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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 960.

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Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Science
Japanese slow earthquakes could shed light on tsunami generation
Understanding slow-slip earthquakes in subduction zone areas may help researchers understand large earthquakes and the creation of tsunamis, according to an international team of researchers that used data from instruments placed on the seafloor and in boreholes east of the Japanese coast.
National Science Foundation, International Ocean Discovery Program

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Science
Thermal history of magma may help scientists hone in on volcanic eruption forecasts
A new study analyzed crystals of the mineral zircon -- zirconium silicate -- in magma from an eruption in the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand about 700 years ago to determine the magma's history. This may begin to help scientists recognize when a volcano is heading toward an eruptive phase.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adam Kent
adam.kent@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-1205
Oregon State University

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Science
Electrolytes made from liquefied gas enable batteries to run at ultra-low temperatures
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed new electrolytes that enable lithium batteries to run at temperatures as low as -60 degrees Celsius with excellent performance -- in comparison, today's lithium-ion batteries stop working at -20 degrees Celsius. The new electrolytes also enable electrochemical capacitors to run as cold as -80 degrees Celsius -- their current limit is -40 degrees Celsius.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liezel Labios
llabios@ucsd.edu
858-246-1124
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Science
Forget the red hot blob: Volcanic zircon crystals give new view of magma
The classic red teardrop of magma underneath a volcano peak is too simplistic. Magma chambers are chemically and physically complex structures that new evidence, published this week in Science, suggests may be cooler and more solid than expected.
National Science Foundation, Singapore Ministry of Education

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Science
Volcanic crystals give a new view of magma
Volcanologists are gaining a new understanding of what's going on inside the magma reservoir that lies below an active volcano and they're finding a colder, more solid place than previously thought, according to new research published June 16 in the journal Science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Science
Seasonal rain and snow trigger small earthquakes on California faults
California's earthquake faults continually accumulate stress until they fail in an earthquake. UC Berkeley seismologists studied the impact of the flexing of Earth's crust under the load of winter rains and subsequent unloading during summer drought, and found that the up and down movement of the mountains changes the stresses on the state's faults, making them fail slightly more often as the snows melt and the rivers drain in late summer and early fall.
US Geological Survey, Southern California Earthquake Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Nano Letters
New chemical method could revolutionize graphene
University of Illinois at Chicago scientists have discovered a new chemical method that enables graphene to be incorporated into a wide range of applications while maintaining its ultra-fast electronics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sam Hostettler
samhos@uic.edu
312-355-2522
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Nature
Amazonia's future will be jeopardized by dams
The hundreds of hydroelectric dams proposed for the Amazon River Basin will cause massive environmental damage all the way from the eastern slopes of the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean. About one-third of the 428 dams are built or are under construction. The environmental effects will ramify throughout the river system and beyond. The largest river system on Earth, the Amazon River and its watershed cover 6.1 million square kilometers and includes nine countries.
National Science Foundation, NASA, the National Geographic Society, LLILAS-Mellon, Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development-CNPq, CAPES Foundation

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
mnjensen@email.arizona.edu
520-626-9635
University of Arizona

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Quarterly Journal of Economics
MIT researchers refine yardstick for measuring schools
A new study by an MIT-based team of economists has developed a novel way of evaluating and improving VAMs. By taking data from Boston schools with admissions lotteries, the scholars have used the random assignment of students to schools to see how similar groups of students fare in different classroom settings.
National Science Foundation, Laura and John Arnold Foundation, Spencer Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Scientific Reports
Researchers create 3-D printed tensegrity objects capable of dramatic shape change
A team of researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology has developed a way to use 3-D printers to create objects capable of expanding dramatically that could someday be used in applications ranging from space missions to biomedical devices.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Josh Brown
josh.brown@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-0500
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Nature
Scientists reveal a key link between brain circuits governing hunger and cravings
By developing a new approach to imaging and manipulating particular groups of neurons in the mouse brain, scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have identified a pathway by which neurons that drive hunger influence distant neurons involved in the decision of whether or not to react to food-related cues. Their findings could open the door to targeted therapies that dampen food cue-evoked cravings in people with obesity. The research was published online today in the journal Nature.
European Molecular Biology Organization, Safra Center for Brain Sciences, Davis Family Foundation, National Science Foundation, Sacklers Scholars Program, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Jacqueline Mitchell
jsmitche@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
New Journal of Physics
Superconducting nanowire memory cell, miniaturized technology
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new nanoscale memory cell that holds tremendous promise for successful integration with superconducting processors. The new technology, created by Professor of Physics Alexey Bezryadin and graduate student Andrew Murphy, in collaboration with Dmitri Averin, a professor of theoretical physics at State University of New York at Stony Brook, provides stable memory at a smaller size than other proposed memory devices.
National Science Foundation, Division of Electrical, Communications and Cyber System

Contact: Siv Schwink
sschwink@illinois.edu
217-300-2201
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Advanced Functional Materials
UMD bioengineers develop new technologies to drive next-generation therapies for MS
Researchers in the University of Maryland Fischell Department of Bioengineering Jewell Laboratory are using quantum dots -- tiny semiconductor particles commonly used in nanotechnology -- to decipher the features needed to design specific and effective therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS) and other autoimmune diseases.
Naval Research Laboratory's Nanoscience Institute, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense SMART Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: Alyssa Wolice
awolice@umd.edu
301-405-3936
University of Maryland

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society
VLA gives new insight into galaxy cluster's spectacular 'mini-halo'
New images give an unprecedented view, revealing multitude of new substructures that shed light on mechanisms creating the massive radio-emitting structure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Nature Climate Change
Emphasizing individual solutions to big issues can reduce support for government efforts
Experiments by political science graduate student Seth Werfel suggest that making individuals aware of how they can help solve large-scale problems makes them less likely to support government-based solutions.
Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Birds of a feather
Biologists have always been fascinated by the diversity and changeability of life on Earth and have attempted to answer a fundamental question: How do new species originate? A new study provides the first large-scale test of the link between population differentiation rates and speciation rates. The results confirm the evolutionary importance of population genetic differentiation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Angewandte Chemie
Scientists discover more effective, and potentially safer, crystallized form of DDT
A team of scientists has discovered a new crystal form of DDT that is more effective against insects than the existing one. Its research points to the possibility of developing a new version of solid DDT -- a pesticide that has historically been linked to human-health afflictions and environmental degradation -- that can be administered in smaller amounts while reducing environmental impact.
National Science Foundation, NSF/Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, National Nuclear Security Administration, Stewardship Science Academic Alliances, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Ben-Gurion University to develop Israel's first dark matter detector
The BGU dark matter detector will be based on the theory that some types of dark matter produce a signal imitating a magnetic field and may therefore be detectable by extremely sensitive magnetic sensors. The project will bring together experts in the fields of atomic spectroscopy, magnetic sensors, lasers and optics, atomic clocks, and advanced electronics.
American National Science Foundation, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Lavin
andrewlavin@alavin.com
516-944-4486
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Annals of the American Association of Geographers
'Big Food' companies have less power than you might think
A Dartmouth study finds that 'Big Food' companies are striving to make food more sustainable from farm to factory but have less power than you might think. In fact, most Big Food companies have little knowledge about or control over the farmers who supply their raw materials. The study's findings were published in the 'Annals of the American Association of Geographers.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy D. Olson
amy.d.olson@dartmouth.edu
603-646-3274
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
Scientific Reports
Winning climate strategy demands details
Scientists at Michigan State University (MSU) show that examining the daily minutia of climate, not just temperature, but also sunshine, precipitation and soil moisture simultaneously all over a country gives a better understanding of how variable a land's climate can be. That information is crucial when countries are setting policies aimed at growing food, protecting water supplies and the environment and stemming disease outbreaks. The findings were reported in this week's Scientific Reports.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
Lab on a Chip
Lab on a chip could monitor health, germs and pollutants
Imagine wearing a device that continuously analyzes your sweat or blood for different types of biomarkers, such as proteins that show you may have breast cancer or lung cancer. Rutgers engineers have invented biosensor technology -- known as a lab on a chip -- that could be used in hand-held or wearable devices to monitor your health and exposure to dangerous bacteria, viruses and pollutants.
National Science Foundation.

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Chemists perform surgery on nanoparticles
A team of chemists led by Carnegie Mellon's Rongchao Jin has for the first time conducted site-specific surgery on a nanoparticle. The procedure, which allows for the precise tailoring of nanoparticles, stands to advance the field of nanochemistry by allowing researchers to enhance nanoparticles' functional properties, such as catalytic activity and photoluminescence, increasing their usefulness in a wide variety of fields including health care, electronics and manufacturing.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Researchers find glass eels use internal compass to find their way home
Scientists are closer to unraveling the long-standing mystery of how tiny glass eel larvae, which begin their lives as hatchlings in the Sargasso Sea, know when and where to 'hop off' the Gulf Stream toward European coastlines to live out their adult lives in coastal estuaries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
Biophysical Journal
Rattling DNA hustles transcribers to targets
'DNA is a bully.' That's how researcher Jeffrey Skolnick sums up the dominant power of DNA motion among the forces acting upon transcription factors as they move through DNA's winding thickets to their target sites. He and Edmond Chow have programmed a very large, unique simulation that tests and corroborates the hypothesis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
ben.brumfield@comm.gatech.edu
404-660-1408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
OSU researcher part of $14 million NSF program for improved genomic tools
Coral researcher Virginia Weis of Oregon State University is one of eight researchers selected for a new $14 million National Science Foundation program aimed at helping scientists better understand the relationship between gene function and the physical and functional characteristics of organisms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Virginia Weis
weisv@oregonstate.edu
541-737-4359
Oregon State University

Showing releases 51-75 out of 960.

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