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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 51-75 out of 827.

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Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Nature Geoscience
'Tug of war' keeps scientists working on storm tracks
A new analysis published this week in Nature Geoscience by the University of Chicago's Tiffany Shaw and others finds that human-induced climate change complicates projecting the future position of storms.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Findings about protein could open door to new class of antibiotics
Researchers have made the first-ever detailed, atomic-level images of a peroxiredoxin, which has revealed a peculiar characteristic of this protein that might form the foundation for an entirely new class of antibiotics.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Arden Perkins
Oregon State University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Georgia State University and ALPAO sign agreement for adaptive optics upgrade on telescopes at CHARA
Georgia State University's Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy and the French company ALPAO have signed a contract for the development of an adaptive optics upgrade for the CHARA Array, the largest optical interferometer array in the world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
10th USENIX Workshop on Offensive Technologies
Researchers find vulnerabilities in cars connected to smartphones
Many of today's automobiles leave the factory with secret passengers: prototype software features that are disabled but that can be unlocked by clever drivers. Researchers found vulnerabilities in MirrorLink, a system of rules that allow vehicles to communicate with smartphones. They found that MirrorLink is relatively easy to enable, and when unlocked can allow hackers to use a linked smartphone as a stepping stone to control safety-critical components such as the vehicle's anti-lock braking system.
General Motors, National Science Foundation, Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Karl Greenberg
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Crystallization plate provides clues on protein structure aboard historic space mission
A new crystallization plate, developed and tested at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, or CHESS, hitched a ride to outer space and is helping a major drugmaker learn about protein structure.
The Division of Materials Research of the National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Nature Plants
Scientists find new system in tomato's defense against bacterial speck disease
Researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute and Virginia Tech have discovered a new receptor used by tomatoes to detect the organism that causes bacterial speck disease. The receptor, called FLS3, is present in a small number of plant species, including tomato, potato and pepper, but could be used to make other crops more disease-resistant.
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Agriculture National Initiative in Food and Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture Binational Agriculture Development Fund, National Institutes of Health, TRIAD Foundation

Contact: Patricia Waldron
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Multiple resources jointly control plant diversity
It is well-established that the addition of nutrients in grassland ecosystems -- both through farming and atmospheric deposition -- reduces plant diversity. Now, an international study is shedding new light on how this loss in biodiversity is driven by more factors than previously thought. This finding has strong implications for understanding and predicting future effects of multiple global changes. Results are published in Nature, Sept. 1 issue.
Minnesota Supercomputer, University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment, National Science Foundation Research Coordination Network, Konza Prairie LTER, Yale Institute for Biospheric, Crop Production Services

Contact: Stan Harpole
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
When silencing phantom noises is a matter of science
New study in mice proposes the first gene that could help prevent tinnitus, that ringing in the ears inside one's head when no external sound is present. Discovered by Professor Cederroth and his team at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, this is a first step to identify the molecules that could be targeted in treatments to silence the phantom noises, and help thousands of people.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Schweizerischen Stiftung für medizinisch-biologische Stipendien, Nicholson Fund, Wenner Gren Foundation, and others

Contact: Monica Favre, Ph.D.

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Nature Communications
Making the switch, this time with an insulator
Colorado State University physicists have demonstrated a new approach to low-power computer memory. Publishing in Nature Communications, they've demonstrated a new way to switch magnetic moments -- or direction of magnetization -- of electrons in a thin film of a barium ferrite, which is a magnetic insulator. Until this point, scientists have only demonstrated this switching behavior in metal thin films.
US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Ju Manning
Colorado State University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Chemistry method expedites path to useful molecules for medicine
A collaboration of Chinese and US chemists has laid out a highly efficient method to convert abundant organic molecules into new medicines. Teams led by the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry and the University of Wisconsin-Madison describe a way to convert carbon-hydrogen bonds into nitriles, common components of bioactive molecules used in medicinal and agricultural applications.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Shannon Stahl
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Rutgers engineers use microwaves to produce high-quality graphene
Rutgers University engineers have found a simple method for producing high-quality graphene that can be used in next-generation electronic and energy devices: bake the compound in a microwave oven. The discovery is documented in a study published online today in the journal Science.
National Science Foundation, Rutgers Energy Institute, US Department of Education, Rutgers Aresty Research Assistant Program

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2016
Social Science and Medicine
CU study: Feeling heavy, light, or about right? Your genes may be to blame
Do you feel overweight, about right, or too skinny? Your answer to that question may be tied to genes you inherited from your parents, especially if you are a female, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robbee Widow
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 31-Aug-2016
Freshening of the Southern Ocean
Over the past decades, the northward drift of sea ice surrounding Antarctica has strengthened. This not only has increased the extent of the sea ice, but also has freshened the sea water around the sea-ice edge -- with as yet indeterminate consequences for the global climate system and Antarctica's ecosystem.
ETH, European Union, Swiss National Science Foundation, Space Science Institute Bern Switzerland project #245.

Contact: Nicolas Gruber
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 31-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Subatomic microscopy key to building new classes of materials
Researchers at Penn State and the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are pushing the limits of electron microscopy into the tens of picometer scale, a fraction of the size of a hydrogen atom.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Rutgers Center for Materials Theory

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 31-Aug-2016
Very Large Data Bases Conference
Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment
A data-cleaning tool for building better prediction models
New software developed by computer scientists at Columbia University and University of California at Berkeley analyzes a user's prediction model to decide which data to clean first, while updating the model as it works. With each pass, users see their model improve.
US Department of Homeland Security, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, DARPA

Contact: Kim Martineau
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 30-Aug-2016
Five Brookhaven Lab projects selected as R&D 100 award finalists
Five projects from the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have been selected as finalists for the 2016 R&D 100 awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine.
DOE/Office of Science, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Brookhaven's Technology Maturation Program

Contact: Kay Cordtz
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 30-Aug-2016
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
IU study: 'Morning people' self-sabotage less at night, night owls' less at sunrise
A study by psychological researchers at Indiana University shows that people are more likely to undermine their performance at stressful tasks when they're operating at 'peak capacity' based on their preferred time of the day. The seemingly counterintuitive results were recently reported in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2016
Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
More tomatoes, faster: Accelerating tomato engineering
While looking for ways to make tomatoes and other crop plants more productive, researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute developed a way to cut the time required to modify a tomato's genes by six weeks. The improvement will save on money and resources while accelerating tomato research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Patricia Waldron
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 30-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
New research shows how songbirds island-hopped out of Australia
Research finds songbirds began diversifying about 33 million years ago and underwent extensive diversification in Australia. Furthermore, songbirds first dispersed out of Australia about 23 million years ago through early islands in the Indonesian archipelago into Asia and subsequently the entire globe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 30-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Tasmanian devils evolve to resist deadly cancer
Tasmanian devils are evolving in response to a highly lethal and contagious form of cancer, a Washington State University researcher has found.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andrew Storfer
Washington State University

Public Release: 30-Aug-2016
Physics of Fluids
Quest to find the 'missing physics' at play in landslides
A recent discovery in the study of landslides, using annular shear cell measurements of granular flows, confirms that two flow regimes -- an 'elastic regime' and an 'inertial regime' exist. The researchers discuss their findings in this week's Physics of Fluids.
National Science Foundation

Contact: AIP Media Line
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 29-Aug-2016
UTA engineer working to develop bioinks for use in 3-D printing of tissues, organs
Kyungsuk Yum, an assistant professor in the Materials Science and Engineering Department of UTA's College of Engineering, has earned a $100,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop nanocomposite hydrogel bioinks that could be used for that purpose.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Aug-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Device to control 'color' of electrons in graphene provides path to future electronics
A device made of bilayer graphene, an atomically thin hexagonal arrangement of carbon atoms, provides experimental proof of the ability to control the momentum of electrons and offers a path to electronics that could require less energy and give off less heat than standard silicon-based transistors. It is one step forward in a new field of physics called valleytronics.
US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 29-Aug-2016
Nature Materials
Graphene key to growing 2-dimensional semiconductor with extraordinary properties
A newly discovered method for making two-dimensional materials could lead to new and extraordinary properties, particularly in a class of materials called nitrides, say the Penn State materials scientists who discovered the process. This first-ever growth of two-dimensional gallium nitride using graphene encapsulation could lead to applications in deep ultraviolet lasers, next-generation electronics and sensors.
Asahi Glass Co., Ltd, Japan, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 29-Aug-2016
UT study cracks coldest case: How the most famous human ancestor died
Lucy, the most famous fossil of a human ancestor, probably died after falling from a tree, according to a study appearing in Nature led by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.
Paleoanthropology Laboratory Fund, College of Liberal Arts UT Austin, Houston Museum of Natural Science, Owen-Coates Fund of the Geology Foundation of UT Austin, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ochsner
University of Texas at Austin

Showing releases 51-75 out of 827.

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