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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 51-75 out of 881.

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Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science Translational Medicine
In a first, brain computer interface helps paralyzed man feel again
For the first time ever researchers at Pitt and UPMC have demonstrated a mind-controlled robotic arm that helps a paralyzed man feel again. A few years ago the team showed how this Brain Computer Interface technology could help a woman feed herself chocolate. Now they have advanced upon the work and shown that the study participant can recognize the location and intensity of the touch. He feels like the sensation is coming from his own fingers.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Arvind Suresh
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Researchers identify enzyme that removes molecular modifications from transfer RNA
New research by scientists from the University of Chicago demonstrates that the enzyme ALKBH1 can remove molecular modifications from transfer RNA, causing a measurable effect on protein translation in the cell. The study, published Oct. 13 in Cell, sheds new light on how cells control gene expression, and suggests the possibility that transfer RNA (tRNA) influences cellular processes beyond protein translation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Drivers of evolution hidden in plain sight
A study published in Science reconstructs the evolutionary history of thousands of protein modifications in 18 related species. Findings highlight a previously unknown strategy for generating the diversity needed for natural selection.
Elison Medical Foundation, Amgen, Mary Gates, National Science Foundation, European Research Council, EMBL

Contact: Mary Todd Bergman
European Molecular Biology Laboratory - European Bioinformatics Institute

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Future of Antarctic marine protected at risk
Efforts to adopt effective marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean, a global commons containing the world's most pristine marine ecosystems, are being thwarted by political infighting and fishing interests.
Price Fellowship, Switzer Foundation, Center for Ocean Solutions, National Science Foundation, OceanCanada

Contact: Ker Than
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Psychological Bulletin
Why do some STEM fields have fewer women than others? UW study may have the answer
A new University of Washington study is among the first to look at why women are more represented in some STEM fields than others. Their conclusion: a masculine culture is the most powerful factor.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Ecology and Society
Two tales of a city to understand sustainability
Just as there are two sides to every story, sustainability challenges have at least two stories to reach every solution. More than half of the people in the world live in cities. Understanding how cities can have enough water to sustain people, industries and the environment will mean integrating the stories of local struggles and successes with the sweeping narrative of how lands near and far are affected by water demands.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
RIT/NTID awarded $443,000 National Science Foundation grant for educational training
Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf has been awarded a $443,200 grant from the National Science Foundation to provide additional training for faculty in science, technology, engineering and math disciplines who teach classes in which deaf, hard-of-hearing and hearing students are present. The three-year grant will help develop an 'accessibility toolkit' for faculty who are searching for viable ways to adapt their teaching methodologies to accommodate the learning needs of deaf and hard-of-hearing students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Vienna McGrain
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
American Journal of Human Biology
Indigenous group add to evidence tying cesarean birth to obesity
A Purdue University study of an indigenous group of Maya people reinforces the link between Cesarean births and obesity.
National Science Foundation, Dartmouth College/Claire Garber Goodman Fund for the Anthropological Study of Human Culture

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Current Biology
Soybean nitrogen breakthrough could help feed the world
Washington State University biologist Mechthild Tegeder has developed a way to dramatically increase the yield and quality of soybeans. Her greenhouse-grown soybean plants fix twice as much nitrogen from the atmosphere as their natural counterparts, grow larger and produce up to 36 percent more seeds.
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Mechthild Tegeder
Washington State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Science China: Earth Sciences
Geospatial knowledge-based verification and improvement of GlobeLand30
Assuring the quality of land-cover data product is one of the major challenges for large-area mapping projects. This problem was solved using a geospatial knowledge-based verification approach during the development of GlobeLand30, the first 30-m resolution global land cover data product in the world.
National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Zhang Weiwei
Science China Press

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Modeling floods that formed canyons on Earth and Mars
Geomorphologists who study Earth's surface features and processes that formed them have long been interested in how floods, in particular catastrophic outbursts that occur when a glacial lake ice dam bursts, can change a planet's surface, not only on Earth but on Mars. Now geoscience researchers Isaac Larsen at UMass Amherst and Michael Lamb at CalTech propose and test a new model of canyon-forming floods suggestint that deep canyons can be formed in bedrock by significantly less water than previously thought.
Caltech Texaco Prize Postdoctoral Fellowship, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Limnology & Oceanography
Study reveals corals' influence on reef microbes
As they grow, corals are bathed in a sea of marine microbes, such as bacteria, algae, and viruses. While these extremely abundant and tiny microorganisms influence coral communities in a variety of ways, a new study by researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) and University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) reveals that corals also have an impact on the microbes in waters surrounding them.
National Science Foundation, Dalio Explore Fund, Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Oldest known squawk box suggests dinosaurs likely did not sing
The oldest known vocal organ of a bird has been found in an Antarctic fossil of a relative of ducks and geese that lived more than 66 million years ago during the age of dinosaurs. The discovery of the Mesazoic-era vocal organ -- called a syrinx -- and its apparent absence in nonavian dinosaur fossils of the same age indicate that dinosaurs may not have been able to make noises similar to bird calls we hear today.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs, Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
UTA researchers developing novel model to guarantee data center service-level objectives
Hao Che, an associate professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department at The University of Texas at Arlington, has earned a three-year, $799,950 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a model that will make it possible for service providers to guarantee service-level objectives without unneeded resources. The work also aims to help cloud consumers purchase the right resources that best suit their needs. Department Chair Hong Jiang and Professor Jeff Lei are co-principal investigators on the project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Novel microwave-induced photodynamic therapy could target deeply situated tumors
Physicists at The University of Texas at Arlington have shown that using microwaves to activate photosensitive nanoparticles produces tissue-heating effects that ultimately lead to cell death within solid tumors. This new concept combining microwaves with photodynamic therapy opens up new avenues for targeting deeper tumors and has already proven effective in rapidly and safely reducing tumor size.
The US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, National Science Foundation and Department of Homeland Security's joint Academic Research Initiative program, National Basic Research Program of China

Contact: Louisa Kellie
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Virus carrying DNA of black widow spider toxin discovered
Biologists sequencing the genome of the WO virus, which infects the bacterial parasite Wolbachia, have discovered that the phage carries DNA that produces black widow spider toxin: the first time an animal-like DNA has been found in such a virus.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Marconi inspires Rice University design for 1-terabit wireless
Rice University wireless researchers are taking a page from radio inventor Guglielmo Marconi as they embark on a three-year quest to create the first laser-free, wireless system capable of delivering 1 terabit of data per second. That's more than 20,000 times faster than today's speediest 4G wireless networks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Surprising role of bacterial genes in evolution
Some levels of gene transfer can result in extensive loss of genes and genome reduction. For the first time, researchers have demonstrated that horizontal gene transfer may play a dominant role in compensating for genome reduction in an endosymbiont-- a 'host' organism that can obtain genes from another organism that resides within its own cell. This may be a key feature in the evolutionary transformation of an endosymbiont into an organelle.
National Science Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Arthur Grossman
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
RNA Biology
Brown University researchers develop new ligase for biomedical use
The new heat-stable RNA ligase could be useful for a variety of applications including in vitro diagnostics and sequencing.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Filming light and electrons coupled together as they travel under cover
In a breakthrough for future optical-electronic hybrid computers, scientists at EPFL have developed an ultrafast technique that can track light and electrons as they travel through a nanostructured surface.
European Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Trinity College, Connecticut Space Grant Consortium, MINECO

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
New platform for roundworms could speed up drug delivery
Engineers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed the first large-scale in vivo drug discovery platform using C. elegans (roundworms) that could speed up scientific research and more accurately assess the effectiveness of new drugs in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's and Huntington's disease.
National Institutes of Health Director's Transformative Award, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Behavioral Ecology
Equality, more than dominance, defines Asian elephant society
A new study on Asian elephants led by Colorado State University found that Asian elephants, unlike African savanna elephants, do not exhibit clear dominance hierarchies or matriarchal leadership.
University of Pennsylvania, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Mary Guiden
Colorado State University

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Big data for little creatures
A multi-disciplinary team of researchers at UC Riverside has received $3 million from the National Science Foundation Research Traineeship program to prepare the next generation of scientists and engineers who will learn how to exploit the power of big data to understand insects. The program, the first of its kind worldwide, will serve as a replicable education and training model for other institutions with an interest in developing computational entomology programs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Climate change impacts on Menominee nation's forest home focus of NSF funding
A Native American tribal nation in Wisconsin faces cultural and economic challenges as climate change impacts its forest home. A $1.7 million grant from the National Science Foundation will study this relationship and how it could inform decision-making about forest management.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Developmental Cell
Insights into the development of sperm and egg cell precursors in the embryo
Researchers at the Babraham Institute have investigated the early stages of the development of cells called primordial germ cells and developed strategies to generate 'lookalike' cells in the lab. The generation of human 'lookalike' primordial germ cells is of importance for future fertility studies and the analysis of potential transgenerational epigenetic inheritance in humans.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Wellcome Trust, EU BLUEPRINT Consortium, EpiGeneSys Network of Excellence, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Wood
Babraham Institute

Showing releases 51-75 out of 881.

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