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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 501-525 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 19-Oct-2020
Fighting fire with data
Industrial engineer and professor Oleg Prokopyev at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering is utilizing optimization to better manage forest fires. Prokopyev will collaborate with Lewis Ntaimo and Jianbang Gan at Texas A&M University on the project, titled "Collaborative Research: Fuel Treatment Planning Optimization for Wildfire Management." The National Science Foundation recently awarded $550,000 for the work, with $270,000 designated for Pitt.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Maggie Pavlick
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
National Science Foundation Convergence Accelerator awards $1 million grant to team
Matt Huenerfauth, professor and expert in computing accessibility research, is part of a team that has been awarded a National Science Foundation grant to use artificial intelligence to better understand the role of facial expressions in signed and spoken languages.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Bureau
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
Science Advances
Octopus-inspired sucker transfers thin, delicate tissue grafts and biosensors
Thin tissue grafts and flexible electronics have a host of applications for wound healing, regenerative medicine and biosensing. A new device inspired by an octopus's sucker rapidly transfers delicate tissue or electronic sheets to the patient, overcoming a key barrier to clinical application, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and collaborators.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense Vision Research Program

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
Environmental Microbiology
Those funky cheese smells allow microbes to 'talk' to and feed each other
Researchers found that bacteria essential to ripening cheese can sense and respond to compounds produced by fungi in the rind and released into the air, enhancing the growth of some species of bacteria over others. The make-up of the cheese microbiome is critical to flavor and quality of the cheese.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Silver
Tufts University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
UTA civil engineer leads study aimed at assisting state transportation departments
Mohsen Shahandashti, assistant professor of civil engineering, is using a National Science Foundation Rapid Response Research (RAPID) grant to identify challenges that impact workforce decision-making processes in the transportation construction industry during the pandemic. He is collaborating with Baabak Ashuri of Georgia Tech.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
Science Advances
Deep-sea corals reveal secrets of rapid carbon dioxide increase as the last ice age ended
The Southern Ocean played a critical role in the rapid atmospheric carbon dioxide increase during the last deglaciation that took place 20,000 to 10,000 years ago, an international team of researchers report in Science Advances. The chemical signatures of nitrogen and carbon in the coral fossils revealed that ocean carbon sequestration decreased as phytoplankton failed to devour macronutrients supplied by upwelling currents in the Southern Ocean and trap carbon dioxide in the deep ocean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Hayward
Boston College

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
Virginia Tech researchers still have much to learn from flying snakes
Ross, Socha and their multi-institutional collaborators, including Purdue University, have been awarded a new $639,919 grant from the National Science Foundation to study flying snakes and the fluid mechanics of deforming articulated bodies, extensible to movement of flexible bodies in other contexts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Suzanne Irby
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
Nature Communications Earth and Environment
Long-term data show a recent acceleration in chemical and physical changes in the ocean
New research published in Nature Communications Earth & Environment uses data from two sustained open-ocean hydrographic stations (Hydrostation 'S' and the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study) in the North Atlantic Ocean near Bermuda to demonstrate recent changes in ocean physics and chemistry since the 1980s. The study shows decadal variability and recent acceleration of surface warming, salinification, deoxygenation, and changes in carbon dioxide (CO2)-carbonate chemistry that drives ocean acidification.
NSF grant OCE-1633215 and earlier awards

Contact: Ali Hochberg
Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 16-Oct-2020
Communication Physics
Gel instrumental in 3D bioprinting biological tissues
The eventual creation of replacement biological parts requires fully three-dimensional capabilities that two-dimensional and three-dimensional thin-film bioprinting cannot supply. Now, using a yield stress gel, Penn State engineers can place tiny aggregates of cells exactly where they want to build the complex shapes that will be necessary to replace bone, cartilage and other tissues.
National Science Foundation, Osteology Foundation, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Lysosomal and Rare Disorders Research and Treatment

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
American Journal of Public Health
What San Diego's Hepatitis A outbreak can teach us during COVID-19
The disconnect between the public and government agencies, and how information is communicated on social media during an outbreak was the focus of a study by San Diego State University researchers. They found key lessons that can be applied to the COVID-19 pandemic, which could stem the tide of misinformation currently happening.
National Science Foundation; SDSU HealthLINK funding.

Contact: Padma Nagappan
San Diego State University

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
Frank receives funding for NSF IPA Program
Toya Frank, Associate Professor, Secondary Education, received $126,649 from the National Science Foundation for the National Science Foundation IPA Program.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
George Mason University

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
Glaberman & Chiari studying animals with large bodies & long lifespans
Scott Glaberman, Assistant Professor, Environmental Science and Policy, and Ylenia Chiari, Assistant Professor, Biology, want to understand why Galapagos and Aldabra giant tortoises are both large and long-lived.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
George Mason University

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
Grant supports study of how carnivorous plants repurpose genes to digest prey
A Penn State researcher has received funding to examine the genetic mechanisms that enable carnivorous plants to repurpose defense proteins to digest their insect prey.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chuck Gill
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
Microsystems & Nanoengineering
Ingestible capsule that could help demystify the gut-brain axis
A team of University of Maryland experts from engineering, neuroscience, applied microbiology, and physics has been making headway on building a platform that can monitor and model the real-time processing of gut microbiome serotonin activity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Becky Copeland
University of Maryland

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
All-terrain microrobot flips through a live colon
A rectangular robot as tiny as a few human hairs can travel throughout a colon by doing back flips, Purdue University engineers have demonstrated in live animal models.
National Science Foundation, National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kayla Wiles
Purdue University

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
Journal of Geophysical Research
Deep learning artificial intelligence keeps an eye on volcano movements
RADAR satellites can collect massive amounts of remote sensing data that can detect ground movements -- surface deformations -- at volcanoes in near real time. These ground movements could signal impending volcanic activity and unrest; however, clouds and other atmospheric and instrumental disturbances can introduce significant errors in those ground movement measurements. Now, Penn State researchers have used artificial intelligence (AI) to clear up that noise, drastically facilitating and improving near real-time observation of volcanic movements and the detection of volcanic activity and unrest.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation, Penn State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences

Contact: Matthew Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
NSF renews Rice-based NEWT Center for water treatment
The National Science Foundation renews the Rice-based Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment Center for five years. The Engineering Research Center is dedicated to enabling access to clean water around the world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
ACS Sensors
Inexpensive and rapid testing of drugs for resistant infections possible
A rapid and simple method for testing the efficacy of antibacterial drugs on infectious microbes has been developed and validated by a team of Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation, the United States Department of Agriculture

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Oct-2020
Researchers deconstruct the "biological clock" that regulates birdsong
The precise timing of a bird's complex song is driven in part by the often-ignored "wires" connecting neurons in the bird's brain, according to a new study. A team of researchers from Penn State and New York University has deconstructed an important "biological clock" that regulates birdsong and other behaviors, leading to new ways of thinking about the function of neuronal networks.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation

Contact: Gail McCormick
Penn State

Public Release: 14-Oct-2020
Science Translational Medicine
Reviving cells after a heart attack
Harvard SEAS researchers have unraveled potential mechanisms behind the healing power of extracellular vesicles and demonstrated their capacity to not only revive cells after a heart attack but keep cells functioning while deprived of oxygen during a heart attack. The researchers demonstrated this functionality in human tissue using a heart-on-a-chip with embedded sensors that continuously tracked the contractions of the tissue.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 14-Oct-2020
Future of farming
A team of ECU researchers have secured a $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to determine how environmental changes modify nutrient pollution in North Carolina's Tar-Pamlico River Basin. The team will also examine how local, state and federal nutrient management policies influence water quality now and in a saltier, wetter future. The study will help area farmers plan ahead for challenges they may face due to climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Smith
East Carolina University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2020
Rochester researchers synthesize room temperature superconducting material
Compressing simple molecular solids with hydrogen at extremely high pressures, University of Rochester scientists have, for the first time, created material that is superconducting at room temperature. Featured as the cover story in Nature, the work was conducted by the lab of Ranga Dias. His research team combined hydrogen with carbon and sulfur to photochemically synthesize simple organic-derived carbonaceous sulfur hydride in a diamond anvil cell.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: Bob Marcotte
University of Rochester

Public Release: 14-Oct-2020
European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care
Risk of heart complications after major surgery is higher than previously thought
One in five high-risk patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery will develop one or more heart complications within a year, according to research published today in European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). "Our study reveals a greater likelihood of having heart problems or dying after non-cardiac surgery than has been recognised to date," said study author Dr. Christian Puelacher of the University of Basel, Switzerland.
University Basel, University Hospital Basel, Swiss Heart Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, Abbott, Astra Zeneca, Roche, PhD Educational Platform for Health Sciences, Forschungsfond Kantonsspita

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 14-Oct-2020
Frontiers in Marine Science
Scientists shed new light on viruses' role in coral bleaching
Scientists at Oregon State University have shown that viral infection is involved in coral bleaching - the breakdown of the symbiotic relationship between corals and the algae they rely on for energy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adriana Messyasz
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2020
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers use lab-grown tissue grafts for personalized joint replacement
A multidisciplinary team from Columbia Engineering, Columbia's College of Dental Medicine and Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University, LaCell LLC, and Obatala Sciences has now bioengineered living cartilage-bone temporomandibular joint grafts, precisely matched to the recipient, both biologically and anatomically. Their new study, published today in Science Translational Medicine, builds upon a long series of their previous work on bioengineering functional cartilage and bone for regenerative medicine and tissue models of disease.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Showing releases 501-525 out of 1151.

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