disregard its contributions to ocean chemistry, focusing on the far greater volumes of water and dissolved material entering the sea from rivers and streams, but a new study finds groundwater discharge plays a more significant role than had been thought.
National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 7-Jan-2021
JAMA Network Open
Functional seizures associated with stroke, psychiatric disorders in EHR study
In a large-scale study of electronic health records reported in JAMA Network Open, Vanderbilt University Medical Center investigators determined the prevalence of functional seizures and characterized comorbidities associated with them. Functional seizures are sudden attacks or spasms that look like epileptic seizures but do not have the aberrant brain electrical patterns of epilepsy. The research team confirmed associations between functional seizures and psychiatric disorders and sexual assault trauma and discovered a novel association with stroke.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leigh MacMillan
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Jan-2021
Journal of American Chemical Society
Chemists invent shape-shifting nanomaterial with biomedical potential
Made of synthetic collagen, the new nanomaterial may have a range of biomedical applications, from controlled-release drug delivery to tissue engineering.
National Science Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carol Clark
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 7-Jan-2021
Journal of Communication
Delivering the news with humor makes young adults more likely to remember and share
Could the merging of humor and news actually help inform the public? New research from the Annenberg School at the University of Pennsylvania and the School of Communication at Ohio State University found that young people were more likely to remember information about politics and government policy when it was conveyed in a humorous rather than non-humorous manner. They were also more willing to share the information online.
National Institute of Health, National Science Foundation SBE Postdoctoral Research Fellowship

Contact: Julie Sloane
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 6-Jan-2021
Journal of Marriage and Family
A third of US families face a different kind of poverty
Before the pandemic, one-third of U.S. households with children were already "net worth poor," lacking enough financial resources to sustain their families for three months at a poverty level, finds new research from Duke University. In 2019, 57 percent of Black families and 50 percent of Latino families with children were poor in terms of net worth. By comparison, the rate for White families was 24 percent.
Russell Sage Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Brantley
Duke University

Public Release: 6-Jan-2021
Frontiers in Microbiology
In changing oceans, sea stars may be 'drowning'
New Cornell University-led research suggests that starfish, victims of sea star wasting disease (SSWD), may actually be in respiratory distress - literally 'drowning' in their own environment - as elevated microbial activity derived from nearby organic matter and warm ocean temperatures rob the creatures of their ability to breathe.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey

Contact: Jeff Tyson
Cornell University

Public Release: 6-Jan-2021
Nano-Structures & Nano-Objects
Researchers turn coal powder into graphite in microwave oven
The University of Wyoming team created an environment in a microwave oven to successfully convert raw coal powder into nano-graphite, which is used as a lubricant and in items ranging from fire extinguishers to lithium ion batteries.
National Science Foundation Division of Materials Research

Contact: TeYu Chien
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 6-Jan-2021
Social Science & Medicine
Study: Black Americans, women, conservatives more hesitant to trust COVID-19 vaccine
A survey of approximately 5,000 Americans suggests that 31.1 percent of the US public does not intend to get the COVID-19 vaccine once it becomes available to them - and the likelihood of vaccine refusal is highest among Black Americans, women and conservatives.
Texas A&M Triads for Transformation grant

Contact: Dee Dee Grays
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 5-Jan-2021
NSF funds a robot teleoperation system that could transform the manufacturing workforce
Researchers from Columbia Engineering recently won a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to develop a robot teleoperation system that will allow workers to work remotely. The five-year $3.7M award will support the project, 'FMRG: Adaptable and Scalable Robot Teleoperation for Human-in-the-Loop Assembly.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 5-Jan-2021
In sight: A paradigm shift in materials characterization
Lehigh researchers are transforming an aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope into the equivalent of a synchrotron facility -- with greatly improved spatial resolution and versatility -- through the integration of an electron energy loss spectrometer (EELS). The prototype is being produced with industry partners JEOL and CEOS, with NSF support. It would expand scientists' ability to characterize the chemical composition and bonding status of elements within a material down to the single-atom level, says PI Masashi Watanabe.
National Science Foundation Major Research Instrumentation Program

Contact: Katie Kackenmeister
Lehigh University

Public Release: 5-Jan-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Self-controlled children tend to be healthier middle-aged adults
Self-control of one's thoughts, feelings and behaviors is one of the personality traits that makes a child ready for school. And, it turns out, ready for life as well. A large New Zealand study tracking 1,000 people from birth through age 45 has determined that people who had higher levels of self-control as children were aging more slowly than their peers at age 45. Their bodies and brains were healthier and biologically younger.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, UK Medical Research Council, Jacobs Foundation, US National Science Foundation, Lundbeck Foundation, New Zealand Health Research Council

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Jan-2021
Leaf fossils show severe end-Cretaceous plant extinction in southern Argentina
The asteroid impact 66 million years ago that ushered in a mass extinction and ended the dinosaurs also killed off many of the plants that they relied on for food. Fossil leaf assemblages from Patagonia, Argentina, suggest that vegetation in South America suffered great losses but rebounded quickly, according to an international team of researchers.
Geological Society of America, Mid-American Paleontological Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Communications Earth and Environment
Scientists develop new approach to understanding massive volcanic eruptions
An international volcanology team has created a first-of-its kind tool that can aid scientists in understanding past explosive eruptions that shaped the earth and improve the way of estimating hazards of future eruptions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tina Meketa
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Astronomers agree: Universe is nearly 14 billion years old
From an observatory high above Chile's Atacama Desert, astronomers have taken a new look at the oldest light in the universe. Their observations, plus a bit of cosmic geometry, suggest that the universe is 13.77 billion years old - give or take 40 million years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Tyson
Cornell University

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Nature Communications
Fires, flooding before settlement may have formed the Amazon's rare patches of fertility
Phosphorous, calcium and charcoal in spotty patches of fertile soil in the Amazon rainforest suggest that natural processes such as fires and river flooding, not the ingenuity of indigenous populations, created rare sites suitable for agriculture, according to new research.
National Science Foundation, University of Oregon Office of Research and Innovation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Nature Climate Change
New data-driven global climate model provides projections for urban environments
Cities only occupy about 3% of the Earth's total land surface, but they bear the burden of the human-perceived effects of global climate change, researchers said. Global climate models are set up for big-picture analysis, leaving urban areas poorly represented. In a new study, researchers take a closer look at how climate change affects cities by using data-driven statistical models combined with traditional process-driven physical climate models.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Biological Conservation
Pandas' popularity not protecting neighbors
Doubt is cast on the long-held hope that the conservation protections granted pandas and other adored threatened species extended to their wildlife neighbors, calling for broader conservation efforts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Nature Communications
Researchers discover a new tool for reconstructing ancient sea ice to study climate change
A previously problematic molecule turns out to be a reliable proxy for reconstructing sea ice, a new study by Brown University researchers shows.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Nature Physics
Scrambled supersolids
Supersolids are fluid and solid at the same time. Physicists from Innsbruck and Geneva have for the first time investigated what happens when such a state is brought out of balance. They discovered a soft form of a solid of high interest for science. As the researchers led by Francesca Ferlaino and Thierry Giamarchi report in Nature Physics, they were also able to reverse the process and restore supersolidity.
Austrian Science Fund FWF, Federal Ministry of Education Science and Research, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Union

Contact: Francesca Ferlaino
University of Innsbruck

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Science Advances
Scientists reach limit of multi-parameter quantum measurement with zero trade-off
Real-life applications like magnetometry or quantum gyroscope typically involve precise measurement on multiple parameters. How to achieve the ultimate precision limits simultaneously is a long sought-after grail in the field.
National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, CAS, Anhui Initiative in Quantum Information Technologies, China Postdoctoral Sc

Contact: Jane FAN Qiong
University of Science and Technology of China

Public Release: 4-Jan-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Reawakened geyser does not foretell Yellowstone volcanic eruptions, study shows
Geyser eruptions, like volcanic eruptions, are a mystery, so the reactivation of Steamboat Geyser in Yellowstone in 2018 provided an opportunity to explore why geysers turn off and on, and what determines their periodicity. A team led by UC Berkeley researchers found little evidence of magma moving below the geyser, meaning no sign of imminent hydrothermal eruptions, but did discover a relationship between the height of the column and the depth of the water reservoir.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Showing releases 51-75 out of 1151.

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