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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 51-75 out of 1097.

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Public Release: 18-Sep-2017
Nature
Chemists make playdough/Lego-like hybrid to create tiny building blocks
Playdough and Legos are among the most popular childhood building blocks. But what could you use if you wanted to create something really small -- a structure less than the width of a human hair? It turns out, a team of chemists has found, this can be achieved by creating particles that have both playdough and Lego traits.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2017
PNAS
Sound waves separate biological nanoparticles for 'liquid biopsies'
A prototype device developed by an international team of engineers can sift exceedingly tiny particles called exosomes from blood samples without having to send samples off to a lab. The device, which combines acoustic cell-sorting and microfluidic technologies, could be a boon to both scientific research and medical applications.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2017
Human Molecular Genetics
A new approach to high insulin levels
Diabetes is characterised by a deficiency of insulin. The opposite is the case in congenital hyperinsulinism: patients produce the hormone in excessive quantities. This leads to chronic hypoglycaemia. The disorder can lead to serious brain damage and even death in the worst cases. A team at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation has succeeded in describing the effects of a frequent genetic mutation in cases of congenital hyperinsulinism.
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)

Contact: Pierre Maechler
pierre.maechler@unige.ch
41-223-795-554
Université de Genève

Public Release: 18-Sep-2017
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain activity may buffer against insomnia-related depression
Increased activity in a brain region involved in motivation may protect from depressive symptoms associated with poor sleep, according to a large study of young adults published in The Journal of Neuroscience.
Duke University, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Barnstone
media@sfn.org
202-962-4000
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 15-Sep-2017
Current Biology
CCNY-led research team identifies new organelle in parasitic wasp venom
City College of New York biologist Shubha Govind and her research team have identified the composition of 'virus-like particles' (VLPs) found in the venom of a wasp that is a parasite of fruit flies. Invisible to the eye, wasp VLPs suppress the flies' immune responses by killing their blood cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Jay Mwamba
jmwamba@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-7580
City College of New York

Public Release: 15-Sep-2017
Sustainable recreational fisheries the focus of $1.5 million NSF grant
With support from a $1.5 million National Science Foundation grant, Christopher Solomon, an aquatic ecologist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, is co-leading a study assessing links among people, lakes, and fish in the Northern Highland Lake District in Wisconsin, a region where fishing holds tremendous value economically, socially, and culturally.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori M Quillen
quillenl@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x161
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 15-Sep-2017
Social Psychology and Personality Science
Couples weather bickering with a little help from their friends
New research finds that having good friends and family members to turn to alleviates the stress of everyday conflict between marital partners. According to a new study led by The University of Texas at Austin's Lisa Neff, social networks may help provide protection against health problems brought about by ordinary tension between spouses.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Sinatra
christine.sinatra@austin.utexas.edu
512-471-4641
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 15-Sep-2017
Ecosphere
New Orleans greenery post-Katrina reflects social demographics more than hurricane impact
Popular portrayals of "nature reclaiming civilization" in flood-damaged New Orleans neighborhoods romanticize an urban ecology shaped by policy-driven socioecological disparities in redevelopment investment, ecologists argue in a new paper in ESA's open access journal Ecosphere. Studying plant life across the city, they found that demographic factors of wealth, race, housing recovery, and land abandonment were better predictors of vegetation patterns than the degree of intensity of flooding and wind during 2005's Hurricane Katrina.
Swedish Research Council Formas, USDA Forest Service, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liza Lester
llester@esa.org
202-833-8773
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 15-Sep-2017
American Entomologist
New analysis shows damage to monarch butterfly colonies in 2016 storm worse than thought
A much greater number of monarch butterflies perished in a snowstorm in March 2016 in Mexico than previously estimated, according to new research. Analysis of damage from the storm--and the ensuing salvage logging--sheds further light on the precarious state of the famed butterflies' overwintering colonies.
National Science Foundation, October Hill Foundation

Contact: Joe Rominiecki
jrominiecki@entsoc.org
301-731-4535 x3009
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New insights into nanocrystal growth in liquid
PNNL researchers have measured the forces that cause certain crystals to assemble, revealing competing factors that researchers might be able to control. The work has a variety of implications in both discovery and applied science. In addition to providing insights into the formation of minerals and semiconductor nanomaterials, it might also help scientists understand soil as it expands and contracts through wetting and drying cycles.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, China's Xi'an Jiaotong University

Contact: Mary Beckman
mary.beckman@pnnl.gov
509-375-3688
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
$1.6M from NSF to UC Davis to study water, land use in disadvantaged communities
The National Science Foundation has awarded $1.6M to the University of California, Davis to analyze the complex relationships between surface water and groundwater supply, agricultural land use and the economic wellbeing of rural, disadvantaged communities. The project is led by principal investigator Helen Dahlke, an associate professor in the UC Davis Department of Land, Air and Water Resources. The team will develop models to help guide decision-making regarding water management and land use in the state.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kat Kerlin
kekerlin@ucdavis.edu
530-752-7704
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Physical Review Letters
Physicists offer explanation for diverse galaxy rotations
A University of California, Riverside-led team of physicists has found a simple and viable explanation for the diversity observed in galactic rotations. Hai-Bo Yu and colleagues report that diverse galactic-rotation curves, a graph of rotation speeds at different distances from the center, can be naturally explained if dark matter particles are assumed to strongly collide with one another in the inner halo, close to the galaxy's center -- a process called dark matter self-interaction.
Department of Energy, Hellman Fellows Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Psychophysiology
For worriers, expressive writing cools brain on stressful tasks
Chronic worriers, take note: Simply writing about your feelings may help you perform an upcoming stressful task more efficiently, finds a Michigan State University study that measured participants' brain activity.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Henion
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Current Biology
Biologist reaches into electric eel tank, comes out with equation to measure shocks
Vanderbilt University researcher Ken Catania stuck his arm into a tank with small eel 10 times -- the only way to get accurate measurements of the circuit created by animal, arm and water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Heidi Hall
heidi.hall@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-6397
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Environmental Health Perspectives
People of color exposed to more pollution from cars, trucks, power plants over 10 years
A new nationwide study finds that the US made little progress from 2000 to 2010 in reducing relative disparities between people of color and whites in exposure to harmful air pollution emitted by cars, trucks and other combustion sources. It found disparities in NO2 exposure were larger by race and ethnicity than by income, age or education, and that those inequities persisted across the decade.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Cell
Plant geneticists develop a new application of CRISPR to break yield barriers in crops
Scientists at CSHL have harnessed the untapped power of genome editing to improve agricultural crops. In tomato they have mobilized CRISPR to rapidly generate variants of the plant displaying a continuum of three agriculturally important traits: fruit size, branching architecture and overall plant shape. All are major components in determining yield. The method is designed to work in all food, feed, and fuel crops, including staples rice, maize, sorghum and wheat.
PEW Latin American Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Tarr
tarr@cshl.edu
516-367-5055
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Science
Sorting molecules with DNA robots
Scientists at Caltech have programmed a 'robot' made of DNA to pick up and sort molecules into predetermined locations.
Caltech Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowships, National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: Lori Dajose
ldajose@caltech.edu
626-658-0109
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Cell Metabolism
Natural molecule appears to shut off cancer cells' energy source
Researchers at Duke Cancer Institute have not only untangled an unusual wiring system that cancer cells use for carbohydrate metabolism, but also identified a natural compound that appears to selectively shut down this system in laboratory studies.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Cancer Society, Sloan Foundation, International Life Sciences Institute, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Nature
'The dark side' of quantum computers
The era of fully fledged quantum computers threatens to destroy internet security as we know it. Researchers are in a race against time to prepare new cryptographic techniques before the arrival of quantum computers, as cryptographers Tanja Lange (Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands) and Daniel J. Bernstein (University of Illinois at Chicago, USA) describe today in the journal Nature. In their publication they analyze the options available for this so-called post-quantum cryptography.
European Commission, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Barry van der Meer
b.v.d.meer@tue.nl
31-628-783-207
Eindhoven University of Technology

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Physical Review Letters
Penn researchers lay groundwork to better understanding optical properties of glass
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrated a new packing of glass with unique optical properties. What they learned could lead to innovations in technology, such as glass with different mechanical properties, and may elucidate some fundamental aspects of glass formation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ali Sundermier
alisun@upenn.edu
215-898-8562
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Ubicomp 2017
UW shatters long-range communication barrier for near-zero-power devices
University of Washington researchers have demonstrated for the first time that devices that run on almost zero power can transmit data across distances of up to 2.8 kilometers -- breaking a long-held barrier and potentially enabling a vast array of interconnected devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-430-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Researchers develop spectroscopic 'science camera' system for smartphones
The latest versions of most smartphones contain at least two and sometimes three built-in cameras. Researchers at the University of Illinois would like to sell mobile device manufactures on the idea of adding yet another image sensor as a built-in capability for health diagnostic, environmental monitoring, and general-purpose color sensing applications.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Brian Cunningham
bcunning@illinois.edu
217-265-6291
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Development
In-utero treatment reverses cleft palate in mice
Researchers at University of Utah Health clarified a molecular pathway responsible for the formation of cleft palate and identified a new treatment to reverse this defect in mouse pups in utero.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Stacy W. Kish
stacy.kish@hsc.utah.edu
801-587-2596
University of Utah Health

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
UCI heads $8 million NSF-funded project to develop brain-computer interface
The National Science Foundation has awarded $8 million to a consortium led by the University of California, Irvine to develop a brain-computer interface that can restore walking ability and sensation in individuals with spinal cord injury. This initiative represents the largest NSF award received by faculty researchers in the UCI engineering and medicine schools.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
CU Boulder to create digital archive of 1.7 million Rocky Mountain botanical specimens
University of Colorado Boulder researchers and collaborating institutions have been awarded $2.9 million from the National Science Foundation to create a comprehensive digital archive of over 1.7 million plant specimens native to the southern Rocky Mountain region.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Trent Knoss
trent.knoss@colorado.edu
303-735-0528
University of Colorado at Boulder

Showing releases 51-75 out of 1097.

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